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Journal Ann Glob Health

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Nurse Expertise: A Critical Resource in the COVID-19 Pandemic Response.

Patricia Nayna Schwerdtle, Clifford J Connell, Susan Lee, Virginia Plummer, Philip L Russo, Ruth Endacott, Lisa Kuhn,

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):49]

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Epidemiologic Profile of Overweight and Obesity in Abidjan, Ivory Coast: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Stephane Parfait Sable, Kaina Yan, Apollinaire Yapi, Denise Djokou Kpebo, Kokora Franck Ekou, Puriffine Odile Sassor Ake-Tano, Orsot Ekissi Tetchi, Eugene Yao Konan, Dinard Kouassi, Chengsong Wan,

Background:In sub-Saharan Africa, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is high, and it is estimated to increase within the next ten years. In Ivory Coast, the rise in and public health consequences of overweight and obese people are evident. Moreover, data concerning this status are scarce, old, local, and describe ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):46]

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Health Disparities: A Perspective on Internal Migration and Health Behavior in Sudan.

Mahmoud Ali Fadlallah, Indrajit Pal, Joyee S Chatterjee,

Background:Natural hazards, poor socio-economic conditions, low literacy levels, and long-standing conflicts affect traditional gold miners in Sudan and contribute to multiple health vulnerabilities. An extensive survey reveals differential health risk among internal migrant miners leading to short-, medium-, and long-term health consequences and disparities. The need to identify determinants of ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of Global Health)
[2020, 86(1):48]

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Comparing Approaches to Research in Global and International Health: An Exploratory Study.

Kristy C Y Yiu, Eva Merethe Solum, Deborah D DiLiberto, Steffen Torp,

Background:Global health is a term often used interchangeably with international health due to overlapping similarities and unclear distinctions. While some international health supporters argue that global health as a field is unnecessary as it is simply a duplicate of international health, global health supporters argue that global health is unique; ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):47]

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Diabetic Microvascular Complications Among Children and Adolescents in Northwestern Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Delfina Msanga, Karl Reis, Neema Kayange, Respicious Bakalemwa, Benson Kidenya, Duncan Hau, Christopher Mwanansao, Dina Mahamba, Sofia Ottaru, Elizabeth Kwiyolecha, Robert Peck,

Background:Africa is experiencing a rapid increase in morbidity and mortality related to diabetes mellitus (DM). Contemporary data are needed to guide efforts to improve prevention and treatment for microvascular complications in children and adolescents in Africa. This study was conducted to assess prevalence of diabetic microvascular complications in northwestern Tanzania, ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):43]

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Eswatini Nursing Council Regulatory Reforms: Process towards Entry to Practice Examination.

Glory Msibi, Nkosinathi Nkwanyana, Helen Kuebel,

Objective:To identify and to measure entry level competencies (knowledge, skills, attitudes, judgements) for nurses to practice safely and effectively in the Kingdom of Eswatini. Introduction:Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland, is a small sub-Saharan country between South Africa and Mozambique. There are four nursing programs approved by the Eswatini Nursing Council ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):45]

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Midwife Led Units: Transforming Maternity Care Globally.

Joyce K Edmonds, Juliana Ivanof, Ursula Kafulafula,

Background:Midwifery-led care is a high-certainty, evidence-based strategy to improve maternity care. Midwife-led units (MLUs) are one example of how the midwifery model of care is being integrated into existing health systems to transform maternal health around the world. Purpose:To promote global investment in MLUs by describing the benefits, current advances ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):44]

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Global Health Education Programs in the Americas: A Scoping Review.

Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa,

Background:The interest in Global Health (GH) as an academic discipline has increased in the last decade. This article reports the findings of a scoping review of studies about Global Health education in the Americas. Objective:To analyse educational programs on global health in the Americas. Method:Five electronic databases were used in ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):42]

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Developing Strategies for Sustainable Medical Equipment Maintenance in Under-Resourced Settings.

Christina M Webber, Gabriel Martínez-Gálvez, Manuela Lopera Higuita, Ephraim I Ben-Abraham, Brent M Berry, Maria A Gonzalez Porras, Sara Aristizabal, Anders Asp, J Luis Lujan, John W Wilson,

Engineering technology plays a pivotal role in the delivery of health care in under-resourced countries by providing an infrastructure to improve patient outcomes. However, sustainability of these technologies is difficult in these settings oftentimes due to limited resources or training. The framework presented in this editorial focuses on establishing medical ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):39]

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Medical Approach to Refugees: Importance of the Caring Physician.

