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Journal BMC Neurol

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Rhombencephalitis associated with isolated Zic4-antibodies in Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration: a case report.

Philipp A Loehrer, Lars Timmermann, Anika Pehl, Corinna I Bien, Andreas Pfestroff, David J Pedrosa,

BACKGROUND:Cerebellar degeneration as a consequence of a malignancy is a rare condition most commonly related to the presence of anti-Yo, anti-Hu, and anti-Tr/DNER antibodies. In recent years, several reports have indicated Zinc-finger protein 4 (Zic4) antibodies being associated with paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) in patients with small cell lung carcinoma. ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):208]

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DL-3-n-butylphthalide improves cerebral hypoperfusion in patients with large cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis: a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Dawei Chen, Yanwei Yin, Jin Shi, Fen Yang, Kehua Wang, Faguo Zhao, Wenping Li, Bin Li,

BACKGROUND:DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) was demonstrated to increase the cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the animal models, but there are no clinic studies to verify this. We aimed to explore the effect of NBP on improving cerebral hypoperfusion caused by cerebral large-vessel stenosis. METHODS:In this single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 120 patients ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):212]

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Interleukin-6 is associated with acute concussion in military combat personnel.

Katie A Edwards, Jessica M Gill, Cassandra L Pattinson, Chen Lai, Misha Brière, Nicholas J Rogers, Denise Milhorn, Jonathan Elliot, Walter Carr,

BACKGROUND:Concussion is the most common type of TBI, yet reliable objective measures related to these injuries and associated recovery processes remain elusive, especially in military personnel. The purpose of this study was to characterize the relationship between cytokines and recovery from acute brain injury in active duty service members. Inflammatory ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):209]

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The burden and outcomes of stroke in young adults at a tertiary hospital in Tanzania: a comparison with older adults.

Sarah Shali Matuja, Patricia Munseri, Khuzeima Khanbhai,

BACKGROUND:Stroke burden in young adults is growing associated with unique risk factors and devastating outcomes. We aimed to investigate the magnitude, risk factors and outcomes of first ever stroke in young adults ≤45 years compared to older adults > 45 years. METHODS:All patients with a World Health Organization clinical definition of stroke at ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):206]

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Highly active RRMS and ocrelizumab after failure of alemtuzumab therapy.

Martin Vališ, Pavel Ryška, Simona Halúsková, Blanka Klímová, Zbyšek Pavelek,

BACKGROUND:A high multiple sclerosis activity while on alemtuzumab is rather uncommon compared to moderate-efficacy drugs. The purpose of this case report is to present a case of a 37-year-old female patient with bronchial asthma and no other medical history, whose disease activity required switching from dimethyl fumarate to fingolimod, then ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):202]

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Acute cerebral infarction with adenomyosis in a patient with fever: a case report.

Yuan Zhao, Yongbo Zhang, Yishu Yang,

BACKGROUND:It is reported that acute cerebral infarction with adenomyosis is associated with elevated D-Dimer, elevated CA125, anemia and menstruation. However, previous reports did not notice infection known as fever, which may be a potential risk factor for developing acute cerebral infarction with adenomyosis. CASE PRESENTATION:We describe a 34-year-old woman who ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):210]

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Vestibular migraine with Wallenberg syndrome: a case report.

Ying Xin, Junyi Fu, Longchang Xie, Jie Yang, Guanhao Ke,

BACKGROUND:Vestibular migraine, a kind of acute vestibular syndrome, leads to both migraines and vertigo symptoms in a single patient. The occurrence of vestibular migraine has shown an obvious increase in female groups based on age. Though it is recognized that migraines may cause ischemic lesions in some brain regions, the ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):211]

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Ancient founder mutation in RUBCN: a second unrelated family confirms Salih ataxia (SCAR15).

Mohammed Z Seidahmed, Muddathir H Hamad, Albandary AlBakheet, Salah A Elmalik, Abdulmajeed AlDrees, Jumanah Al-Sufayan, Ibrahim Alorainy, Ibrahim M Ghozzi, Dilek Colak, Mustafa A Salih, Namik Kaya,

BACKGROUND:Homozygous frameshift mutation in RUBCN (KIAA0226), known to result in endolysosomal machinery defects, has previously been reported in a single Saudi family with autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia (Salih ataxia, SCAR15, OMIM # 615705). The present report describes the clinical, neurophysiologic, neuroimaging, and genetic findings in a second unrelated Saudi family ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):207]

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Study protocol: improving cognition in people with progressive multiple sclerosis: a multi-arm, randomized, blinded, sham-controlled trial of cognitive rehabilitation and aerobic exercise (COGEx).

