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Journal Afr J Reprod Health

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Women empowerment among academic and administrative staff in Saudi universities: A cross-sectional study.

Awad M Al-Qahtani, Wafaa T Elgzar, Heba A Ibrahim, Amira El-Houfy, Hanan A El Sayed,

Women in Saudi Arabia constitute nearly 50% of the population, but their participation in economic and social activities are far below the kingdom's potential. According to the 2030 vision, women empowerment is an essential requirement for community transformation and development. The study aims to explore women empowerment among academic and ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(s1):60-68]

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Women empowerment: A new agenda for socio-economic development in Saudi Arabia.

Friday Okonofua, Akhere Omonkhua,

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(s1):9-12]

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The role of self-esteem and self-efficacy in women empowerment in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study.

Awad M Al-Qahtani, Heba A Ibrahim, Wafaa T Elgzar, Hanan A El Sayed, Rasha M Essa, Tulip A Abdelghaffar,

The study aimed to explore the role of self-esteem and self-efficacy in women empowerment among academic and administrative staff at Saudi universities. A cross-sectional design was carried out at 15 governmental universities. A multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select 5587 participants. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(s1):69-78]

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Empowering Saudi women in higher educational institutions: Development and validation of a novel women empowerment scale.

Awad M Al-Qahtani, Wafaa T Elgzar, Heba A Ibrahim, Hanan A El Sayed,

The government in Saudi Arabia in 2016 declared the necessity to overcome the ancestral oil-based economy and move towards a more diversified model. One of the significant steps to achieve this goal is to empower Saudi women, who form half of the Saudi population, to actively contribute their much-needed talents ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(s1):13-25]

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Perceived and real barriers to workplace empowerment among women at Saudi universities: A cross-sectional study.

Awad M Al-Qahtani, Heba A Ibrahim, Wafaa T Elgzar, Hanan Abd Elwahab El Sayed, Tulip Abdelghaffar, Rania I Moussa, Aisha R Alenzy,

Academic women in the Arab world, especially Saudi women, have numerous barriers inhibiting their leadership power at the workplace. The current study explores the perceived and real barriers to workplace empowerment among women at Saudi universities. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at 15 Saudi governmental universities. A multistage ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(s1):26-35]

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Empowering deaf and hard hearing females toward premarital counseling and genetic screening: An educational intervention based on empowerment model.

Sahar Z Zaien, Hanan A El Sayed, Heba A Ibrahim, Wafaa T Elgzar, Marwa I H Aboraiah, Mona A Abdel-Mordy,

Hearing loss affects many people worldwide, and it hinders speech, language, and social development. Consanguineous marriage is the most prevalent social custom that leads to an increased prevalence of congenital anomalies. Premarital Counseling and Genetic Screening (PMSGC) educational program is urgently needed to empower deaf and hard hearing girls. This ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(s1):36-49]

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Predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitude among Saudi academic and administrative staff: A cross-sectional study.

Awad M Al-Qahtani, Wafaa T Elgzar, Heba A Ibrahim,

The KSA 2030 vision makes special reference to women's empowerment as an important strategy for Saudi community transformation. Studies related to women's empowerment, especially in the Saudi context, are still not enough and unclear. The current study explored the predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitudes among Saudi academic and ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(s1):50-59]

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Interventions for improving male involvement in maternal and child healthcare in Uganda: A realist synthesis.

Solomon Mwije, Nathalie Holvoet,

This study aimed at understanding how, when, and under what circumstances interventions succeed (or fail) to improve male involvement in maternal and child healthcare in Uganda. A realist synthesis approach was used to unpack the complexity of these health interventions to explain their theories and applications in specific circumstances. Our ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):138-160]

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Effect of pregnancy intention on the timing and sustained use of antenatal care services in Rwanda.

Patrick G Bagambe, Aline Umubyeyi, Isaac Luginaah,

We investigated the relationship between intended pregnancy and utilization of antenatal care services in Rwanda. Using Demographic and Health Survey 2014/2015, secondary data was obtained on maternal health services utilization. We performed stepwise logistic regression analysis to examine the effect of independent variables on women's early and late utilization, as ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):90-100]

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Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: prevalence and outcomes in a tertiary care hospital.

Vidya Bhakta, Sadia Aslam, Aseel Aljaghwani,

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) has recently emerged as a global health issue especially in pregnant women because of its adverse outcomes. Various studies have shown the impact of BV on both mother and baby as well as overall reproductive health of women. The study intended to assess the prevalence of BV ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):49-55]

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Scoping AJRH operations and future directions.

Akhere A Omonkhua, Loretta F C Ntoimo, Judith O Obaseki, Joseph A Balogun, Friday E Okonofua,

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):11-14]

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Recurrent vaginal epithelioid leiomyosarcoma; a case report from Botswana and review of the literature.

Tadele Melese Benti, Nassali Mercy, Alemayehu B Eshetu, Ibe Enyeribe Iwuh, Mamo Woldu Kassa,

Primary vaginal leiomyosarcoma is a rare gynecological malignancy. The clinical presentation is a benign looking well circumscribed mobile mass which might however occasionally present with distant metastases. Post treatment recurrence is common, and the clinical course is often unpredictable. Primary surgical management plus radiotherapy is the commonly practiced treatment of ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):161-168]

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Factors associated with age of first sex among women screened for an observational contraceptive vaginal ring study in Kisumu, Kenya, 2014.

Ken Ondenge, Roman Gvetadze, George Otieno, Deborah A Gust, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal,

Sex at an early age can have later life negative health outcomes. Insights on early sexual activity may help in the development of future health-promotion products and interventions related to pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) prevention. Among Kenyan women participating in a contraceptive vaginal ring study, we determined: (1) ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):101-113]

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Maternal mortality at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana: A five-year review.

