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Journal Case Rep Infect Dis

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Listeria Cerebritis with Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibition.

Eileen Reilly, Justin Hwang,

Background:Listeria monocytogenes is historically a central nervous system pathogen of consideration in the very young, very old, and immune suppressed. Diagnosis of Listeria is based on positive bodily fluid culture or PCR testing. Cerebral edema is nonspecific and can be a manifestation of vasculitis, trauma, anoxia, ischemia, infarction, malignancy, or ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:4901562]

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Streptococcus pseudoporcinus: Case Reports and Review of the Literature.

Shanza Khan, Ting Ting Wong, Nishant Prasad, Benjamin Lee, Carl Urban, Sorana Segal-Maurer, Glenn Turett,

Streptococcus pseudoporcinus is a beta-hemolytic Gram-positive, catalase-negative, nonmotile coccus arranged in short chains, usually found in the female genitourinary tract and differentiated from Streptococcus porcinus in 2006. Only two human infections associated with this organism have been reported to date: one in a patient with a first digit wound infection ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:4135246]

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Cryptococcal Meningitis in an Immunocompetent Patient with a Ventriculo-Pleural Shunt.

Raynieri Fernandez, Jose Henao, Catherine Creticos,

Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common form of infection caused by Cryptococcus yeast species, followed by pulmonary infection. It is an opportunistic infection seen in patients with impaired cell immunity, most frequently in HIV patients and solid organ transplant recipients; however, it can occur in patients with no apparent immunodeficiency. ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:7601757]

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Candida Empyema as a Red Flag for Esophageal Rupture: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Naureen Ali, Getahun Abate,

Background. Candida empyema is a rare entity with an extremely high mortality rate.We present a case of multi species Candida empyema in an immunocompetent female patient with Boerhaave syndrome secondary to retching and vomiting after heroin withdrawal. This case highlights an unusual presentation of a common infection but stresses on ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:3935691]

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Psychiatric Disorders after Switching to Dolutegravir: A Case Report of a 59-Year-Old Virosuppressed HIV-1 Positive Woman.

Daniele Mengato, Raffaella Binazzi, Ivan Unterholzner, Elke M Erne, Alicia Tavella,

We report a case of a woman who experienced psychiatric disorders after switching her antiretroviral therapy (c-ART) to dolutegravir (DTG). She is a 59-year-old HIV-1 positive woman with a recent story of cardiovascular disorders treated with beta-blockers, clopidogrel, and rosuvastatin. She underwent a c-ART switch from darunavir/cobicistat and maraviroc to ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:9708913]

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Bacterial Endocarditis of Anatomically Normal Native Pulmonic Valve with No Predisposing Risk Factors: Case Report and Review.

Muhannad Antoun, John Deel, Dermot Halpin, Fadi Al-Akhrass,

Right-sided native valve infective endocarditis (IE) includes tricuspid valve (TV) and pulmonic valve (PV). It represents 10% of all cases. However, it is more common in persons who inject drugs or in presence of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED). Pulmonic valve endocarditis is a rare infection and represents ∼1% of ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:1453126]

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Incidental Finding of Nocardia: A Case Series from a Tertiary Care Centre in Uttarakhand.

Aroop Mohanty, Suneeta Meena, Subodh Pandey Kumar, Puneet Kumar Gupta, Neelam Kaistha, Pratima Gupta, Mithilesh Kumar Jha, Sasi Rekha,

Nocardiosis is a rare bacterial infection that may lead to a severe disease. These infections are rare among normal population and are showing an increasing trend worldwide attributable to the increase in the immunosuppressed population. Most of these patients present with nonspecific clinical features such as fever, productive cough, and ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:6874625]

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Pulmonary Malakoplakia by Rhodococcus equi in an HIV-Infected Patient in Mexico: A Case Report.

Victor H Ahumada, Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio, Jose L Hernandez, Amy B Peralta,

Background:Rhodococcus equi-related pulmonary malakoplakia is a rare condition with few reported cases; hereby, we present a case associated with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and thus far to our knowledge, the first report in Mexico. It is estimated that approximately 10% of the infections occur in immunocompetent patients, whereas ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:3131024]

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Pantoea agglomerans Bacteremia: Is It Dangerous?

