Full Text Journal Articles about
Idiopathic Scoliosis

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Adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis.

Dawn Sibanda, Rosalyn Singleton, John Clark, Christine Desnoyers, Ellen Hodges, Gretchen Day, Gregory Redding,

Recent literature has highlighted the importance of transition from paediatric to adult care for children with chronic conditions. Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is an important cause of respiratory morbidity in low-income countries and in indigenous children from affluent countries; however, there is little information about adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis. We ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1731059]

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Self-Experienced Trunk Appearance in Individuals With and Without Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Panayiotis Savvides, Paul Gerdhem, Anna Grauers, Aina Danielsson, Elias Diarbakerli,

STUDY DESIGN:Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to describe the self-experienced trunk appearance in individuals with and without idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common spinal deformity. A large scoliotic deformity increases the risk of back pain and pulmonary dysfunction. The deformity has also a ... Read more >>

Spine (Spine)
[2020, 45(8):522-527]

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An analysis of clinical risk factors for adolescent scoliosis caused by spinal cord abnormalities in China: proposal for a selective whole-spine MRI examination scheme.

Wei Xu, Xiangyang Zhang, Ying Zhu, Xiaodong Zhu, Zhikun Li, Dachuan Li, Jianjun Jia, Liwei Chen, Silian Wang, Yushu Bai, Ming Li,

BACKGROUND:Approximately 80% of adolescent scoliosis cases are idiopathic, and some non-idiopathic scoliosis cases caused by spinal cord abnormalities are misdiagnosed as idiopathic scoliosis. This study examined the risk factors for non-idiopathic scoliosis with intramedullary abnormalities, explored the feasibility of whole-spine MRI, and provided a theoretical basis for the routine diagnosis ... Read more >>

BMC Musculoskelet Disord (BMC musculoskeletal disorders)
[2020, 21(1):187]

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Outcome measures evaluating physical functioning and their measurement properties in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a protocol for a systematic review.

Samia Alamrani, Alison Rushton, Adrian Gardner, Deborah Falla, Nicola R Heneghan,

INTRODUCTION:Physical functioning (PF) is the ability to carry out the physical activity of daily living. It is an important outcome that provides a meaningful evaluation of individuals' life. PF can be assessed using patient-reported outcome measures, performance-based outcome measures or body structure and function measure. Measures need to be valid, ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(4):e034286]

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Indications of sole lift and foot orthoses in the management of mild idiopathic scoliosis-a review.

Diego Rothschild, Shu Yan Ng, Yin Ling Elaine Ng,

[Purpose] Leg length discrepancy is common among patients with scoliosis. Some studies reported reduced functional scoliosis curves with correction of leg length discrepancy. Others, however, have shown that induced leg length discrepancy has little effects on spinal deformities. Also, small number of studies assessed the use of foot orthoses in ... Read more >>

J Phys Ther Sci (Journal of physical therapy science)
[2020, 32(3):251-256]

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Assessment of Static Plantar Pressure, Stabilometry, Vitamin D and Bone Mineral Density in Female Adolescents with Moderate Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Liliana Cațan, Simona Cerbu, Elena Amaricai, Oana Suciu, Delia Ioana Horhat, Călin Marius Popoiu, Ovidiu Adam, Eugen Boia,

(1) Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can be associated with vitamin D deficiency and osteopenia. Plantar pressure and stabilometry offer important information about posture. The objectives of our study were to compare static plantar pressure and stabilometric parameters, serum 25-OH-vitamin D3 and calcium levels, and bone mineral densitometry expressed as ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(6):]

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Complications following surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis over a 13-year period.

Kenny Y H Kwan, Hui Y Koh, Kathleen M Blanke, Kenneth M C Cheung,

AIMS:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and analyze the trends of surgeon-reported complications following surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) over a 13-year period from the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Morbidity and Mortality database. METHODS:All patients with AIS between ten and 18 years of age, entered ... Read more >>

Bone Joint J (The bone & joint journal)
[2020, 102-B(4):519-523]

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Does static trunk motion analysis reflect its true position during daily activities in adolescent with idiopathic scoliosis?

Sébastien Pesenti, Solène Prost, Vincent Pomero, Guillaume Authier, Lionel Roscigni, Elke Viehweger, Benjamin Blondel, Jean-Luc Jouve,

INTRODUCTION:Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is common condition in pediatric orthopedics that is generally analyzed with standard radiographs. However, the conditions under which the radiographs are made are completely different than the position that patients use during day-to-day activities. We hypothesized that the trunk's static position differs from its dynamic one. The ... Read more >>

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res (Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR)
[2020, :]

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Posterior Correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with High-Density Pedicle Screw-Only Constructs: 5 Years of Follow-Up.

