Full Text Journal Articles in
Journal Ann Thorac Surg

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Unresolved Uncertainties Remain Regarding Corticosteroids in Infant Heart Surgery.

Hiba Ghandour, Tara Karamlou,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, 112(4):1370-1371]

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Preparing for the Future: Funding for Graduate Medical Education in Cardiothoracic Surgery.

John Michael DiMaio, Ourania Preventza, Raymond Strobel, Jeremy Conklin, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Jess L Thompson, Richard I Whyte, Keith A Horvath,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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A Pilot Gene Expression and Histopathologic Analysis of Tracheal Resections in Tracheobronchomalacia.

Rani Singh, Barbara Vidal, Juan Ascanio, Naresh Singh Redhu, Jorge Ruiz de Somocurcio, Adnan Majid, Paul A VanderLaan, Sidhu P Gangadharan,

<h4>Background</h4>The airway structures and mRNA expression of genes that regulate airway inflammation and remodeling may be altered in the trachea of patients with tracheobronchomalacia (TBM).<h4>Methods</h4>Fourteen tracheal specimens from 2005-to-2018 were used in this study. Surgical resection specimens from patients with TBM and tracheal stenosis (TS) were compared to control tracheal ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Multi-Institutional Evaluation of a Debate-Style Journal Club for Cardiothoracic Surgery Trainees.

Jessica G Y Luc, Clara S Fowler, Steven B Eisenberg, Anthony L Estrera, Randall K Wolf, Chun Woo Choi, Jennifer S Lawton, Linda W Martin, Jonathan C Nesbitt, Scott I Reznik, Tom C Nguyen, Ara A Vaporciyan, Mara B Antonoff, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Traditional journal clubs address individual articles and are limited in terms of breadth and depth of content covered. The present study describes the outcomes of a novel debate-style journal club in a multi-institutional setting.<h4>Methods</h4>Participating institutions were recruited through the Thoracic Education Cooperative Group (TECoG). The distributed curriculum included instructions, debate ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Late durability of mitral repair for ischemic versus nonischemic functional mitral regurgitation.

Muath Bishawi, Carmelo Milano, Jeffrey Gaca, Andrew Wang, Keith Carr, Donald D Glower,

<h4>Background</h4>Concerns regarding long-term durability of surgical repair for functional mitral regurgitation are based on short-term data, with few comparisons of ischemic (IMR) versus non-ischemic (NIFMR) etiology.<h4>Methods</h4>788 consecutive patients receiving mitral repair for functional mitral regurgitation were evaluated from a prospectively maintained database. Patients with other surgical procedures were included. Propensity ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database: 2021 Update on Echocardiography.

Alina Nicoara, Pinping Song, Bruce A Bollen, Gaetano Paone, James Jake Abernathy, Mark A Taylor, Robert H Habib, J Mauricio Del Rio, Ryan E Lauer, Nancy A Nussmeier, Laurent G Glance, Joseph V Petty, G Burkhard Mackensen, David F Vener, Miklos D Kertai,

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (ACSD) is the world's premier clinical outcomes registry for adult cardiac surgery and a driving force for quality improvement in cardiac surgery. Echocardiographic data provide a wealth of hemodynamic, structural, and functional data and have been part of STS ACSD ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Outcomes in Lung Cancer Surgery: Capturing Reliable Metrics.

Richard Zheng, Samantha Lindsay Savitch, Arturo Jesus Rios-Diaz, Nathaniel Rutherford Evans, Tyler Ross Grenda,

<h4>Background</h4>Measuring variation in perioperative outcomes to accurately discriminate performance between surgical providers may be limited by reliability. We aimed to evaluate reliability estimates of metrics associated with lung cancer resection.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective cohort study utilizing the 2015 National Cancer Database to identify patients undergoing lung cancer resection. Primary outcomes ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Clinical Outcomes Following Durable Mitral Valve Repair for Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation.

Mikiko Senzai, Satoshi Kainuma, Koichi Toda, Shigeru Miyagawa, Daisuke Yoshioka, Takuji Kawamura, Ai Kawamura, Noriyuki Kashiyama, Yusuke Misumi, Takayoshi Ueno, Toru Kuratani, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Sho Komukai, Kazuhiro Taniguchi, Yoshiki Sawa, ,

<h4>Background</h4>This study aimed to clarify the incidence and determinants of postoperative adverse events in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who achieved long-term durable mitral valve repair.<h4>Methods</h4>Between 1999 and 2015, 166 patients with chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction ≤40% underwent restrictive mitral annuloplasty. During follow-up (65±34 ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Opening the Door: Navigating cardiothoracic surgery training as an underrepresented minority.

Fatima G Wilder, Boateng Kubi, Ahmet Kilic, Quinn Capers, Robert S D Higgins,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Early conduction disorders after aortic valve replacement with the sutureless Perceval prosthesis.

Joke Verlinden, Thierry Bové, Laurent de Kerchove, Jerome Baert, Marc Radermecker, Rodolphe Durieux, Herbert Gutermann, Christian Van Kerrebroeck, Delphine Szecel, Bart Meuris,

<h4>Background</h4>To determine the incidence of postoperative conduction disorders and need for pacemaker implantation after aortic valve replacement(AVR) with the Perceval prosthesis.<h4>Methods</h4>From January 2007 to December 2017, 908 patients underwent AVR with Perceval S in 5 participating centers. Study endpoints focused on electrocardiographic changes after AVR and the incidence of new ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Post-operative Renal Failure, Shunt Type and Mortality after Norwood Palliation.