Ikwinder Preet Kaur, Sindhura Inkollu, Amulya Prakash, Haresh Gandhi, Mohsin Sheraz Mughal, Doantrang Du,

Introduction. Pantoea agglomerans, an anaerobic Gram-negative bacillus, is a rare cause of opportunistic infections affecting premature infants to seniors. We present a 34-year-old man who was presented for the management of diabetic ketoacidosis and developed Pantoea agglomerans bacteremia after one week of hospitalization. Case Presentation. A 34-year-old African-American male with ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:7890305]

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Lactobacillus acidophilus-Induced Endocarditis and Associated Splenic Abscess.

Muhammet Ozer, Suleyman Yasin Goksu, Ali Shahverdiani, Muhammad Mustafa,

Lactobacillus acidophilus is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive bacterium generally found in the normal flora of the oropharynx, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tracts. It is commonly known as nonpathogen in the human body. Endocarditis due to Lactobacillus is rarely encountered and associated with impaired immunity. Splenic abscess is also an uncommon infection that ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:1382709]

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Melioidosis with Septic Shock and Disseminated Infection in a Neutropenic Patient Receiving Chemotherapy.

Sitthi Sukauichai, Chantana Pattarowas,

Melioidosis is a bacterial infection, caused by Gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei, widespread in Southeast Asia and the northern part of Australia, resulting in a high mortality rate in severe infection. However, it has rarely been reported in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The authors described a case of melioidosis in a ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:8976180]

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Diagnosis and Management of Lemierre's Syndrome Presented with Multifocal Pneumonia and Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis.

Yasar Sattar, Ammu Thampi Susheela, Bibek Karki, Adnan Liaqat, Waqas Ullah, Fnu Zafrullah,

A 27-year-old female patient initially presented with fever, myalgia, sore throat that progressed to multifocal pneumonia, and cerebral sinus venous thrombosis. A combination of upper respiratory symptoms with tooth infection, positive blood culture for Fusobacterium nucleatum, computed tomography (CT) chest finding of multifocal pneumonia, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:6396274]

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HSV-1 Encephalitis in an Elderly Man Receiving Ibrutinib for Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia.

Mark R Wallace,

Ibrutinib is a major new addition to the therapeutic armamentarium for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, mantle cell lymphoma, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, and chronic graft versus host disease. Though ibrutinib has proven to be a revolutionary new small molecule agent, and has relatively minimal toxicity as compared to traditional chemotherapy, infections have emerged ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:6516037]

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The Forgotten Disease: A Case of Lemierre's Syndrome with Distal Extremity Involvement.

John Gaskill, Michael Aronson,

Once coined the "Forgotten Disease," Lemierre's syndrome is a rare condition that results from oropharyngeal infection with the gram-negative, anaerobic Fusobacterium necrophorum. The typical progression of illness involves spread to adjacent structures such as the internal jugular vein with resulting thrombophlebitis. Septic emboli to distant sites are also a common ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:4346937]

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Severe Malaria: A Case of a Significant Rapid Rise in the Parasite Level.

Muhammed Atere, Lloyd Muzangwa, Foma Munoh Kenne, Cherry Hanna, Jessie Saverimuttu, Virginia Kopetz,

Malaria is transmitted by the Plasmodium parasite, and most of the cases reported in the United States are often as a result of patients with recent return from endemic areas. Prompt diagnosis and treatment, particularly if there is severe parasitemia and drug failure, is essential in preventing mortality. Our patient ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:5206186]

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Dermatologic Conundrum: A Cardiac Condition Masqueraded as a Dermatologic Distraction.

