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Journal Cardiol Young

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Myocardial ischaemia and valve insufficiency caused by a dysplastic aortic valve cusp: a previously unreported unique morphologic anomaly - CORRIGENDUM.

Sharmeen Samuel, Preeta Dhanantwari, Nilanjana Misra, David B Meyer,

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1]

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A national study of the outcome after treatment of critical aortic stenosis in the neonate.

Cecilia Kjellberg Olofsson, Katarina Hanseus, Jens Johansson Ramgren, Mats Johansson Synnergren, Jan Sunnegårdh,

OBJECTIVE:This study describes short-term and long-term outcome after treatment of critical valvular aortic stenosis in neonates in a national cohort, with surgical valvotomy as first choice intervention. METHODS:All neonates in Sweden treated for critical aortic stenosis between 1994 and 2016 were included. Patient files were analysed and cross-checked against the ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-7]

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The Fontan outcomes network: first steps towards building a lifespan registry for individuals with Fontan circulation in the United States - CORRIGENDUM.

Tarek Alsaied, Kiona Y Allen, Jeffrey B Anderson, Julia S Anixt, David W Brown, Frank Cetta, Rachael Cordina, Yves D'udekem, Meghan Didier, Salil Ginde, Michael V Di Maria, Michelle Eversole, David Goldberg, Bryan H Goldstein, Erin Hoffmann, Adrienne H Kovacs, Carole Lannon, Stacey Lihn, Adam M Lubert, Bradley S Marino, Emily Mullen, Diane Pickles, Rahul H Rathod, Jack Rychik, James S Tweddell, Sharyl Wooton, Gail Wright, Adel Younoszai, Tom Glenn, Alicia Wilmoth, Kurt Schumacher,

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1]

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Transcatheter baffle leak closure via an amplatzer septal occluder in a senning-operated child.

Nilüfer Çetiner, Işıl Yıldırım Baştuhan, Alpay Çeliker,

Senning operation is a surgical treatment for transposition of great arteries that can be complicated by post-procedural atrial or caval baffle leaks. We present a 6-year-old boy with a history of Senning repair for transposition of great arteries, who developed a pulmonary venous baffle leak. Percutaneous baffle leak closure was ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-3]

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Incidental diagnosis of four pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas during patent foramen ovale closure: a case report.

Alessandro Andreis, Gabriella Agnoletti, Paolo Scacciatella,

Cryptogenic cerebral ischemia in young patients is commonly ascribed to paradoxical embolism. We report the clinical case of a young patient with cryptogenic stroke and a patent foramen ovale, undergoing percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect. Contrast transoesophageal echocardiography at the end of the procedure demonstrated massive late residual right-to-left ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-3]

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Progressive right ventricular outflow tract fibrosis after repair of tetralogy of Fallot.

Gauri R Karur, Wadi Mawad, Lars Grosse-Wortmann,

OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to determine the evolution of fibrosis over time and its association with clinical status. METHODS:Children with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who had undergone at least two cardiac magnetic resonance examinations including T1 mapping at least 1 year apart were included. RESULTS:Thirty-seven patients (12.7 ± ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-2]

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A case of double-outlet left ventricle, malposition of the great arteries, and superior-inferior ventricular arrangement.

Andreia Palma, Cláudio Henriques, Patrícia V Silva, Andreia Francisco, António Pires,

Superior-inferior ventricular arrangement with double-outlet left ventricle and malposition of the great arteries is an extremely rare congenital cardiac anomaly. The authors present the case of an infant who presented with cyanosis and respiratory distress. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reported. ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-2]

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Cardiac rehabilitation in the paediatric Fontan population: development of a home-based high-intensity interval training programme.

Michael Khoury, Devin B Phillips, Peter W Wood, William R Mott, Michael K Stickland, Pierre Boulanger, Gwen R Rempel, Jennifer Conway, Andrew S Mackie, Nee S Khoo,

INTRODUCTION:We evaluated the safety and feasibility of high-intensity interval training via a novel telemedicine ergometer (MedBIKE™) in children with Fontan physiology. METHODS:The MedBIKE™ is a custom telemedicine ergometer, incorporating a video game platform and live feed of patient video/audio, electrocardiography, pulse oximetry, and power output, for remote medical supervision and ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-8]

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Effects of metformin on epicardial adipose tissue and atrial electromechanical delay of obese children with insulin resistance.

