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Journal Can J Public Health

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Addressing anti-Indigenous racism in Canadian health systems: multi-tiered approaches are required.

Annette J Browne, Josée G Lavoie, Mary Jane Logan McCallum, Christa Big Canoe,

Interpersonal and structural racism is a significant contributor to pronounced and widespread health inequities affecting Indigenous peoples in Canada. Recent events surrounding the tragic death of Ms. Joyce Echaquan in Quebec have renewed attention to the devastating harms of Indigenous-specific racism. A recent series of meetings convened at the federal-provincial-territorial ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Delay in childhood vaccinations during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Da In Diane Lee, Shelley Vanderhout, Mary Aglipay, Catherine S Birken, Shaun K Morris, Pierre-Philippe Piché-Renaud, Charles D G Keown-Stoneman, Jonathon L Maguire,

<h4>Objectives</h4>In many jurisdictions, routine medical care was reduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective of this study was to determine whether the frequency of on-time routine childhood vaccinations among children age 0-2 years was lower following the COVID-19 declaration of emergency in Ontario, Canada, on March 17, 2020, compared ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Delay in childhood vaccinations during the COVID-19 pandemic

Da In Diane Lee, Shelley Vanderhout, Mary Aglipay, Catherine S. Birken, Shaun K. Morris, Pierre-Philippe Piché-Renaud, Charles D. G. Keown-Stoneman, Jonathon L. Maguire,

<h4>Objectives</h4> In many jurisdictions, routine medical care was reduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective of this study was to determine whether the frequency of on-time routine childhood vaccinations among children age 0–2 years was lower following the COVID-19 declaration of emergency in Ontario, Canada, on March 17, 2020, ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :1-9]

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Cardiovascular disease and the risk of dementia: a survival analysis using administrative data from Manitoba.

Luc Clair, Hope Anderson, Christopher Anderson, Okechukwu Ekuma, Heather J Prior,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Recent research has shown that cardiovascular disease (CVD) raises the risk of dementia and other forms of cognitive decline. Generally, these studies are unable to model the time of diagnosis of CVD in their analyses and treat CVD as a time-fixed variable. Our objective was to assess the risk of ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Shielding children from food insecurity and its association with mental health and well-being in Canadian households.

Margaret Ovenell, Marine Azevedo Da Silva, Frank J Elgar,

<h4>Objective</h4>Adults in food-insecure households will often sacrifice their own nutritional needs so that children are fed first. This shielding may protect children from malnutrition, but its links to mental health and well-being have not been closely examined. The aim of this study is to explore these links.<h4>Methods</h4>We used data from ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Examining differences in diet quality between Canadian Indigenous and non-Indigenous adults: results from the 2004 and 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey Nutrition Surveys.

Natalie D Riediger, Jeff LaPlante, Adriana Mudryj, Luc Clair,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The Truth and Reconciliation Commission includes a call to action to close gaps in health outcomes, including type 2 diabetes, of which diet quality must be considered an important mediator. The objectives of this study were to compare diet quality between off-reserve Indigenous and non-Indigenous adults in 2004 and 2015, ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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An equity-based assessment of immunization-related responses in urban Alberta during the 2014 measles outbreak: a comparative analysis between Calgary and Edmonton.

Thilina Bandara, Cory Neudorf, Nazeem Muhajarine,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This study investigates measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) immunization rates during the measles outbreak in Calgary and Edmonton of 2014 stratified by four area-level socio-demographic indicators. This study also leverages this epidemiological data to assess the equity aspect of emergency measures instituted regarding immunization in those two cities.<h4>Methods</h4>A mixed-methods comparative ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health-related quality of life of adults visiting emergency departments and primary care settings in Alberta.

Fatima Al Sayah, Markus Lahtinen, Roland Simon, Benjamin Higgins, Arto Ohinmaa, Jeffrey A Johnson,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To examine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health-related quality of life (HRQL) of adults visiting emergency departments (ED) and primary care (PC) settings in Alberta, Canada, and explore whether this impact varies across demographic subgroups.<h4>Methods</h4>Data from two repeated cross-sectional surveys that measured HRQL using EQ-5D-5L were used; "pre-COVID" Sept 2019-Feb ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Sex differences in cardiometabolic abnormalities in a middle-aged Maltese population.

