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Innervation

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Visualization of binding patterns for five Leucine-rich repeat proteins in the Drosophila embryo.

Namrata Bali, Kai Zinn,

MicroPubl Biol (microPublication biology)
[2019, 2019:]

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Dual Innervation of Free Functional Muscle Flaps in Facial Paralysis.

Michael J Klebuc, Amy S Xue, Andres F Doval,

Dual innervation in free muscle flap facial reanimation has been used to create a functional synergy between the powerful commissure excursion that can be achieved with the masseter nerve and the spontaneity that can be derived from a cross-face nerve graft. The gracilis has been the most frequently used muscle ... Read more >>

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am (Facial plastic surgery clinics of North America)
[2021, 29(3):431-438]

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An Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Hydrogel Promotes Intervertebral Disc Repair in a Rabbit Model.

Masahiro Inoue, Isma Liza Mohd Isa, Sumihisa Orita, Miyako Suzuki-Narita, Kazuhide Inage, Yasuhiro Shiga, Masaki Norimoto, Tomotaka Umimura, Takayuki Sakai, Yawara Eguchi, Atsuya Watanabe, Yasuchika Aoki, Abhay Pandit, Seiji Ohtori,

<h4>Study design</h4>An in vivo model to study the effect of an injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel following puncture-induced lumbar disc injury in rabbits.<h4>Objectives</h4>The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of an injectable HA hydrogel to maintain disc height and tissue hydration, promote structural repair, and attenuate inflammation ... Read more >>

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) (Spine)
[2021, 46(15):E810-E816]

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A ketogenic diet reduces mechanical allodynia and improves epidermal innervation in diabetic mice.

Jonathan Enders, Matthew Taylor Swanson, Janelle Ryals, Douglas Wright,

<h4>Abstract</h4>Dietary interventions are promising approaches to treat pain associated with metabolic changes because they impact both metabolic and neural components contributing to painful neuropathy. Here, we tested whether consumption of a ketogenic diet could affect sensation, pain, and epidermal innervation loss in type 1 diabetic mice. C57Bl/6 mice were rendered ... Read more >>

Pain (Pain)
[2021, :]

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Morphologic classification and innervation patterns of the pectineus muscle.

Hankyu Kim, Won Kyu Kim, Yi-Suk Kim, Yong Seok Nam,

The purpose of this study was to identify the frequency of pectineal hiatus and of pectineus innervations, including femoral, obturator, and/or accessory obturator nerves. Also, this study sought to detailed intramuscular nervous distributions, with a particular focus on the relationship of nerves in multi-innervated pectineus. One hundred (49 right and ... Read more >>

Anat Sci Int (Anatomical science international)
[2021, :]

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Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System and Ventricular Arrhythmias: The Role of Radionuclide Molecular Imaging

Andreas Fesas, Evanthia Giannoula, Alexis Vrachimis, Argyrios Doumas, Christian Wenning, Matthaios Didagelos, Ioannis Iakovou,

Widely established compared to myocardial perfusion imaging, cardiac autonomous nervous system (CANS) assessment by radiopharmaceutical means is of potential use especially to arrhythmogenic diseases not correlated with anatomic or functional alterations revealed by classical imaging techniques. Molecular imaging of both pre- and postsynaptic functions of the autonomous nervous system is ... Read more >>

Diagnostics (Basel) (Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland))
[2021, 11(7):]

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Disorganization and degeneration of liver sympathetic innervations in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease revealed by 3D imaging.

Csaba Adori, Teresa Daraio, Raoul Kuiper, Swapnali Barde, Lubica Horvathova, Takashi Yoshitake, Robert Ihnatko, Ismael Valladolid-Acebes, Pauline Vercruysse, Ashley M Wellendorf, Roberto Gramignoli, Bela Bozoky, Jan Kehr, Elvar Theodorsson, Jose A Cancelas, Boris Mravec, Carl Jorns, Ewa Ellis, Jan Mulder, Mathias Uhlén, Christina Bark, Tomas Hökfelt,

Hepatic nerves have a complex role in synchronizing liver metabolism. Here, we used three-dimensional (3D) immunoimaging to explore the integrity of the hepatic nervous system in experimental and human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We demonstrate parallel signs of mild degeneration and axonal sprouting of sympathetic innervations in early stages ... Read more >>

Sci Adv (Science advances)
[2021, 7(30):]

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Sympathetic Innervation of White Adipose Tissue: to Beige or Not to Beige?

Heike Münzberg, Elizabeth Floyd, Ji Suk Chang,

Obesity research progresses in understanding neuronal circuits and adipocyte biology to regulate metabolism. However, the interface of neuro-adipocyte interaction is less studied. We summarize the current knowledge of adipose tissue innervation and interaction with adipocytes and emphasize adipocyte transitions from white to brown adipocytes and vice versa. We further highlight ... Read more >>

Physiology (Bethesda) (Physiology (Bethesda, Md.))
[2021, 36(4):246-255]

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Corticoreticulospinal tract neurophysiology in an arm and hand muscle in healthy and stroke subjects.

