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Hypoalbuminemia

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Hypoalbuminemia Increased the Length of Stay in the Treatment of Postoperative Acute Surgical Site Infection in Spinal Surgery.

Yusuke Yamamoto, Hideki Shigematsu, Eiichiro Iwata, Hiroshi Nakajima, Masato Tanaka, Akinori Okuda, Sachiko Kawasaki, Yuma Suga, Keisuke Masuda, Yasuhito Tanaka,

STUDY DESIGN:Multicenter retrospective study. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to identify specific risk factors for increased length of stay (LOS) in the management of acute surgical site infection (SSI) following spinal surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Postoperative SSI is a serious complication of spinal surgery and is known to be ... Read more >>

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) (Spine)
[2020, 45(23):E1564-E1571]

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Perioperative hypoalbuminemia is a risk factor for wound complications following posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

Zhongyuan He, Kai Zhou, Ke Tang, Zhengxue Quan, Shaoyu Liu, Bao Su,

BACKGROUND:Although serum albumin levels are increasingly used as an indicator of nutritional status in the clinic, the relationship between perioperative hypoalbuminemia and wound complications after posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease remains ambiguous. The aim of this study was to evaluate perioperative serum albumin in ... Read more >>

J Orthop Surg Res (Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research)
[2020, 15(1):538]

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Phases of fluid management and the roles of human albumin solution in perioperative and critically ill patients.

Christian J Wiedermann,

OBJECTIVE:Positive fluid balance is common among critically ill patients and leads to worse outcomes, particularly in sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and acute kidney injury. Restrictive fluid infusion and active removal of accumulated fluid are being studied as approaches to prevent and treat fluid overload. Use of human albumin solutions ... Read more >>

Curr Med Res Opin (Current medical research and opinion)
[2020, :1-13]

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Association Between Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy and Intractable Serous Ascites After Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Pancreatic Cancer.

Atsushi Tomioka, Tetsunosuke Shimizu, Shuji Kagota, Kohei Taniguchi, Koji Komeda, Mitsuhiro Asakuma, Fumitoshi Hirokawa, Kazuhisa Uchiyama,

BACKGROUND:Intractable serous (not chylous) ascites (IA) that infrequently develops early following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic cancer is a life-threatening problem. The relationship between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) for pancreatic cancer and the incidence of IA following PD has not been evaluated. This study aims to identify the risk factors associated with ... Read more >>

Ann Surg Oncol (Annals of surgical oncology)
[2020, :]

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Risk factors for hospital-acquired influenza A and patient characteristics: a matched case-control study.

Kui Yang, Ni Zhang, Chunchen Gao, Hongyan Qin, Anhui Wang, Liqiang Song,

BACKGROUND:While hospital-acquired influenza A results in an additional cost burden and considerable mortality in patients, its risk factors are unknown. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients vulnerable to hospital-acquired influenza A and to identify its risk factors to assist clinicians control hospital-acquired infections and reduce the burden of ... Read more >>

BMC Infect Dis (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):863]

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Successful management of portal vein thrombosis in a Yorkshire Terrier with protein-losing enteropathy.

Yumi Sakamoto, Kumiko Ishigaki, Chieko Ishikawa, Tomohiro Nakayama, Kazushi Asano, Manabu Sakai,

BACKGROUND:Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare presentation in dogs with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). Rivaroxaban, an oral, selective, direct factor Xa inhibitor, has not been reported to be administrated for canine PVT and the effect is unclear in dogs with PLE. CASE PRESENTATION:An 11-year-old Yorkshire Terrier presented with moderate ascites. ... Read more >>

BMC Vet Res (BMC veterinary research)
[2020, 16(1):418]

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Risk factors for hospital-acquired influenza A and patient characteristics: A matched case-control study

Kui Yang, Ni Zhang, Chunchen Gao, Hongyan Qin, Anhui Wang, Liqiang Song,

Abstract Background: While hospital-acquired influenza A results in an additional cost burden and considerable mortality in patients, its risk factors are unknown. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients vulnerable to hospital-acquired influenza A and to identify its risk factors to assist clinicians control hospital-acquired infections and reduce the ... Read more >>

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The necessity of routine postoperative laboratory tests after total hip arthroplasty for hip fracture in a semi-urgent clinical setting.

Xiang-Dong Wu, Jia-Cheng Liu, Yu-Jian Li, Jia-Wei Wang, Gui-Xing Qiu, Wei Huang,

BACKGROUND:Recent studies suggest that routine postoperative laboratory tests are not necessary after primary elective total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study aims to evaluate the utility of routine postoperative laboratory tests in patients undergoing THA for hip fracture in a semi-urgent clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS:This retrospective study included 213 consecutive ... Read more >>

J Orthop Traumatol (Journal of orthopaedics and traumatology : official journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology)
[2020, 21(1):19]

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Incidence of ifosfamide induced encephalopathy in patients receiving concomitant fosaprepitant.

