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Journal Arch Kriminol

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Case report on the feasibility of determining the compatibility between mandible and skull by morphological examination.

Sandra PreiBler, Silke Kauferstein, Constanze Niess, Marcel A Verhoff, Sarah C Kolzer,

When human bones are found it is important to establish whether they belong to one or more individuals. Osteological examinations assessing morphological characteristics provide an important tool, in particular for a first appraisal. In the reported case, an isolated, toothless mandible that had been found in a river appeared to ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(3-4):99-108]

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Fatal bleeding from an aortocoronary bypass.

Jan Ortmann, Elke Doberentz, Friederike Mdhle, Burkhard Madea,

Coronary bypass grafting is a routine procedure in heart surgery, which can now also be performed using a minimally invasive technique on the beating heart. In the presented case, a 55-year-old man died two days after bypass surgery. His condition had deteriorated post-operatively over 2 days until he finally died ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(3-4):129-134]

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Deaths in Hamburg prisons 1996-2012 - Recommendations on suicide prevention in prison custody.

Johannes Petersen, Sabrina Kunze, Andreas Thiel, Georg Fiedler, Peer Briken, Klaus Puschel,

130 cases of prisoner deaths in Hamburg were examined in a doctoral thesis providing the basis for this study (P e t ers en 2016). Compared with previous assessments, prisoners live longer and are slightly more likely to die of natural causes, the most common cause of death being heart ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(3-4):73-86]

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Interdisciplinary teaching and training - A medicolegal specialty.

Markus Parzeller, Jens Amendt, Richard Zehner, Stefan W Toennes, Mattias Kettner, Hansjdrgen Bratzke, Marcel A Verhoff,

The Frankfurt model is described to exemplify the teaching and training concepts implemented at the Institute of Legal Medicine in Frankfurt am Main up to 2015. The Frankfurt model describes a comprehensive, networked teaching system aiming at an interdisciplinary training. Interdisciplinarity is a domain of forensic medicine as a broadly ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(3-4):117-128]

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Homicide-suicide, double suicide or homicide followed by suicide 2 case reports.

Sarah Stockhausen, Kirsten Wollner, Friederike Mohle, Elke Doberentz, Gerhard Kernbach-Wighton, Burkhard Madea,

Cases in which several persons who died from an unnatural cause are found together are often difficult. It is necessary to exclude homicide committed by another person and to clarify whether the deaths are the result of a homicide-suicide or a joint suicide of persons wishing to die. Two cases ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(3-4):87-98]

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[Stature estimation from teeth and jaw].

Ralf Gille, Frank Ramsthaler, Michael Thali, Julia Strunk, Christoph G Birngruber, Marcel A Verhoff,

After the discovery of skeletonized human remains, the estimation of stature is an important element of the so-called "biological profile". Typically, long bone lengths are used in regression formulas. If long bones are not available, predictions of stature cannot be made. Human skulls are often the subject of forensic osteological ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(1-2):45-56]

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[Matching bite marks using modeling wax plates].

Rebecca Wagner, Burkhard Madea, Elke Doberentz,

Bite marks are rarely seen in forensic medical examinations. In most cases one can easily differentiate whether a bite mark is of human or animal origin due to the arched shape and crushed character of human bite marks. From a forensic point of view it is more interesting whether a ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(1-2):18-26]

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[Rare causes of iatrogenic pericardial tamponade - 2 case reports].

Sarah Stockhausen, Gerhard Kernbach-Wighton, Burkhard Madea, Elke Doberentz,

Two rare causes of iatrogenic pericardial effusions are presented. In the first case, a 61-year-old woman who had undergone laparoscopic surgery for a diaphragmatic hernia was resuscitated without success the next day. As cause of death circulatory failure as a result of post-operative pulmonary embolism was reported. Autopsy results showed ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(1-2):36-44]

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[A case of acrania?].

