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Journal Biotech Histochem

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Beta-glucan effects on 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity in liver and brain.

Nese Basak Turkmen, Dilan Askin Ozek, Asli Taslidere, Fatih Dogan, Osman Ciftci,

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a common environmental contaminant that is toxic to brain, heart, kidney and liver. TCDD toxicity is due to free radical formation. Beta-glucan is an antioxidant that exhibits beneficial effects on health. We investigated the effects of beta-glucan on brain and liver tissues of rats with TCDD induced ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, :1-8]

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Analysis of CYP450 gene expression and function in white-rot fungus, Lenzites gibbosa, treated with Congo red.

Jian Zhang, YuJie Chi, Jun Zhang,

We investigated the function of cytochrome P450 (<i>CYP450</i>) genes in degradation of the diazo dye, Congo red, by white-rot fungus <i>Lenzites gibbosa</i>. Hyphae treated with Congo red at different times were sequenced to obtain transcription data. <i>CYP450</i> genes in transcriptomes were identified using a gene-encoding protein functional search and analyzed ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, :1-17]

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Morin mitigates ifosfamide induced nephrotoxicity by regulation of NF-kappaB/p53 and Bcl-2 expression.

Selim Çomaklı, Fatih Mehmet Kandemir, Sefa Küçükler, Selçuk Özdemir,

Ifosfamide (IFO) is used for treating childhood solid tumors, but its use is limited by its adverse effects on kidneys. Morin may be used to prevent nephrotoxic and other side effects. We investigated the underlying mechanisms of the protective effects of morin on IFO induced nephrotoxicity. We used 35 male ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, :1-10]

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Mast cells and basic fibroblast growth factor in physiological aging of rat heart and kidney.

Nikola Stamenov, Georgi Kotov, Alexandar Iliev, Boycho Landzhov, Vidin Kirkov, Stancho Stanchev,

Age-related morphological and physiological changes occur in cells, tissues and organs with high metabolic or mitotic activity; these changes decrease their regenerative capacity. One such change is interstitial fibrosis. Mast cells contain basic fibroblast growth factor and have been related to pro-fibrotic activity. We investigated the role of mast cells ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, :1-15]

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Protective effect of chrysin on indomethacin induced gastric ulcer in rats: role of multi-pathway regulation.

Sefa Küçükler, Fatih Mehmet Kandemir, Serkan Yıldırım,

We investigated the potential gastroprotective effects of chrysin on indomethacin induced gastric ulcers in rats. We used six groups of animals: control; indomethacin (Indo); reference (Ulcuran®); indomethacin + 25 mg/kg chrysin (Indo + CHR25); indomethacin + 50 mg/kg chrysin (Indo + CHR50); indomethacin + 100 mg/kg chrysin (Indo + CHR100). ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, :1-14]

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The role of autophagy in paclitaxel and cremophor induced damage to rat testis.

Hange Vurgun, Gulay Sezer, Arzu Yay,

The anticancer drug, paclitaxel (PTX), is used to treat a variety of solid tumors, but its effects on normal tissues remain unclear. We investigated the effects of different doses of PTX and its vehicle, cremophor EL, on testis using histochemical, immunohistochemical and biochemical methods. We used 30 adult Wistar albino ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, :1-8]

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At least four distinct blue cationic phthalocyanine dyes sold as "alcian blue" raises the question: what is alcian blue?

S Ali, R W Dapson, R W Horobin, J A Kiernan, A Kazlauciunas,

We investigated physicochemical characteristics of dye lots sold as "alcian blue" using the Biological Stain Commission (BSC) precipitation test, differential scanning calorimetry, high performance liquid chromatography, thin layer chromatography and UV/visible spectroscopy. Four blue phthalocyanine dyes were detected in 11 commercial dye lots. These four included the original ingrain blue ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, 97(1):11-20]

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Differential expression of microRNA between triple negative breast cancer patients of African American and European American descent.

William M MacCuaig, Alexandra Thomas, Juan C Claros-Sorto, Jorge G Gomez-Gutierrez, Adam C Alexander, Elizabeth A Wellberg, William E Grizzle, Lacey R McNally,

There are racial disparities in the outcome of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients between women of African ancestry and women of European ancestry, even after accounting for lifestyle, socioeconomic and clinical factors. MicroRNA (miRNA) are non-coding molecules whose level of expression is associated with cancer suppression, proliferation and drug ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2022, 97(1):1-10]

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New software for three-dimensional visualization and calculation of volume of living cells.

