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Journal Arch. Dis. Child.

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Role of children in household transmission of COVID-19.

Jieun Kim, Young June Choe, Jin Lee, Young Joon Park, Ok Park, Mi Seon Han, Jong-Hyun Kim, Eun Hwa Choi,

OBJECTIVE:Transmissibility of COVID-19 by children in the household is not clear. Herein, we describe children's role in household transmission of COVID-19. DESIGN AND SETTING:All paediatric COVID-19 index cases and their household members reported from 20 January to 6 April 2020 in South Korea were reviewed. The secondary attack rate (SAR) ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Venipuncture activates the cerebral cortex in children with intellectual disability.

Stefano Bembich, Giuliana Morabito, Valentina Simeon, Tamara Strajn, Rosaria Rutigliano, Paola Di Rocco, Gabriele Cont, Francesco Maria Risso, Francesca Peri, Egidio Barbi,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the pattern of cortical activation during a painful procedure, such as a venipuncture, in children with intellectual disability and compare it with that of cognitively healthy children. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING:A cohort study was conducted and cortical activation was assessed by multichannel cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor variations ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic: governments must balance the uncertainty and risks of reopening schools against the clear harms associated with prolonged closure.

Russell M Viner, Christopher Bonell, Lesley Drake, Didier Jourdan, Nicolette Davies, Valentina Baltag, John Jerrim, Jenny Proimos, Ara Darzi,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Response to: Management of fluids in paediatric diabetic ketoacidosis: concerns over new guidance.

Neil Wright, Rum Thomas,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Childhood multisystem inflammatory syndrome.

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, 105(8):771]

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Should we use steroids as primary therapy for Kawasaki disease?

Laura Sevenoaks, Robert Tulloh,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Management of fluids in paediatric diabetic ketoacidosis: concerns over new guidance.

Jon Lillie, Elizabeth Boot, Shane M Tibby, Marilyn McDougall, Andrew Nyman, Benedict Griffiths, Miriam Fine-Goulden, Maja Pavcnik, Ariane Annicq, Shelley Riphagen,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Desmopressin oral lyophilisate in young children: new insights in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

Lien Dossche, Robin Michelet, Pauline De Bruyne, Charlotte Van Herzeele, Elke Gasthuys, Søren Rittig, An Vermeulen, Johan Vande Walle,

OBJECTIVE:To study the pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) characteristics of desmopressin (dDAVP) oral lyophilisate in children below the age of 8 years with special emphasis on age-related and size-related differences in bioavailability. DESIGN:Open label, non-randomised, interventional PK and PD trial. SETTING:Single-centre study. PATIENTS:Children (age: 6 months to 8 years) with nocturnal polyuria, ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Oxygen uptake efficiency slope: a reliable surrogate parameter for exercise capacity in healthy and cardiac children?

Gavotto Arthur, D'arcy Vandenberghe, Hamouda Abassi, Helena Huguet, Valerie Macioce, Marie-Christine Picot, Sophie Guillaumont, Stefan Matecki, Pascal Amedro,

OBJECTIVES:Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) provides accurate evaluation of physical capacity and disease severity in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). However, full participation to obtain optimal measure of VO2max may be difficult. As an alternative, the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) is a reproducible and reliable parameter measured during CPET, ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Extreme prematurity, growth and neurodevelopment at 8 years: a cohort study.

Leah Hickey, Alice Burnett, Alicia J Spittle, Gehan Roberts, Peter Anderson, Katherine Lee, Lex W Doyle, Jeanie Ling Yoong Cheong, ,

OBJECTIVE:Infants born extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks' gestation) exhibit poorer growth and neurodevelopmental impairment in early childhood compared with their term-born peers. Whether poor growth persists and whether associations of growth with neurodevelopmental functioning have changed in the decades since the introduction of surfactant are not well described. This study ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Impact of COVID-19 on diagnosis and management of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease during lockdown: a UK nationwide study.

James John Ashton, Jochen Kammermeier, Christine Spray, Richard K Russell, Richard Hansen, Lucy J Howarth, Franco Torrente, Protima Deb, Elizabeth Renji, Rafeeq Muhammed, Thankam Paul, Fevronia Kiparissi, Jenny Epstein, Maureen Lawson, Ben Hope, Veena Zamvar, Priya Narula, Ahmed Kadir, David Devadason, Hemant Bhavsar, Robert Mark Beattie,

BACKGROUND:COVID-19 has impacted on healthcare provision. Anecdotally, investigations for children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been restricted, resulting in diagnosis with no histological confirmation and potential secondary morbidity. In this study, we detail practice across the UK to assess impact on services and document the impact of the pandemic. ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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What is febrile neutropenia?

