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Inhalants other than personal cigarette smoking and risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis.

Lauren C Prisco, Lily W Martin, Jeffrey A Sparks,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The current review summarizes the current evidence on inhalants other than personal cigarette smoking and risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RECENT FINDINGS:Personal cigarette smoking has been implicated as an environmental risk factor for seropositive RA, perhaps by inducing autoimmunity at pulmonary mucosa. Since many patients with RA ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Rheumatol (Current opinion in rheumatology)
[2020, 32(3):279-288]

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Adrenoleukodystrophy presenting as glue sniffing.

Rajesh Kumar Meher, Rajeswari Aghoram, Pradeep Pankajakshan Nair,

Adrenoleukodystrophy classically presents in childhood with bronze skin, spastic tetraparesis, dysphagia, behavioural abnormalities and adrenal insufficiency. However, atypical presentations are known. Here we report an adolescent with adrenoleukodystrophy who first sought medical attention for glue sniffing. ... Read more >>

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2020, 13(3):]

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Puffy hands and periosteal hyperostosis from inhalant abuse.

Chen Xie, Meika Fang,

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2020, 13(1):]

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Eczema phenotypes and risk of allergic and respiratory conditions in school age children.

Chen Hu, Tamar Nijsten, Evelien R van Meel, Nicole S Erler, Christophe Piketty, Nicolette W de Jong, Suzanne G M A Pasmans, Johan C de Jongste, Liesbeth Duijts,

Background:Eczema phenotypes based on eczema onset and persistence might better identify groups prone to allergic and respiratory conditions than a binary definition of eczema. We examined the associations of childhood eczema phenotypes with allergic sensitization, allergy, asthma and lung function at school age. Methods:This study among 4277 children was embedded ... Read more >>

Clin Transl Allergy (Clinical and translational allergy)
[2020, 10:7]

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Endotoxin clustering with allergens in house dust and asthma outcomes in a U.S. national study.

Angelico Mendy, Jesse Wilkerson, Pӓivi M Salo, Darryl C Zeldin, Peter S Thorne,

BACKGROUND:Endotoxin is ubiquitous in the environment, but its clustering with indoor allergens is not well characterized. This study examined the clustering patterns of endotoxin with allergens in house dust and their association with asthma outcomes. METHODS:We analyzed data from 6963 participants of the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. ... Read more >>

Environ Health (Environmental health : a global access science source)
[2020, 19(1):35]

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Prevalence of and Factors Contributing to Glue Sniffing in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Region: A Scoping Review and Meta-analysis.

Khadeeja Munawar, Fahad Riaz Choudhry, Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Tahir Mehmood Khan,

Background: Although glue sniffing has been linked with significant morbidity and mortality, it is still under-researched and poorly recognized issue globally. Objective: A scoping review was performed to identify the factors and outcomes related to glue sniffing in India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Methods: Ten databases; Medline via Ovid, Google ... Read more >>

Subst Use Misuse (Substance use & misuse)
[2020, 55(5):752-762]

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Fractional exhaled nitric oxide and forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity have predictive value of asthma exacerbation in Korean school children.

Min-Gyu Kang, Shin-Ae Yoon, Ju-Han Sim, Sung-Il Woo,

Background:The incidence of asthma exacerbation (AE) and the predictive value of spirometry and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in school children have not been evaluated. Objective:We sought to evaluate the efficacy of spirometry measurement and FeNO monitoring for predicting AE in school children in the Cheongju area in Korea. Methods:With ... Read more >>

Asia Pac Allergy (Asia Pacific allergy)
[2020, 10(1):e7]

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Diverse sleep patterns, psychiatric disorders, and perceived stress in inhalants users living on the streets of Mexico City.

Guadalupe Terán-Pérez, Yoaly Arana, Lorena Paredes, Daniel Atilano-Barbosa, Javier Velázquez-Moctezuma, Roberto E Mercadillo,

Homeless people face stressful circumstances influencing drug consumption, mental health, and sleep disorders. We performed an interdisciplinary study involving psychometric, polysomnographic, and ethnographic records to relate stress, psychiatric disorders, drug consumption, and sleep in ten people (four women, M = 32 y/o) living on the streets of Mexico City. Toluene-based inhalant ... Read more >>

Sleep Health (Sleep health)
[2019, :]

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The influence of Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus on childhood respiratory health: A population-based prospective cohort study.

