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Journal Anim Feed Sci Technol

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Paenibacillus polymyxa (LM31) as a new feed additive: Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity and its effects on growth, blood biochemistry, and intestinal bacterial populations of growing Japanese quail

Mahmoud Alagawany, Mahmoud Madkour, Mohamed T El-Saadony, Fayiz M Reda,

This study investigated the effect of Paenibacillus polymyxa LM31 supplementation on growth performance, antioxidative status, immune response, cecal microbiota, and biochemical parameters of growing Japanese quail. Identification of Paenibacillus polymyxa was identified and the volatile organic compounds and antibacterial activity of selected isolate supernatant were determined. A total of 225 ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Protein value and health aspects of the seaweeds Saccharina latissima and Palmaria palmata evaluated with mink as model for monogastric animals

Åshild Krogdahl, Alexander Jaramillo-Torres, Øystein Ahlstrøm, Elvis Chikwati, Inga-Marie Aasen, Trond M Kortner,

The aim of the present work was to evaluate the protein value of products from the two seaweeds Saccharina latissima and Palmaria palmata grown in Norwegian waters and to characterize possible beneficial or detrimental effects in the intestine and other organs. Mink, a well-established model for comparison of nutrient digestibility ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Effects of nonionic surfactant source and surface tension on in vitro fermentation characteristics of cereal straws

S X Tang, T Dang, Z L Tan, D Q Wu, Q X Yan, J H Kang,

This study investigated the in vitro fermentation of three cereal straws (corn stover, wheat straw, and rice straw) with culture media containing two nonionic surfactants (alkyl polyglycoside and Tween 80) and variable surface tension (42, 48, and 54 mN/m) in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement. The in vitro dry matter degradation of ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Effect of dietary vitamin A supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum parameters and liver histology of growing-furring male mink kits (Neovison vison)

W X Nan, H Z Si, H H Zhang, L L Mu, G Y Li, Y J Lou,

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of supplemental vitamin A (VitA) on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters, and liver histology of growing-furring mink kits (Neovison vison). Ninety healthy male mink were randomly assigned to 6 treatment groups, with 15 mink per group. Each mink was ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Assessing the nutritional quality of fungal treated wheat straw: Compounds formed after treatment with Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes

Lei Mao, Jeroen van Arkel, Wouter H Hendriks, John W Cone, Ric C H de Vos, Anton S M Sonnenberg,

A variety of secondary metabolites are formed and compounds released during the bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass by white-rot fungi that can affect the nutritional value and acceptance of the biomass by ruminants. Changes in pH, ergosterol content, fibre and metabolites composition of wheat straw (WS) incubated with either Ceriporiopsis subvermispora ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Dietary supplementation of suckling lambs with anthocyanins: Effects on growth, carcass, oxidative and meat quality traits

A Maggiolino, A Bragaglio, A Salzano, D Rufrano, S Claps, L Sepe, S Damiano, R Ciarcia, F R Dinardo, D L Hopkins, G Neglia, P De Palo,

The aim of this research was to assess the effect of the dietary inclusion in suckling lambs of a red orange and lemon extract rich in anthocyanins on growth performance, antioxidant status, carcass characteristics and of both dietary antioxidant addition and aging on meat fatty acids, colorimetric and antioxidant profile, ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Sustaining live performance in broilers offered reduced crude protein diets based on corn and wheat blend

C W Maynard, A Ghane, P V Chrystal, P H Selle, S Y Liu,

Previous experimentation has indicated that wheat-based diets are a poor diet type to allow for optimal performance when dietary crude protein (CP) is reduced, while corn-based diets show promise. Potential mitigation of the negative effects associated with reduced CP wheat-based diets could include blending corn and wheat to be used ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Effects of dietary carboxymethyl pachyman on oxidative stress and inflammation in weaned piglets challenged with diquat

Md Abul Kalam Azad, Hongbing Wang, Hua Yang, Bie Tan, Shuyu Zhou, Guiping Guan,

This study aimed to examine the effects of carboxymethyl pachyman (CMP) on oxidative stress and inflammation in piglets using a diquat-challenge model. Forty weaning piglets were assigned into four treatment groups in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement in a completely randomized design with the effects of CMP supplementation and ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Using soybean acid oil or its calcium salt as the energy source for broiler chickens: Effects on growth performance, carcass traits, intestinal morphology, nutrient digestibility, and immune responses

Mahdi Shahryari, Sayed Ali Tabeidian, Amir Davar Foroozandeh Shahraki, Sayed Nouredin Tabatabaei, Majid Toghyani, Masiholla Forouzmand, Mahmood Habibian,

This study consisted of three experiments performed on Ross 308 broilers. The first experiment (Exp. 1) was a bioassay in which the nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy (AMEₙ) of soybean acid oil (SAO) and its calcium salt (CSSAO) was measured to be 37.30 and 30.36 MJ/kg, respectively. The latter two experiments ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Phytic acid in Rhamdia quelen nutrition: Antioxidant or antinutrient?

