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Electrolyte and acid-base disorders in cancer patients and its impact on clinical outcomes: evidence from a real-world study in China.

Yang Li, Xiaohong Chen, Ziyan Shen, Yimei Wang, Jiachang Hu, Jiarui Xu, Bo Shen, Xiaoqiang Ding,

Background: This study aims to delineate the incidence of electrolyte and acid-base disorders (EAD) in cancer patients, to figure out the risk factors of EAD, then to assess the impact of EAD on patients' in-hospital clinical outcomes.Methods: Patients with the diagnosis of malignancies hospitalized during 1 October 2014 and 30 ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):234-243]

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Advances in phytochemical and modern pharmacological research of Rhizoma Corydalis.

Bing Tian, Ming Tian, Shu-Ming Huang,

ABSRACTContext: Rhizoma Corydalis (RC) is the dried tubers of Corydalis yanhusuo (Y. H. Chou and Chun C. Hsu) W. T. Wang ex Z. Y. Su and C. Y. Wu (Papaveraceae). Traditionally, RC is used to alleviate pain such as headache, abdominal pain, and epigastric pain. Modern medicine shows that it ... Read more >>

Pharm Biol (Pharmaceutical biology)
[2020, 58(1):265-275]

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Serial evaluation of cardiac biomarker NT-proBNP with speckle tracking echocardiography in a 6-year-old Golden Retriever dog with subaortic stenosis and dilated cardiomyopathy.

Woong-Bin Ro, Min-Hee Kang, Hee-Myung Park,

Vet Q (The veterinary quarterly)
[2020, 40(1):77-82]

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Comparison of microwave ablation treatments in patients with renal secondary and primary hyperparathyroidism.

Haoyang Ma, Chun Ouyang, Yaoyu Huang, Changying Xing, Chen Cheng, Wei Liu, Donglan Yuan, Ming Zeng, Xiangbao Yu, Haibin Ren, Yanggang Yuan, Lina Zhang, Fangyan Xu, Ying Cui, Wenkai Ren, Hui Huang, Hanyang Qian, Boqiang Fan, Ningning Wang,

Purpose: Microwave ablation (MWA) is feasible for severe renal secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients ineligible for parathyroidectomy (PTX). Here we compared the clinical manifestations and characteristics of parathyroid glands in these two groups, and summarized the techniques, safety and efficacy of MWA.Methods: Baseline clinical characteristics, ablation-related techniques, ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):66-76]

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Current landscape in motoneuron regeneration and reconstruction for motor cranial nerve injuries.

Yanjun Xie, Kevin J Schneider, Syed A Ali, Norman D Hogikyan, Eva L Feldman, Michael J Brenner,

The intricate anatomy and physiology of cranial nerves have inspired clinicians and scientists to study their roles in the nervous system. Damage to motor cranial nerves may result from a variety of organic or iatrogenic insults and causes devastating functional impairment and disfigurement. Surgical innovations directed towards restoring function to ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(9):1639-1649]

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Increased thalamocortical connectivity from the affected thalamus to the unaffected hemisphere in a stroke patient.

Sung Ho Jang, You Sung Seo, Sung Jun Lee,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1568]

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Fast-tracking regenerative medicine for traumatic brain injury.

Brooke Bonsack, Matt Heyck, Chase Kingsbury, Blaise Cozene, Nadia Sadanandan, Jea-Young Lee, Cesar V Borlongan,

Traumatic brain injury remains a global health crisis that spans all demographics, yet there exist limited treatment options that may effectively curtail its lingering symptoms. Traumatic brain injury pathology entails a progression from primary injury to inflammation-mediated secondary cell death. Sequestering this inflammation as a means of ameliorating the greater ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1179-1190]

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Pattern of triptans use: a retrospective prescription study in Calabria, Italy.

Damiana Scuteri, Annagrazia Adornetto, Laura Rombolà, Maria Diana Naturale, Adele Emanuela De Francesco, Stefania Esposito, Mariacristina Zito, Luigi Antonio Morrone, Giacinto Bagetta, Paolo Tonin, Maria Tiziana Corasaniti,

Triptans are 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B/1D receptor agonists used in moderate to severe migraine attacks as first line when non-specific, symptomatic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are not effective. To gain insight in the treatment of migraine in the regional context, this retrospective (from January to August of the years 2017 and 2018) study ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1340-1343]

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Displacement- and Strain-Based Discrimination of Head Injury Models across a Wide Range of Blunt Conditions.

