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Journal Acta Paediatr.

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Children born before 32 weeks of gestation displayed impaired reading fluency, comprehension, and spelling skills at nine years of age.

Minna Heikkinen, Hanna Kallankari, Lea Partanen, Noora Korkalainen, Tuula Kaukola, Anneli Yliherva,

AIM:Our aim was to study whether prematurity, associated with prenatal and neonatal risk factors, affects specific literacy skills among schoolchildren born at a very low gestational age (VLGA) of <32 weeks. METHODS:The study group comprised 76 prospectively followed VLGA children born between November 1998 and November 2002 at Oulu University ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
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The type and timing of patent ductus arteriosus treatment was associated with neurodevelopment when extremely preterm infants reached 6.5 years.

Anna Gudmundsdottir, Lina Broström, Beatrice Skiöld, Karin Källén, Fredrik Serenius, Mikael Norman, Ulrika Ådén, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy,

AIM:This study investigated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treatment and neurodevelopmental outcomes when extremely preterm born children reached 6.5 years. METHOD:Our cohort was 435 children with neonatal PDA treatment data and neurodevelopmental follow-up data, born in 2004-2007, who participated in the Extremely Preterm Infants in Sweden Study. Pharmacological or surgical PDA ... Read more >>

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Is foetal alcohol syndrome in children as old as alcohol consumption?

Frida Dangardt, Tanya Chikritzhs,

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
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The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown in Italy on a pediatric emergency setting.

Giorgio Cozzi, Chiara Zanchi, Manuela Giangreco, Ingrid Rabach, Lorenzo Calligaris, Rita Giorgi, Mariasole Conte, Valentina Moressa, Anna Delise, Federico Poropat,

Italy has been one of countries most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the Government instituted a strict national lockdown on 9 March 2020 to limit the spread. Healthcare services were only open for emergencies or undelayable needs. This study describes the impact of the lockdown on the tertiary level ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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The early experiences of a single tertiary Italian emergency department treating COVID-19 in children.

Giacomo Brisca, Marta Ferretti, Giulia Sartoris, Maria Beatrice Damasio, Isabella Buffoni, Daniela Pirlo, Marta Romanengo, Emanuela Piccotti,

Italy has been badly affected by COVID-19, despite strict quarantine measures. Up to 1 June 2020, 2.1% of the positive cases in Italy were aged 0-18 years, with no paediatric deaths (1). This paper focuses on the clinical features, laboratory and imaging data and outcomes of 24 patients admitted to ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Systematic review showed that low and moderate prenatal alcohol and nicotine exposure affected early child development.

Pia Römer, Birgit Mathes, Tilman Reinelt, Polina Stoyanova, Franz Petermann, Claudia Zierul,

AIM:We systematically reviewed the literature on the influence of low and moderate amounts of prenatal alcohol and nicotine exposure on early child development. This paper also suggests possible directions for future research in order to tackle the controversial findings identified. METHODS:The PubMed and Web of Science electronic databases were searched ... Read more >>

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Suctioning at birth showed low adherence to official recommendations in a low-resource setting.

Francesco Cavallin, Shaimaa Abuelnoor Ahmed Abdelghany, Serena Calgaro, Amir Hussein Abubacar Seni, Bonifacio Rodriguez Cebola, Giovanni Putoto, Daniele Trevisanuto,

Education on neonatal resuscitation is most urgent in settings with poor access to intrapartum obstetric care, where immediate postnatal mortality can be reduced by 30% with basic training in neonatal resuscitation. Management of newborns at birth includes different interventions based on progressive steps (initial steps, ventilation, chest compressions, and medications). ... Read more >>

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Ibuprofen in needle procedures in children with cancer - a feasibility and pilot study.

T Kamsvåg, L Hedén, L von Essesn, G Ljungman,

AIM:To investigate the feasibility, and perform a pilot study, of a randomized clinical trial, investigating whether children experience less pain, fear and/or distress when they receive oral ibuprofen vs. placebo before a needle is inserted in a subcutaneously implanted intravenous port. METHODS:23 children were included consecutively and randomized to either ... Read more >>

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Promoting attachment between parents and neonates despite the COVID-19 pandemic.