Letícia Lopes da Costa, Taida Juliana Adorian, Fernanda Rodrigues Goulart, Jossiele Leitemperger, Aline M B do Amaral, Vania Lucia Loro, Silvino Sasso Robalo, Leila Picolli da Silva,

The study aimed to evaluate phytic acid supplementation at different levels in diets for juveniles of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen). Five isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were prepared with different phytic acid concentrations (0; 5.00; 10.00; 15.00 and 20.00 g/kg). A 50-day biological test was performed in a recirculating aquaculture system composed ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Effect of dietary Clostridium autoethanogenum protein on growth, body composition, plasma parameters and hepatic genes expression related to growth and AMPK/TOR/PI3K signaling pathway of the genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT: Oreochromis niloticus) juveniles

Sahya Maulu, Hualiang Liang, Xianping Ge, Heng Yu, Dongyu Huang, Ji Ke, Mingchun Ren, Haifeng Mi,

This study investigated the effect of dietary Clostridium autoethanogenum (C. autoethanogenum) protein on growth, whole-body composition, plasma parameters, and hepatic genes expression related to growth and AMPK/TOR/PI3K signaling pathway of the genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT:Oreochromis niloticus) juveniles. The fish (initial weight of 0.7 ± 0.05 g) were fed with ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Supplemental phytase increases phosphorus digestibility in pigs regardless of phytase source or feed pelleting

Bokyung Hong, Beob Gyun Kim,

Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of phytase source and feed pelleting on digestibility of dry matter (DM), crude protein, organic matter (OM), and phosphorus (P) with different doses of supplemental phytase in pigs. In Exp. 1, ten barrows (31.4 ± 3.5 kg of body weight) were individually ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Increasing the proportion of hazel leaves in the diet of dairy cows reduced methane yield and excretion of nitrogen in volatile form, but not milk yield

M Terranova, L Eggerschwiler, S Ortmann, M Clauss, M Kreuzer, A Schwarm,

Various feeds for ruminants have been identified that help to mitigate the greenhouse gas methane. However, even when there has been success in suppressing absolute methane emissions, intake, digestibility, and performance often decline in parallel. Ideal dietary levels of effective feeds would reduce methane production without affecting performance-related variables. Such ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Effect of xylanase supplementation on nutrient and energy digestibility at three time periods in growing pigs fed diets based on corn or corn distillers dried grains with solubles

Sarah Ann Weiland, John Francis Patience,

A digestibility trial was conducted to better understand how xylanase impacts diet utilization in pigs by measuring its impact on the digestibility of energy, nitrogen, fat, fiber, and starch in the small and large intestine and across the total tract at three collection periods. Thirty-two 16-week-old gilts (DNA 600 [DNA ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Effects of porcine bile acids on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, blood metabolites and nutrient digestibility of weaned pigs

A Z Cao, W Q Lai, W W Zhang, B Dong, Q Q Lou, M M Han, D T He, X R Gai, Y B Sun, L Y Zhang,

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of porcine bile acids (BA) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, blood metabolites and nutrient digestibility of weaned pigs. One hundred and eighty pigs were assigned into five groups for 42 days. Pigs were fed a corn-soybean meal basal diet or a basal ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Investigating the effect of available phosphorus and calcium level on the potential of a multi-carbohydrase and phytase complex on growth performance, amino acids and phosphorus digestibility in broilers from 1 to 21 days of age

Maamer Jlali, Pierre Cozannet, Dan Moore, Aurélie Preynat,

An experiment was carried out to investigate the influence of dietary available phosphorus (avP) and calcium (Ca) levels on the nutritional potential of a multi-carbohydrase and phytase complex (MCPC) on the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acids (AA) and phosphorus (P) and performance of broilers fed with corn-soybean meal ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Supplemental effects of fish oil and powdered/coated docosahexaenoic acid on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profile and fecal coliform and lactic acid bacteria counts in weaner pigs

