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Journal BMC Psychiatry

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Temperament and character of patients with alcohol toxicity during COVID - 19 pandemic.

Ali Reza Estedlal, Arash Mani, Hossein Molavi Vardanjani, Mahsa Kamali, Leila Zarei, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani,

<h4>Background</h4>Corona virus epidemic may be acts as a stressor or trauma that affects both physical health and mental health. People exhibited various reactive behaviors to confront with this stressful situation. In Iran, one of the common motives for alcohol consumption is to scape problems and cope with stresses. It has ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):49]

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Surgical experience for patients with serious mental illness: a qualitative study.

Kate E McBride, Michael J Solomon, Tim Lambert, Sarah O'Shannassy, Catherine Yates, Jemima Isbester, Nick Glozier,

<h4>Background</h4>People with serious mental illness (SMI) have significantly worse surgical outcomes compared to the general population. There are many contributing factors to this complex issue, however consideration of the surgical experience from the patient's own perspective has never been undertaken. This lack of understanding prevents the provision of truly patient ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):47]

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The impact of video gaming on cognitive functioning of people with schizophrenia (GAME-S): study protocol of a randomised controlled trial.

Maritta Välimäki, Min Yang, Yuen Ting Joyce Lam, Tella Lantta, Matias Palva, Satu Palva, Benjamin Yee, Siu Hung Yip, Kin-Sun Dan Yu, Hing Chiu Charles Chang, Po Yee Ivy Cheng, Daniel Bressington,

<h4>Background</h4>Video gaming is a promising intervention for cognitive and social impairment in patients with schizophrenia. A number of gaming interventions have been evaluated in small-scale studies with various patient groups, but studies on patients with schizophrenia remain scarce and rarely include the evaluation of both clinical and neurocognitive outcomes. In ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):46]

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One year follow-up and mediation in cognitive behavioral therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy for adult depression.

Jacqueline G L A-Tjak, Nexhmedin Morina, Maurice Topper, Paul M G Emmelkamp,

<h4>Background</h4>Existing therapies for depression are effective, but many patients fail to recover or relapse. To improve care for patients, more research into the effectiveness and working mechanisms of treatments is needed. We examined the long-term efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Major Depressive ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):41]

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Correction to: Violence rate dropped during a shift to individualized patient-oriented care in a high security forensic psychiatric ward.

Ragnar Urheim, Tom Palmstierna, Knut Rypdal, Rolf Gjestad, Mette Senneseth, Arnstein Mykletun,

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):44]

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The lifetime prevalence and impact of generalized anxiety disorders in an epidemiologic Italian National Survey carried out by clinicians by means of semi-structured interviews.

Antonio Preti, Roberto Demontis, Giulia Cossu, Goce Kalcev, Federico Cabras, Maria Francesca Moro, Ferdinando Romano, Matteo Balestrieri, Filippo Caraci, Liliana Dell'Osso, Guido Di Sciascio, Filippo Drago, Maria Carolina Hardoy, Rita Roncone, Carlo Faravelli, Cesar Ivan Aviles Gonzalez, Matthias Angermayer, Mauro Giovanni Carta,

<h4>Background</h4>Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most reported diagnoses in psychiatry, but there is some discrepancy between the cases identified in community studies and those identified in tertiary care. This study set out to evaluate whether the use of clinicians as interviewers may provide estimates in a community ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):48]

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Person-centered, non-pharmacological intervention in reducing psychotropic medications use among residents with dementia in Australian rural aged care homes.

Daya Ram Parajuli, Abraham Kuot, Mohammad Hamiduzzaman, Justin Gladman, Vivian Isaac,

<h4>Background</h4>High rates of psychotropic medications are prescribed in aged care homes despite their limited effectiveness and associated adverse effects. We aim to evaluate the changes in prescription patterns for elderly residents with dementia in the 'Harmony in the Bush Dementia Study'. Harmony in the Bush is a person-centered model of ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):36]

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Metacognitive training: a useful complement to community-based rehabilitation for schizophrenia patients in China.

Qi Chen, Yueyun Sang, Lifang Ren, Jinping Wu, Yajun Chen, Menglei Zheng, Guolin Bian, Hanying Sun,

<h4>Background</h4>The traditional general practitioner-based model (community-based rehabilitation [CBR]) for Chinese schizophrenia patients lacks sufficient content, usefulness, and theoretical basis for rehabilitation. Based on previous research, we postulate that Metacognitive Training (MCT) is effective in the community for schizophrenic patients.<h4>Method</h4>A randomized controlled, assessor-blinded trial was conducted. A total of 124 schizophrenia ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):38]

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Identifying response and predictive biomarkers for Transcranial magnetic stimulation outcomes: protocol and rationale for a mechanistic study of functional neuroimaging and behavioral biomarkers in veterans with Pharmacoresistant depression.

