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Journal BMC Public Health

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Maternal pesticide exposure and child neuro-development among smallholder tomato farmers in the southern corridor of Tanzania.

Peter M Chilipweli, Aiwerasia Vera Ngowi, Karim Manji,

<h4>Background</h4>Exposure to pesticides with its associated effects prenatally and in early childhood has not received much attention. There is little scientific data on this aspect in Tanzania therefore this study was meant to contribute to the deficit in the subject.<h4>Method</h4>A cross-sectional study was conducted to a sample of 286 participants ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):171]

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Predicting epidemics using search engine data: a comparative study on measles in the largest countries of Europe.

Loukas Samaras, Miguel-Angel Sicilia, Elena García-Barriocanal,

<h4>Background</h4>In recent years new forms of syndromic surveillance that use data from the Internet have been proposed. These have been developed to assist the early prediction of epidemics in various cases and diseases. It has been found that these systems are accurate in monitoring and predicting outbreaks before these are ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):100]

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Determinants and effects or consequences of internal HIV-related stigma among people living with HIV in Morocco.

Amal Ben Moussa, Rosemary M Delabre, Virginie Villes, Mohammed Elkhammas, Aziza Bennani, Lahoucine Ouarsas, Hind Filali, Kamal Alami, Mehdi Karkouri, Daniela Rojas Castro,

<h4>Background</h4>HIV-related stigma and discrimination constitute a barrier to different intervention programs. Unlike external stigma, internal stigma is not well explored in in the Middle East and North African countries, while grasping this particular form of stigma is essential to limit its effects. The present study aims to measure internal stigma ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):163]

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The burden of the current curative expenditure of injury in Dalian, China-a study based on the "system of health accounts 2011".

Shu Sun, Liuna Yang, Xinzhu Hu, Yalan Zhu, Boxi Liu, Yunbin Yang, Xin Wang,

<h4>Background</h4>Injury is one of the major public health problems and causes more than 5 million deaths in the world annually. Cases of specific types of injury are life-threatening and heavily-burdened to individuals and society. This study was aimed to assess the financial burden of injury on patients.<h4>Methods</h4>A total of 565 ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):157]

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Relationships with caregivers and mental health outcomes among adolescents living with HIV: a prospective cohort study in South Africa.

Yulia Shenderovich, Mark Boyes, Michelle Degli Esposti, Marisa Casale, Elona Toska, Kathryn J Roberts, Lucie Cluver,

<h4>Background</h4>Mental health problems may impact adherence to anti-retroviral treatment, retention in care, and consequently the survival of adolescents living with HIV. The adolescent-caregiver relationship is an important potential source of resilience. However, there is a lack of longitudinal research in sub-Saharan Africa on which aspects of adolescent-caregiver relationships can promote ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):172]

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The prevalence of sickness absence among primary school pupils - reason to be worried?

Esther Karen Pijl, Yvonne Theodora Maria Vanneste, Angelique Eveline de Rijk, Frans Joseph Maria Feron, Jolanda Mathijssen,

<h4>Background</h4>Absence from school can lead to lower educational achievement and poor health. Little is known about school absence in primary education. This study's first aim was to examine the prevalence of school absence in primary schools and differing types of absence, including sickness absence. The second aim was to determine ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):170]

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Subjective sleep quality and association with depression syndrome, chronic diseases and health-related physical fitness in the middle-aged and elderly.

Min-Fang Hsu, Kang-Yun Lee, Tsung-Ching Lin, Wen-Te Liu, Shu-Chuan Ho,

<h4>Background</h4>As a complex phenomenon, sleep quality is difficult to objectively define and measure, and multiple factors related to sleep quality, such as age, lifestyle, physical activity, and physical fitness, feature prominently in older adult populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate subjective sleep quality using the Pittsburgh ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):164]

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Insufficient physical activity level among Sahrawi adults living in a protracted refugee setting.

Eivind Andersen, Ida Kjellså, Victoria Telle Hjellset, Sigrun Henjum,

<h4>Background</h4>The Sahrawi people fled their homes in 1975 as the conflict in Western Sahara escalated and settled down near Tindouf, Algeria, where they still live. High prevalence of overweight and obesity and type 2 diabetes had been found in this protracted refugee setting. Scaling up national policy efforts to promote ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):166]

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Socioeconomic pathways to inequalities in mental and functional health: a comparative study of three birth cohorts.