Maja Ullrich, Niklas Ullrich, Constanze Wiek, Jörg Schipper, Mathias Getzlaff, Julia Kristin,

We investigated the physical properties of head and neck cancer cells to develop new cell-selective treatment strategies for squamous cell carcinoma. For better characterization and subsequent differentiation of cancerous and healthy cells, we developed MATLAB-based software to analyze image stacks obtained using a confocal laser-scanning microscope. A confocal laser-scanning microscope ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-9]

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Total protein staining with Congo red as an alternative loading control for western blot analysis.

Jun-Ling Wang, Mei-Qi Li, Jia-Jia Zhang, Chao-Jin Xu,

For western blot analysis, a housekeeping protein, such as β-actin or glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, is used as loading control with the assumption that these proteins are stable. In practice, these internal loading control proteins vary with different cell states and tissue types. These internal standards are not appropriate for use with ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-11]

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Astaxanthin ameliorates damage to the cerebral cortex, hippocampus and cerebellar cortex caused by methotrexate.

Rahime Aslankoc, Ozlem Ozmen, Arzu Yalcın,

We investigated the ameliorating effects of astaxanthin (AXA) on methotrexate (MTX) induced damage to the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, cerebellar cortex and blood. We used 24 female Wistar albino rats divided into three groups of eight as follows: sham/control group, single dose of saline intraperitoneally (i.p.) and 7 days orally; MTX group, ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-12]

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Evaluation of EDTA and nitric acid solutions for decalcification of joints in AG/WT, BALB/c, C57, DBA1/J mice, and in Wistar rats.

Eduarda Correa Freitas, Suelen Pizzolatto Dalmolin, Mateus Müller da Silva, Francine Hehn de Oliveira, Emily Ferreira Salles Pilar,

Decalcification of mineralized samples for microscopic analysis involves competing factors including decalcification time, preservation of tissue integrity and cost. We investigated the utility of different decalcification solutions for studying joints in AG/WT, BALB/c, C57, DBA1/J mice and Wistar rats. The hind paws of the rodents were removed and fixed with ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-10]

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Histological assessment of liver and stomach damage caused by pyridazinone derivative antidepressant agents.

Zeynep Özdemir, Arzu Karakurt, Elif Taşlidere, Nigar Vardi, Mehmet Abdullah Alagöz, Hakan Parlakpinar, Harun Uslu, Harika Gözükara Bağ,

Depression is a serious psychological disorder that affects a significant population. We investigated the antidepressant activities of four pyridazinone derivatives that contain the hydrazide moiety using the forced swimming test (FST). The compounds tested exhibited good antidepressant activity compared to duloxetine. The most promising compound was compound 2, which reduced ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-8]

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Role of JNK, TGF-β1, Akt, IL-1β and INSL-3 in proanthocyanidin protection against apoptosis in diabetic rat testis.

Gulnur Kizilay, Sinasi Bayram, Onur Ersoy, Aysegul Cerkezkayabekir, Melike Sapmaz-Metin, Turan Karaca,

We investigated how proanthocyanidin treatment altered c-Jun N-terminal kinases, transforming growth factor beta 1, serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, interleukin 1 beta and insulin-like 3 expression in the testis of diabetic rats. We used 24 Wistar albino male rats divided into four groups. Group 1 was untreated control. Group 2 was treated ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-9]

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Glutathione S-transferase expression in benign and malignant eyelid tumors.

Efe Saygın, Remzi Karadağ, Şeyma Ozkanli, Büşra Bozer, Serpil Oğuztüzün, Amir A Azari, Işılay Özsoy Saygın, Hüseyin Bayramlar,

Eyelid tumors commonly originate from the skin and its appendages. Environmental toxins and oxidants affect eyelid carcinogenesis. Glutathione S-transferases (GST) are antioxidants that participate in pathogenesis. We investigated GST levels in malignant and benign eyelid tumors in otherwise healthy individuals. We used 57 malignant eyelid biopsies, benign eyelid biopsies, and ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-6]

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Effects of N-acetyl cysteine on TRPM2 expression in kidney and liver tissues following malathion intoxication.

Fethi Ahmet Atilgan, Metin Atescelik, Mustafa Yilmaz, Ahmet Turk, Mehtap Gurger, Mehmet Cagri Goktekin, Tuncay Kuloglu,

We investigated the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) channel expression in rat kidney and liver tissues following experimental malathion intoxication. We used seven groups of six male Wistar albino rats: control group, NAC, pralidoxime + atropine, malathion, malathion + pralidoxime + atropine, malathion ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-7]

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Mesenchymal stem cells seeded onto nanofiber scaffold for myocardial regeneration.