Patrícia Deps, Philippe Charlier,

Migrants pose many challenges to recipient countries, including preparedness and resilience of health systems and provision of access to health services. Refugees and asylum seekers comprise a heterogenous group with significant and complex health needs, including the physical and mental consequences of violence. Physicians are often on the frontline in ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):41]

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Global Prevalence and Device Related Causes of Needle Stick Injuries among Health Care Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Salehoddin Bouya, Abbas Balouchi, Hosien Rafiemanesh, Mehrbanoo Amirshahi, Majid Dastres, Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam, Niaz Behnamfar, Mahmood Shyeback, Mahin Badakhsh, Jasem Allahyari, Adhra Al Mawali, Abbas Ebadi, Asiyeh Dezhkam, Karen A Daley,

Background:Healthcare workers (HCWs) suffer more than 2 million occupational needle-stick injuries (NSIs) annually. Goal:To determine the global prevalence and causes of NSIs among HCWs. Methods:In this systematic review and meta-analysis, three databases (PubMed, Web of science, and Scopus) were searched for reports from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2018. ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):35]

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Changing the Narrative for Nursing Globally.

Nancy Bolan, Yolanda Ogbolu,

Worldwide celebration of the Year of the Nurse and the Midwife boosts innovative efforts by academic nursing schools to change the narrative for the nursing profession globally. These innovations have the potential to disrupt narratives that perpetuate negative perspectives and to replace them with counter-narratives that elevate, motivate and empower ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):37]

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Building Career Development Skills for Researchers: A Qualitative Study Across Four African Countries.

Halima Okewole, Christopher Merritt, Walter Mangezi, Victoria Mutiso, Helen E Jack, Thalia C Eley, Melanie Abas,

Background:Career development skills are widely advocated as part of research capacity building and strengthening efforts. However, there is a gap in knowledge on their acceptability in low- and middle-income countries. Objective:This study aimed to examine how a group of 16 early-career researchers in sub-Saharan Africa experienced a career development skills ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):40]

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Epidemiological Patterns of Animal Bites in the Najafabad, Center of Iran (2012-2017).

Sanaz Amiri, Zahra Maleki, Hossein-Ali Nikbakht, Soheil Hassanipour, Hamid Salehiniya, Ali-Reza Ghayour, Hamid Kazemi, Haleh Ghaem,

Background:Animal bite due to the risk of rabies is a major public health problem. Rabies is of great importance because of fatalities and economic damage. Objective:This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological patterns of animal bite in Najaf Abad during the years of 2012 to 2017. Methods:This is a ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):38]

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Unblocking Barriers of Access to Hepatitis C Treatment in China: Lessons Learned from Tianjin.

Peiwen Zhang, Ran Guo, Jun Lian, Mengjia Zhi, Chengzhen Lu, Weishen Wu, Lihong Wang, Polin Chan, Zhongdan Chen, Jing Sun,

Background:The high price is a critical barrier of access to new direct-anting-antiviral (DAA) therapies for hepatitis C for both the patients and the society. Many countries continue to face the challenge of financing such expensive medicines. Such examples include both high-income and middle-income countries. Existing evidence about the efforts of ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):36]

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Perspectives and Solutions from Clinical Trainees and Mentors Regarding Ethical Challenges During Global Health Experiences.

Jennifer Kasper, Anita Mulye, Ashti Doobay-Persaud, Brittany Seymour, Brett D Nelson,

Clinical trainees face challenges throughout short-term experiences in global health (STEGH) that are not routinely addressed. Describe common professional and ethical dilemmas faced by clinical trainees and identify gaps and solutions for pre, during, and post-STEGH training and mentoring. We conducted a mixed-methods study among trainees and mentors involved in ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):34]

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Integration of Chronic Oncology Services in Noncommunicable Disease Clinic in Rural Rwanda.

Robert Rutayisire, Francis Mutabazi, Alice Bayingana, Ann C Miller, Neil Gupta, Gedeon Ngoga, Eric Ngabireyimana, Ryan Borg, Emmanuel Rusingiza, Charlotte Bavuma, Bosco Bigirimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Marie Aimee Muhimpundu, Gene Bukhman, Paul H Park,

In rural sub-Saharan Africa, access to care for severe non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is limited due to myriad delivery challenges. We describe the implementation, patient characteristics, and retention rate of an integrated NCD clinic inclusive of cancer services at a district hospital in rural Rwanda. In 2006, the Rwandan Ministry of ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):33]

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Spatiality in Health: The Distribution of Health Conditions Associated with Electronic Waste Processing Activities at Agbogbloshie, Accra.

