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Journal Acta Psychiatr Scand

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Trends in utilisation of hypnotics among Scandinavian young people.

Celso Arango, Laura Pina-Camacho,

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 144(2):97-99]

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Update on Adherence to International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Guidelines Across Five Psychiatry Journals.

Eryn Turner, Roger T Mulder, Julia J Rucklidge,

<h4>Objective</h4>Previous research indicated that the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors guidelines of prospective trial registration with clearly identified primary and secondary outcome measures are only adhered to in 14.4% of studies published in the top five psychiatry journals between 1 January 2009 and 31 July 2013. This study examined ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Corrigendum.

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 144(2):211]

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Increased C-reactive protein concentration and suicidal behavior in people with psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Alessandro Miola, Veronica Dal Porto, Tal Tadmor, Giovanni Croatto, Paolo Scocco, Mirko Manchia, Andre F Carvalho, Michael Maes, Eduard Vieta, Fabio Sambataro, Marco Solmi,

<h4>Objective</h4>Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Identifying factors associated with suicidality (suicidal ideation/suicidal behavior) could increase our understanding of the pathophysiological underpinnings of suicide and improve its prevention.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a systematic review (PubMed/PsycInfo/Cochrane databases, up to September 2020) and random-effect meta-analysis including observational studies comparing peripheral C-reactive protein ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Migration and risk of intellectual disability with and without autism: A population-based cohort study.

Maki Morinaga, Anna-Clara Hollander, Hein Heuvelman, Michael Lundberg, Christina Dalman, Dheeraj Rai, Cecilia Magnusson,

<h4>Objective</h4>To investigate whether parental migration, parental region of origin, timing of child's birth in relation to maternal migration and parental reason for migration are associated with intellectual disability (ID) with and without autism.<h4>Methods</h4>We used a register-based cohort of all individuals aged 0-17 years in Stockholm County during 2001-2011. General estimating equation ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Structural brain abnormalities associated with cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder.

Julian Macoveanu, Katherine Olivia Freeman, Hanne Lie Kjaerstad, Gitte Moos Knudsen, Lars Vedel Kessing, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak,

<h4>Objective</h4>Cognitive impairment has been highlighted as a core feature of bipolar disorder (BD) that often persists during remission. The specific brain correlates of cognitive impairment in BD remain unclear which impedes efficient therapeutic approaches. In a large sample of remitted BD patients, we investigated whether morphological brain abnormalities within dorsal ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Encouraging participation in colorectal cancer screening for people with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial.

Masaki Fujiwara, Yuto Yamada, Taichi Shimazu, Masafumi Kodama, Ryuhei So, Takanori Matsushita, Yusaku Yoshimura, Shigeo Horii, Maiko Fujimori, Hirokazu Takahashi, Naoki Nakaya, Kyoko Kakeda, Tempei Miyaji, Shiro Hinotsu, Keita Harada, Hiroyuki Okada, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada, Masatoshi Inagaki,

<h4>Objective</h4>We examined the efficacy of a case management approach to improve participation in colorectal cancer screening among people with schizophrenia.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a randomized, parallel group trial. We recruited outpatients with schizophrenia aged 40 years or over from two psychiatric hospitals in Japan. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to treatment as ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Autism comorbidities show elevated female-to-male odds ratios and are associated with the age of first autism diagnosis.

Eya-Mist Rødgaard, Kristian Jensen, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak, Laurent Mottron,

<h4>Objective</h4>To investigate the association between the comorbidity rates in autism and sex, birth year and the age at which autism was first diagnosed and compare the relative impact of each.<h4>Method</h4>Using the Danish National Patient Registry, cumulative incidences up to the age of 16 for 11 comorbid conditions (psychosis, affective disorders, ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Lithium concentration and recurrence risk during maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder: Multicenter cohort and meta-analysis.

Chih-Wei Hsu, Andre F Carvalho, Shang-Ying Tsai, Liang-Jen Wang, Ping-Tao Tseng, Pao-Yen Lin, Yu-Kang Tu, Eduard Vieta, Marco Solmi, Chi-Fa Hung, Hung-Yu Kao,

<h4>Objective</h4>To compare differences in efficacy during maintenance treatment for bipolar disorder (BD) according to lithium serum levels. A multicenter retrospective cohort study and a dose-response meta-analysis were conducted.<h4>Methods</h4>The cohort study was conducted in Taiwan from 2001 to 2019 to identify patients with euthymic BD according to different serum levels (<0.4, ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Number of traumatic brain injuries and temporal associations with depression: A register-based cohort study.