Mohamed S Kishta, Hanaa H Ahmed, Mohamed A M Ali, Hadeer A Aglan, Mohamed Ragaa Mohamed,

Cardiac disease is the leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide. We investigated the role of undifferentiated adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) alone and ADMSC seeded onto the electro-spun nanofibers (NF) for reconstructing damaged cardiac tissue in isoprenaline-induced myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. ADMSC were sorted by morphological appearance ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-12]

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Decalcification method for nondestructive exposure of human inner ear specimens using ultrasonic EDTA scrubbing.

Martin Gestewitz, Mark Praetorius, Tobias Albrecht,

Owing to the density of the surrounding bone, preparation for histological preparation of the delicate inner ear is difficult and time-consuming; long preparation time increases the risk of deterioration. We present an EDTA decalcification method using an ultrasonic bath and microscopic removal of tissue along defined anatomical landmarks. Our method ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-8]

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Tissue expression of glutathione S transferase isoenzymes in vitiligo.

Tugba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Seyma Ozkanli, Arzu Kaya Kocdogan, Serpil Oguztuzun, Ayse Serap Karadag, Emin Ozlu, Necmettin Akdeniz,

The association of glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes with vitiligo is inconclusive. To evaluate tissue expressions of GST isoenzymes in vitiligo patients and to compare these expressions with healthy controls, we used 26 active depigmented patches on the trunk of vitiligo patients and 20 healthy sex and age matched controls. Punch ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-5]

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Effects of taxifolin on bone formation and apoptosis in experimental periodontitis in diabetic rats.

Aysan Lektemur Alpan, Olcay Bakar, Alper Kızıldağ, Melih Özdede, Şenay Topsakal, Özlem Özmen,

We investigated the therapeutic potential of taxifolin for treatment of alveolar bone loss (ABL) in experimental periodontitis in diabetic rats. Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by streptozotocin. Rats were divided into six groups: untreated control; DM only (D) group; ligature only (P) group; DM + ligature (DP) group; DM + ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-9]

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Expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER2 protein and Ki-67 proliferation index in breast carcinoma in both tumor tissue and tissue microarray.

U P Hacısalihoğlu, M A Dogan,

Breast cancer treatment is tailored to molecular subtypes, which are classified by cell type and by presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER2 overexpression and Ki-67 proliferation index. In routine pathological practice, these markers are detected in tumor tissue using immunohistochemistry, which requires four immunohistochemical antibodies for each patient. We ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-8]

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Anthocyanins from a single botanical source can be used as a replacement for hemalum and eosin.

Hayfaa A Alshamar, Richard W Dapson,

For various reasons, histologists in several parts of the world have tried to replace hematoxylin and eosin with locally available plant dyes of the anthocyanin family. Blue or violet nuclear stains have been created by combining an anthocyanin with iron or aluminum ions at low pH. Obtaining a pink or ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, 96(8):570-578]

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Effects of vitamin B12 on rat ovary with ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Selçuk Kaplan, Ahmet Türk,

We investigated the histopathological and biochemical effects of vitamin B12 on ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury using a rat ovarian torsion-detorsion model. We used four groups of female Wistar albino rats. Group 1 (sham group): both ovaries were removed. Group 2 (torsion group): ovarian torsion was established. Group 3 (torsion-detorsion group) perfusion ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-6]

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Vitamin B12 suppresses GADD153, prevents apoptosis and regulates the testicular function in methotrexate treated rat testis.

Derya Karabulut, Emel Öztürk, Emin Kaymak, Nurhan Kuloglu, Ali Tuğrul Akin, Birkan Yakan,

Methotrexate (MTX) is an anti-neoplastic drug that also causes testicular damage. Vitamin B12 (Vit B12) is a water soluble vitamin that is required for normal metabolism. We investigated Vit B12 as a possible protective agent against testicular damage caused by MTX treatment. We divided rats into four groups: control group, ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-8]

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Effects of antiepileptic drugs on ovaries of female Wistar rats.

Şeyma Osmanlıoğlu, Azibe Yildiz, Nigar Vardi, Merve Karaaslan, Onural Ozhan, Hakan Parlakpinar,

Valproate (VPA) induced changes in ovarian morphology are observed in humans with epilepsy and in non-epileptic animals. The effects of lamotrigine (LTG) on female reproduction is not well known. We investigated whether LTG might be a safer drug for use with patients of reproductive age. Forty Wistar albino female rats ... Read more >>

Biotech Histochem (Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission)
[2021, :1-8]

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