Friederike Möhle, Ortmann Jan, Annette M Müller, Gerhard Kernbach-Wighton, Urkhard Madea,

The article reports on the case of a premature and stillborn child. As a first step it had to be clarified whether the child had been alive. The pathological examination of the placenta performed after autopsy could prove a retroplacental hematoma as the cause of death. Furthermore the autopsy revealed ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(1-2):57-63]

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[National and international aspects of the medico-legal examination of injured witnesses and defendants in criminal proceedings].

Reinhard B Dettmeyer, Christoph G Christoph,

Depending on the type of offence, the medico-legal examination of victims of violence for the purpose of collecting evidence in criminal proceedings requires prompt physical examination of the victim, the exact description and, wherever possible, photographic documentation of the injuries and their forensically correct interpretation. Examination, documentation and assessment have ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(1-2):1-17]

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Nicolò Paganini's hair lock for Signora Chatterton - morphological hair investigations using digital light microscopy.

Andreas Otte, Harald Kijewski,

The famous violin virtuoso Nicolò Paganini (born on 27 October 1782 in Genoa, died on 27 May 1840 in Nice) left us with many puzzles. An interesting aspect is his hair: In the 19th century, hair given away as a token of friendship or romantic love became very popular, and ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(5-6):153-172]

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Quality of death certificates in hospitals.

Ann Sophie Schröder, Jan Sperhake,

The cause-of-death-statistics and the release of the body for burial depend primarily on the information contained in the death certificate. How to handle the death certificate has been critically discussed in professional circles again and again. A retrospective review of 1,315 deaths from six acute care hospitals in Germany was ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(5-6):198-206]

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Lethal hypothermia after firing a suicidal shot to the head in a car.

Jan Ortmann, Elke Doberentz, Gerhard Kernbach-Wighton, Burkhard Madea,

In suicide cases involving an automobile, the car is mostly used as a tool/instrument for the suicide (intoxication by exhaust fumes, crash against solid objects such as a pylon). However, a car is uncommonly also used only as the location for a suicide. In the present case, a 70-year-old man ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(5-6):188-197]

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Unusual planned complex suicide committed with a muzzle-loading pistol in combination with subsequent hanging.

Benjamin Ondruschka, Sylvia Morgenthal, Jan Dreβler, Ronny Bayer,

In Germany, suicides by firearms are not very common in contrast to deaths by hanging and intoxications. The use of historical muzzle-loading firearms in the context of suicides is a rarity. Contact shots from muzzle loaders cause an unusual wound morphology with extensive soot soiling. We report the case of ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(5-6):207-217]

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Field study to detect illicit and medicinal drugs in car drivers in Southern and Western Hesse.

Alexander Paulke, Cora Wunder, Stefan W Toennes,

In the present study, immunochemical tests (Mahsan DrugInspector, DOA4, DOA8, DOA10, Protzek) as well as the detection rate of police checks were evaluated. Urine and blood samples of suspected car drivers were analysed by chromatography-mass spectrometry. Additionally, anonymised urine samples were analysed on a voluntary basis in cases where no ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(5-6):173-187]

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Fatal visit to the general practitioner.

Vera Sterzik, Vanessa Wild, Weishaupt Julia, Thomas Tatschner, Bernhard Babel, Michael Bohnert,

A 31-year-old female asthmatic patient received an infusion of metamizole and tramadol for chronic pain at a GP surgery. After a few minutes, the patient developed breaing difficulties and died in spite of resuscitation measures. The general practitioner was suspected of medical malpractice. Medico-legal investigations confirmed the assumption that death ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(3-4):120-127]

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Fatal injuries caused by a bull.

