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Journal Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed

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Heart rate during the first 24 hours in term-born infants.

Lars Tveiten, Lien My Diep, Thomas Halvorsen, Trond Markestad,

<h4>Objective</h4>Heart rate (HR) is an important clinical parameter in newborn infants, but normal ranges are poorly defined. Our aim was to establish normal reference ranges and individual variations in HR as obtained by auscultation in healthy term-born infants during the first 24 hours of life.<h4>Design</h4>Observational study.<h4>Setting</h4>Single hospital in Norway.<h4>Methods</h4>HR was ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2021, :]

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Randomised study of heart rate measurement in preterm newborns with ECG plus pulse oximetry versus oximetry alone.

Madeleine C Murphy, Allan Jenkinson, John Coveney, Lisa K McCarthy, Colm Patrick Finbarr O Donnell,

<h4>Aim</h4>To determine whether the IntelliVue monitor (ECG plus Masimo pulse oximeter (PO)) displays heart rate (HR) at birth more quickly than Nellcor PO (PO alone) among infants of 29-35 weeks' gestational age.<h4>Methods</h4>Unmasked parallel group randomised (1:1) study.<h4>Results</h4>We planned to enrol 100 infants; however, the study was terminated due to the ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2021, :]

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Outcomes of a uniformly active approach to infants born at 22-24 weeks of gestation.

Fanny Söderström, Erik Normann, Maria Jonsson, Johan Ågren,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine survival and outcomes in infants born at 22-24 weeks of gestation in a centre with a uniformly active approach to management of extremely preterm infants.<h4>Study design</h4>Single-centre retrospective cohort study including infants born 2006-2015. Short-term morbidities assessed included retinopathy of prematurity, necrotising enterocolitis, patent ductus arteriosus, intraventricular haemorrhage, periventricular ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2021, :]

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Comparison of inspiratory effort with three variable-flow nasal continuous positive airway pressure devices in preterm infants: a cross-over study.

Alice Bordessoule, Amelia Moreira, Cristina Felice Civitillo, Christophe Combescure, Angelo Polito, Peter C Rimensberger,

<h4>Objective</h4>Patient's work of breathing may vary between different neonatal nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) devices. Therefore, we aimed to compare the inspiratory effort of three variable-flow NCPAP delivery systems used in preterm infants.<h4>Design</h4>Cross-over study.<h4>Patients/setting</h4>From June 2015 to August 2016, 20 preterm infants weighing ≤2500 g requiring NCPAP for mild ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2021, :]

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Comparative efficacy of methods for surfactant administration: a network meta-analysis.

Ioannis Bellos, Georgia Fitrou, Raffaella Panza, Aakash Pandita,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To compare surfactant administration via thin catheters, laryngeal mask, nebulisation, pharyngeal instillation, intubation and surfactant administration followed by immediate extubation (InSurE) and no surfactant administration.<h4>Design</h4>Network meta-analysis.<h4>Setting</h4>Medline, Scopus, CENTRAL, Web of Science, Google-scholar and Clinicaltrials.gov databases were systematically searched from inception to 15 February 2020.<h4>Patients</h4>Preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome.<h4>Interventions</h4>Less invasive ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2021, :]

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Parental consent and neonatal delivery room trials: walking an ethical tightrope.

Louise S Owen, Peter G Davis,

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2021, :]

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Bench-top comparison of thermometers used in newborn infants.

Emma A Dunne, Katie Cunningham, Colm Patrick Finbarr O'Donnell, Lisa K McCarthy,

We wished to determine the accuracy of thermometers used to measure temperature in newborn infants. We measured the temperature of a water bath with three types of thermometer set at 0.5°C increments between 32.5°C and 38.5°C and compared the values to a control. We recorded the time to display steady-state ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Intact cord stabilisation and delivery room strategies: current practice in the UK.

Anne Elizabeth Bean, Laura Myers, Catherine Smith, Tamanna Williams,

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Correction: Physical stimulation of newborn infants in the delivery room.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and postnatal growth following extremely preterm birth.

Theodore Dassios, Emma E Williams, Ann Hickey, Catey Bunce, Anne Greenough,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To report the current incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and to compare changes in weight and head circumference between infants who developed BPD and infants who did not.<h4>Design</h4>Retrospective, whole-population study.<h4>Setting</h4>All neonatal units in England between 2014 and 2018.<h4>Patients</h4>All liveborn infants born <28 completed weeks of gestation.<h4>Interventions</h4>The change in weight z-score ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Whirlpool sign on ultrasound imaging in a preterm infant with suspected malrotation volvulus.

Hannah Watts, Rachael Harrison, Kate Graham-Evans,

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Physiological responses to facemask application in newborns immediately after birth.

Vincent D Gaertner, Christoph Martin Rüegger, Eoin O'Currain, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis, Laila Springer,

<h4>Objective</h4>Application of a face mask may induce apnoea and bradycardia, possibly via the trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR). We aimed to describe rates of apnoea and bradycardia in term and late-preterm infants following facemask application during neonatal stabilisation and compare the effects of first facemask application with subsequent applications.<h4>Design</h4>Subgroup analysis of a ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Impact of neonatal sepsis calculator in West Midlands (UK).

Tim J van Hasselt, Helen McDermott, Pinki Surana, Rawia Eltahir, Laura Macaskill, Raunak Jain, Nicola McMullan, Samantha Slee, Megha Jagga, Muhammed Naseem, Oluwaseyi Alake, Canada Cherry, Benjamin Miguras, Andrew K Ewer, ,

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Feasibility of non-invasive cardiac output monitoring at birth using electrical bioreactance in term infants.