Santi Devi Upadhaya, In Ho Kim,

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplemental unrefined fish oil and refined fish oil enriched in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in powdered and coated forms on the performance and immune status of weaner pigs. In total, 140 crossbred weaner pigs [(Yorkshire × Landrace) × Duroc, 28 days ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 275:Not Available]

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Macadamia nut cake as an alternative feedstuff for broilers: Effect on growth performance

Sudhir Yadav, Rajesh Jha,

Corn, wheat, and soybean meal (SBM) have been primarily used as feedstuffs in animal feeding programs. However, it is necessary to explore and evaluate alternative feedstuffs to deal with variable costs and the supply of these conventional feedstuffs. This study determined the nutrient composition of macadamia nut cake (MNC) and ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 275:Not Available]

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The effect of dietary full-fat Hermetia illucens larvae meal on gut physiology and growth performance in young turkeys

Jan Jankowski, Krzysztof Kozłowski, Zenon Zduńczyk, Anna Stępniowska, Katarzyna Ognik, Bartosz Kierończyk, Damian Józefiak, Jerzy Juśkiewicz,

The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of full-fat Hermetia illucens larvae meal (HM) as a protein source in diets for the youngest turkey poults, based on growth performance and parameters of intestinal function, i.e. immune status and fermentation processes in the gut. The experiment was carried ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Effect of different levels of synthetic astaxanthin on growth, skin color and lipid metabolism of commercial sized red porgy (Pagrus pagrus)

Natacha Nogueira, Paula Canada, José Caboz, Carlos Andrade, Nereida Cordeiro,

A study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of supplementing commercial feeds with Carophyll® Pink, a gelatin-encapsuled astaxanthin, on growth parameters, lipid composition, pigment concentration and skin color of commercial size red porgy. Three isonitrogenous diets were formulated containing different levels of astaxantin: Ctrl diet (no pigment added), A₅₀ diet ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Steam pressure induced changes in carbohydrate molecular structures, chemical profile and in vitro fermentation characteristics of seeds from new Brassica carinata lines

Hangshu Xin, Nazir Ahmad Khan, Peiqiang Yu,

Recently, new lines of Brassica carinata with high oil and erucic acid contents in their seeds have been developed for bio-fuel industry. The co-product after oil extraction, carinata meal, is high in crude protein (CP) and low in neutral detergent fiber (NDF) content, and can be used as feed ingredient ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
[2021, 276:Not Available]

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Effect of exogenous dietary phytase and concentrate mixtures based on faba beans, rapeseed meal or soybean meal as main protein source on phytate and total phosphorus excretion in dairy cows

G Giagnoni, P Lund, J Sehested, M Johansen,

The aim of this study was to test the effect of exogenous dietary phytase on in vivo phytate P and total P excretion in dairy cows fed three different concentrate mixtures. Excretion and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of phytate P and total P were measured in 24 Danish Holstein ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Basal diets with different starch contents do not modify the metabolism of ricinoleic acid in dairy goats

J S R Barbosa, J G Souza, C J L Herbster, L P Silva, J D G Carvalho, A N Medeiros, M I Marcondes, L R Bezerra, R L Oliveira, S P Alves, R J B Bessa, E S Pereira,

The aims of this study are to evaluate the effects of basal diets and inclusion or not of oil blend on dry matter (DM) and fatty acid (FA) intake, milk yield and FA profile, and metabolism of ricinoleic acid. Eight dairy goats in early lactation (body weight, 40.78 ± 5.14 ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Acid versus crude oils for broiler chicken diets: In vitro lipid digestion and bioaccessibility

Beatriz Jimenez-Moya, Diana Martin, Cristina Soler-Rivas, Ana C Barroeta, Alba Tres, Roser Sala,

The use of acid oils and fatty acid distillates in poultry feed formulations is limited due to controversial productive results that has been partially related to a lower digestibility compared with their corresponding crude oils. In vitro digestion and bioaccessibility models mimicking fat intestinal digestion will provide valuable information to ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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Guanidinoacetic acid and betaine supplementation have positive effects on growth performance, nutrient digestion and rumen fermentation in Angus bulls

C Liu, C Wang, J Zhang, Q Liu, G Guo, W J Huo, C X Pei, L Chen, Y L Zhang,

This study evaluated the influences of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) and betaine (BT) on growth performance, nutrient digestion and ruminal fermentation in bulls. Forty-four Angus bulls were blocked by live body weight and then randomly divided into four groups in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Betaine of 0 or 0.6 ... Read more >>

Anim Feed Sci Technol (Animal feed science and technology.)
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