Theodore K Boafor, Michael Y Ntumy, Kwaku Asah-Opoku, Perez Sepenu, Bernice Ofosu, Samuel A Oppong,

Maternal death is a major global health issue with the highest impact in low-income countries. Despite some modest decline in the maternal mortality rates in Ghana since the 1990's, this has been below expectation. The aim of this study was to describe the trends and contributory factors to maternal mortality ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):56-66]

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The rights of women and girls are not negotiable.

Natalia Kanem,

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):15-19]

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Alcohol use during pregnancy: prevalence and patterns in selected Buffalo City areas, South Africa.

Catriona I Macleod, Charles Young, Katlego Molokoe,

The high rate of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders, which results from alcohol consumption during pregnancy, is of concern in South Africa. The aims of this research were to establish the prevalence, patterns and factors associated with alcohol use amongst pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in two former township areas of ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):114-121]

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Association of the CAG repeat polymorphism in mitochondrial polymerase gamma (POLG1) with male infertility: a case-control study in an Algerian population.

Mohamed Larbi Rezgoune, Djalila Chellat, Noureddine Abadi, Abdelhamid Slama, Dalila Satta,

Polymorphisms in the have been speculated to be associated with male infertility. The main objective of our study was to CAG repeat polymorphism in POLG1 gene and male mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (POLG) assess the possible association of infertility in Algerian population. Genomic DNA from 89 infertile men and 84 ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):67-75]

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Identifying barriers to accessing skilled maternal health care in rural Morocco.

Jami Baayd, Sara E Simonsen, Joseph B Stanford, Sydney K Willis, Caren J Frost,

Over the past 30 years, the Moroccan government has made enormous strides towards improving maternal health care for Moroccan women, but outcomes for rural women remain much worse than those of their urban counterparts. This study aimed to understand the experiences of women giving birth in rural Morocco, and to ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):20-28]

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Pregnancy results after intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer in patients with infertility due to non-obstructıve azoospermia and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.

Bulat Aytek Sik, Serkan Oral, Yilda Arzu Aba, Ozan Ozolcay,

This study evaluated pregnancy results after fresh and frozen embryo transfer in males with infertility due to non-obstructive azoospermia and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. In this retrospective study, a total of 801 embryo transfer cycles were followed up, including 423 fresh embryo transfers and 378 frozen embryo transfers in which intracytoplasmic sperm injection ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):122-128]

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Histopathological profile of breast cancer at a tertiary hospital in Malawi: A retrospective cross-sectional study.

Alfred Kayira, Master R O Chisale, Frank W Sinyiza, Chikondi S Chimbatata, Paul U Kaseka, Pocha S Kamudumuli, Joseph Wu, Balwani C Mbakaya,

Breast cancer is one of the major public health problem in developing countries. In Malawi, cancer of the breast among females is among the top four accounting for 4.9%. The study determined the histopathologic profile of breast cancer in Northern Malawi from July 2013 to June 2018. A record based ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):76-80]

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Determinants of modern contraceptive prevalence and unplanned pregnancies in Migori County, Kenya: results of a cross-sectional household survey.

Troy D Moon, Vincent Okoth, Joseph R Starnes, Elisha Opiyo, Daniele J Ressler, Julius Mbeya, Ash Rogers,

Family planning and contraceptive utilization can have significant effects in reducing unplanned pregnancies and improving maternal and child health indicators. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study analyzing survey response data within six sub-locations of Migori County, Kenya in 2018 and 2019. We utilize this survey data to estimate both the ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):29-40]

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First trimester antenatal care visit reduces the risk of miscarriage among women of reproductive age in Ghana.

Batholomew Chireh, Samuel K Essien, Carl D'Arcy,

Miscarriage is a common adverse pregnancy outcome in childbearing and an increasing global reproductive health problem. This study explored 1) the national prevalence of the first trimester (≤12 weeks) miscarriage among women (15-49 years) in Ghana, and 2) the influence of first-trimester antenatal care (ANC) visits on miscarriage risk. A ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):129-137]

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The effect of different positions during non-stress test on maternal hemodynamic parameters, satisfaction, and fetal cardiotocographic patterns.

Heba A Ibrahim, Wafaa T Elgzar, Elham A R Saied,

Maternal position is one of the most important factors to be considered during Non-Stress Test (NST). It should be a part of practice guidelines, where the appropriate maternal position reduces test-related errors and false-positive results. This study aimed to investigate the effect of different maternal positions during NST on maternal ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):81-89]

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Women's contraceptive choice following the use of Implanon NXT: Findings from a study in Durban, South Africa.

Ivana Beesham, Jennifer Smit, Shannon L Bosman, Cecilia Milford, Mala Panday, Mags Beksinska,

Implanon NXT was introduced in South Africa (SA) in 2014 to expand the contraceptive method mix. While studies have explored patterns of implant use, data on contraceptive choice following implant removal is limited. Here, we describe contraceptive choice among 120 women requesting Implanon NXT removal, between 2017 and 2018, at ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2021, 25(1):41-48]

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The role of multimodality radiological imaging in extrauterine misplaced IUCD: A case report.

Augustina Badu-Peprah, Theophilus K Adu-Bredu, Charles Adu-Takyi,

Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is among the commonly used contraceptive methods in the world including sub-Saharan Africa but have been associated with a number of complications that although rare, can occur. Uterine perforation is the most serious complication of the IUCD. Surgical management is required in cases with complete uterine ... Read more >>

Afr J Reprod Health (African journal of reproductive health)
[2020, 24(4):213-217]

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