Rachel Agius, Nikolai Paul Pace, Stephen Fava,

<h4>Objectives</h4>There are sex differences in distribution of fat and in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. We therefore sought to explore sex differences in the prevalence of adiposity-metabolic health phenotypes, in anthropometric and cardio-metabolic parameters, and in the relationship between body mass index (BMI) categories and metabolic health.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Meeting case investigation and contact tracing needs during COVID-19 in Alberta: the development and implementation of the Alberta Health Services Pod Partnership Model.

J Cyne Johnston, Keri-Lynn Strain, Cindy Dribnenki, Maureen Devolin,

<h4>Setting</h4>In Alberta, a small team of specialized public health experts typically complete case investigation and contact tracing. High COVID-19 case counts and a shortage of trained public health professionals required a rapid and significant adaptation of staffing models to meet the population's needs.<h4>Intervention</h4>A tiered, interdisciplinary staffing model, based on those ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Sex differences in the association between educational level and specific domains of physical activity: a Brazilian cross-national survey.

Cecília Bertuol, Alexandre Vinicius Bobato Tozetto, Silas Nery de Oliveira, Giovani Firpo Del Duca,

<h4>Objective</h4>To identify the association between educational level and physical activity (PA) in specific domains according to sex, among residents of 26 Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District.<h4>Methods</h4>This is a cross-national survey, with data obtained from the Telephone-based Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL), in 2017, ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Appropriateness of COVID-19 public health guidelines for an Alberta First Nations community.

Allison L Soprovich, Lisa A Wozniak, Cerina Lee, Vishal Sharma, Salim Samanani, Dean T Eurich,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The First Nations people experience significant challenges that may influence the ability to follow COVID-19 public health directives on-reserve. This study aimed to describe experiences, perceptions and circumstances of an Alberta First Nations community, related to COVID-19 public health advice. We hypothesized that many challenges ensued when following and implementing ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Efficacy of calorie labelling for alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages on restaurant menus on noticing information, calorie knowledge, and perceived and actual influence on hypothetical beverage orders: a randomized trial.

Erin Hobin, Ashini Weerasinghe, Nicole Schoer, Lana Vanderlee, Simran Shokar, Sarah Orr, Theresa Poon, David Hammond,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To test the efficacy of calorie labelling for alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages on restaurant menus on noticing calorie information, calorie knowledge, and perceived and actual influence on hypothetical beverage orders.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants included upper-level university students of legal drinking age residing in Ontario, Canada (n = 283). Using a between-groups experiment, participants were randomized ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Practice report: an Alberta Métis model for COVID-19 vaccine delivery.

Keith D King, Reagan Bartel, Ashton James, Shannon E MacDonald,

<h4>Setting</h4>In January 2021, the COVID-19 vaccine became available to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit (FNMI) over the age of 65 living in First Nations communities or Métis settlements in Alberta. In March, vaccine eligibility in Alberta expanded to include FNMI peoples of younger ages and in urban settings. The Métis ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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Integrating infoveillance, infodemiology, and consequential intervention research in our public health systems to better protect and promote the health of Canadians: ideas and perspectives.

Maryline Vivion, Lise Gauvin,

There is no longer any doubt that exposure to the tsunami of health information which is sometimes evidence-based and sometimes unfounded and even misleading, is a public health issue. The term infodemic is used to describe this phenomenon. Research conducted over the past two decades has provided a measure of ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2022, :]

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"I may be essential but someone has to look after my kids": women physicians and COVID-19.