Jan Ortmann, Elke Doberentz, Burkhard Madea,

Fatalities caused by cattle occur relatively often in rural areas and mostly show sharp and blunt injuries. In the presented case, a 61-year-old farmer was found dead in a cowshed together with an untied bull. Autopsy revealed severe hemorrhages and massive chest trauma with multiple bilateral rib fractures. The cause ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(3-4):99-106]

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Histological and immunohistochemical investigations on infantile pancreas in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Elke Doberentz, Judith Feiser, Burkhard Madea,

The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as unexpected death of a previously healthy infant with no cause of death being established. Comprehensive histological and immunohistochemical investigations are required subsequent to autopsy. In 18 cases of sudden infant death, histological (H&E, PAS and iron stain) and immunohistochemical investigations (CD68, ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(3-4):136-146]

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,,Flora and fauna" in criminalistics - an analysis of the current use and relevance of non-human biological trace materials in criminal proceedings.

Jennifer Nahrmann, Jens Amnendt, Richard Zehner, Markus Parzeller,

The analysis of biological, non-human trace specimens can contribute significantly to solving a criminal case. The present study searches the relevant German criminal, forensic, legal and biological literature, focusing on animal hairs, insects and plant fragments, and assesses the current opportunities of this special forensic branch and its acceptance and ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(3-4):81-98]

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Skide godt! - Phenomenon Olsen gang from a forensic point of view.

Benjamin Ondruschkal, Denis van Ngoc, Jan DreBler, Steffen Bratanou,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The Olsen gang is a 14-episode film series about a gang of three thieves, who are very imaginative, but often unsuccessful in their burglary attempts "to score a real hit". In Denmark, the German Democratic Republic and Poland the films about Egon Olsen were blockbusters and still enjoy cult status ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(3-4):107-119]

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Malrotation syndrome resulting in fatal ileus in children.

Gerhard Kernbach-Wighton, Rainer Amberg, Zimmer' Gisela, Burkhard Madeal,

<h4>Background</h4>This report deals with two deaths of children involving intestinal volvulus, i. e. a pathological knotting and twisting of the mesenterial root on the basis of congenital malrotation followed by obstruction and extensive ischaenia.<h4>Case reports</h4>(1) A 10-year-old girl (premature, 25th week) with severe disability, amaurosis and epilepsy was admitted to ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(3-4):128-135]

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The Clinical-Forensic Network of Styria as a pilot project: findings of the accompanying socio-scientific study.

The clinical-forensic documentation of domestic violence and sexual offences should preferably be done shortly after the incident both under standardized and professional conditions in order to secure items of evidence for any legal proceedings in the best possible way. For this purpose, Austria's first low-threshold clinical forensic care unit was ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(1-2):25-32]

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Subnuclear lipid-containing vacuolization in cases of ketoacidosis - correlation of morphological findings and ketone body concentrations.

Kirsten Wollner, Cornelius Hess, Burkhard Madea,

In a study on alcoholics, diabetics, cases of hypothermia, combinations of alcoholism, diabetes and hypothermia as well as 55 controls, ketone body measurements were performed in femoral vein blood, heart blood, vitreous humor, cerebrospinal fluid and urine. Histological investigations were carried out on the kidneys of the deceased. In addition ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(1-2):57-63]

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About the influence of burial on the development of forensically relevant blow fly larvae.

Peter Trageser, Victoria Bernhardt, Marcel A Verhoff, Jens Amendt,

The determination of the minimum post-mortem interval (PMImin) based on the age estimation of necrophagous blowflies is an established forensic technique. Blow fly larvae are able to continue their development to the adult insect on buried corpses. However, it is not clear which factors influence their viability under these circumstances ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(1-2):1-15]

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So-called skin signs in acute pancreatitis.

Christonh G Birnaruberl, Manfred RiBe, Mattias Kettner, Axel Schnabel, Frank Ramsthaler, Marcel A Verhoff,

Skin signs in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (e. g., Cullen's and Grey-Turner's sign) have been described in clinical medicine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if, and how often, skin signs were noted in autopsy-confirmed cases of necrotizing pancreatitis. In a first step, the literature was extensively reviewed ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(1-2):42-56]

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