Chang Ju Hwang, Jong Min Baik, Jae Hwan Cho, So Jeong Yoon, Dong Ho Lee, Choon Sung Lee,

PURPOSE:This study aimed to analyze radiological outcomes in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent posterior correction with high-density pedicle screw-only constructs. We hypothesized that high-density pedicle screw-only constructs in AIS would provide a high correction rate and would facilitate the maintenance of the correction or obviate the loss ... Read more >>

Yonsei Med. J. (Yonsei medical journal)
[2020, 61(4):323-330]

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Selection of the lowest instrumented vertebra in main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Is it safe to fuse shorter than the last touched vertebra?

Søren Ohrt-Nissen, Keith D K Luk, Dino Samartzis, Jason Pui Yin Cheung,

HYPOTHESIS:Fusing shorter than the last touched vertebra (LTV) is a safe approach in flexible main thoracic (MT) adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curves. METHODS:This was a prospective study on consecutive AIS patients surgically treated with selective fusion of the MT curve. Fusion-level selection was based on the fulcrum-bending radiograph method. Patients ... Read more >>

Eur Spine J (European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society)
[2020, :]

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Alteration of cortical but not spinal inhibitory circuits in idiopathic scoliosis.

Václav Boček, Martin Krbec, Peter Vaško, Karel Brabec, Markéta Pavlíková, Ivana Štětkářová,

Background: The pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), including the role of brain and spinal inhibitory circuits, is still poorly elucidated. The aim of this study was to identify which central inhibitory mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of AIS.Design: A prospective neurophysiological study, using a battery of neurophysiological tests, ... Read more >>

J Spinal Cord Med (The journal of spinal cord medicine)
[2020, :1-8]

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Clinical and radiological outcomes of minimally-invasive surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis at a minimum two years' follow-up.

Charlotte de Bodman, Alexandre Ansorge, Anne Tabard, Nicolas Amirghasemi, Romain Dayer,

AIMS:The direct posterior approach with subperiosteal dissection of the paraspinal muscles from the vertebrae is considered to be the standard approach for the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). We investigated whether or not a minimally-invasive surgery (MIS) technique could offer improved results. METHODS:Consecutive AIS patients treated with an ... Read more >>

Bone Joint J (The bone & joint journal)
[2020, 102-B(4):506-512]

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Alterations of 3D acetabular and lower limb parameters in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Mohammad Karam, Aren Joe Bizdikian, Nour Khalil, Ziad Bakouny, Ibrahim Obeid, Joe Ghanimeh, Chris Labaki, Georges Mjaess, Aya Karam, Wafa Skalli, Khalil Kharrat, Ismat Ghanem, Ayman Assi,

PURPOSE:To evaluate the 3D deformity of the acetabula and lower limbs in subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and their relationship with spino-pelvic alignment. METHODS:Two hundred and seventy-four subjects with AIS (frontal Cobb: 33.5° ± 18° [10°-110°]) and 84 controls were enrolled. All subjects underwent full-body biplanar X-rays with subsequent 3D reconstructions. ... Read more >>

Eur Spine J (European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society)
[2020, :]

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Computed tomography-based bronchial tree three-dimensional reconstruction and airway resistance evaluation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Juehan Wang, Bangjian Zhou, Xi Yang, Chunguang Zhou, Tingxian Ling, Bowen Hu, Yueming Song, Limin Liu,

PURPOSE:To investigate airway development and airway resistance by computed tomographic three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the bronchial tree in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). We evaluated factors predicting postoperative respiratory complications to provide timely treatment, prevent complications, and improve operative and anesthetic safety. METHODS:From August 2015 to August 2017, 53 ... Read more >>

Eur Spine J (European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society)
[2020, :]

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Interrater reliability of three-dimensional reconstruction of the spine : Low-dose stereoradiography for evaluating bracing in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

H Almansour, W Pepke, J Rehm, T Bruckner, D Spira, M Akbar,

BACKGROUND:Bracing constitutes the mainstay treatment for mild scoliosis. The 3D reconstruction of the spine using low-dose stereoradiographic imaging (LSI) is increasingly being used to determine the true shape of the deformity and to assess the success of bracing. OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to validate the measurement of 3D ... Read more >>

Orthopade (Der Orthopade)
[2020, 49(4):350-358]

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Interplay of Pisa syndrome and scoliosis in individuals with Parkinson's disease treated with bilateral stimulation of subthalamic nuclei: IPOLAP study.

Dominic Pérennou, Marie Jaeger, Bettina Debu, Valérie Fraix, Adelaide Marquer, Paul Krack, Céline Piscicelli, Anna Castrioto,

Ann Phys Rehabil Med (Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine)
[2020, :]

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The incidence and risk factors for perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion in primary idiopathic scoliosis surgery.

Tyler R Mange, Daniel J Sucato, Kiley F Poppino, Chan-Hee Jo, Brandon R Ramo,

STUDY DESIGN:Case-control study. OBJECTIVES:Evaluate the rate and risk factors for perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) in primary idiopathic scoliosis surgery at a single institution. Avoiding perioperative ABT is ideal as transfusions are associated with adverse reactions, increased rates of infection, prolonged hospitalization, additional laboratory testing, and increased cost. Risk factors ... Read more >>

Spine Deform (Spine deformity)
[2020, :]

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Segmental Flexibility in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Assessed Using the Fulcrum-bending Radiography Method.