Abenaa Adusei, John Arko-Mensah, Mawuli Dzodzomenyo, Judith Stephens, Afua Amoabeng, Saskia Waldschmidt, Katja Löhndorf, Kwame Agbeko, Sylvia Takyi, Lawrencia Kwarteng, Augustine Acquah, Paul Botwe, Prudence Tettey, Andrea Kaifie, Michael Felten, Thomas Kraus, Thomas Küpper, Julius Fobil,

Background:A walk through the Agbogbloshie e-waste recycling site shows a marked heterogeneity in the spatial distribution of the different e-waste processing activities, which are likely to drive clustering of health conditions associated with the different activity type in each space. Objective of study:To conduct a spatial assessment and analysis of ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):31]

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The Effect of Pediatric Colorectal Short-Term Medical Service Trips on Self-Reported Confidence in Patient Care in Volunteers in the Home Country.

Wilfried Krois, Peter Gröpel, Pastora X Hernandez, Juan Craniotis-Rios, Martin L Metzelder, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Carlos A Reck-Burneo,

Introduction:Short-term international medical service trips (MST) are established means to access specialized medical aid in resource-limited areas. The field of pediatric colorectal surgery is a subspecialty in pediatric surgery that mainly treats anorectal malformations (ARM) and Hirschsprung disease (HD). This study aimed to investigate the impact of MST on the ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):28]

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Prevalence of Cervical Cancer Screening and Awareness among Women in an Urban Community in South India-A Cross Sectional Study.

Alyse Reichheld, Pavan Kumar Mukherjee, Sajitha Mf Rahman, Kirubah V David, Ruby Angeline Pricilla,

Background:Although the incidence of cervical cancer has declined in developed countries, cervical cancer remains a major problem in those that are developing. Past studies suggest that Indian women, who account for at least one-fourth of the global disease burden, are not routinely screened. Objectives:Among the women living in our low-income ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):30]

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Nationwide Hospital-Based Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E Virus in Bangladesh.

Ashraful Islam Khan, M Salimuzzaman, Md Taufiqul Islam, Mokibul Hassan Afrad, Tahmina Shirin, Monjur Hossain Khan Jony, Md Ashraful Alam, Mahmudur Rahman, Meerjady Sabrina Flora, Firdausi Qadri,

Background:Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) are transmitted by the fecal-oral route and are responsible for epidemic and sporadic outbreaks of acute hepatitis in low-income countries like Bangladesh. Objective:The purpose of this study was to describe the seroprevalence of acute hepatitis due to HAV and HEV infection ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):29]

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A Catholic Contribution to Global Public Health.

Michael Rozier,

Global public health has several persistent challenges that require partnerships to properly solve. A global institution with the resources and influence of the Catholic Church, even though its health-related efforts have traditionally focused on the provision of direct medical care, could be a more valuable partner for global public health ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):26]

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Sexual Health of Haitian Immigrants in Southern Brazil: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Kesta Saint-Val, Eliana Wendland,

Background:Some specific groups, such as immigrants, are considered at significantly high risk of developing poor sexual health (SH), specifically in relation to sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, despite the high number of Haitian immigrants living in southern Brazil, a study that assessed the SH of these immigrants has not been ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):24]

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An International Partnership of 12 Anatomy Departments - Improving Global Health through Internationalization of Medical Education.

Anette Wu, Geoffroy P J C Noël, Richard Wingate, Heike Kielstein, Takeshi Sakurai, Suvi Viranta-Kovanen, Chung-Liang Chien, Hannes Traxler, Jens Waschke, Franziska Vielmuth, Mandeep Gill Sagoo, Shuji Kitahara, Yojiro Kato, Kevin A Keay, Jørgen Olsen, Paulette Bernd,

Background:At a time of global interconnectedness, the internationalization of medical education has become important. Anatomy as an academic discipline, with its close connections to the basic sciences and to medical education, can easily be connected with global health and internationalization of medical education. Here the authors present an international program ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):27]

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Comparison of Hypertension in Migrant and Local Patients with Atherosclerotic Diseases: A Cross-Sectional Study in Shanghai, China.

Xin Gong, Jianwei Shi, Jiaoling Huang, Wenya Yu, Xiaojie Bo, Kangjie Xu, Ning Chen, Qian Liu, Chen Chen, Zhaoxin Wang,

Background:Hypertension and its complications represent major health problems worldwide and are distributed differently in different populations. This study aimed to reveal the differences between two populations of patients with hypertension who had atherosclerotic complications: local residents in and migrants to the city of Shanghai, China. Methods:We conducted a cross-sectional study ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):25]

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