Jill N Modi, Sarah K Cimino,

INTRODUCTION:The incidence of Ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy (IIE) ranges from 5-30%. Aprepitant and fosaprepitant may increase the risk of IIE; however, data is limited. The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence of IIE in patients receiving concomitant fosaprepitant. METHODS:This single-center, retrospective chart review included adult patients diagnosed with sarcoma ... Read more >>

J Oncol Pharm Pract (Journal of oncology pharmacy practice : official publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners)
[2020, :1078155220971794]

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Hypoalbuminemia is associated with increased risk of acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients: A meta-analysis.

Panupong Hansrivijit, Keerthi Yarlagadda, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Nasrollah Ghahramani,

PURPOSES:Previous systematic review suggested that hypoalbuminemia is associated with increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, pooled sample size was small, and there was no universal definition for AKI. MATERIALS AND METHODS:vid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE) were search up ... Read more >>

J Crit Care (Journal of critical care)
[2020, 61:96-102]

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Prediction models for acute kidney injury in patients with gastrointestinal cancers: a real-world study based on Bayesian networks.

Yang Li, Xiaohong Chen, Ziyan Shen, Yimei Wang, Jiachang Hu, Yunlu Zhang, Jiarui Xu, Xiaoqiang Ding,

BACKGROUND:This study attempts to establish a Bayesian networks (BNs) based model for inferring the risk of AKI in gastrointestinal cancer (GI) patients, and to compare its predictive capacity with other machine learning (ML) models. METHODS:From 1 October 2014 to 30 September 2015, we recruited 6495 inpatients with GI cancers in ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):869-876]

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Impact of emphysema on sputum culture conversion in male patients with pulmonary tuberculosis: a retrospective analysis.

Naoki Takasaka, Yoshitaka Seki, Ikumi Fujisaki, Shota Uchiyama, Sachi Matsubayashi, Akihito Sato, Yumie Yamanaka, Kyuto Odashima, Taisuke Kazuyori, Aya Seki, Hiroshi Takeda, Takeo Ishikawa, Kazuyoshi Kuwano,

BACKGROUND:Although cigarette smoking may have a negative impact on the clinical outcome of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), few studies have investigated the impact of smoking-associated lung diseases. Emphysema is a major pathological finding of smoking-related lung damage. We aimed to clarify the effect of emphysema on sputum culture conversion rate for ... Read more >>

BMC Pulm Med (BMC pulmonary medicine)
[2020, 20(1):287]

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Intravenous Albumin for Mitigating Hypotension and Augmenting Ultrafiltration during Kidney Replacement Therapy.

Nicole Hryciw, Michael Joannidis, Swapnil Hiremath, Jeannie Callum, Edward G Clark,

Among its many functions, owing to its oversized effect on colloid oncotic pressure, intravascular albumin helps preserve the effective circulatory volume. Hypoalbuminemia is common in hospitalized patients and is found especially frequently in patients who require KRT either for AKI or as maintenance hemodialysis. In such patients, hypoalbuminemia is strongly ... Read more >>

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol (Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN)
[2020, :]

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Association Between Albumin Level and Mortality Among Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Patients.

Mitchell Padkins, Thomas Breen, Nandan Anavekar, Gregory Barsness, Kianoush Kashani, Jacob C Jentzer,

PURPOSE:To study the effect of hypoalbuminemia on short- and long-term mortality in Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) patients. METHODS:We reviewed 12,418 unique CICU patients from 2007 to 2018. Hypoalbuminemia was defined as an admission albumin level <3.5 g/dL. Predictors of hospital mortality were identified using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS:We included ... Read more >>

J Intensive Care Med (Journal of intensive care medicine)
[2020, :885066620963875]

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Hypoalbuminemia in Severe COVID-19 Post Recovery Patients

Kameran Mohammed Ali, Ayad Ali, Hassan Mohammad Tawfeeq, Grazziela Figueredo, Hassan Muhammad Rostam,

Abstract Pandemic Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease affecting more than 200 countries, territories and regions. Thousands of studies have dealt with all aspects of the disease but little is known about post recovery status of the patients. Here, we examined ESR, CRP and serum albumin biomarkers in ... Read more >>

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Abnormal Liver Function Tests Were Associated Adverse Clinical Outcomes: An Observational Cohort Study of 2912 Patients with COVID-19

Yong Lv, Xiaodi Zhao, Yan Wang, Jingpu Zhu, Chengfei Ma, Xiaodong Feng, Yao Ma, Yipeng Zheng, Liyu Yang, Guohong Han, Huahong Xie,

Background: The impact of liver function test (LFTs) abnormality on adverse clinical outcomes in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients remains controversial. We aim to assess the impact of abnormal LFTs on clinical outcomes in a large cohort of hospitalized patients with COVID-19.<br><br>Methods: We retrospectively collected data on 2912 ... Read more >>

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Sjögren syndrome associated with protein-losing enteropathy: case-based review.