Hatice Güneş, Hakan Güneş, Şebnem Özmen, Enes Çelik, Fatih Temiz,

INTRODUCTION:Obesity is usually related to insulin resistance and glucose metabolism disorders. The relationship between insulin resistance and epicardial adipose tissue and atrial electromechanical delay has been described in previous studies. AIM:This study aims to demonstrate the effects of metformin on epicardial adipose tissue and electromechanical delay in patients using metformin ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-4]

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Prevalence of breastfeeding and its obstacles in patients with CHD in southern Brazil.

Maíra Ribas Goulart, Julia Lima, Marcelo Ahlert, Sandra Barbiero, Daniela Schneid Schuh, Lucia Pellanda,

INTRODUCTION:Breast milk is nutritionally adequate and is related to the reduction of various health problems in childhood. Its offer is widely recommended in health guidelines. OBJECTIVE:To estimate the prevalence and obstacles to breastfeeding in patients with CHD in southern Brazil. METHODS:Cross-sectional study of patients with CHD between 2 and 18 ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-5]

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Cognitive flexibility in critical CHD: a target for intervention.

Adam R Cassidy,

Most children born with even the most critical forms of CHD are now surviving well into adulthood. However, with increased survival has come increased recognition of the diverse neurobehavioural and psychosocial challenges these children experience. Among these challenges are deficits in executive function skills, including inhibitory control, working memory, and ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-9]

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Futility in the paediatric cardiac ICU.

Michael P Fundora, Zahidee Rodriguez, William T Mahle,

INTRODUCTION:Studies have suggested 5-20% of paediatric ICU patients may receive care felt to be futile. No data exists on the prevalence and impact of futile care in the Paediatric Cardiac ICU. The aim is to determine the prevalence and economic impact of futile care. MATERIALS AND METHOD:Retrospective cohort of patients ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-8]

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Levosimendan as a bridge to heart transplant in a 16-year-old patient with univentricular heart.

Magdalena Mazurak, Paweł Cześniewicz, Jacek Kusa,

We report the successful use of levosimendan in the treatment of heart failure in a patient with the univentricular heart. The presented case was atypical because our patient had systemic right ventricle. To our knowledge, it is the first reported such case with intermittent levosimendan administration as an effective treatment ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-3]

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Extensive scar modification for the treatment of intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia in patients after congenital heart surgery.

Astrid A Hendriks, Zsuzsanna Kis, Ferdi Akca, Sing-Chien Yap, Sip A Wijchers, Rohit E Bhagwandien, Tamas Szili-Torok,

BACKGROUND:Catheter ablation is an important therapeutic option for atrial tachycardias in patients with CHD. As a result of extensive scarring and surgical repair, multiple intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia circuits develop and serve as a substrate for arrhythmias. The best ablation approach for patients with multiple intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardias has not been ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-7]

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QT interval evaluation associated with the use of hydroxychloroquine with combined use of azithromycin among hospitalised children positive for coronavirus disease 2019.

Tunc Tuncer, Mehmet Karaci, Aysun Boga, Hilal Durmaz, Sirin Guven,

INTRODUCTION AND AIM:Hydroxychloroquine alone or in combination with azithromycin has been increasingly used for patients with coronavirus disease 2019, in both children and adults. Drugs are generally well tolerated in clinical practice; however, both can cause corrected QT prolongation. We aimed to report our experience of QT interval evaluation associated ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-4]

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Transcatheter ablation using near-zero fluoroscopy in children with focal atrial tachycardia: a single-centre experience.

Sevket Balli, Mehmet Kucuk,

OBJECTIVE:Focal atrial tachycardia accounts for up to 10-15% of supraventricular tachycardiasubstrates in patients < 30 years. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the outcome of transcatheter ablation procedures performed through three-dimensional electroanatomic mapping systems using minimal fluoroscopy in a paediatric cohort with focal atrial tachycardia. METHODS:Forty-nine consecutive patients with ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-7]

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Is the burden of late hypertension and cardiovascular target organ damage in children and adolescents with coarctation of the aorta after early successful repair different to healthy controls?