Charlotte Tscherning, Jacques Sizun, Pierre Kuhn,

Social distancing is the only option available during the COVID-19 pandemic until a vaccine is developed. However, this is having a major impact on human relationships and bonding between parents and neonates is a major concern. Separation during this health emergency could have lifelong consequences for offspring and there are ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Response to: Final-year pharmacy and medical students do not recognize "red flags" in childhood fever.

Krishan Lodhia, Karanjeet Singh Sagoo, Jan Sindhar,

Harsanyi et al. discuss the preparedness of final-year students for consultation on childhood fever. As fourth-year medical students with an interest in paediatrics, this is particularly relevant and we concur with the notion that increased practical university training is required. Whilst the study was thorough, we believe a similar analysis ... Read more >>

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Disease and age-related inequalities in paediatric research, funding and communication: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Danilo Buonsenso,

COVID-19 has already caused millions of infections, thousands of deaths and countless indirect and poorly estimated consequences on other diseases and the global economy. All ages are potentially susceptible, but the virus has had a lower direct impact on children, with fewer severe cases and low mortality rates. However, the ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Response to 'Final-year pharmacy and medical students do not recognize "red flags" in childhood fever'.

Amir Reza Akbari, Benyamin Alam, Ahmed Ageed,

As fourth year medical students studying in the United Kingdom, we found the article 'Final-year pharmacy and medical students do not recognize "red flags" in childhood fever', by Dr Astrid Bertsche et al to be of great interest to us. The main limitations identified in this report were the design ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Gradual decline in outpatient antibiotic prescriptions in pediatrics: a data warehouse-based 11-year cohort study.

Leslie Grammatico-Guillon, S Reza Jafarzadeh, Emeline Laurent, Kimberly Shea, Jeremy Pasco, Pascal Astagneau, William Adams, Stephen Pelton,

AIM:To describe trends in antibiotic (AB) prescriptions in children in primary care over 11 years, using a large data warehouse. METHODS:A retrospective cohort study assessed outpatient AB prescriptions 2007-2017, using the Massachusetts Health Disparities Repository. The evolution of pediatric outpatient AB prescriptions was assessed using time series analyses through annual ... Read more >>

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Response to: SIDS or Suffocation - The Problem Continues.

Niamh O' Brien, Cliona McGarvey, Karina Hamilton, Breda Hayes,

In many countries, a death cannot be ascribed to SIDS without an examination of the circumstances of death, including the death scene, by trained personnel. The death scene investigation examines all aspects of the infants past medical history, recent medical encounters, and last sleep. In Ireland there is no standardised ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
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SIDS or Suffocation - The Problem Continues.

Roger W Byard,

The study by O'Brien et al focuses on a very important aspect of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) education and research, parental awareness of risk factors. ... Read more >>

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The aim of our feverish child simulation was to identify shortcomings in university training.

J Harsanyi, T Bertsche, W Kiess, A Bertsche, M P Neininger,

In their letter, Akhbari et al (1) asked whether simulating a consultation was an appropriate way to assess students' skills, as they are likely to underperform in a simulated setting. We agree that a simulated consultation creates a stressful setting for students. ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia predicted at birth by artificial intelligence.

Henrik Verder, Christian Heiring, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Nikolaos Scoutaris, Povl Verder, Torben E Jessen, Agnar Höskuldsson, Lars Bender, Marianne Dahl, Christian Eschen, Jesper Fenger-Grøn, Jes Reinholdt, Heidi Smedegaard, Peter Schousboe,

AIM:To develop a fast bedside test for prediction and early targeted intervention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) to improve the outcome. METHODS:In a multicentre study of preterm infants with gestational age 24-31 weeks, clinical data present at birth were combined with spectral data of gastric aspirate samples taken at birth and ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Paediatric COVID-19 admissions in a region with open schools during the two first months of the pandemic.