Jozélio Freire de Carvalho, Aaron Lerner, Caio Marco Gonçalves, Yehuda Shoenfeld,

The association between Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) was scarcly reported. To analyze the clinical, therapeutic, and outcome characteristics of patients with SS and PLE and also to delineate the potential mechanisms and pathways connecting the gut to SS targeted organ's pathology. Systematic screening was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE, ... Read more >>

Clin Rheumatol (Clinical rheumatology)
[2020, :]

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The clinical significance of blood lactate levels in evaluation of adult patients with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Mohamed Laimoud, Mosleh Alanazi,

BACKGROUND:Veno-arterial ECMO is a life-supporting procedure that can be done to the patients with cardiogenic shock which is associated with hyperlactatemia. The objective of this study was to detect the validity of serial measurements of arterial lactate level in differentiating hospital mortality and neurological outcome after VA-ECMO support for adult ... Read more >>

Egypt Heart J (The Egyptian heart journal : (EHJ) : official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology)
[2020, 72(1):74]

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Nocardiosis in glomerular disease patients with immunosuppressive therapy.

Yuzhang Han, Zineng Huang, Huifang Zhang, Liyu He, Lin Sun, Yu Liu, Fuyou Liu, Li Xiao,

BACKGROUND:Glomerular disease patients have a high risk of infection, which contributes to the progression of disease per se and mortality, especially in those with long-term use of glucocorticoids and (or) immunosuppressive agents. Cases of sporadic nocardiosis have been reported in glomerular disease patients, and this observation was conducted to comprehensively ... Read more >>

BMC Nephrol (BMC nephrology)
[2020, 21(1):516]

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Mechanistic basis and therapeutic relevance of hypocalcemia during severe COVID-19 infection.

Vijay P Singh, Biswajit Khatua, Bara El-Kurdi, Christopher Rood,

Endocrine (Endocrine)
[2020, 70(3):461-462]

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Parastomal hernia after ileal conduit urinary diversion: re-visiting the predictors radiologically and according to patient-reported outcome measures.

Ahmed M Harraz, Ahmed Elkarta, Mohamed H Zahran, Amr A Elsawy, Mohamed A Elbaset, Ali Elsorougy, Yasser Osman, Ahmed Mosbah, Hassan Abol-Enein, Atallah A Shaaban,

PURPOSE:To evaluate the predictors of post-ileal conduit (IC) parastomal hernia (PSH) based on a standard grading methodology and according to the patients reported outcome measures (PROM). METHODS:A prospective evaluation for patients with IC attending their scheduled follow-up was conducted between December 2013 and October 2015. The hernia stage was determined ... Read more >>

Scand J Urol (Scandinavian journal of urology)
[2020, :1-7]

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Correction to: Hypoalbuminemia and acute kidney injury: a meta-analysis of observational clinical studies.

Christian J Wiedermann, Wolfgang Wiedermann, Michael Joannidis,

The article Hypoalbuminemia and acute kidney injury: a meta-analysis of observational clinical studies, written by Christian J. Wiedermann. ... Read more >>

Intensive Care Med (Intensive care medicine)
[2020, :]

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Measuring malnutrition and its impact on pediatric surgery outcomes: A NSQIP-P analysis.

Mya L Roberson, Matthew D Egberg, Paula D Strassle, Michael R Phillips,

BACKGROUND:There is a limited understanding of the impact of pediatric malnutrition indicators on post-operative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS:All pediatric surgical patients captured in the ACS NSQIP-Pediatric database from 2016 to 2018 were included. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds of 30-day post-operative infection by malnutrition definition (stunted, wasted, ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Surg (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2020, :]

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Estimating the release of inflammatory factors and use of glucocorticoid therapy for COVID-19 patients with comorbidities.

Dan Han, Chunfen Peng, Rui Meng, Jing Yao, Qiong Zhou, Yong Xiao, Hong Ma,

COVID-19 exhibits both variability and rapid progression, particularly in patients with comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension or cancer. To determine how these underlying disorders exacerbate pneumonia in COVID-19, we evaluated 79 patients with severe COVID-19 and grouped them according to whether or not they had comorbidities. Clinical information, laboratory examinations, ... Read more >>

Aging (Albany NY) (Aging)
[2020, 12:]

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Hypocalcemia and hypoalbuminemia during COVID-19 infection: Opportunities for therapeutic intervention

Vijay P. Singh, Biswajit Khatua, Bara El-Kurdi,

J Infect Public Health (Journal of infection and public health)
[2020, :]

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