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, 105(8):729]

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Racial discrimination and socioemotional and sleep problems in a cross-sectional survey of Australian school students.

Naomi Priest, Shiau Chong, Mandy Truong, Oishee Alam, Kevin Dunn, Meredith O'Connor, Yin Paradies, Andrew Ward, Anne Kavanagh,

OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence of direct and vicarious racial discrimination experiences from peer, school and societal sources, and examine associations between these experiences and socioemotional and sleep outcomes. METHODS:Data were analysed from a population representative cross-sectional study of n=4664 school students in years 5-9 (10-15 years of age) in Australia. ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Towards evidence-based medicine for paediatricians.

Bob Phillips,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, 105(8):798]

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Is intrathecal baclofen an effective treatment for children with hereditary spastic paraparesis?

Ross Simon Pointon, Hannah Whelan, Rushna Raza, Rajib Lodh,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Stunting: historical lessons that catch-up growth tells us for mapping growth restoration.

Christiane Scheffler, Michael Hermanussen, Alan Rogol,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Is topical timolol monotherapy safe and effective in the management of high-risk infantile haemangioma?

Manal Patel,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Psychiatric comorbidity is common in dystonia and other movement disorders.

Michelle S Lorentzos, Isobel Heyman, Benjamin J Baig, Anna E Coughtrey, Andrew McWilliams, David R Dossetor, Mary-Clare Waugh, Ruth A Evans, Josie Hollywood, Joshua Burns, Manoj P Menezes, Shekeeb S Mohammad, Padraig Grattan-Smith, Kathleen M Gorman, Belinda H A Crowe, Robert Goodman, Manju A Kurian, Russell C Dale,

OBJECTIVE:To determine rates of psychiatric comorbidity in a clinical sample of childhood movement disorders (MDs). DESIGN:Cohort study. SETTING:Tertiary children's hospital MD clinics in Sydney, Australia and London, UK. PATIENTS:Cases were children with tic MDs (n=158) and non-tic MDs (n=102), including 66 children with dystonia. Comparison was made with emergency department ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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How many children with severe neurodisability are being sent home on parenteral nutrition?

Elena Cernat, John W Puntis,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Outbreak of anorexia nervosa admissions during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Yasheer Venay Haripersad, Madeleine Kannegiesser-Bailey, Katinka Morton, Sarah Skeldon, Nicolene Shipton, Kara Edwards, Rachel Newton, Amanda Newell, Paul Geoffrey Stevenson, Andrew C Martin,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Do otherwise well, healthy children with palpable cervical lymph nodes require investigation with neck ultrasound?

Michael Paddock, Amy Ruffle, George Beattie, Amit Prasai, Annmarie Jeanes,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Neonatal cardiac surgery in low resource settings: implications of birth weight.

Chamith Mendis Gunasekara, Katie Moynihan, Abish Sudhakar, Gopalraj Sumangala Sunil, Brijesh P Kotayil, Praveen Reddy Bayya, Raman Krishna Kumar,

OBJECTIVE:We sought to evaluate the association between low birth weight (LBW) and outcomes following neonatal cardiac surgery in a low-income and middle-income country setting where LBW prevalence is high and its impact on surgical outcomes is undefined. DESIGN:Single-centre retrospective cohort study. SETTING:Referral paediatric hospital in Southern India PATIENTS: All neonatal ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Acute haemorrhagic oedema of infancy: first report of a rare small vessel vasculitis in the neonatal period.

Cathal O'Connor, Dhani Bux, Michael O'Connell,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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Empowering children and young people who have asthma.

Ian P Sinha, Lynsey Brown, Olivia Fulton, Lucy Gait, Christopher Grime, Claire Hepworth, Andrew Lilley, Morgan Murray, Justus Simba,

Asthma is the most common chronic condition of childhood. In this review, we discuss an overview of strategies to empower children and young people with asthma. The key aspects of empowerment are to enable shared decision making and self-management, and help children minimise the impact of asthma on their life. ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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PediaVirus chatline: all together against COVID-19.

Michele Iafusco, Clotilde Ciampa, Francesco De Maddi, Gianluigi Palamone, Flavio Quarantiello, Giuseppe De Luca, Carlo Iannello, Simone Pisano, Agostino Nocerino, Rocco Russo, Francesca Orlando, Dario Iafusco, ,

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2020, :]

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