Marie Holm Eliasen, Janne Petersen, Michael Eriksen Benros, Merete Osler,

<h4>Objective</h4>To explore the association of the number of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and temporal associations with the subsequent risk of depression in the population.<h4>Methods</h4>National register-based cohort study on all individuals registered with TBI (ICD-10: S06, ICD-8: 85.0-85.5) from 1977 to 2015 in Denmark (n = 494,216) and a sex- and age-matched reference ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Vagotomy and the risk of mental disorders: A nationwide population-based study.

Artemis H Bunyoz, Rune H B Christensen, Sonja Orlovska-Waast, Merete Nordentoft, Preben B Mortensen, Liselotte V Petersen, Michael E Benros,

<h4>Objective</h4>To investigate vagotomy, the severance of the vagus nerve, and its association with mental disorders, as gut-brain communication partly mediated by the vagus nerve have been suggested as a risk factor.<h4>Methods</h4>Nationwide population-based Danish register study of all individuals alive and living in Denmark during the study period 1977-2016 and who ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Stability of schizophrenia diagnosis in a 10-year longitudinal study on first episode of non-affective psychosis: Conclusions from the PAFIP cohort.

Paula Suárez-Pinilla, Marta Suárez-Pinilla, Esther Setién-Suero, Víctor Ortiz-García de la Foz, Jacqueline Mayoral-Van Son, Javier Vázquez-Bourgon, Marcos Gómez-Revuelta, María Juncal-Ruíz, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the 10-year stability of schizophrenia diagnosis in a cohort of first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and the factors associated with it.<h4>Methods</h4>Changes in diagnosis of 209 FEP patients were described during 10 years of follow-up. Related factors with maintenance or change of schizophrenia diagnosis were evaluated in prospective and retrospective approaches ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Seeing is believing.

James H MacCabe,

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 144(1):3-5]

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How does cold weather affect the heart of patients with bipolar disorder?

Fulvio A Scorza, Marcelo A Moret, Antonio-Carlos G de Almeida, Carla A Scorza, Josef Finsterer,

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 144(1):92-93]

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Cognitive performance in older-age bipolar disorder: Investigating psychiatric characteristics, cardiovascular burden and psychotropic medication.

Alexandra J M Beunders, Tokie Kemp, Nicole C M Korten, Mardien L Oudega, Aartjan T F Beekman, Ralph W Kupka, Max L Stek, Sigfried N T M Schouws, Annemiek Dols,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aimed to explore a large range of candidate determinants of cognitive performance in older-age bipolar disorder (OABD).<h4>Methods</h4>A cross-sectional study was performed in 172 BD patients aged ≥50 years. Demographics, psychiatric characteristics and psychotropic medication use were collected using self-report questionnaires and structured interviews. The presence of cardiovascular risk factors ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Antidepressant treatment effects and country income: meta-regression analysis of individual participant data from duloxetine trials.

Thomas Klein, Stefan Weinmann, Thomas Becker, Markus Koesters,

<h4>Objective</h4>In recent decades, significant numbers of pharmaceutical trials have gradually been relocated to low- and middle-income countries. However, there is little evidence regarding the transferability of trial outcomes across countries. Analysing duloxetine randomised controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in different countries, we investigated whether per capita gross national income (GNI) and ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Associations between psychosis and visual acuity impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Natalie Shoham, Michelle Eskinazi, Joseph F Hayes, Gemma Lewis, Magnus Theodorsson, Claudia Cooper,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Several theories propose that visual acuity impairment is associated with psychosis. Visual impairment could lead to psychosis or the converse, or they may share underlying pathology or risk factors. In the first evidence synthesis in this area for over 25 years, we collated studies measuring the association between visual acuity impairment ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 144(1):6-27]

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Use of hypnotic drugs among children, adolescents, and young adults in Scandinavia.