Evelien R van Meel, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Irwin K M Reiss, Menno C van Zelm, Johan C de Jongste, Henriëtte A Moll, Liesbeth Duijts,

BACKGROUND:Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are common in early childhood. CMV infection favours a T-helper-1 and EBV infection a T-helper-2 cell response, possibly leading to disbalanced T-helper cell response, and subsequent risk of asthma or atopy. OBJECTIVE:To study the associations of EBV and CMV with lung function, asthma ... Read more >>

Clin. Exp. Allergy (Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology)
[2020, 50(4):499-507]

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Trends in the use of mind-altering drugs among European adolescents during the Great Recession.

Nicoletta Balbo, Piergiorgio Carapella, Veronica Toffolutti,

Despite the growing evidence of health-responses to macroeconomic fluctuations, little research has been carried out on the economic reflexes of licit and illicit drug-consumption, especially among teenagers. This paper uses data on adolescents between 15 and 17 years old from 25 European countries to test, if and how, the substance-use ... Read more >>

Health Policy (Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands))
[2020, :]

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The filter-feeding bivalve Mytilus chilensis capture pelagic stages of Caligus rogercresseyi: A potential controller of the sea lice fish parasites.

Jaime A Montory, Oscar R Chaparro, Andres Averbuj, Luis P Salas-Yanquin, Joseline A Büchner-Miranda, Paulina Gebauer, Juan P Cumillaf, Edgardo Cruces,

The copepod Caligus rogercresseyi is an ectoparasite of several salmonid species. The pumping activity of filter-feeding molluscs could reduce the abundance of copepod dispersive larval stages in the water column. In this research, nauplius II and copepodid larvae of C. rogercresseyi were exposed to filtering mussels (Mytilus chilensis) of different ... Read more >>

J. Fish Dis. (Journal of fish diseases)
[2020, 43(4):475-484]

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Venous thrombosis after nitrous oxide abuse, a case report.

David N Pratt, Kevin Charles Patterson, Kai Quin,

Nitrous oxide is a commonly abused inhalant by adolescents and young adults. There is limited data describing the adverse effects of nitrous oxide abuse, known colloquially as "whippets". We present a 21-year-old female with no medical history who presented to the emergency department for confusion, hallucinations, weakness, and falls. She ... Read more >>

J. Thromb. Thrombolysis (Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis)
[2019, :]

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Prevalence of glue-sniffing among street children.

Sanjay Kumar Sah, Nira Neupane, Anupama Pradhan Thaiba, Sabita Shah, Asha Sharma,

Aim:The aim was to determine the prevalence of glue-sniffing among street children. Design:A descriptive cross-sectional study design was adopted. Background:Children are the source of hope and could be the major ailments for the development of society, nation and the world but there are large numbers of children on the street ... Read more >>

Nurs Open (Nursing open)
[2020, 7(1):206-211]

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Allergy immunotherapy for inhalant allergens: Strategies to minimize adverse reactions.

Harold S Nelson,

Background: Allergy immunotherapy (AIT), both subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), is an effective and safe treatment for allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma due to inhalant allergens. However, there are many variables in how it is administered. Objective: To review the evidence that suggests the optimal practice(s) to minimize ... Read more >>

Allergy Asthma Proc (Allergy and asthma proceedings)
[2020, 41(1):38-44]

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Allergy immunotherapy for inhalant allergens: Strategies to improve efficacy.

Harold S Nelson,

Background: Allergy immunotherapy (AIT), both subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), is an effective and safe treatment for allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma due to inhalant allergens. However, there are many variables in how it is administered. Objective: To review the evidence that suggests the optimum practices to enhance ... Read more >>

Allergy Asthma Proc (Allergy and asthma proceedings)
[2020, 41(1):26-37]

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Innovative Identification of Substance Use Predictors: Machine Learning in a National Sample of Mexican Children.

Alejandro L Vázquez, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez, Tyson S Barrett, Sarah Schwartz, Nancy G Amador Buenabad, Marycarmen N Bustos Gamiño, María de Lourdes Gutiérrez López, Jorge A Villatoro Velázquez,

Machine learning provides a method of identifying factors that discriminate between substance users and non-users potentially improving our ability to match need with available prevention services within context with limited resources. Our aim was to utilize machine learning to identify high impact factors that best discriminate between substance users and ... Read more >>

Prev Sci (Prevention science : the official journal of the Society for Prevention Research)
[2020, 21(2):171-181]

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Vitamin B12 supplementation futile for preventing demyelination in ongoing nitrous oxide misuse.

Christopher Blair, Chris Tremonti, Leon Edwards, Paul S Haber, G Michael Halmagyi,

Med. J. Aust. (The Medical journal of Australia)
[2019, 211(9):428-428.e1]

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Virus, allergic sensitisation and cortisol in infant bronchiolitis and risk of early asthma.

