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Journal Cereb Cortex

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Cortical Gyrification Morphology in ASD and ADHD: Implication for Further Similarities or Disorder-Specific Features?

Avideh Gharehgazlou, Marlee Vandewouw, Justine Ziolkowski, Jimmy Wong, Jennifer Crosbie, Russell Schachar, Rob Nicolson, Stelios Georgiades, Elizabeth Kelley, Muhammad Ayub, Christopher Hammill, Stephanie H Ameis, Margot J Taylor, Jason P Lerch, Evdokia Anagnostou,

Shared etiological pathways are suggested in ASD and ADHD given high rates of comorbidity, phenotypic overlap and shared genetic susceptibility. Given the peak of cortical gyrification expansion and emergence of ASD and ADHD symptomology in early development, we investigated gyrification morphology in 539 children and adolescents (6-17 years of age) ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Impaired Filtering and Hyperfocusing: Neural Evidence for Distinct Selective Attention Abnormalities in People with Schizophrenia.

Britta Hahn, Benjamin M Robinson, John E Kiat, Joy Geng, Sonia Bansal, Steven J Luck, James M Gold,

Although schizophrenia is classically thought to involve impaired attentional filtering, people with schizophrenia (PSZ) exhibit a more intense and more exclusive attentional focus than healthy control subjects (HCS) in many tasks. To resolve this contradiction, this functional magnetic resonance imaging study tested the impact of attentional control demands on the ... Read more >>

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Satb2 Regulates EphA7 to Control Soma Spacing and Self-Avoidance of Cortical Pyramidal Neurons.

Chun-Hui He, Lei Zhang, Ning-Ning Song, Wan-Ying Mei, Jia-Yin Chen, Ling Hu, Qiong Zhang, Yu-Bing Wang, Yu-Qiang Ding,

Soma spacing and dendritic arborization during brain development are key events for the establishment of proper neural circuitry and function. Transcription factor Satb2 is a molecular node in regulating the development of the cerebral cortex, as shown by the facts that Satb2 is required for the regionalization of retrosplenial cortex, ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Comparison of the Spatiotemporal Expression Patterns of Three Cre Lines, Emx1IRES-Cre, D6-Cre and hGFAP-Cre, Commonly Used in Neocortical Development Research.

Jiafeng Zhou, Gaoao Liu, Xiaoling Zhang, Chao Wu, Mengjie Ma, Jiarui Wu, Lin Hou, Bin Yin, Boqin Qiang, Pengcheng Shu, Xiaozhong Peng,

Emx1IRES-Cre, D6-Cre and hGFAP-Cre are commonly used to conditionally manipulate gene expression or lineage tracing because of their specificity in the dorsal telencephalon during early neurogenesis as previously described. However, the spatiotemporal differences in Cre recombinase activity would lead to divergent phenotypes. Here, we compared the patterns of Cre activity ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Functional Specialization of the Medial Temporal Lobes in Human Recognition Memory: Dissociating Effects of Hippocampal versus Parahippocampal Damage.

Georgios P D Argyropoulos, Carola Dell'Acqua, Emily Butler, Clare Loane, Adriana Roca-Fernandez, Azhaar Almozel, Nikolas Drummond, Carmen Lage-Martinez, Elisa Cooper, Richard N Henson, Christopher R Butler,

A central debate in the systems neuroscience of memory concerns whether different medial temporal lobe (MTL) structures support different processes in recognition memory. Using two recognition memory paradigms, we tested a rare patient (MH) with a perirhinal lesion that appeared to spare the hippocampus. Consistent with a similar previous case, ... Read more >>

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Neuroanatomical Profile of Young Females with Fragile X Syndrome: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Analysis.

Cindy H Lee, Kristi L Bartholomay, Matthew J Marzelli, Jonas G Miller, Jennifer L Bruno, Amy A Lightbody, Allan L Reiss,

Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition associated with alterations in brain and subsequent cognitive development. However, due to a milder phenotype relative to males, females with fragile X syndrome are underrepresented in research studies. In the current study, we investigate neuroanatomical differences in young females (age range: 6.03-16.32 years) with ... Read more >>

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Functional Differentiation of Dorsal and Ventral Posterior Parietal Cortex of the Rat: Implications for Controlled and Stimulus-Driven Attention.