Leanne M Williams, John T Coman, Patrick C Stetz, Nicole C Walker, F Andrew Kozel, Mark S George, Jong Yoon, Laura M Hack, Michelle R Madore, Kelvin O Lim, Noah S Philip, Paul E Holtzheimer,

<h4>Background</h4>Although repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation ('TMS') is becoming a gold standard treatment for pharmacoresistant depression, we lack neural target biomarkers for identifying who is most likely to respond to TMS and why. To address this gap in knowledge we evaluate neural targets defined by activation and functional connectivity of the ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):35]

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Patterns of hypnotic prescribing for residual insomnia and recurrence of major depressive disorder: a retrospective cohort study using a Japanese health insurance claims database.

Kentaro Yamato, Ken Inada, Minori Enomoto, Tatsuro Marumoto, Masahiro Takeshima, Kazuo Mishima,

<h4>Background</h4>Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly prevalent in Japan and frequently accompanied by insomnia that may persist even with MDD remission. Hypnotics are used for the pharmacological treatment of insomnia, but their influence on MDD recurrence or residual insomnia following MDD remission is unclear. This retrospective, longitudinal, cohort study utilized ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):40]

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Lasting effects of residential mobility during childhood on psychopathology among Chinese University students.

Yingzhe Zhang, Jeremy Coid, Xiang Liu, Yamin Zhang, Huan Sun, Xiaojing Li, Wanjie Tang, Qiang Wang, Wei Deng, Liansheng Zhao, Xiaohong Ma, Yajing Meng, Mingli Li, Huiyao Wang, Ting Chen, Qiuyue Lv, Wanjun Guo, Tao Li,

<h4>Background</h4>Residential mobility during childhood increases risk of psychopathology in adulthood and is a common experience among Chinese children. This study investigated associations between number and age of first move, etiological risk factors for psychopathology, and common mental disorders in adolescence and early adulthood.<h4>Methods</h4>The sample included 39,531 undergraduates (84.5% completion rate) ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):45]

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Mental health planning at a very early stage of the COVID-19 crisis: a systematic review of online international strategies and recommendations.

Nerea Almeda, Carlos García-Alonso, Luis Salvador-Carulla,

<h4>Background</h4>Mental health care systems have been dramatically affected by COVID-19. Containment measures have been imposed, with negative consequences on population mental health. Therefore, an increase in both symptomatology and mental disorder incidence is expected. This research aims to identify, describe and assess the empirical background on online strategies and recommendations ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):43]

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Characteristics and outcomes of children with dissociative (conversion) disorders in western China: a retrospective study.

Zhixu Fang, Yuhang Li, Lingling Xie, Min Cheng, Jiannan Ma, Tingsong Li, Xiujuan Li, Li Jiang,

<h4>Background</h4>Dissociative (conversion) disorder in children is a complex biopsychosocial disorder with high rates of medical and psychiatric comorbidities. We sought to identify the characteristics and outcomes of children with dissociative (conversion) disorders in western China.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 66 children admitted with dissociative (conversion) disorders from January ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):31]

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Sleep disturbances in obsessive-compulsive disorder: influence of depression symptoms and trait anxiety.

Cinto Segalàs, Javier Labad, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Eva Real, Pino Alonso, Sara Bertolín, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Carles Soriano-Mas, Carmen Monasterio, José M Menchón, Virginia Soria,

<h4>Background</h4>Sleep disturbances have been reported in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, with heterogeneous results. The aim of our study was to assess sleep function in OCD and to investigate the relationship between sleep and the severity of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, depressive symptoms and trait anxiety.<h4>Methods</h4>Sleep quality was measured in 61 OCD ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):42]

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Predicting diagnostic outcome in adult autism spectrum disorder using the autism diagnostic observation schedule, second edition.

Marios Adamou, Sarah L Jones, Stephanie Wetherhill,

<h4>Background</h4>The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2) module four assessment for diagnosing autism spectrum disorder in adults has shown good sensitivity and specificity in research settings.<h4>Method</h4>This study aimed to evaluate the predictive accuracy of the ADOS-2 module four by investigating the components of the assessment, in relation to diagnostic ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):24]

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Self-reported interpersonal and educational/vocational difficulties in young adults with a history of transient psychotic experiences: findings from a population-based study.

Helen Coughlan, Erin Walton-Ball, Eleanor Carey, Colm Healy, Grace O'Regan-Murphy, Aoife Nic Uidhir, Mary C Clarke, Mary Cannon,

<h4>Background</h4>Psychotic experiences (PEs) are not uncommon in young people and are associated with both psychopathology and compromised global functioning. Although psychotic experiences are transient (short-lived, self-resolving and non-recurring) for most people who report them, few studies have examined the association between early transient PEs and later functioning in population samples. ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):30]

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Test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the test of nonverbal intelligence-fourth edition in patients with schizophrenia.