Jon Olav Gjengstø Hunderi, Leif Bjarte Rolfsjord, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, René Holst, Egil Bakkeheim, Teresa Løvold Berents, Kai-Håkon Carlsen, Håvard Ove Skjerven,

Background:Acute bronchiolitis during infancy and human rhinovirus (HRV) lower respiratory tract infections increases the risk of asthma in atopic children. We aimed to explore whether specific viruses, allergic sensitisation or cortisol levels during acute bronchiolitis in infancy increase the risk of early asthma, using recurrent wheeze as a proxy. Methods:In ... Read more >>

ERJ Open Res (ERJ open research)
[2020, 6(1):]

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Duration of allergen immunotherapy for inhalant allergy.

Martin Penagos, Stephen R Durham,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:We evaluated the time-course of clinical and immunologic changes that occur during and after cessation of sublingual and subcutaneous allergen immunotherapy for inhalant allergies. RECENT FINDINGS:Increases in production of inhibitory cytokines, such as IL-10 and allergen-specific IgE and IgG4 antibodies are induced within weeks of starting immunotherapy for ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol (Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology)
[2019, 19(6):594-605]

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Estimating the size of substance using street children in Delhi using Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS).

Anju Dhawan, Ashwani Kumar Mishra, Atul Ambekar, Biswadip Chatterjee, Alok Agrawal, Rachna Bhargava,

Street children as a population sub-group exist in significant numbers in the developing world and have been reported to be vulnerable to adverse health and risk behaviours that include physical and sexual risk behaviour. However, the estimation of prevalence for various psychoactive substances among the street children in a representative ... Read more >>

Asian J Psychiatr (Asian journal of psychiatry)
[2019, 48:101890]

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The effect of adolescent inhalant abuse on energy balance and growth.

Rose Crossin, Ashleigh Qama, Zane B Andrews, Andrew J Lawrence, Jhodie R Duncan,

The abuse of volatile solvents such as toluene is a significant public health concern, predominantly affecting adolescents. To date, inhalant abuse research has primarily focused on the central nervous system; however, inhalants also exert effects on other organ systems and processes, including metabolic function and energy balance. Adolescent inhalant abuse ... Read more >>

Pharmacol Res Perspect (Pharmacology research & perspectives)
[2019, 7(4):e00498]

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The effect of intravenous maropitant on blood pressure in healthy awake and anesthetized dogs.

Ting-Ting Chi, Bonnie L Hay Kraus,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effects of intravenous maropitant on arterial blood pressure in healthy dogs while awake and under general anesthesia. DESIGN:Experimental crossover study. ANIMALS:Eight healthy adult Beagle dogs. PROCEDURE:All dogs received maropitant (1 mg kg-1) intravenously under the following conditions: 1) awake with non-invasive blood pressure monitoring (AwNIBP), 2) awake ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(2):e0229736]

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Increasing illicit use of nitrous oxide in presentations to NSW emergency departments.

Anna Bethmont, Claire E Harper, Betty Sh Chan, Andrew H Dawson, Jeremy McAnulty,

Med. J. Aust. (The Medical journal of Australia)
[2019, 211(9):429-429.e1]

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The Abused Inhalant Toluene Impairs Medial Prefrontal Cortex Activity and Risk/Reward Decision-Making during a Probabilistic Discounting Task.

Kevin M Braunscheidel, Michael P Okas, Michaela Hoffman, Patrick J Mulholland, Stan B Floresco, John J Woodward,

Inhalant (e.g., toluene) misuse is linked to behavioral and cognitive deficits in humans, yet preclinical studies of the effect of inhalants on higher-order cognition are limited. We addressed this gap in the literature by examining the effect of toluene vapor exposure on risk/reward decision-making in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats ... Read more >>

J. Neurosci. (The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience)
[2019, 39(46):9207-9220]

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IgE-sensitization to food and inhalant allergens in IBD patients compared with normal blood donors at Oslo University Hospital, Norway.

Egil Johnson, Stig Palm Therkelsen, Ivo Nentwich, Lise Sofie Haug Nissen-Meyer, Geir Hetland,

Objectives: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) have been regarded as autoimmune Th-1/Th-17- and Th-2-associated conditions, respectively. The aim of the study was to examine possible differences in allergen sensitization between these diseases and relative to normal blood donors (BD). Materials and methods: Plasma from 29 UC and 37 CD ... Read more >>

Scand. J. Gastroenterol. (Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology)
[2019, 54(9):1107-1110]

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