Sachiko Kawasaki, Hideki Shigematsu, Masato Tanaka, Akinori Okuda, Keisuke Masuda, Yusuke Yamamoto, Yasuhito Tanaka,

INTRODUCTION:Assessment of segmental flexibility at each disk level of the scoliotic curve in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has rarely been performed, despite its importance for surgical planning of fusion levels. The fulcrum-bending radiography method could be used to assess flexibility at specific spinal segments of the scoliotic curve ... Read more >>

Clin Spine Surg (Clinical spine surgery)
[2020, :]

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Healthcare disparities in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: the impact of socioeconomic factors on Cobb angle.

Taylor Russell, Anand Dharia, Ryan Folsom, Mohamad Kaki, Emile Shumbusho, Roberto Jose Fajardo, Kush Shah, Ventrice Shillingford-Cole, Grant D Hogue,

STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study is to assess the role of insurance type, geographic socioeconomic status, and ethnicity in AIS disease severity in a state with mandated scoliosis screenings. Early detection of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is associated with reduced curve progression, surgical treatment, and long-term ... Read more >>

Spine Deform (Spine deformity)
[2020, :]

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Is brace treatment unnecessary for cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis above Risser sign 3?

Sachiko Kawasaki, Hideki Shigematsu, Masato Tanaka, Yuma Suga, Yusuke Yamamoto, Yasuhito Tanaka,

BACKGROUND:Skeletally mature cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with mild curves are generally considered to have a low risk of deterioration. Previous reports have indicated that brace treatment in these cases has a high success rate; however, it is unclear whether brace treatment is necessary. The purpose of this study was ... Read more >>

J Orthop Sci (Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association)
[2020, :]

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Quantitation Analysis of PCDH10 Methylation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using Pyrosequencing Study.

Benlong Shi, Saihu Mao, Liang Xu, Yang Li, Xu Sun, Zhen Liu, Zezhang Zhu, Yong Qiu,

STUDY DESIGN:A retrospective and comparative study. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the difference of DNA methylation in protocadherin10 (PCDH10) genes between adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and normal controls, and to assess the association between DNA methylation and the etiology of AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:The PCDH10 gene showed abnormal expression in AIS. However, ... Read more >>

Spine (Spine)
[2020, 45(7):E373-E378]

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Correction to: Evaluation of a new sagittal classification system in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Sidsel Fruergaard, Mohit J Jain, Lorenzo Deveza, David Liu, John Heydemann, Søren Ohrt-Nissen, Casper Dragsted, Martin Gehrchen, Benny Dahl, ,

Unfortunately, the names of the members of the Texas Children's Hospital Spine Study Group have not been mentioned in the published article. ... Read more >>

Eur Spine J (European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society)
[2020, 29(4):922]

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Accuracy of rib cage parameters from 3-Dimensional reconstruction images obtained using simultaneous biplanar radiographic scanning technique in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Comparison with conventional computed tomography.

Masaaki Machino, Noriaki Kawakami, Tetsuya Ohara, Toshiki Saito, Ryoji Tauchi, Shiro Imagama,

Simultaneous biplanar radiographic scanning technique (EOS) (EOS Imaging, Paris, France) variability has previously been evaluated for spinal parameters, however limited EOS data exist regarding accuracy of 3-dimensional (3D) rib cage reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to compare the evaluation of ribcage parameter between EOS 3D images and 3D ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, :]

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Surgeon volume affects short- and long-term surgical outcomes in idiopathic scoliosis.

Dean Perfetti, Aaron M Atlas, Jesse Galina, Alexander Satin, Sayyida Hasan, Terry Amaral, Vishal Sarwahi,

STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective review of New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) Inpatient Database. OBJECTIVE:To identify the differences in short- and long-term complications, following long-segment pediatric spinal fusion in idiopathic scoliosis surgery, between surgeons with low versus high annual surgical volume. Spinal deformity surgery is complex and requires significant training ... Read more >>

Spine Deform (Spine deformity)
[2020, :]

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Impact of metal density on deformity correction in posterior fusions for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A retrospective cohort study.

Irfan Qadir, Abdullah Shah, Syed Roman Alam, Haseeb Hussain, Rizwan Akram, Amer Aziz,

Introduction:Optimal implant density for posterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) remains controversial. We aimed to examine radiographic outcomes of AIS cases treated with limited density pedicle screw constructs. Methods:This is a retrospective analysis of 96 patients (89 females and 7 males with mean age of 13.8 ± 4.4 years) with ... Read more >>

Ann Med Surg (Lond) (Annals of medicine and surgery (2012))
[2020, 52:44-47]

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