Kuan-Wei Chen, Ya-Chen Lee, Tzu-Ying Yu, Li-Jung Cheng, Chien-Yu Chao, Ching-Lin Hsieh,

<h4>Background</h4>Fluid intelligence deficits affect executive functioning and social behaviors in patients with schizophrenia. To help clinicians manage fluid intelligence deficits, a psychometrically sound measure is needed. The purposes of this study were to examine the test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence-Fourth Edition (TONI-4) assessing fluid ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):39]

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Mental health problems and social supports in the COVID-19 healthcare workers: a Chinese explanatory study.

Xue-Hui Fang, Li Wu, Lun-Shan Lu, Xiao-Hong Kan, Hua Wang, Yan-Jun Xiong, Dong-Chun Ma, Guo-Cui Wu,

<h4>Background</h4>Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly in China and other overseas areas, which has aroused widespread concern. The sharp increase in the number of patients has led to great psychological pressure on health care workers. The purpose of this study was to understand their mental health status and needs, ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):34]

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Serum lithium test requesting across three UK regions: an evaluation of adherence to monitoring guidelines.

Ceri Parfitt, Christopher J Duff, Jonathan Scargill, Lewis Green, David Holland, Adrian H Heald, Anthony A Fryer,

<h4>Background</h4>Bipolar disorder is the fourth most common mental health condition, affecting ~ 1% of UK adults. Lithium is an effective treatment for prevention of relapse and hospital admission, and is widely recommended as a first-line treatment. We previously showed in other areas that laboratory testing patterns are variable with sub-optimal conformity ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):32]

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Psychological reactions and insomnia in adults with mental health disorders during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Qimeng Sun, Qingsong Qin, Maria Basta, Baixin Chen, Yun Li,

<h4>Background</h4>The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has disrupted millions of lives and commerce. We investigated psychological reactions and insomnia during the COVID-19 outbreak in adults with mental health disorders (MDs).<h4>Methods</h4>A self-reported psychological and sleep online survey was conducted in China between February 5th to 19th, 2020. A total of 244 adults ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):19]

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Adverse childhood experiences and maternal anxiety and depression: a meta-analysis.

Nicole Racine, Chloe Devereaux, Jessica E Cooke, Rachel Eirich, Jenney Zhu, Sheri Madigan,

<h4>Background</h4>It has been proposed that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can put women at risk for mental illness in the pregnancy and postpartum periods. While some studies have found strong support for this proposition, others have found weak or no support. This study is a meta-analysis of the association between ACEs ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):28]

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Efficacy and acceptability of parent-only group cognitive behavioral intervention for treatment of anxiety disorder in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Bangmin Yin, Teng Teng, Lyu Tong, Xuemei Li, Li Fan, Xinyu Zhou, Peng Xie,

<h4>Background</h4>Anxiety disorder is the most prevalent mental disorder among children and adolescents, causing significant psychosocial problems and physical health conditions. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for anxiety disorder in children and adolescents. And parent-only CBT is an alternative treatment for childhood anxiety disorder, which includes psychologists and ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):29]

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Retrospective and prospective measures of post-traumatic growth reflect different processes: longitudinal evidence of greater decline than growth following a hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation.

Maya Corman, Marie-Thérèse Rubio, Aurélie Cabrespine, Isabelle Brindel, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Régis Peffault De La Tour, Michaël Dambrun,

<h4>Background</h4>This prospective longitudinal study examined and compared two measures (prospective and retrospective ones) of post-traumatic growth (PTG) following Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation (HSCT) and their respective relationships with mental health and psychological disposition. We also tested the hypothesis that unwillingness to be in contact with distressing thoughts and feelings-i.e. experiential avoidance-would ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):27]

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Suicidality among gender minorities in Karnataka, South India.

Shiva S Halli, Shajy Isac, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sumit Dutta, B M Ramesh, Robert Lorway, James Blanchard,

<h4>Background</h4>It is argued that Indian gender minorities displayed differential mental health problems and suicide attempts. Hence, the study was intended to understand the prevalence of anxiety, depression and suicidality among this group, specifically those living in a metropolitan city in South India.<h4>Methods</h4>The data was generated from a cross-sectional study that ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):25]

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Associations between substandard housing and depression: insights from the Korea welfare panel study.

Selin Kim, Wonjeong Jeong, Bich Na Jang, Eun-Cheol Park, Sung-In Jang,

<h4>Background</h4>Housing is an important social determinant of health. Poor housing conditions are associated with a wide range of health conditions, including mental health. The study aimed to investigate the association between substandard housing and depression.<h4>Methods</h4>We used panel data collected by the Korea Welfare Panel Study and a sample drawn from ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):12]

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