Fang-Chi Yang, Lisa B Dokovna, Rebecca D Burwell,

The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is important for visuospatial attention. The primate PPC shows functional differentiation such that dorsal areas are implicated in top-down, controlled attention, and ventral areas are implicated in bottom-up, stimulus-driven attention. Whether the rat PPC also shows such functional differentiation is unknown. Here, we address this ... Read more >>

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A Multivariate Functional Connectivity Approach to Mapping Brain Networks and Imputing Neural Activity in Mice.

Lindsey M Brier, Xiaohui Zhang, Annie R Bice, Seana H Gaines, Eric C Landsness, Jin-Moo Lee, Mark A Anastasio, Joseph P Culver,

Temporal correlation analysis of spontaneous brain activity (e.g., Pearson "functional connectivity," FC) has provided insights into the functional organization of the human brain. However, bivariate analysis techniques such as this are often susceptible to confounding physiological processes (e.g., sleep, Mayer-waves, breathing, motion), which makes it difficult to accurately map connectivity ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Functional Inhibitory Connections Modulate the Electrophysiological Activity Patterns of Cortical-Hippocampal Ensembles.

Martina Brofiga, Marietta Pisano, Mariateresa Tedesco, Anna Boccaccio, Paolo Massobrio,

The brain is a complex organ composed of billions of neurons connected through excitatory and inhibitory synapses. Its structure reveals a modular topological organization, where neurons are arranged in interconnected assemblies. The generated patterns of electrophysiological activity are shaped by two main factors: network heterogeneity and the topological properties of ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Verbal and General IQ Associate with Supragranular Layer Thickness and Cell Properties of the Left Temporal Cortex.

D B Heyer, R Wilbers, A A Galakhova, E Hartsema, S Braak, S Hunt, M B Verhoog, M L Muijtjens, E J Mertens, S Idema, J C Baayen, P de Witt Hamer, M Klein, M McGraw, E S Lein, C P J de Kock, H D Mansvelder, N A Goriounova,

The left temporal lobe is an integral part of the language system and its cortical structure and function associate with general intelligence. However, whether cortical laminar architecture and cellular properties of this brain area relate to verbal intelligence is unknown. Here, we addressed this using histological analysis and cellular recordings ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Reading Covered Faces.

Marina A Pavlova, Arseny A Sokolov,

Covering faces with masks, due to mandatory pandemic safety regulations, we can no longer rely on the habitual daily-life information. This may be thought-provoking for healthy people, but particularly challenging for individuals with neuropsychiatric and neurodevelopmental conditions. Au fait research on reading covered faces reveals that: 1) wearing masks hampers ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Short-Term Facilitation of Long-Range Corticocortical Synapses Revealed by Selective Optical Stimulation.

Luis E Martinetti, Kelly E Bonekamp, Dawn M Autio, Hye-Hyun Kim, Shane R Crandall,

Short-term plasticity regulates the strength of central synapses as a function of previous activity. In the neocortex, direct synaptic interactions between areas play a central role in cognitive function, but the activity-dependent regulation of these long-range corticocortical connections and their impact on a postsynaptic target neuron is unclear. Here, we ... Read more >>

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RGS14414-Mediated Activation of the 14-3-3ζ in Rodent Perirhinal Cortex Induces Dendritic Arborization, an Increase in Spine Number, Long-Lasting Memory Enhancement, and the Prevention of Memory Deficits.

Irene Navarro-Lobato, Mariam Masmudi-Martín, Manuel F López-Aranda, María E Quiros-Ortega, Marta Carretero-Rey, María F Garcia-Garrido, Carmen Gallardo-Martínez, Elisa Martín-Montañez, Celia Gaona-Romero, Gloria Delgado, Laura Torres-Garcia, Javier Terrón-Melguizo, Sinforiano Posadas, Lourdes Rodríguez Muñoz, Carlos Vivar Rios, Jerome Zoidakis, Antonia Vlahou, Juan C López, Zafar U Khan,

The remedy of memory deficits has been inadequate, as all potential candidates studied thus far have shown limited to no effects and a search for an effective strategy is ongoing. Here, we show that an expression of RGS14414 in rat perirhinal cortex (PRh) produced long-lasting object recognition memory (ORM) enhancement ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
[2021, :]

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Functional Neural Correlates of a Useful Field of View (UFOV)-Based fMRI Task in Older Adults.