Anthony Feinstein, Maria Pia Amato, Giampaolo Brichetto, Jeremy Chataway, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Ulrik Dalgas, John DeLuca, Peter Feys, Massimo Filippi, Jennifer Freeman, Cecilia Meza, Matilde Inglese, Robert W Motl, Maria Assunta Rocca, Brian M Sandroff, Amber Salter, Gary Cutter, ,

BACKGROUND:Cognitive dysfunction affects up to 70% of people with progressive MS (PMS). It can exert a deleterious effect on activities of daily living, employment and relationships. Preliminary evidence suggests that performance can improve with cognitive rehabilitation (CR) and aerobic exercise (EX), but existing data are predominantly from people with relapsing-remitting ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):204]

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A rare intraoperative spinal cord injury caused by thoracic 8 nerve root interruption during posterior vertebral column resection surgery for severe congenital kyphoscoliosis: a case report.

Shujie Wang, Zhifu Ren, Zhen Yang, Jianguo Zhang,

BACKGROUND:To our knowledge, the exposed nerve roots in thoracic spine are usually sacrificed to facilitate osteotomy during posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) for severe spinal deformity. Currently we report a case with severe spine deformity in which intraoperative neurological monitoring (IOM) loss after interrupting T8 nerve root finally led to ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):203]

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Practical value of three-dimensional high resolution magnetic resonance Vessel Wall imaging in identifying suspicious intracranial vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms.

Xianjin Zhu, Hancheng Qiu, Ferdinand K Hui, Yiqun Zhang, Yun-E Liu, Fengyuan Man, Wei-Jian Jiang,

BACKGROUND:Direct evidence of intimal flaps, double lumen and intramural haematomas (IMH) is difficult to detect on conventional angiography in most intracranial vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms (VBDAs). Our purpose was to assess the value of three-dimensional high-resolution magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging (3D HRMR VWI) for identifying VBDAs. METHODS:Between August 2013 and ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):199]

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Ischemic stroke with a preceding Trans ischemic attack (TIA) less than 24 hours and thrombolytic therapy.

Nicolas Poupore, Dan Strat, Tristan Mackey, Ashley Snell, Thomas Nathaniel,

BACKGROUND:Acute ischemic stroke attack with and without a recent TIA may differ in clinical risk factors, and this may affect treatment outcomes following thrombolytic therapy. We examined whether the odds of exclusion or inclusion for thrombolytic therapy are greater in ischemic stroke with TIA less than 24 h preceding ischemic stroke ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):197]

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Stress cardiomyopathy associated with area postrema syndrome as a presentation of neuromyelitis optica: case report.

Sungsik An, Hyeo-Il Ma, Jooyeon Song, Hong-Mi Choi, Young Eun Kim,

BACKGROUND:Stress cardiomyopathy (Takotsubo cardiomyopathy) is very rare in the central nervous system (CNS) demyelinating disorders. Although this dysfunction of the heart-brain axis has been reported in several case series related to multiple sclerosis (MS), stress cardiomyopathy by neuromyelitis optica (NMO), which is rarer CNS demyelinating disorder than MS, is extremely ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):201]

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Economic costs incurred by the patients with multiple sclerosis at different levels of the disease: a cross-sectional study in Northwest Iran.

Ali Imani, Farid Gharibi, Ali Khezri, Nasrin Joudyian, Koustuv Dalal,

BACKGROUND:Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes significant economic burden to the patients, families, health systems and society. This study aimed to estimate the annual economic costs incurred by patients with multiple sclerosis (pwms) at different levels of the disease. METHOD:This was a cross-sectional study, using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) tool ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):205]

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Reinvestigation of the origins of pineal meningiomas based on its related veins and arachnoid membranes.

Lei Yu, Berdimyrat Orazmyradov, Songtao Qi, Ye Song, Luxiong Fang,

BACKGROUND:A series of patients harboring pineal region meningiomas were respectively analyzed to explore the origin of these tumors and the true meaning of the term "velum interpositum (VI) meningiomas". METHODS:21 patients with pineal meningiomas underwent operation in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2005 to December 2016 were ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):200]

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Longitudinal functional and imaging outcome measures in FKRP limb-girdle muscular dystrophy.

Doris G Leung, Alex E Bocchieri, Shivani Ahlawat, Michael A Jacobs, Vishwa S Parekh, Vladimir Braverman, Katherine Summerton, Jennifer Mansour, Genila Bibat, Carl Morris, Shannon Marraffino, Kathryn R Wagner,

BACKGROUND:Pathogenic variants in the FKRP gene cause impaired glycosylation of α-dystroglycan in muscle, producing a limb-girdle muscular dystrophy with cardiomyopathy. Despite advances in understanding the pathophysiology of FKRP-associated myopathies, clinical research in the limb-girdle muscular dystrophies has been limited by the lack of normative biomarker data to gauge disease progression. ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):196]

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Neurobehavioral recovery in patients who emerged from prolonged disorder of consciousness: a retrospective study.