Rikke Wesselhoeft, Lotte Rasmussen, Peter Bjødstrup Jensen, Poul Jørgen Jennum, Svetlana Skurtveit, Ingeborg Hartz, Johan Reutfors, Per Damkier, Mette Bliddal, Anton Pottegård,

<h4>Background</h4>Hypnotic use in children and adolescents is controversial.<h4>Objective</h4>To describe the use of hypnotic drugs (melatonin, z-drugs, and sedating antihistamines) among 5- to 24-year-old Scandinavians during 2012 to 2018.<h4>Methods</h4>Aggregate-level data were obtained from public data sources in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. We calculated annual prevalence (users/1000 inhabitants) stratified by age group, ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 144(2):100-112]

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Determining maximal achievable effect sizes of antidepressant therapies in placebo-controlled trials.

Fredrik Hieronymus, Alexander Lisinski, Magnus Hieronymus, Jakob Näslund, Elias Eriksson, Søren Dinesen Østergaard,

<h4>Objective</h4>Antidepressants outperform placebo with an effect size of around 0.30. It has been suggested that effect sizes as high as 0.875 are necessary for a minimal clinically important difference. Whether such effect sizes are achievable in placebo-controlled trials is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to assess what effect sizes are theoretically ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Use of register- and survey-based measures of anxiety in a population-based Danish cohort.

Merete Osler, Maarten Pieter Rozing, Ida Kim Wium-Andersen, Marie Kim Wium-Andersen, Thomas Meinertz Dantoft, Per Fink, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen,

<h4>Objective</h4>We explored the comparability of anxiety measures from register- and survey-based data including analyses of prevalence and associations with selected psychiatric and somatic diseases.<h4>Methods</h4>We measured anxiety using Danish registers (hospital diagnosis and anxiolytic drug prescriptions), self-reports, symptom checklist (SCL) scores, and a clinical interview in 7493 adults with mean age ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Posttraumatic stress disorder in time of COVID-19: Trauma or not trauma, is that the question?

Marielle Wathelet, Fabien D'Hondt, Eric Bui, Guillaume Vaiva, Thomas Fovet,

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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The effects of psychotherapies for depression on response, remission, reliable change, and deterioration: A meta-analysis.

Pim Cuijpers, Eirini Karyotaki, Marketa Ciharova, Clara Miguel, Hisashi Noma, Toshi A Furukawa,

<h4>Objective</h4>Meta-analyses of psychotherapies usually report effects sizes, while clinicians and patients need to know the proportion of patients who benefit from therapy. We conducted a meta-analysis of therapies for depression reporting the rates of response (50% symptom reduction), remission (HAM-D <7), clinical significant deterioration for psychotherapy, and control conditions (CAU, ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Relapse after abrupt discontinuation of maintenance electroconvulsive therapy during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Simon Lambrichts, Kristof Vansteelandt, Bo Crauwels, Jasmien Obbels, Eva Pilato, Jonas Denduyver, Katrien Ernes, Pieter-Paul Maebe, Charlotte Migchels, Lore Roosen, Satya Buggenhout, Filip Bouckaert, Didier Schrijvers, Pascal Sienaert,

<h4>Objective</h4>Maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (M-ECT) is considered an effective relapse prevention strategy in severe mood and psychotic disorders. How long M-ECT should be continued, and what the outcome is after its discontinuation has not been adequately studied. In our tertiary psychiatric hospital, M-ECT treatments were suspended at the start of the ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, :]

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Monitoring for myocarditis during treatment initiation with clozapine.

Surya Sandarsh, Ram J Bishnoi, Reddy Beesam Shashank, Brian J Miller, Oliver Freudenreich, Joseph P McEvoy,

<h4>Objective</h4>Clozapine use is associated with myocarditis. In this study, we investigated what clinical signs and symptoms, and/or laboratory test(s), alert clinicians to presumptive myocarditis (PrMy) most accurately and at the earliest time point. We also investigated the incidence of PrMy during the initial exposure to clozapine versus in patients restarted ... Read more >>

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 144(2):194-200]

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Scientific pluralism is the only way forward for psychiatry.

Stefan Jerotic, Awais Aftab,

Acta Psychiatr Scand (Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica)
[2021, 143(6):537-538]

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