Ayşe Ağbaş, Selman Gökalp, Nur Canpolat, Salim Çalışkan, Funda Öztunç,

OBJECTIVE:Cardiovascular morbidity is high in patients with coarctation of aorta even after successful repair. This study aimed to assess the frequency of late hypertension and the relationship between ambulatory hypertension and cardiovascular target organ damage in children and adolescents after early and successful repair of coarctation of the aorta. METHODS:Twenty-five ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-8]

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Inducible torsades de pointes during an acute face immersion test in an adolescent with type 2 long QT syndrome.

Jun Muneuchi, Yuichiro Sugitani, Mamie Watanabe,

We present the case of a 12-year-old boy with type 2 long QT syndrome in whom torsades de pointes was induced by an acute face immersion test. This test is feasible to predict cardiac events in adolescents with long QT syndrome. ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-2]

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Impact of protein-losing enteropathy in children who underwent the Fontan operation.

Baneen Alkofair, Abdulmajeed Alruwaili, Jiaxiang Gai, Ashraf S Harahsheh,

Previous reports have identified risk factors associated with development of post-Fontan protein-losing enteropathy. Less is known about the economic impact and resource utilisation required for post-Fontan protein-losing enteropathy in the current era. We conducted a single-centre retrospective study to assess the impact of post-Fontan protein-losing enteropathy on transplant-free survival. We ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-8]

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Surgical treatment of left ventricular fibroma in adult: case report and literature review.

Hao Ma, Hansong Sun, Yan Yang, Feng Lv, Jun Ran,

Cardiac fibroma is a rare benign primary tumour of the heart. In the paediatric population, it has been reported as the second most common benign cardiac tumour following rhabdomyoma. However, the prevalence of cardiac fibroma is rarely reported in the adult population. Signs and symptoms are nonspecific, including palpitations, cardiac ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-4]

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Immediate outcome following valve surgery for rheumatic heart disease: the first local experience from Ethiopia.

Fekede A Debel, Belete Zekarias, Tomasa Centella, Atnafu M Tekleab,

BACKGROUND:Rheumatic heart disease is the most common cardiac diseases in developing countries including Ethiopia. The current study aimed to describe the immediate surgical outcome following valve surgery for rheumatic heart disease in Ethiopia. METHODS:Data were collected through chart abstraction from two centres in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: the Cardiac Center of ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-7]

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Relationship between non-cardiac chest pain and internalizing problems in pre-school aged children.

Tamer Yoldaş, Tuba Çelen Yoldaş, Meryem Beyazal, Ufuk İ Sayıcı, Utku A Örün,

OBJECTIVE:Non-cardiac chest pain is a common and persistent problem for children; yet, typically, there is no clear medical cause. To date, no behavioural and/or psychological factors have been studied to explain chest pain in a pre-school paediatric sample. We hypothesized that pre-school children with medically unexplained chest pain would have ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-5]

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Maturational patterns of left ventricular rotational mechanics in pre-term infants through 1 year of age.

Gloria C Lehmann, Philip T Levy, Meghna D Patel, Timothy Sekarski, HongJie Gu, Swati Choudhry, Aaron Hamvas, Gautam K Singh,

BACKGROUND:Pre-mature birth impacts left ventricular development, predisposing this population to long-term cardiovascular risk. The aims of this study were to investigate maturational changes in rotational properties from the neonatal period through 1 year of age and to discern the impact of cardiopulmonary complications of pre-maturity on these measures. METHODS:Pre-term infants ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-9]

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Prolonged length of stay after surgery for adult congenital heart disease: a single-centre study in a developing country.

Russell S Martins, Zaiba S Dawood, Muhammad K Y Memon, Saleem Akhtar,

BACKGROUND:With the growing number of adults requiring operations for CHD, prolonged length of stay adds an additional burden on healthcare systems, especially in developing countries. This study aimed to identify factors associated with prolonged length of stay in adult patients undergoing operations for CHD. METHODS:This retrospective study included all adult ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-8]

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Occlusion of left main coronary artery presenting with ventricular fibrillation in teenagers: an unrecognised cause of sudden death?

Mayme Marshall, Seshadri Balaji,

In young patients with unexplained ventricular fibrillation, coronary occlusion may be missed by echocardiogram and misinterpreted by CT. We report two patients presenting with ventricular fibrillation and initially negative workup, later identified to have occlusion of left main coronary artery. We demonstrate the importance of angiography to rule out coronary ... Read more >>

Cardiol Young (Cardiology in the young)
[2020, :1-3]

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