Myriam Taga, Charalambos C Charalambous, Sharmila Raju, Jing Lin, Yian Zhang, Elisa Stern, Heidi M Schambra,

<h4>Key points</h4>The corticoreticulospinal tract (CReST) is a descending motor pathway that reorganizes after corticospinal tract (CST) injury in animals. In humans, the pattern of CReST innervation to upper limb muscles has not been carefully examined in healthy individuals or individuals with CST injury. In this study we assessed CReST projections ... Read more >>

J Physiol (The Journal of physiology)
[2021, :]

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Hif-1α is not required for the development of cardiac adrenergic control in zebrafish (Danio rerio).

William Joyce, Steve F Perry,

Adrenergic regulation, acting via the sympathetic nervous system, provides a major mechanism to control cardiac function. It has recently been shown that hypoxia inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) is necessary for normal development of sympathetic innervation and control of cardiac function in the mouse. To investigate whether this may represent a fundamental ... Read more >>

J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol (Journal of experimental zoology. Part A, Ecological and integrative physiology)
[2021, 335(7):623-631]

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Immunohistochemical Investigation of Autonomic and Sensory Innervation of Anterior Vaginal Wall Female Periurethral Tissue: A Study of the Surgical Field of Mid-Urethral Sling Surgery Using Cadaveric Simulation.

Olivia Giovannetti, Diane Tomalty, Dionne Gaudet, Diandra Clohosey, Autumn Forster, Madeline Monaghan, Marie Andrée Harvey, Shawna Johnston, Barry Komisaruk, Sue Goldstein, Johanna Hannan, Irwin Goldstein, Michael A Adams,

<h4>Background</h4>Female sexual dysfunction, including female orgasm disorder, has been reported following mid-urethral sling (MUS) surgery to treat bothersome stress urinary incontinence. Anterior vaginal wall-female periurethral tissue (AVW-FPT) likely contains autonomic and sensory innervation involved in the female sexual response, and injury to these nerves may result from MUS implantation.<h4>Aim</h4>To characterize, ... Read more >>

J Sex Med (The journal of sexual medicine)
[2021, 18(7):1167-1180]

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The intact parasympathetic nerve promotes submandibular gland regeneration through ductal cell proliferation.

Xue Wang, Zhilin Li, Qi Shao, Chunmei Zhang, Jinsong Wang, Zhengxue Han, Songlin Wang, Lizheng Qin,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Salivary gland regeneration is closely related to the parasympathetic nerve; however, the mechanism behind this relationship is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the parasympathetic nerve and morphological differences during salivary gland regeneration.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>We used a duct ligation/deligation-induced submandibular gland regeneration model ... Read more >>

Cell Prolif (Cell proliferation)
[2021, 54(7):e13078]

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Simultaneous herpes zoster rash in the upper extremity and interscapular region that resembles innervation zone of the dorsal ramus of the cervical nerve root: a case report.

Hiroshi Nomura, Shigeharu Nomura,

In daily medical practice, scapular pain associated with cervical radiculopathy is commonly seen prior to the onset of pain of the upper extremity; however, the cause of the scapular pain is uncertain. We report a case of herpes zoster with simultaneous skin rash in both the upper extremity and interscapular ... Read more >>

AME Case Rep (AME case reports)
[2021, 5:25]

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Evidence of a new hidden neural network into deep fasciae.

Caterina Fede, Lucia Petrelli, Diego Guidolin, Andrea Porzionato, Carmelo Pirri, Chenglei Fan, Raffaele De Caro, Carla Stecco,

It is recognized that different fasciae have different type of innervation, but actually nothing is known about the specific innervation of the two types of deep fascia, aponeurotic and epymisial fascia. In this work the aponeurotic thoracolumbar fascia and the epymisial gluteal fascia of seven adult C57-BL mice were analysed ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):12623]

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Testosterone Treatment Mimics Seasonal Downregulation of Dopamine Innervation in the Auditory System of Female Midshipman Fish.

Jonathan T Perelmuter, Kelsey N Hom, Robert A Mohr, Lina Demis, Spencer Kim, Alena Chernenko, Miky Timothy, Mollie A Middleton, Joseph A Sisneros, Paul M Forlano,

In seasonally breeding vertebrates, hormones coordinate changes in nervous system structure and function to facilitate reproductive readiness and success. Steroid hormones often exert their effects indirectly via regulation of neuromodulators, which in turn can coordinate the modulation of sensory input with appropriate motor output. Female plainfin midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus) ... Read more >>

Integr Comp Biol (Integrative and comparative biology)
[2021, 61(1):269-282]

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A rare variation of the glossopharyngeal nerve.

Yusra Mansour, Randy Kulesza,

The glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX) provides innervation to the parotid gland, carotid body/sinus, mucosa of the middle ear, tongue and oropharynx and the stylopharyngeus muscle. The vagus nerve provides innervation to the remaining skeletal muscle of the pharynx. CN IX contributes to the pharyngeal plexus and normally provides innervation to ... Read more >>

Anat Cell Biol (Anatomy & cell biology)
[2021, 54(2):285-288]

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The Hepatic Nervous System in Development, Regeneration, and Disease.