Wei Zhao, Songbai Ji,

Successful validation of a head injury model is critical to ensure its biofidelity. However, there is an ongoing debate on what experimental data are suitable for model validation. Here, we report that CORrelation and Analysis (CORA) scores based on the commonly adopted relative brain-skull displacements or recent marker-based strains from ... Read more >>

Ann Biomed Eng (Annals of biomedical engineering)
[2020, :]

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Cost-effectiveness of mandatory bicycle helmet use to prevent traumatic brain injuries and death.

Rick Reuvers, Eelco A B Over, Anita W M Suijkerbuijk, Johan J Polder, G Ardine de Wit, Paul F van Gils,

BACKGROUND:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the main cause of mortality and severe morbidity in cyclists admitted to Dutch emergency departments (EDs). Although the use of bicycle helmets is an effective way of preventing TBI, this is uncommon in the Netherlands. An option to increase its use is through a legal ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):413]

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Mild and Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury and Gender-Based Critical Care Outcomes.

Adel Elkbuli, Zachary Smith, Saamia Shaikh, Shaikh Hai, Mark McKenney, Dessy Boneva,

BACKGROUND:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major contributor to death and complications. Previous studies have identified gender disparities among trauma patients. This study aims to examine the association between gender and outcomes in TBI patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:Review of our trauma registry: Patients were classified into groups according to ... Read more >>

World J Surg (World journal of surgery)
[2020, 44(5):1492-1497]

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[Characteristics of disturbance coefficient in children without craniocerebral injury at different ages].

H Lai, F Fang, W W Liu, S Chen, C J Liu, J Li, Y Q Fu, K Bai, F Xu,

Objective: To explore the reference ranges and influential factors of disturbance coefficient (DC) in children without craniocerebral injury at different ages. Methods: Two hundred children without craniocerebral injury admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from May 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled in ... Read more >>

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi (Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics)
[2020, 58(4):290-294]

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Critical methodological considerations in recruiting and engaging non-native English speaking workers with a head injury: a Canadian perspective.

B. Nowrouzi-Kia, B. Sharma, J. Lewko, A. Colantonio,

ObjectiveNon-native English speaking workers with a mild work-related traumatic brain and/or head injury are a vulnerable and underrepresented population in research studies. The researchers present their experiences with recruiting and performing qualitative interviews with non-native English speaking individuals with a work-related mild traumatic brain injury, and provide recommendations on how ... Read more >>

BMC Res Notes (BMC Research Notes)
[2020, 13:]

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Investigate the Variations of the Head and Brain Response in a Rodent Head Impact Acceleration Model by Finite Element Modeling.

Runzhou Zhou, Yan Li, John M. Cavanaugh, Liying Zhang,

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a severe form of traumatic brain injury and often induced by blunt trauma. The closed head impact acceleration (IA) model is the most widely used rodent DAI model. However, this model results in large variations of injury severity. Recently, the impact device/system was modified to ... Read more >>

Front Bioeng Biotechnol (Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology)
[2020, 8:]

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Exploring Neuronal Vulnerability to Head Trauma using a Whole Exome Approach.

Omar Ibrahim, Heidi G Sutherland, Neven Maksemous, Robert A Smith, Larisa M Haupt, Lyn R Griffiths,

Brain injuries are associated with oxidative stress and a need to restore neuronal homeostasis. Mutations in ion channel genes, in particular, CACNA1A have been implicated in familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) and in the development of concussion-related symptoms in response to trivial head trauma. The aim of this study was to ... Read more >>

J. Neurotrauma (Journal of neurotrauma)
[2020, :]

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Cumulative evidence of helmet effects on bicycle injuries

Guodong Liu, Siyu Chen, Shan Ou, Huijie Cui, Mingshuang Tang, Yutong Wang, Min Zhang, Ye Bai, Bing Song, Dongqing Gu, Xin Wang, Zhiyong Yin,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: With widely-used use of bicycles, studies of helmet effects on bicycle injuries were intensively conducted after the problem of bicycle injuries emerged. This study aims to justify whether current evidence is sufficient to manifest the effects of helmets. Methods:We exhaustively searched the articles in the ... Read more >>

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Critical methodological considerations in recruiting and engaging non-native English speaking workers with a head injury: a Canadian perspective.