George Degheim, Evan Hiner, Abeer Berry, Nathan Foster,

A 38-year-old male presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of extreme pain and a petechial rash on the left ankle for two weeks associated with generalized fatigue, intermittent fevers, and weight loss. He was discharged home from the ED on pain medications. He returned a few days later with ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:5314503]

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Neisseria meningitidis as a Cause of Septic Arthritis: An Unusual Case of Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

A Mc Carthy, J M Broderick, A P Molloy,

One of the most feared complications after arthroplasty is infection due to its significant impact on patient morbidity. Infection may transfer to the joint at the time of surgery or be seeded, haematologically, to the prosthetic joint from another infection source. In this case, a 72-year-old female presented with symptoms ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:8431019]

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Fatal Disseminated Aspergillosis in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Rochelle Hardie, Tracian James-Goulbourne, Monsoon Rashid, Jeremy Sullivan, Yamen Homsi,

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at increased risk for infection including opportunistic infections. Fungal infection in particular can be difficult to diagnose and treat and often can be life-threatening in the immunocompromised patient. We present a case in which a patient with SLE presented to the hospital with ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:9623198]

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Initial Presentation of Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis with Ocular Lesions.

Edward J Quinlan, Veenu Gill,

Ocular involvement with disseminated coccidiodal infection is rare. Even rarer is a patient presenting with symptomatic chorioretinitis first, followed weeks later by systemic symptoms of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. This highlights the need for physicians to have a heightened suspicion for testing for valley fever in patients living in endemic regions who ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:1305193]

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Cerebral Cystic Echinococcosis.

Abolghasem Siyadatpanah, Enrico Brunetti, Amir Emami Zeydi, Yousef Dadi Moghadam, Nelson Iván Agudelo Higuita,

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected helminthic disease and major public health problem in several regions of the world. The zoonosis is caused by the larval stage of different cestode species belonging to the genus Echinococcus. CE can affect any organ with the liver and lungs being most commonly involved. ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:1754231]

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Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in a Patient with Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome.

Ermira Muco, Amela Hasa, Arben Rroji, Arta Kushi, Edmond Puca, Dhimiter Kraja,

We presently report the case of hantavirus infection in a 45-year-old male who was hospitalized to our clinic of infectious diseases, with fever, myalgia, vomiting, nausea, headache, and abdominal pain. The physical findings included hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, rash, and conjunctival injection. Eight days before the start of complaints, the patient has ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:1017689]

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Herbaspirillum Infection in Humans: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Rashmi Dhital, Anish Paudel, Nidrit Bohra, Ann K Shin,

Introduction. Herbaspirillum seropedicae are Gram-negative oxidase-positive nonfermenting rods of Betaproteobacteria class, commonly found in rhizosphere. More recently, some Herbaspirillium species have transitioned from environment to human hosts, mostly as opportunistic (pathogenic) bacteria. We present a 58-year-old female with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who presented with pneumonia and was found to ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:9545243]

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Pulmonary Toxoplasmosis Diagnosed on Transbronchial Lung Biopsy in a Mechanically Ventilated Patient.

Delyse Garg, Nikhil Madan, Omar Qaqish, Sandhya Nagarakanti, Vipul Patel,

Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite that infects up to a third of the world's population. Infection is mainly acquired by ingestion of food or water that is contaminated with oocysts shed by cats or consuming undercooked meat containing tissue cysts. Primary infection is subclinical in immunocompetent hosts. Invasive toxoplasmosis ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:9710182]

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Treatment of Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection in an Immunocompromised Patient with Severe Neutropenia Not Responding to Standard Therapy.

Hajar AlQahtani, Saeed Baloch, Deanne Tabb,

One of the most effective strategies in reducing the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) recurrence is fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). However, several adverse events have been reported post FMT, and data on the efficacy and safety of FMT in immunocompromised patients with hematological malignancies are rare. This report presents ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:3089023]

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Invisible Facial Flushing in Two Cases of Dengue Infection and Influenza Detected by PC Program and Smartphone App: Decorrelation Stretching and K-Means Clustering.

Manote Arpornsuwan, Matinun Arpornsuwan,

We report the two cases of dengue infection and influenza with invisible facial flushing. The invisible facial flushing can be detected and visible by the Manote and Matinun (M&M) technique using PC program and smartphone app (decorrelation stretching and K-Means clustering). The unique patterns of facial flushing in the patients ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:8790130]

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