Julia Smith, Lina Abouzaid, Joy Masuhara, Salima Noormohamed, Neli Remo, Lynn Straatman,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This paper analyzes results from focus groups held with women physicians in British Columbia which explored questions around how gender norms and roles influenced their experiences during COVID-19.<h4>Methods</h4>Four virtual focus groups were organized between July and September 2020. Participants (n = 27) were voluntarily recruited. Data were analyzed using applied thematic analysis.<h4>Results</h4>In ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, :]

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Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among people experiencing homelessness in Toronto during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Linh Luong, Michaela Beder, Rosane Nisenbaum, Aaron Orkin, Jonathan Wong, Cynthia Damba, Ryan Emond, Suvendrini Lena, Vanessa Wright, Mona Loutfy, Cindy Bruce-Barrett, Wilfred Cheung, Yick Kan Cheung, Victoria Williams, Miriam Vanmeurs, Andrew Boozary, Harvey Manning, Joe Hester, Stephen W Hwang,

<h4>Objectives</h4>People experiencing homelessness are at increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study reports the point prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection during testing conducted at sites serving people experiencing homelessness in Toronto during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. We also explored the association between site characteristics and prevalence rates.<h4>Methods</h4>The study ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, :]

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Downstream health impacts of employment losses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Emmalin Buajitti, Laura C Rosella, Kevin Bryan, Ingrid Giesinger, Vivek Goel,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The Canadian workforce has experienced significant employment losses during the COVID-19 pandemic, in part as a result of non-pharmaceutical interventions to slow COVID-19 transmission. Health consequences are likely to result from these job losses, but without historical precedent for the current economic shutdown they are challenging to plan for. Our ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, :]

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World Health Organization recommends first malaria vaccine.

Helen Trottier, Susan J Elliott,

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, 112(6):967-969]

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Correction to: Social participation and depressive symptoms of carer-employees of older adults in Canada: a cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging.

Li Wang, Chris Ji, Peter Kitchen, Allison Williams,

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, 112(6):1093-1094]

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Correction to: Socio-economic resources and adult mental health in Canada: controlling for time-invariant confounders and investigating causal directionality.

Adam Vanzella-Yang, Gerry Veenstra,

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, 112(6):1050]

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Public health moves to innocence and evasion? Graduate training programs' engagement in truth and reconciliation for Indigenous health.

Heather Castleden, Madilyn Darrach, Jia Lin,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Indigenous peoples are the first peoples of what is now called Canada. Canadians have benefitted from their largesse and contributions in a myriad of ways that remain unacknowledged. Indeed, ongoing colonization and systemic anti-Indigenous racism in all quarters of our society have had heinous impacts on their health and well-being. ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, :]

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Economic evaluations of vision screening to detect amblyopia and refractive errors in children: a systematic review.

Afua O Asare, Agnes M F Wong, Daphne Maurer, Yalinie Kulandaivelu, Natasha Saunders, Wendy J Ungar,

<h4>Objective</h4>To synthesize and appraise economic evaluations of vision screening to detect vision impairment in children.<h4>Methods</h4>Literature searches were conducted on seven electronic databases, grey literature, and websites of agencies conducting health technology assessments. Studies were included if they (1) were full, comparative economic evaluations that used cost-utility, cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness, cost-consequence, or ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, :]

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A comparison of household food insecurity rates in Newfoundland and Labrador in 2011-2012 and 2017-2018.

Zahra Hussain, Valerie Tarasuk,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The prevalence of household food insecurity in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) fell sharply between 2007 and 2011, but it appears to have risen since then. Our objective was to compare the prevalence of food insecurity between 2011-2012 and 2017-2018 in relation to population socio-demographic characteristics.<h4>Methods</h4>Our analytic sample comprised all NL ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, :]

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Partner number and use of COVID-19 risk reduction strategies during initial phases of the pandemic in British Columbia, Canada: a survey of sexual health service clients.

Mark Gilbert, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Aidan Ablona, Travis Salway, Gina Ogilvie, Jason Wong, Laurence Campeau, Catherine Worthington, Daniel Grace, Troy Grennan,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Initial public health guidance related to sex and COVID-19 infection focused on reducing partner number. We characterized individuals having a higher partner number during the initial phases of the pandemic.<h4>Methods</h4>In British Columbia, the initial wave of COVID-19 cases was from March 14 to May 19, 2020, followed by gradual lifting ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2021, 112(6):973-983]

Cited: 2 times

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