B Nowrouzi-Kia, B Sharma, J Lewko, A Colantonio,

OBJECTIVE:Non-native English speaking workers with a mild work-related traumatic brain and/or head injury are a vulnerable and underrepresented population in research studies. The researchers present their experiences with recruiting and performing qualitative interviews with non-native English speaking individuals with a work-related mild traumatic brain injury, and provide recommendations on how ... Read more >>

BMC Res Notes (BMC research notes)
[2020, 13(1):184]

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Increased severity of closed head injury or repetitive subconcussive head impacts enhances post-traumatic headache-like behaviors in a rat model

Dara Bree, Jennifer Stratton, Dan Levy,

Abstract Introduction Posttraumatic headache (PTH) is one of the most common, debilitating and difficult symptoms to manage after a traumatic head injury. The development of novel therapeutic approaches is nevertheless hampered by the paucity of preclinical models and poor understanding of the mechanisms underlying PTH. To address these shortcomings, we ... Read more >>

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Missed Diagnosis and Acute Management of Radial Head Dislocation With Plastic Deformation of Ulna in Children.

Vivek Singh, Sukalyan Dey, Shital N Parikh,

BACKGROUND:Radial head dislocation with ulnar bowing (Monteggia type I equivalent injury) is a frequently missed injury. If not recognized acutely, these missed injuries can lead to serious long-term complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of missed diagnosis and to report on the characteristics and early ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Orthop (Journal of pediatric orthopedics)
[2020, 40(4):e293-e299]

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Recovery of injured corticoreticulospinal tract following cranioplasty in an ischemic stroke patient: a diffusion tensor tractography study.

Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1368]

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Model-Based Roentgen Stereophotogrammetric Analysis to Monitor the Head-Taper Junction in Total Hip Arthroplasty in Vivo-And They Do Move.

Jing Xu, Robert Sonntag, J Philippe Kretzer, Dominic Taylor, Raimund Forst, Frank Seehaus,

Model-based Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) using elementary geometrical shape (EGS) models allows migration measurement of implants without the necessity of additional attached implant markers. The aims of this study were: (i) to assess the possibility of measuring potential head-taper movement in THA in vivo using model-based RSA and (ii) to ... Read more >>

Materials (Basel) (Materials (Basel, Switzerland))
[2020, 13(7):]

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Developing a model of long-term social rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury: the case of the head forward centre.

Christian Salas, Martin Casassus, Leanne Rowlands, Steve Pimm,

Background: Social isolation and inactivity are highly problematic long-term consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury. They are rarely addressed by rehabilitation programmes, which focus on early phases of recovery. Day centres, or "drop-in" peer support groups, have emerged as an informal solution to social rehabilitation needs. However, there is a lack ... Read more >>

Disabil Rehabil (Disability and rehabilitation)
[2020, :1-12]

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The Effect of Head Loading on Cervical Spine in Manual Laborers.

Bharat R Dave, Ajay Krishnan, Ravi Ranjan Rai, Devanand Degulmadi, Shivanand Mayi,

Study Design:A prospective case-control study. Purpose:To determine the effect of axial loading on the cervical spine when weights are carried on the head. Overview of Literature:Traditionally, carrying weights on the head has been a common practice in developing countries. The laborers working in agriculture, construction, and other industries, as well ... Read more >>

Asian Spine J (Asian spine journal)
[2020, :]

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Shrapnel Injuries on Regions of Head and Neck in Syrian War.

Murat Ucak,

BACKGROUND:Perforating and cutting injuries to the head and neck due to shrapnels are largely life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. In the present article, the surgical conditions in the war-related head and neck injuries were presented in terms of war surgery with mortality rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study was designed ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, :]

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Inflammation-related gene expression profiles of salivary extracellular vesicles in patients with head trauma.

Yan Cheng, Mandy Pereira, Neha P Raukar, John L Reagan, Mathew Quesenberry, Laura Goldberg, Theodor Borgovan, W Curt LaFrance Jr, Mark Dooner, Maria Deregibus, Giovanni Camussi, Bharat Ramratnam, Peter Quesenberry,

At present, there is no reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Studies have shown that extracellular vesicles released by damaged cells into biological fluids can be used as potential biomarkers for diagnosis of TBI and evaluation of TBI severity. We hypothesize that the genetic profile of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(4):676-681]

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