Jessica N Kraft, Alejandro Albizu, Andrew O'Shea, Hanna K Hausman, Nicole D Evangelista, Emanuel Boutzoukas, Cheshire Hardcastle, Emily J Van Etten, Pradyumna K Bharadwaj, Hyun Song, Samantha G Smith, Steven DeKosky, Georg A Hishaw, Samuel Wu, Michael Marsiske, Ronald Cohen, Gene E Alexander, Eric Porges, Adam J Woods,

Declines in processing speed performance occur in aging and are a critical marker of functional independence in older adults. Studies suggest that Useful Field of View (UFOV) training may ameliorate cognitive decline. Despite its efficacy, little is known about the neural correlates of this task. Within the current study, 233 ... Read more >>

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Sublamina-Specific Dynamics and Ultrastructural Heterogeneity of Layer 6 Excitatory Synaptic Boutons in the Adult Human Temporal Lobe Neocortex.

Sandra Schmuhl-Giesen, Astrid Rollenhagen, Bernd Walkenfort, Rachida Yakoubi, Kurt Sätzler, Dorothea Miller, Marec von Lehe, Mike Hasenberg, Joachim H R Lübke,

Synapses "govern" the computational properties of any given network in the brain. However, their detailed quantitative morphology is still rather unknown, particularly in humans. Quantitative 3D-models of synaptic boutons (SBs) in layer (L)6a and L6b of the temporal lobe neocortex (TLN) were generated from biopsy samples after epilepsy surgery using ... Read more >>

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Network Diffusion Embedding Reveals Transdiagnostic Subnetwork Disruption and Potential Treatment Targets in Internalizing Psychopathologies.

Paul J Thomas, Alex Leow, Heide Klumpp, K Luan Phan, Olusola Ajilore,

Network diffusion models are a common and powerful way to study the propagation of information through a complex system and they offer straightforward approaches for studying multimodal brain network data. We developed an analytic framework to identify brain subnetworks with perturbed information diffusion capacity using the structural basis that best ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Novel Gyrification Networks Reveal Links with Psychiatric Risk Factors in Early Illness.

Rachele Sanfelici, Anne Ruef, Linda A Antonucci, Nora Penzel, Aristeidis Sotiras, Mark Sen Dong, Maria Urquijo-Castro, Julian Wenzel, Lana Kambeitz-Ilankovic, Meike D Hettwer, Stephan Ruhrmann, Katharine Chisholm, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Peter Falkai, Christos Pantelis, Raimo K R Salokangas, Rebekka Lencer, Alessandro Bertolino, Joseph Kambeitz, Eva Meisenzahl, Stefan Borgwardt, Paolo Brambilla, Stephen J Wood, Rachel Upthegrove, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Nikolaos Koutsouleris, Dominic B Dwyer, ,

Adult gyrification provides a window into coordinated early neurodevelopment when disruptions predispose individuals to psychiatric illness. We hypothesized that the echoes of such disruptions should be observed within structural gyrification networks in early psychiatric illness that would demonstrate associations with developmentally relevant variables rather than specific psychiatric symptoms. We employed ... Read more >>

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Gray-White Matter Blurring of the Temporal Pole Associated With Hippocampal Sclerosis: A Microstructural Study Involving 3 T MRI and Ultrastructural Histopathology.

T Demerath, C Donkels, M Reisert, M Heers, A Rau, N Schröter, A Schulze-Bonhage, P Reinacher, C Scheiwe, M J Shah, J Beck, A Vlachos, C A Haas, H Urbach,

Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is often associated with gray-white matter blurring (GMB) of the anterior temporal lobe. In this study, twenty patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy and HS were studied with 3 T MRI including T1 MP2RAGE and DTI/DMI sequences. Anterior temporal lobe white matter T1 relaxation times and diffusion measures ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Assessing the Longitudinal Relationship between Theta-Gamma Coupling and Working Memory Performance in Older Adults.

