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Journal Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed.

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Resuscitation of non-vigorous neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid: post policy change impact analysis.

Vinod Idicula Oommen, Viraraghavan Vadakkencherry Ramaswamy, Edgardo Szyld, Charles Christoph Roehr,

BACKGROUND:We investigated the impact of policy change in delivery room resuscitation from routine endotracheal (ET) suctioning of non-vigorous neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) to immediate non-invasive respiratory support. DESIGN:Single-centre cohort study. Prospective group (October 2016-September 2017)-non-vigorous neonates born through MSAF managed according to the current (2015) guidance of ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Neonatal videolaryngoscopy as a teaching aid: the trainees' perspective.

Joyce E O'Shea, Sandy Kirolos, Marta Thio, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Peter G Davis,

INTRODUCTION:Neonatal intubation is a challenging skill to acquire. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) found junior trainees had higher intubation success rates if their supervisor shared their airway view on a videolaryngoscope screen compared with intubations where the supervisor could not see the videolaryngoscope screen. The intubations in the trial were ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Coronavirus infection in neonates: a systematic review.

Daniele Trevisanuto, Francesco Cavallin, Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Martina Borellini, Serena Calgaro, Eugenio Baraldi,

OBJECTIVE:To summarise currently reported neonatal cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS:A search strategy was designed to retrieve all articles published from 1 December 2019 to 12 May 2020, by combining the terms 'coronavirus' OR 'covid' OR 'SARS-CoV-2') AND ('neonat*' OR 'newborn') in the following electronic databases: MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science, ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Safety and efficacy of human milk-based fortifier in enterally fed preterm and/or low birthweight infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Erin Grace, Cathie Hilditch, Judith Gomersall, Carmel T Collins, Alice Rumbold, Amy K Keir,

OBJECTIVE:To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of fortification of human milk with human milk-based fortifier versus cow's milk-based fortifier for use in preterm and/or very low birthweight infants. DESIGN:Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing the effect of human milk fortification with human milk-based milk ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Correction: Outcomes of infants born at 22-27 weeks' gestation in Victoria according to outborn/inborn birth status.

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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End-of-life decisions in neonatal care: a conversation analytical study.

Neil Marlow, Chloe Shaw, Kat Connabeer, Narendra Aladangady, Katie Gallagher, Paul Drew,

OBJECTIVE:To understand the dynamics of conversations between neonatologists and parents concerning limitation of life-sustaining treatments. DESIGN:Formal conversations were recorded, transcribed and analysed according to the conventions and methods of conversation analysis. SETTING:Two tertiary neonatal intensive care units. PARTICIPANTS:Consultant neonatal specialists and families. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:We used conversation analysis and developed ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Intravenous paracetamol for neonates: long-term diseases not escalated during 5 years of follow-up.

Sanna Juujärvi, Timo Saarela, Tytti Pokka, Mikko Hallman, Outi Aikio,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the long-term adverse reactions of paracetamol in children who required intensive care shortly after birth. Paracetamol is a widely used analgesic in neonates, but the long-term studies are lacking. Previous epidemiological studies have reported associations between early paracetamol intake and diseases in childhood. DESIGN:Five-year follow-up cohort of children ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Asynchronous video messaging promotes family involvement and mitigates separation in neonatal care.

Sandy Kirolos, Lynsey Sutcliffe, Maria Giatsi Clausen, Carolyn Abernethy, Shanthi Shanmugalingam, Nicole Bauwens, Judith Orme, Kirsty Thomson, Rosemary Grattan, Neil Patel,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the parent and staff experience of a secure video messaging service as a component of neonatal care. DESIGN:Multicentre evaluation incorporating quantitative and qualitative items. SETTING:Level II and level III UK neonatal units. POPULATION:Families of neonatal inpatients and neonatal staff. INTERVENTION:Use of a secure, cloud-based asynchronous video messaging service ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Does the first hour of continuous electroencephalography predict neonatal seizures?

Emma Macdonald-Laurs, Cynthia Sharpe, Mark Nespeca, Neggy Rismanchi, Jeffrey J Gold, Rachel Kuperman, Sonya Wang, Ngoc Minh D Lee, David J Michelson, Richard Haas, Peter Reed, Suzanne L Davis,

OBJECTIVE:Prolonged continuous video-electroencephalography (cEEG) is recommended for neonates at risk of seizures. The cost and expertise required to provide a real-time response to detected seizures often limits its utility. We hypothesised that the first hour of cEEG could predict subsequent seizures. DESIGN AND SETTING:Retrospective multicentre diagnostic accuracy study. PATIENTS:266 term ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Congenital herpes simplex virus infection in a 26-week extremely premature infant.

Sota Iwatani, Dai Kataoka, Seiji Yoshimoto,

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Bedside agitated saline test confirming diagnosis of anomalous right superior caval vein draining into the left atrium.

Nishanti Han Ying Wijedasa, Marielle Valerie Fortier, Dyan Zhewei Zhang, Sharon Ann Aquino-Grino, Jonathan Tze Liang Choo,

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Asynchronous video messaging promotes family involvement and mitigates separation in neonatal care

Sandy Kirolos, Lynsey Sutcliffe, Maria Giatsi Clausen, Carolyn Abernethy, Shanthi Shanmugalingam, Nicole Bauwens, Judith Orme, Kirsty Thomson, Rosemary Grattan, Neil Patel,

Objective To evaluate the parent and staff experience of a secure video messaging service as a component of neonatal care. Design Multicentre evaluation incorporating quantitative and qualitative items. Setting Level II and level III UK neonatal units. Population Families of neonatal inpatients and neonatal staff. Intervention Use of a secure, ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Gas flow in preterm infants treated with bubble CPAP: an observational study.