Bess M Miller, Isaac M Oderberg, Wolfram Goessling,

The liver is innervated by autonomic and sensory fibers of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems that regulate liver function, regeneration, and disease. Although the importance of the hepatic nervous system in maintaining and restoring liver homeostasis is increasingly appreciated, much remains unknown about the specific mechanisms by which hepatic ... Read more >>

Hepatology (Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.))
[2021, :]

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Esophageal afferent innervation and its role in gastro-esophageal reflux disease symptoms.

Ahsen Ustaoglu, Philip Woodland,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Despite the wide prevalence of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying heartburn perception in the esophagus of patients with GERD remains incompletely understood. Recent studies have highlighted the potential influence sensory afferent nerves innervating the oesophageal epithelium may have on heartburn pathogenesis. The purpose of this ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Gastroenterol (Current opinion in gastroenterology)
[2021, 37(4):372-377]

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Sarcopenia: What Is the Origin of This Aging-Induced Disorder?

Thomas Gustafsson, Brun Ulfhake,

We here review the loss of muscle function and mass (sarcopenia) in the framework of human healthspan and lifespan, and mechanisms involved in aging. The rapidly changing composition of the human population will impact the incidence and the prevalence of aging-induced disorders such as sarcopenia and, henceforth, efforts to narrow ... Read more >>

Front Genet (Frontiers in genetics)
[2021, 12:688526]

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Sympathetic innervation of the mouse kidney and liver arising from prevertebral ganglia.

Hayden Torres, Clara Huesing, David H Burk, Adrien Jr Molinas, Winfried Neuhuber, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud, Heike Munzberg, Andrei V Derbenev, Andrea Zsombok,

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) plays a crucial role in the regulation of renal and hepatic functions. While sympathetic nerves to the kidney and liver have been identified in many species; specific details are lacking in the mouse. In the absence of detailed information of sympathetic prevertebral innervation of specific ... Read more >>

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol (American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology)
[2021, :]

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An early cortical progenitor-specific mechanism regulates thalamocortical innervation.

Suranjana Pal, Deepanjali Dwivedi, Tuli Pramanik, Geeta Godbole, Takuji Iwasato, Denis Jabaudon, Upinder S Bhalla, Shubha Tole,

The cortical subplate is critical in regulating the entry of thalamocortical sensory afferents into the cortex. These afferents reach the subplate at embryonic day (E)15.5 in the mouse, but "wait" for several days, entering the cortical plate postnatally. We report that when transcription factor Lhx2 is lost in E11.5 cortical ... Read more >>

J Neurosci (The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience)
[2021, :]

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Characterization of Individual Projections Reveal That Neuromasts of the Zebrafish Lateral Line are Innervated by Multiple Inhibitory Efferent Cells.

Remy Manuel, Ana Belen Iglesias Gonzalez, Judith Habicher, Harmen Kornelis Koning, Henrik Boije,

The zebrafish lateral line is a sensory system used to detect changes in water flow. It is comprized of clusters of superficial hair cells called neuromasts. Modulation occurs via excitatory and inhibitory efferent neurons located in the brain. Using mosaic transgenic labeling we provide an anatomical overview of the lateral ... Read more >>

Front Neuroanat (Frontiers in neuroanatomy)
[2021, 15:666109]

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The Bicentenary of Bell's Description of the Neuroanatomical Basis of Facial Paralysis: Historical Remarks.

Giovanna Cantarella, Riccardo F Mazzola,

Charles Bell was a talented and versatile Scottish anatomist, neurophysiologist, artist, and surgeon. On July 12, 1821, he reported his studies regarding facial innervation in the essay "On the Nerves," read before the Royal Society in London. Since then, idiopathic peripheral facial paralysis has been named "Bell's palsy." He was ... Read more >>

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery)
[2021, :1945998211032172]

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Methylene blue enhances polyethylene glycol-fusion repair of completely severed rat sciatic nerves.

Cameron L Ghergherehchi, Jaimie T Shores, Joseph Alderete, Erik K Weitzel, George D Bittner,

Complete transection of peripheral mixed nerves immediately produces loss of sensory perception, muscle contractions and voluntary behavior mediated by the severed distal axons. In contrast to natural regeneration (~1 mm/d) of proximal axons that may eventually reinnervate denervated targets, re-innervation is restored within minutes by PEG-fusion that consists of neurorrhaphy ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2021, 16(10):2056-2063]

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Pelvic Floor Dysfunction After Hysterectomy: Moving the Investigation Forward.

Valerie Chen, Laura Shackelford, Marta Spain,

The role of hysterectomy in the development of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) remains widely disputed. The controversy is fueled by two key factors. The first is conflicting association studies that make it difficult to establish whether a link truly exists. Although many retrospective studies report a correlation between hysterectomy and ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2021, 13(6):e15661]

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