Helena Hildenwall, Joachim Luthander, Samuel Rhedin, Olof Hertting, Selma Olsson-Åkefeldt, Erik Melén, Tobias Alfvén, Eric Herlenius, Malin Ryd Rinder,

According to the United Nations Educational, Science and Cultural Organization, 194 countries had implemented country-wide school closures by April 1st 2020 in an effort to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. It's estimated that those closures affected 91.3% of students across the globe. However, Sweden adopted a different approach to the strict ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Epidemiology and management of appendicular fractures occurring in neonatal intensive care patients.

Brendan A Williams, Christopher A Makarewich, Diana C Montoya-Williams, Arielle Krakow, Janet Lioy, B David Horn,

AIM:To describe the epidemiology and management of appendicular fractures occurring in the neonatal ICU in a large series of patients treated a single, quaternary care neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS:Patients <1 years old with appendicular fractures treated from 2012 to 2016 at a quaternary-level NICU were identified. Bivariate testing compared fractures, ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Quality of life was similar in children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and oesophageal atresia and related to respiratory morbidity.

Laura Darmaun, Stephanie Lejeune, Elodie Drumez, Sebastien Mur, Fanny de Langle, Véronique Nève, Laurent Storme, Laurent Michaud, Frederic Gottrand, Caroline Thumerelle, Antoine Deschildre,

AIM:To assess quality of life (QoL) in children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and to compare it with oesophageal atresia (OA). METHODS:A cross-sectional study in CDH children (≥ 7 years) was conducted in Lille University Hospital, France, from January 2013 to April 2014. History, lung function (rest, exercise), Pediatric Quality ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Palliative and end of life care for a child: understanding parents' coping strategies.

A S Darlington, D Randall, L Leppard, M Koh,

AIM:Understanding of coping strategies that parents use before the death of their child is crucial, and will enable us to best provide support. The current study aimed to explore parents' coping strategies, and map these onto an existing theoretical framework. METHODS:Bereaved parents and parents of a child with a life-limiting/threatening ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Outcome Estimator in Current Neonatal Practice.

Elizabeth K Baker, Peter G Davis,

Predicting an infant's risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is challenging, particularly during the first weeks after birth. However, strategies to prevent BPD may have most benefit if delivered during this period. A tool assessing BPD risk would prove valuable to clinicians and researchers - aiding clinical decisions and developing eligibility ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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The Dutch well child language screening protocol for two-year-old children was valid for detecting current and later language problems.

Margot Visser-Bochane, Margreet Luinge, Liesbeth Dieleman, Cees van der Schans, Sijmen Reijneveld,

AIM:Little is known about predictive validity of and professionals' adherence to language screening protocols. This study assessed the concurrent and predictive validity of the Dutch well child language screening protocol for two-year-old children and the effects of protocol deviations by professionals. METHODS:A prospective cohort study of 124 children recruited and ... Read more >>

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[2020, :]

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Prolonged abnormal isolated aminotransferase levels in healthy children is a benign condition.

Ramit Magen-Rimon, Ron Shaoul,

AIM:Hypertransaminasemia is common incidental finding in children. It has been demonstrated that even prolonged elevation usually resolves spontaneously without clear etiology. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a longer follow up period, on a larger group, supports the previous findings. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed medical charts of children ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, :]

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The mean age of menarche among Chinese schoolgirls declined by six months* from 2005 to 2014.

Y T Lei, D M Luo, X J Yan, J S Zhang, P J Hu, J Ma, Y Song, Wcl Patrick,

AIM:This study assessed the trends in the age at menarche in Chinese schoolgirls from the majority Han group and 21 ethnic minorities from 2005- 2014. We also compared the group differences during the study period. METHODS:A total of 344,230 girls aged 9-18 years were extracted from the 2005, 2010 and ... Read more >>

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