Reid C Chamberlain, Nicholas D Andersen, Andrew W McCrary, Christoph P Hornik, Kevin D Hill,

<h4>Background</h4>The Single Ventricle Reconstruction (SVR) trial demonstrated increased risk of death or heart transplant one year post-Norwood in subjects randomized to Blalock-Taussig shunts (mBTS) compared to right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) shunts. We used the SVR public use database to evaluate incidence and risk factors for post-operative renal failure and relationships ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Frozen Elephant Trunk Repair for Acute Type A Dissection in Right Aortic Arch.

Alexander Calderone, Vincent Chauvette, Philippe Demers, Yoan Lamarche,

A 68-year-old woman with right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery was urgently operated for type A aortic dissection. Surgical management included total arch repair with frozen elephant trunk technique and left subclavian artery re-implantation. Post-operative course was complicated by severe renal failure, delirium and pneumonia. She was re-operated ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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An Early Look at Blood Conservation During Cardiac Operations.

Victor A Ferraris,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Thromboelastography-Platelet Mapping: Is it Really Helpful?

Nicholas Hess, Danny Chu,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Intrapulmonary arterio-venous fistula - unusual early complication of wedge resection.

Karolina Gambuś, Piotr Talar, Błażej Kużdżał, Małgorzata Urbańczyk, Lucyna Rudnicka,

We present a case of an arterio-venous fistula that developed in the early postoperative course after wedge resection of the right upper lobe. A 57-year old male treated for acute myeloid leukemia was referred from the hematology department because of a right upper lobe tumor. Wedge resection was performed. Three ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Spontaneous dislocation of a frozen elephant trunk stent-graft into the false lumen.

Maximilian Kreibich, Bartosz Rylski, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Martin Czerny, Matthias Siepe,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Treatment of anastomotic recurrence after esophagectomy.

Rebecca A Carr, Caitlin Harrington, Elvira Vos, Manjit S Bains, Matthew J Bott, James M Isbell, Bernard J Park, Smita Sihag, David R Jones, Daniela Molena,

<h4>Background</h4>Isolated local recurrence after curative esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is a rare event. Although it is potentially curable, management can be challenging.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) from 2000 to 2019. Date of recurrence was defined as the date at which the ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Lung Cancer Screening in a Safety-Net Hospital: Rare Harms Inform Decision-Making.

Lynde K Lutzow, Jessica Magarinos, Chandra Dass, Grace X Ma, Cherie P Erkmen,

<h4>Background</h4>Lung cancer screening (LCS) with Low-Dose CT (LDCT) decreases lung cancer mortality; however, screening benefits and harms are poorly described in minority populations. Our purpose is to report benefits and harms of LCS implemented in a safety-net institution. Because harms are rare, there is a paucity of clinical experience guiding ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Dissemination and Implementation Science in Cardiothoracic Surgery: A Review and Case Study.

Brendan T Heiden, Emmanuel Tetteh, Keenan J Robbins, Rachel G Tabak, Ruben G Nava, Gary F Marklin, Daniel Kreisel, Bryan F Meyers, Benjamin D Kozower, Virginia R McKay, Varun Puri,

Dissemination and implementation (D&I) science is the practice of taking evidence-based interventions (EBI) and sustainably incorporating them in routine clinical practice. As a relatively young field, D&I techniques are underutilized in cardiothoracic surgery. This review offers an overview of D&I science from the context of the cardiothoracic surgeon. First, we ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Multimodal Approach of Isolated Pulmonary Vasculitis: A Single-Institution Experience.

Mehmed Yanartaş, Ayşe Zehra Karakoç, Ahmet Zengin, Serpil Taş, Şehnaz Olgun Yildizeli, Bu Lent Mutlu, Halil Ataş, Fatma Alibaz-Öner, Nevsun Inanç, Haner Direskeneli, Emine Bozkurtlar, Atakan Erkilinç, Çagatay Çimşit, G Nural Bekiroğlu, Bedrettin Yildizeli,

<h4>Background</h4>Isolated pulmonary vasculitis (IPV) is a single-organ vasculitis of unknown etiology and may mimic chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The aim of this study was to review our clinical experience with pulmonary endarterectomy in patients with CTEPH secondary to IPV.<h4>Methods</h4>Data were collected prospectively for consecutive patients who underwent pulmonary endarterectomy ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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A Novel Treatment of Widespread Empyema Necessitatis.

Shinya Otsuka, Hideki Ujiie, Kosuke Ishikawa, Takahiro Miura, Satoru Wakasa, Tatsuya Kato,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Most important is the arterial conduits use.

Francesco Formica, Stefano D'Alessandro,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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A new "Ice Globe" method for dilating leaking cervical esophageal strictures.

Ayten Kayi Cangir, Yusuf Kahya, Bülent Mustafa Yenigün, İslam Aktürk, Çağdaş Oto,

An esophageal stricture may develop during healing of a large esophageal perforation. When such a stricture occurs, mechanical dilatation is the treatment of choice. As in our case, if a cervical esophageal stricture and leakage are present together, the treatment becomes even more challenging. As a new treatment method, we ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Similar Yet Different: The COVID-19 Pneumothorax.

Brian Mitzman,

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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Endobronchial Valves in the Management of Persistent Air Leak in COVID-19.

Hanad Ahmed, Abdul Badran, Alessandro Tamburrini, Hassan Kattach, Lukacs Veres, Aiman Alzetani,

Pneumothorax and persistent air leak (PAL) are documented complications of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Patients that fall in this category are often poor candidates for invasive thoracic surgical intervention. Endobronchial valves offer an effective and less invasive treatment option and can successfully treat PAL and support ... Read more >>

Ann Thorac Surg (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2021, :]

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