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Journal Addiction

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Effects of a brief alcohol intervention addressing the full spectrum of drinking in an adult general population sample: a randomized controlled trial.

Sophie Baumann, Andreas Staudt, Jennis Freyer-Adam, Gallus Bischof, Christian Meyer, Ulrich John,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Evidence for efficacy of brief alcohol interventions (BAIs) is mostly limited to primary care and at-risk drinkers. The aim was to test the efficacy of a BAI addressing the full spectrum of alcohol use in a general population sample and across alcohol risk groups.<h4>Design</h4>Two-parallel-group randomized controlled trial (allocation ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Cleaning up the science: the need for an ontology of consensus scientific terms in e-cigarette research.

Sharon Cox, Caitlin Notley,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Expert appraisal of criteria for assessing gaming disorder: An international Delphi study.

Jesús Castro-Calvo, Daniel L King, Dan J Stein, Matthias Brand, Lior Carmi, Samuel R Chamberlain, Zsolt Demetrovics, Naomi A Fineberg, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Murat Yücel, Sophia Achab, Atul Ambekar, Norharlina Bahar, Alexander Blaszczynski, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Xavier Carbonell, Elda Mei Lo Chan, Chih-Hung Ko, Philippe de Timary, Magali Dufour, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Hae Kook Lee, Susumu Higuchi, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Orsolya Király, Daria J Kuss, Jiang Long, Astrid Müller, Stefano Pallanti, Marc N Potenza, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, John B Saunders, Adriano Schimmenti, Seung-Yup Lee, Kristiana Siste, Daniel T Spritzer, Vladan Starcevic, Aviv M Weinstein, Klaus Wölfling, Joël Billieux,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Following the recognition of 'internet gaming disorder' (IGD) as a condition requiring further study by the DSM-5, 'gaming disorder' (GD) was officially included as a diagnostic entity by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). However, the proposed diagnostic ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Is substance use changing because of the COVID-19 pandemic? Conceptual and methodological considerations to delineating the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on substance use and abuse.

Justin Jager, Katherine M Keyes,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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The same fundamental drivers but differently expressed: what can we learn from comparing the recent experiences with synthetic opioids in the US and Europe?

Paul Griffiths, Jane Mounteney, Roumen Sedefov,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Increased risk of dementia in older female US veterans with alcohol use disorder.

Amber Bahorik, Kirsten Bobrow, Tina Hoang, Kristine Yaffe,

<h4>Aim</h4>To determine whether alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with increased dementia risk among older women veterans.<h4>Design</h4>Cohort study.<h4>Setting</h4>United States.<h4>Participants</h4>Women veterans with AUD ≥55 years old (n=2207), receiving care from Veterans Health Administration medical centers from October 2004 to September 2015 with ≥1 follow-up visit, and an age-matched sample of women ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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A systematic comparison of the global comparative risk assessments for alcohol.

Bethany R Chrystoja, Jürgen Rehm, Jakob Manthey, Charlotte Probst, Ashley Wettlaufer, Kevin D Shield,

<h4>Aims</h4>To compare systematically the alcohol-attributable mortality and burden of disease estimates for 2016 from a recent study by Shield and colleagues and the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 (GBD).<h4>Method</h4>This study compared estimates of alcohol-attributable mortality and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) lost for 2016 with regards to absolute and ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Commentary on Guertler et al.: Can latent class analysis methods develop our understanding of mental health and alcohol problem co-occurrence at a symptom level?

Laura Goodwin,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Commentary on Bishop & Almquist et al. 2020: Beyond a descriptive life-course epidemiology.

Anne Hammarström,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Buprenorphine physician-pharmacist collaboration in the management of patients with opioid use disorder: results from a multisite study of the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network.

Li-Tzy Wu, William S John, Udi E Ghitza, Aimee Wahle, Abigail G Matthews, Mitra Lewis, Brett Hart, Zach Hubbard, Lynn A Bowlby, Lawrence H Greenblatt, Paolo Mannelli, ,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Physician and pharmacist collaboration may help address the shortage of buprenorphine-waivered physicians and improve care for patients with opioid use disorder (OUD). This study investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a new collaborative care model involving buprenorphine-waivered physicians and community pharmacists.<h4>Design</h4>Nonrandomized, single-arm, open-label feasibility trial.<h4>Setting</h4>Three office-based buprenorphine treatment ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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It is time to recognize that synthetic opioids are not going away.

Amy S B Bohnert, Lewei Allison Lin,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Commentary on Furr-Holden et al. 2020: As opioid overdose deaths accelerate among Black Americans, COVID-19 widens inequities-a critical need to invest in community-based approaches.

Devin E Banks, Ryan W Carpenter, Claire A Wood, Rachel P Winograd,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Acute impact of self-guided mental imagery on craving in cocaine use disorder: a mixed-methods analysis of a randomised controlled trial.

Natalie Lowry, John Marsden, Bethany Clydesdale, Brian Eastwood, Eva Maria Havelka, Camille Goetz,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Mental imagery manipulations are used to treat several psychological disorders, but their utility in treating cocaine use disorder (CUD) is unknown. Using prompted re-experiences and simulations with contrasting valence, we assessed the acute impact of a deliberate mental imagery task on cocaine craving.<h4>Design</h4>A quantitative-qualitative 'mixed-methods' analysis of data ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Sex Differences in Factors Predicting Post-treatment Opioid Use.