Heather Brooks, Mina Mirjalili, Wei Wang, Sanjeev Kumar, Michelle S Goodman, Reza Zomorrodi, Daniel M Blumberger, Christopher R Bowie, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Corinne E Fischer, Alastair J Flint, Nathan Herrmann, Krista L Lanctôt, Linda Mah, Benoit H Mulsant, Bruce G Pollock, Aristotle N Voineskos, Tarek K Rajji,

Theta-gamma coupling (TGC) is a neurophysiologic mechanism that supports working memory (WM). TGC is associated with N-back performance, a WM task. Similar to TGC, theta and alpha event-related synchronization (ERS) and desynchronization (ERD) are also associated with WM. Few studies have examined the longitudinal relationship between WM performance and TGC, ... Read more >>

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Cortical Serotonergic and Catecholaminergic Denervation in MPTP-Treated Parkinsonian Monkeys.

Gunasingh Jeyaraj Masilamoni, Allison Weinkle, Stella M Papa, Yoland Smith,

Decreased cortical serotonergic and catecholaminergic innervation of the frontal cortex has been reported at early stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the limited availability of animal models that exhibit these pathological features has hampered our understanding of the functional significance of these changes during the course of the disease. In ... Read more >>

Cereb Cortex (Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991))
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Functional Organization of Frontoparietal Cortex in the Marmoset Investigated with Awake Resting-State fMRI.

Yuki Hori, Justine C Cléry, David J Schaeffer, Ravi S Menon, Stefan Everling,

Frontoparietal networks contribute to complex cognitive functions in humans and macaques, such as working memory, attention, task-switching, response suppression, grasping, reaching, and eye movement control. However, there has been no comprehensive examination of the functional organization of frontoparietal networks using functional magnetic resonance imaging in the New World common marmoset ... Read more >>

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Cortical Morphology and White Matter Tractography of Three Phylogenetically Distant Primates: Evidence for a Simian Elaboration.

Lea Roumazeilles, Frederik J Lange, R Austin Benn, Jesper L R Andersson, Mads F Bertelsen, Paul R Manger, Edmund Flach, Alexandre A Khrapitchev, Katherine L Bryant, Jérôme Sallet, Rogier B Mars,

Comparative neuroimaging has been used to identify changes in white matter architecture across primate species phylogenetically close to humans, but few have compared the phylogenetically distant species. Here, we acquired postmortem diffusion imaging data from ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), black-capped squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis), and rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). We ... Read more >>

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Differential Effects of the Inactivation of Anterior and Posterior Orbitofrontal Cortex on Affective Responses to Proximal and Distal Threat, and Reward Anticipation in the Common Marmoset.

Zuzanna M Stawicka, Roohollah Massoudi, Lydia Oikonomidis, Lauren McIver, Kevin Mulvihill, Shaun K L Quah, Gemma J Cockcroft, Hannah F Clarke, Nicole K Horst, Christian M Wood, Angela C Roberts,

Structural and functional abnormalities of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) have been implicated in affective disorders that manifest anxiety-related symptoms. However, research into the functions of primate OFC has predominantly focused on reward-oriented rather than threat-oriented responses. To redress this imbalance, the present study performed a comprehensive analysis of the independent ... Read more >>

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Reversible Fronto-occipitotemporal Signaling Complements Task Encoding and Switching under Ambiguous Cues.

Kaho Tsumura, Keita Kosugi, Yoshiki Hattori, Ryuta Aoki, Masaki Takeda, Junichi Chikazoe, Kiyoshi Nakahara, Koji Jimura,

Adaptation to changing environments involves the appropriate extraction of environmental information to achieve a behavioral goal. It remains unclear how behavioral flexibility is guided under situations where the relevant behavior is ambiguous. Using functional brain mapping of machine learning decoders and directional functional connectivity, we show that brain-wide reversible neural ... Read more >>

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Commonalities and Asymmetries in the Neurobiological Infrastructure for Language Production and Comprehension.

Laura Giglio, Markus Ostarek, Kirsten Weber, Peter Hagoort,

The neurobiology of sentence production has been largely understudied compared to the neurobiology of sentence comprehension, due to difficulties with experimental control and motion-related artifacts in neuroimaging. We studied the neural response to constituents of increasing size and specifically focused on the similarities and differences in the production and comprehension ... Read more >>

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