Silvia Simone Klokgieters, Martijn Huisman, Marjolein Broese van Groenou, Almar Andreas Leonardus Kok,

<h4>Background</h4>Although the educational expansion is often seen as a mechanism that might reduce health inequalities, socioeconomic inequalities in health (SEIH) have persisted or increased over the past decades. Theories suggest that this persistence could be due to a changing role of education as a 'gatekeeper' to access other socioeconomic resources ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):155]

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The target/perpetrator brief-implicit association test (B-IAT): an implicit instrument for efficiently measuring discrimination based on race/ethnicity, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, weight, and age.

Maddalena Marini, Pamela D Waterman, Emry Breedlove, Jarvis T Chen, Christian Testa, Sari L Reisner, Dana J Pardee, Kenneth H Mayer, Nancy Krieger,

<h4>Background</h4>To date, research assessing discrimination has employed primarily explicit measures (i.e., self-reports), which can be subject to intentional and social desirability processes. Only a few studies, focusing on sex and race/ethnicity discrimination, have relied on implicit measures (i.e., Implicit Association Test, IAT), which permit assessing mental representations that are outside ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):158]

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Uganda's increasing dependence on development partner's support for immunization - a five year resource tracking study (2012 - 2016).

Carol Kamya, Christabel Abewe, Peter Waiswa, Gilbert Asiimwe, Faith Namugaya, Charles Opio, Immaculate Ampeire, Stephen Lagony, Charlotte Muheki,

<h4>Background</h4>In Uganda, there are persistent weaknesses in obtaining accurate, reliable and complete data on local and external investments in immunization to guide planning, financing, and resource mobilization. This study aimed to measure and describe the financial envelope for immunization from 2012 to 2016 and analyze expenditures at sub-national level.<h4>Methods</h4>The Systems ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):160]

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Barriers to using HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and sexual behaviour after stopping PrEP: a cross-sectional study in Germany.

Uwe Koppe, Ulrich Marcus, Stefan Albrecht, Klaus Jansen, Heiko Jessen, Barbara Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, Viviane Bremer,

<h4>Background</h4>Persistence of individuals at risk of HIV with Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is critical for its impact on the HIV epidemic. We analysed factors associated with stopping PrEP, barriers that may deter people from continuing PrEP and investigated sexual behaviour after stopping PrEP.<h4>Methods</h4>Current and former PrEP users in Germany were recruited ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):159]

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Developing a whole-school mental health and wellbeing intervention through pragmatic formative process evaluation: a case-study of innovative local practice within The School Health Research network.

Nina Gobat, Hannah Littlecott, Andy Williams, Kirsten McEwan, Helen Stanton, Michael Robling, Stephen Rollnick, Simon Murphy, Rhiannon Evans,

<h4>Background</h4>The evidence-base for whole school approaches aimed at improving student mental health and wellbeing remains limited. This may be due to a focus on developing and evaluating de-novo, research-led interventions, while neglecting the potential of local, contextually-relevant innovation that has demonstrated acceptability and feasibility. This study reports a novel approach ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):154]

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COVID-19 outbreak in Brazil: adherence to national preventive measures and impact on people's lives, an online survey.

Edlaine Faria de Moura Villela, Rossana Verónica Mendoza López, Ana Paula Sayuri Sato, Fábio Morato de Oliveira, Eliseu Alves Waldman, Rafael Van den Bergh, Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Robert Colebunders,

<h4>Background</h4>The first case of COVID-19 infection was diagnosed in Brazil 26th February 2020. By March 16th, physical distancing and confinement measures were implemented by the Brazilian government. Little is known about how these measures were followed up by the Brazilian people and their impact on daily routine.<h4>Methods</h4>In early April 2020, ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):152]

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Excessive intake of iodine and low prevalence of goiter in school age children five years after implementation of national salt iodization in Shebedino woreda, southern Ethiopia.

Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaye, Barbara J Stoecker, Tafere Gebreegziabher,

<h4>Background</h4>Iodine is a trace element required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The multiple effects of iodine deficiency on human health are called iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). IDDs have been common nutritional problems in Ethiopia. In 2012, Ethiopia launched a national salt iodization program to address IDDs. The objective of ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):165]

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Talking but not always understanding: couple communication about infertility concerns after cancer.

Alexandra Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Chloe Parton,

<h4>Background</h4>Cancer related infertility can have an impact on couple relationships, with evidence that couple communication facilitates coping. However, little is known about the ways in which couples communicate about cancer-related fertility concerns. The aim of this article is to examine couple communication about fertility concerns in the context of cancer, ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):161]

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Do parenting practices moderate the association between the physical neighbourhood environment and changes in children's time spent at various physical activity levels? An exploratory longitudinal study.