Jordan P Davis, David Eddie, John Prindle, Emily R Dworkin, Nina C Christie, Shaddy Saba, Graham DiGuiseppi, John D Clapp, John F Kelly,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Several reports have documented risk factors for opioid use following treatment discharge, yet few have assessed sex differences, and no study has assessed risk using contemporary machine learning approaches. The goal of the present paper was to inform treatments for opioid use disorder (OUD) by exploring individual factors ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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A Pilot Trial of Collaborative Care with Motivational Interviewing to Reduce Opioid Risk and Improve Chronic Pain Management.

Brian Borsari, Yongmei Li, Jennifer Tighe, Jennifer K Manuel, N Simay Gökbayrak, Kevin Delucchi, Benjamin J Morasco, Linda Abadjian, Beth E Cohen, Catherine Baxley, Karen H Seal,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Opioid use and chronic pain are prevalent in the veteran population. Collaborative Care enhances coordination between patients and their care teams and Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a communication style designed to facilitate behavior change. This study evaluated the use of Collaborative Care with MI (CCMI) with patients with ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Joint effects of alcohol use, smoking and body mass index as an explanation for the alcohol harm paradox: causal mediation analysis of eight cohort studies.

Sebastián Peña, Pia Mäkelä, Tiina Laatikainen, Tommi Härkänen, Satu Männistö, Markku Heliövaara, Seppo Koskinen,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with higher alcohol-related harm despite lower levels of alcohol use. Differential vulnerability due to joint effects of behavioural risk factors is one potential explanation for this "alcohol harm paradox". We analysed to what extent socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol-mortality are mediated by alcohol, ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Behavioral Counseling and Abstinence-Contingent Take-home Buprenorphine in General Practitioners' Offices in Malaysia: a randomized, open label clinical trial.

Richard S Schottenfeld, Marek Chawarski, Mahmud Mazlan,

<h4>Background and aim</h4>To address the widespread, severe problems with opioid use disorder, buprenorphine-naloxone treatment provided by primary care physicians has greatly expanded treatment access; however, treatment is often provided with minimal or no behavioral interventions,. Whether or which behavioral interventions are feasible to implement in various settings and improve treatment ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Scandalous decisions: explaining shifts in UK medicinal cannabis policy.

Mark Monaghan, Emma Wincup, Ian Hamilton,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Opening up access to scheduled drugs such as cannabis in the United Kingdom rarely happens, yet on 1 November 2018 the United Kingdom changed the law to allow cannabis-derived products to be prescribed for medicinal purposes, albeit in tightly controlled circumstances. This followed substantial media interest in the ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Commentary on Hill et al.: Breaking down barriers-increasing access to lifesaving opioid use disorder medications to save lives.

Michael S Toce, Scott E Hadland,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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The rejection of cannabis legalization in New Zealand: issues with the Cannabis Legalization and Control Bill or wider concerns?

Chris Wilkins, Marta Rychert,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Assessing cannabis and tobacco co-use: the pros and cons of additional data collection.

Hayden McRobbie, Veronica C Boland, Ryan J Courtney,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Progression of cannabis withdrawal symptoms in people using medical cannabis for chronic pain.

Lara N Coughlin, Mark A Ilgen, Mary Jannausch, Maureen A Walton, Kipling M Bohnert,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Research from cohorts of individuals with recreational cannabis use indicates that cannabis withdrawal symptoms are reported by more than 40% of those using regularly. Withdrawal symptoms are not well understood in those who use cannabis for medical purposes. Therefore, we prospectively examined the stability of withdrawal symptoms in ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Real-world effectiveness of pharmacological treatments of alcohol use disorders in a Swedish nation-wide cohort of 125 556 patients.

Milja Heikkinen, Heidi Taipale, Antti Tanskanen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Markku Lähteenvuo, Jari Tiihonen,

<h4>Background and aim</h4>Pharmacotherapy for alcohol use disorder (AUD) is recommendable, but under-used, possibly due to deficient knowledge of medications. This study aimed to investigate the real-world effectiveness of approved pharmacological treatments (disulfiram, acamprosate, naltrexone and nalmefene) of AUD.<h4>Design</h4>A nation-wide, register-based cohort study.<h4>Setting</h4>Sweden.<h4>Participants</h4>All residents aged 16-64 years living in Sweden with registered ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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What online searches tell us about public interest and potential impact on behaviour in response to Minimum Unit Pricing of alcohol in Scotland.

David A Leon, Elad Yom-Tov, Anne M Johnson, Mark Petticrew, Elizabeth Williamson, Vasileios Lampos, Ingemar Cox,

<h4>Aims</h4>To investigate whether the introduction of Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) in Scotland on 1 May 2018 was reflected in changes in the likelihood of alcohol-related queries submitted to an internet search engine and in particular whether there was any evidence of increased interest in purchasing of alcohol from outside Scotland.<h4>Design</h4>Observational ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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Dependence on nicotine in US high school students in the context of changing patterns of tobacco product use.

Sarah E Jackson, Jamie Brown, Martin J Jarvis,

<h4>Background and aim</h4>There have been substantial recent changes in youth tobacco product use in the USA - including, notably, a rapid increase in use of e-cigarettes. It is not known whether, and if so how far, these changes are reflected in levels of nicotine dependence. This study used data from ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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