Cameron D Payne, Louise S Owen, Kate Alison Hodgson, Colin J Morley, Peter G Davis, Brett James Manley,

OBJECTIVE:To measure the nasal gas flow in infants treated with bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and compare it with commonly used flows during nasal high flow (nHF) treatment. DESIGN:This is a prospective, single-centre study. Bubble CPAP pressure was measured at the nasal prongs. Set gas flow was reduced until ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Fetal haemoglobin and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in neonates: an observational study.

William Hellström, Tobias Martinsson, Ann Hellstrom, Eva Morsing, David Ley,

OBJECTIVE:Early decrease in fetal haemoglobin (HbF) is an indicator of loss of endogenous blood components that might have predictive value for development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The link between HbF and BPD has not been evaluated. DESIGN:Retrospective observational study. SETTING:Tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit, referral centre for Southern Sweden. ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Decreasing cerebral palsy prevalence in multiple births in the modern era: a population cohort study of European data.

Oliver Perra, Judith Rankin, Mary Jane Platt, Elodie Sellier, Catherine Arnaud, Javier De La Cruz, Ingeborg Krägeloh-Mann, David G Sweet, Solveig Bjellmo,

Multiple births (twins or higher order multiples) are increasing in developed countries and may present higher risk for cerebral palsy (CP). However, few studies can reliably investigate trends over time because these outcomes are relatively rare. OBJECTIVE:We pooled data from European CP registers to investigate CP birth prevalence and its ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Initiation of respiratory support for extremely preterm infants at birth.

Madeleine C Murphy, Lisa K McCarthy, Colm P F O'Donnell,

Neonatal resuscitation algorithms recommend assessing breathing and heart rate (HR) of newborns and giving respiratory support when one or both are unsatisfactory. Recommendations also state that preterm infants may be supported with continuous positive airway pressure rather than routinely intubated for positive pressure ventilation (PPV). We wished to describe the ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Umbilical venous catheter extravasation diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasound.

Gauthamen Rajendran, Ajay Kumar Sinha,

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Economic evaluation of computerised interpretation of fetal heart rate during labour: a cost-consequence analysis alongside the INFANT study.

Elizabeth Schroeder, Miaoqing Yang, Peter Brocklehurst, Louise Linsell, Oliver Rivero-Arias,

OBJECTIVE:Economic evaluation of computerised decision-support software intended to assist in the interpretation of a cardiotocography (CTG) during birth. DESIGN:Individual patient level data from the INFANT study (an unmasked randomised controlled trial). SETTING:Maternity units in the UK and Ireland. POPULATION:Singleton or twin pregnancy women of 35 weeks' gestation or more and ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Type 3/4 laryngeal cleft.

Emily Field-Lucas, Joe Fawke, Theodoros Valsamakis,

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Mask versus nasal prong leak and intermittent hypoxia during continuous positive airway pressure in very preterm infants.

Christian F Poets, Kathleen Lim, Andrew Marshall, Hamish Jackson, Timothy J Gale, Peter A Dargaville,

BACKGROUND:Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) can be applied via binasal prongs or nasal masks; both may be associated with air leak and intermittent hypoxia. We investigated whether the latter is more frequent with nasal masks or prongs. METHODS:Continuous 24 hours recordings of inspired oxygen fraction (FiO2), pulse rate, respiratory ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Outcomes of outborn very-low-birth-weight infants in Japan.

Katsuya Hirata, Takeshi Kimura, Shinya Hirano, Kazuko Wada, Satoshi Kusuda, Masanori Fujimura, ,

BACKGROUND:Outcomes of prenatal covariate-adjusted outborn very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWIs) (≤1500 g) remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE:To compare morbidity and mortality between outborn and inborn VLBWIs. DESIGN:Observational cohort study using inverse-probability-of-treatment weighting. SETTING:Neonatal Research Network of Japan. PATIENTS:Singleton VLBWIs with no major anomalies admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit from 2012 to 2016. ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Time to standardise neonatal pulse oximetry.

Cliodhna Godden, Emily Mullan, Helen Mactier, Richard Boulton, Martin Shaw, Andrew Brunton, Stephen Dacombe, Ruth Hamilton,

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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In vitro evaluation of delays in the adjustment of the fraction of inspired oxygen during CPAP: effect of flow and volume.

Christoph E Schwarz, Gordon Lightbody, Ingo Müller-Hansen, Jörg Arand, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz,

BACKGROUND:Adjusting the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) delivered to preterm infants to keep their oxygen saturation within target range remains challenging. Closed-loop automated FiO2 control increases the time infants spend within the assigned target range. The delay with which FiO2 adjustments at the ventilator result in a change in the ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Size at birth, growth trajectory in early life, and cardiovascular and metabolic risks in early adulthood: EPICure study.

Yanyan Ni, Joanne Beckmann, John R Hurst, Joan K Morris, Neil Marlow,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether size at birth and growth trajectories in infancy and childhood are associated with determinants of cardiovascular and metabolic risks in young adults born extremely preterm (EP, <26 weeks of gestation). METHODS:We used longitudinal data from the EPICure study of 129 EP survivors up to 19 years in ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Response to Hinder et al regarding t-piece resuscitators in the low-compliant newborn lung.

Katie A Hunt, Vadivelam Murthy, Anthony D Milner, Anne Greenough,

Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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