Sanne M P L Gerards, Dave H H Van Kann, Stef P J Kremers, Maria W J Jansen, Jessica S Gubbels,

<h4>Background</h4>As many children do not meet the recommended daily physical activity (PA) levels, more research is needed towards environmental determinants of children's PA levels. The aims of this longitudinal study were to investigate whether the physical environment and parenting practices have an impact on changes in children's weekday time spent ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):168]

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Implementation, experience, and challenges of urban health extension program in Addis Ababa: a case study from Ethiopia.

Getahun Zebre, Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Kasahun Girma Tareke, Yohannes Kebede Lemu,

<h4>Background</h4>Even though the urban health extension program (HEP) has been implemented since 2009, little was known about its implementation, experience and challenges. Therefore, this study was aimed at exploring the implementation, experience, and challenges of the urban HEP.<h4>Methods</h4>A qualitative case study was conducted in Addis Ababa from November 15 to ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):167]

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Reproductive intentions and corresponding use of safer conception methods and contraception among Ugandan HIV clients in serodiscordant relationships.

Glenn J Wagner, Deborah Mindry, Emily A Hurley, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Violet Gwokyalya, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Mastula Nanfuka, Mahlet G Tebeka, Kathy Goggin,

<h4>Context</h4>Among people living with HIV in Uganda, desires to have a child and unplanned pregnancies are both common, while utilization of safer conception methods (SCM) and modern contraceptives are low.<h4>Methods</h4>Three hundred eighty-nine HIV clients who reported considering childbearing with their uninfected partner enrolled in a safer conception counseling intervention trial ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):156]

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Integrated knowledge translation to strengthen public policy research: a case study from experimental research on income assistance receipt among people who use drugs.

Joanna Mendell, Lindsey Richardson,

<h4>Background</h4>Solutions to complex public health issues should be informed by scientific evidence, yet there are important differences between policy and research processes that make this relationship challenging. Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) is a strategy of sustained stakeholder engagement that intends to address barriers to evidence use. We highlight an example ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):153]

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Quality and readability of web-based Arabic health information on COVID-19: an infodemiological study.

Esam Halboub, Mohammed Sultan Al-Ak'hali, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Mohammed Nasser Alhajj,

<h4>Background</h4>This study sought to assess the quality and readability of web-based Arabic health information on COVID-19.<h4>Methods</h4>Three search engines were searched on 13 April 2020 for specific Arabic terms on COVID-19. The first 100 consecutive websites from each engine were analyzed for eligibility, which resulted in a sample of 36 websites. ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):151]

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Equity of expenditure changes associated with a sweetened-beverage tax in Tonga: repeated cross-sectional household surveys.

Andrea Teng, Bertrand Buffière, Murat Genç, Telekaki Latavao, Viliami Puloka, Louise Signal, Nick Wilson,

<h4>Background</h4>The aim of this study was to examine changes in beverage expenditure patterns before and after a T$0.50/L sweetened-beverage (SB) excise was introduced in Tonga in 2013, by household income, household age composition and island of residence.<h4>Methods</h4>Two cross-sectional surveys involved households being randomly sampled (the Household Income and Expenditure Surveys ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):149]

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Mobilising people as assets for active ageing promotion: a multi-stakeholder perspective on peer volunteering initiatives.

Afroditi Stathi, Janet Withall, Sandra Agyapong-Badu, Eva Barrett, Marlene Kritz, Debbie Wills, Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Kenneth R Fox,

<h4>Background</h4>Successful peer volunteering is central to many community-based, active ageing initiatives. This study synthesises the perspectives of a range of stakeholders involved in peer volunteering initiatives and provides recommendations as to how peer volunteers can be effectively mobilised as community assets.<h4>Methods</h4>An evidence synthesis of qualitative data from (a) the evaluation ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):150]

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Socioeconomic disparity and the risk of contracting COVID-19 in South Korea: an NHIS-COVID-19 database cohort study.

Tak Kyu Oh, Jae-Wook Choi, In-Ae Song,

<h4>Background</h4>The relationship between socioeconomic status and the risk of contracting coronavirus disease (COVID-19) remains controversial. We aimed to investigate whether socioeconomic status affected the risk of contracting COVID-19 in the South Korean population.<h4>Methods</h4>The NHIS-COVID-19 database cohort was used in this population-based study. We collected the data of COVID-19 patients who ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):144]

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Relationships between inappropriate eating habits and problematic alcohol use, cigarette and waterpipe dependence among male adolescents in Lebanon.

Jana Berro, Marwan Akel, Souheil Hallit, Sahar Obeid,

<h4>Background</h4>it is important to investigate the relationship between disordered eating in male adolescents and smoking and alcohol consumption as they are risk factors to other diseases as well. For example, high levels of alcohol accompanied by the acidic damage and nutritional deficit exhibited in people with disordered eating habits - ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2021, 21(1):140]

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