Karen Nora McCarthy, Andrea Pavel, Aisling A Garvey, Ana-Louise Hawke, Criona Levins, Vicki Livingstone, Eugene M Dempsey,

<h4>Background</h4>Non-invasive cardiac output monitoring (NICOM) provides continuous estimation of cardiac output. This has potential for use in the delivery suite in the management of acutely depressed term infants. This study aims to measure cardiac output in term infants at delivery and in the first hours of life.<h4>Methods</h4>Parents of term infants ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Variation in very preterm extrauterine growth in a European multicountry cohort.

Rym El Rafei, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Mikael Norman, Rolf Felix Maier, Henrique Barros, Patrick Van Reempts, Pernille Pedersen, Marina Cuttini, Jennifer Zeitlin, ,

<h4>Objective</h4>Extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) among very preterm infants is related to poor neurodevelopment, but lack of consensus on EUGR measurement constrains international research. Our aim was to compare EUGR prevalence in a European very preterm cohort using commonly used measures.<h4>Design</h4>Population-based observational study.<h4>Setting</h4>19 regions in 11 European countries.<h4>Patients</h4>6792 very preterm infants ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Documentation during neonatal resuscitation: a systematic review.

Alejandro Avila-Alvarez, Peter Graham Davis, Camille Omar Farouk Kamlin, Marta Thio,

<h4>Objective</h4>Accurate documentation in healthcare is necessary for ethical, legal, research and quality improvement purposes. In this review, we aimed to evaluate the accuracy of methods of documentation of delivery room resuscitations.<h4>Methods</h4>A systematic literature search in MEDLINE was conducted to identify original studies that reported the quality of documentation records during ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Regional ventilation characteristics during non-invasive respiratory support in preterm infants.

Jessica Thomson, Christoph M Rüegger, Elizabeth J Perkins, Prue M Pereira-Fantini, Olivia Farrell, Louise S Owen, David G Tingay,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To determine the regional ventilation characteristics during non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in stable preterm infants. The secondary aim was to explore the relationship between indicators of ventilation homogeneity and other clinical measures of respiratory status.<h4>Design</h4>Prospective observational study.<h4>Setting</h4>Two tertiary neonatal intensive care units.<h4>Patients</h4>Forty stable preterm infants born <30 weeks of gestation receiving ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Retrospective analysis of neonatal deaths secondary to infections in England and Wales, 2013-2015.

Godwin Oligbu, Leila Ahmed, Laura Ferraras-Antolin, Shamez Ladhani,

<h4>Objective</h4>To estimate the overall and infection-related neonatal mortality rate and the pathogens responsible using electronic death registrations.<h4>Design</h4>Retrospective analysis of national electronic death registrations data.<h4>Setting</h4>England and Wales.<h4>Patients</h4>Neonates aged <28 days.<h4>Main outcome measures</h4>Overall and infection-related mortality rate per 1000 live births in term, preterm (28-36 weeks) and extremely preterm (<28 weeks) neonates; ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Disorders of vision in neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy: a systematic review.

Eva Nagy, Jay Self, Cathy Williams, Brigitte Vollmer,

<h4>Objective</h4>Neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) following perinatal asphyxia in term infants is associated with neonatal mortality and a high risk of neurodevelopmental impairment later in life. Visual disorders are an accepted complication of HIE and the association has been cited in the literature many times. This review aims to study the ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Laryngeal mask airway surfactant administration: case series of 60 infants.

Natalie J Smee, Duncan Boyd, Hilary Conetta, Joyce O'Shea,

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Unusual position of the umbilicus in a neonate.

Shu Ki Tsoi, Catherine Brock, Marcelle Simeonovic, Thao Lu, Niranjan Thomas,

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Differences in demographics and outcomes based on method of consent for a randomised controlled trial on heat loss prevention in the delivery room.

Sunita Vohra, Maureen Reilly, Valeria E Rac, Zafira Bhaloo, Denise Zayak, John Wimmer, Michael Vincer, Karla Ferrelli, Alex Kiss, Roger Soll, Michael Dunn,

<h4>Objective</h4>Informed consent is standard in research. International guidelines allow for research without prior consent in emergent situations, such as neonatal resuscitation. Research without prior consent was incorporated in the Vermont Oxford Network Heat Loss Prevention Trial. We evaluated whether significant differences in outcomes exist based on the consent method.<h4>Design</h4>Subgroup analysis ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Neonatal necrotising fasciitis.

Yang Wu, Xiaoping Jiang,

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Trends in intensive neonatal care during the COVID-19 outbreak in Japan.

Yuto Maeda, Masaki Nakamura, Hideki Ninomiya, Kohei Ogawa, Haruhiko Sago, Atsushi Miyawaki,

The reduction in the use of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) during the COVID-19 outbreak has been reported, but whether this phenomenon is widespread across countries is unclear. Using a large-scale inpatient database in Japan, we analysed the intensive neonatal care volume and the number of preterm births for weeks ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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Cardiorespiratory monitoring in the delivery room using transcutaneous electromyography.

Ruud W van Leuteren, Eline Kho, Cornelia G de Waal, Arjan B Te Pas, Hylke H Salverda, Frans H de Jongh, Anton H van Kaam, Gerard J Hutten,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess feasibility of transcutaneous electromyography of the diaphragm (dEMG) as a monitoring tool for vital signs and diaphragm activity in the delivery room (DR).<h4>Design</h4>Prospective observational study.<h4>Setting</h4>Delivery room.<h4>Patients</h4>Newborn infants requiring respiratory stabilisation after birth.<h4>Interventions</h4>In addition to pulse oximetry (PO) and ECG, dEMG was measured with skin electrodes for 30 min ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2020, :]

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