Hoo Young Lee, Jung Hyun Park, Ae Ryoung Kim, Misun Park, Tae-Woo Kim,

BACKGROUND:We investigated the clinical course of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDoC), predictors of emergence from PDoC (EDoC), and the temporal dynamics of six neurobehavior domains based on the JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) during the recovery. METHODS:A total of 50 traumatic and non-traumatic patients with PDoC were enrolled ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):198]

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The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis in the entre Douro e Vouga region of northern Portugal: a multisource population-based study.

Mariana Branco, Ivânia Alves, Ana Martins da Silva, Joaquim Pinheiro, Maria José Sá, Inês Correia, Lívia Sousa, Eva Brandão, Carlos Veira, Bernardo Gomes, Luis Ruano,

BACKGROUND:The prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) has been increasing worldwide and the north-south gradient of prevalence may be disappearing in the Northern hemisphere. The few previous prevalence studies performed in Portugal have reported a lower prevalence than the average for Western Europe. The aim of this study is to estimate ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):195]

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Evaluation of injection-site-related adverse events with galcanezumab: a post hoc analysis of phase 3 studies in participants with migraine.

Virginia L Stauffer, Shufang Wang, Jo Bonner, ByungKun Kim, Rohit Bhandari, Kathleen A Day, Angelo Camporeale,

BACKGROUND:Injection-site reactions have been reported with biologicals. In this post hoc analysis of Phase 3 studies in participants with migraine, we provide a comprehensive overview and detailed summary of injection-site reaction with galcanezumab. METHODS:Data were obtained from two randomised clinical studies in participants with episodic migraine (EVOLVE-1 and EVOLVE-2), one ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):194]

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A self-administered, artificial intelligence (AI) platform for cognitive assessment in multiple sclerosis (MS).

Seyed-Mahdi Khaligh-Razavi, Maryam Sadeghi, Mahdiyeh Khanbagi, Chris Kalafatis, Seyed Massood Nabavi,

BACKGROUND:Cognitive impairment is common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Accurate and repeatable measures of cognition have the potential to be used as markers of disease activity. METHODS:We developed a 5-min computerized test to measure cognitive dysfunction in patients with MS. The proposed test - named the Integrated Cognitive Assessment ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):193]

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Salt wasting syndrome in brain trauma patients: a pathophysiologic approach using sodium balance and urinary biochemical analysis.

Alexandre Lannou, Cedric Carrie, Sebastien Rubin, Gregoire Cane, Vincent Cottenceau, Laurent Petit, Matthieu Biais,

BACKGROUND:To explore the underlying mechanisms leading to the occurrence of hyponatremia and enhanced urinary sodium excretion in brain trauma patients using sodium balance and urinary biochemical analysis. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective analysis of a local database prospectively collected in 60 brain trauma patients without chronic renal dysfunction. Metabolic and hemodynamic ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):190]

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Extrastriatal 123I-FP-CIT SPECT impairment in Parkinson's disease - the PPMI cohort.

Nicolas Nicastro, Valentina Garibotto, Pierre R Burkhard,

BACKGROUND:Neuropathological data and nuclear medicine imaging show extensive serotonergic impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD). We undertook a case-controlled analysis of 123I-FP-CIT SPECT images to measure extrastriatal serotonergic transporters (SERT) in PD using the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI) cohort. METHODS:We included all PD (n = 154) and Control subjects (n = 62) with available ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):192]

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Notalgia paresthetica: clinical features, radiological evaluation, and a novel therapeutic option.

Cevriye Mülkoğlu, Barış Nacır,

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:Notalgia paresthetica (NP) is a sensory neuropathy characterized by localized pruritus and pain, presenting with or without a well-circumscribed hyperpigmented patch in the upper back. Abnormal sensations, such as burning, numbness, and paresthesia are often present in patients with NP. In this study, we clinically and radiologically analyzed patients with ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):191]

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Correction to: SMART coils for intracranial aneurysm repair - a single center experience.

Daniel Behme, Henrik Sack, Ioannis Tsogkas, Veit Rohde, Marios-Nikos Psychogios,

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):188]

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Dynamic cerebral autoregulation is an independent outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke after endovascular therapy.

Ge Tian, Zhong Ji, Kaibin Huang, Zhenzhou Lin, Suyue Pan, Yongming Wu,

BACKGROUND:Endovascular therapy (EVT) is increasingly used to improve cerebral reperfusion after moderate-to-severe acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, the influence of hemodynamic factors on clinical outcome is still unclear after EVT. Dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) is an important brain reserve mechanism and is impaired after AIS. This study aimed to explore ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):189]

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