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The tetraspanin Cd63 is required for eye morphogenesis in Xenopus.

Jennifer Kreis, Ramona Bonß, Philipp Vick,

MicroPubl Biol (microPublication biology)
[2020, 2020:]

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Expression of an endosome-excluded Cd63 prevents axis elongation in Xenopus.

Jennifer Kreis, Ramona Bonß, Kerstin Feistel, Philipp Vick,

MicroPubl Biol (microPublication biology)
[2020, 2020:]

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Profile of the RNA in exosomes from astrocytes and microglia using deep sequencing: implications for neurodegeneration mechanisms.

Hui-Min Xie, Xing Su, Feng-Yuan Zhang, Chao-Lun Dai, Rong-Hua Wu, Yan Li, Xiao-Xiao Han, Xing-Mei Feng, Bin Yu, Shun-Xing Zhu, Song-Lin Zhou,

Glial cells play an important role in signal transduction, energy metabolism, extracellular ion homeostasis and neuroprotection of the central nervous system. However, few studies have explained the potential effects of exosomes from glial cells on central nervous system health and disease. In this study, the genes expressed in exosomes from ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(3):608-617]

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Exosome treatment for stroke with diabetic comorbidity.

Poornima Venkat, Michael Chopp,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(2):315-317]

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Delving into the recent advancements of spinal cord injury treatment: a review of recent progress.

Joseph A Flack, Krishna Deo Sharma, Jennifer Yanhua Xie,

Spinal cord injury (SCI) research is a very complex field lending to why reviews of SCI literatures can be beneficial to current and future researchers. This review focuses on recent articles regarding potential modalities for the treatment and management of SCI. The modalities were broken down into four categories: neuroprotection-pharmacologic, ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(2):283-291]

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Extracellular vesicles drive tau spreading in Alzheimer's disease.

Zhi Ruan,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(2):328-329]

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Potential effects of mesenchymal stem cell derived extracellular vesicles and exosomal miRNAs in neurological disorders.

Masako Nakano, Mineko Fujimiya,

Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent cells that possess anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and immunomodulatory properties. The effects of existing drugs for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease are limited, thus mesenchymal stem cell therapy has been anticipated as a means of ameliorating neuronal dysfunction. Since mesenchymal stem cells are known to scarcely ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2021, 16(12):2359-2366]

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Role of Exosomal MicroRNAs in Cell-to-Cell Communication.

Bora Tastan, Emre Tarakcioglu, Yelda Birinci, Yongsoo Park, Sermin Genc,

Exosomes, a type of extracellular vesicle, are small vesicles (30-100 nm) secreted into extracellular space from almost all types of cells. Exosomes mediate cell-to-cell communication carrying various biologically active molecules including microRNAs. Studies have shown that exosomal microRNAs play fundamental roles in healthy and pathological conditions such as immunity, cancer, and ... Read more >>

Methods Mol Biol (Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.))
[2022, 2257:269-292]

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Nanovesicles released by OKT3 hybridoma express fully active antibodies.

Mariantonia Logozzi, Rossella Di Raimo, Francesca Properzi, Stefano Barca, Daniela F Angelini, Davide Mizzoni, Mario Falchi, Luca Battistini, Stefano Fais,

Recent findings have shown that nanovesicles preparations from either primary immune cells culture supernatants or plasma contain immunoglobulins, suggesting that a natural way of antibody production may be through exosome release. To verify this hypothesis, we used the OKT3 hybridoma clone, which produces a murine IgG2a monoclonal antibody used to ... Read more >>

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem (Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry)
[2021, 36(1):175-182]

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Characterization of the exosomes in the allantoic fluid of the chicken embryo

Ying Li, Hao Qu, Jian Ji, Yan Wang, Tianfei Liu, Jingyi He, Jie Wang, Dingming Shu, Chenglong Luo,

The embryo stage is critical for chicken development. Numerous studies have been conducted to clarify the dynamic changes and functions of various proteins and the composition of amino acids during embryo development. However, the physiological characteristics of extraembryonic fluid (allantoic and amniotic), especially allantoic fluid (AF), remain largely unexplored; furthermore, ... Read more >>

(Canadian journal of animal science.)
[2021, 101(2):307-317]

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Analysis of exosome-derived microRNAs reveals insights of intercellular communication during invasion of breast, prostate and glioblastoma cancer cells.

Francesca Lessi, Paolo Aretini, Milena Rizzo, Mariangela Morelli, Michele Menicagli, Sara Franceschi, Chiara Maria Mazzanti,

MiRNAs represent a mechanism that regulates gene expression in many pathological conditions. Exosomes are known to be secreted from all types of cells, and the exosomes-released molecules are crucial messengers that can regulate cellular processes. We investigated the miRNAs content of exosomes released by cancer cells during the invasion . ... Read more >>

Cell Adh Migr (Cell adhesion & migration)
[2021, 15(1):180-201]

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Exploration of differentially-expressed exosomal mRNAs, lncRNAs and circRNAs from serum samples of gallbladder cancer and xantho-granulomatous cholecystitis patients.

Jiajun Ren, Sheng Chen, Feng Ye, Xiaoyong Gong, Ye Lu, Qiang Cai, Yongjun Chen,

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common biliary tract malignancy worldwide. Although a growing number of studies have explored the mechanism of GBC, thus far, few molecules have been discovered that can be utilized as specific biomarkers for the early diagnosis and therapeutic treatment of GBC. Recent studies have shown ... Read more >>

Bioengineered (Bioengineered)
[2021, 12(1):6134-6143]

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Circulating extracellular vesicles: friends and foes in neurodegeneration.

Anna Picca, Flora Guerra, Riccardo Calvani, Hélio José Coelho-Junior, Cecilia Bucci, Emanuele Marzetti,

Extracellular vesicles have been identified as pivotal mediators of intercellular communication with critical roles in physiological and pathological conditions. Via this route, several molecules (e.g., nucleic acids, proteins, metabolites) can be transferred to proximal and distant targets to convey specific information. Extracellular vesicle-associated cargo molecules have been proposed as markers ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(3):534-542]

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Hsp16.3 of mycobacterium tuberculosis in exosomes as a biomarker of tuberculosis.

Can Huang, Liping Pan, Xiaoli Shen, Huimin Tian, Lu Guo, Zongde Zhang, Xiaomei Liu,

Exosomes are selectively packaged cell-derived vesicles that contain a rich cargo of nucleic acids and proteins. The small heat shock protein, Hsp16.3, is an important capsule protein produced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Exploring the distribution of Hsp16.3 in exosomes is valuable to tuberculosis biomarker development. Our results showed that Hsp16.3 ... Read more >>

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis (European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology)
[2021, 40(11):2427-2430]

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Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived exosomal MiR-221 targets and regulates phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1) to promote human umbilical vein endothelial cells migration and tube formation.

Shuqi He, Wu Zhang, Xian Li, Junjie Wang, Xufeng Chen, Yu Chen, Renfa Lai,

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common tumor of the oral cavity. Studies have shown that exosomal miRNAs from cancer cells play an important role in mediating the cellular environment. The objective was to investigate the effect of OSCC-derived exosomes microRNA-221 (miR-221) in OSCC. We used quantitative real-time ... Read more >>

Bioengineered (Bioengineered)
[2021, 12(1):2164-2174]

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Diagnostic and therapeutic potential of exosomal miRNAs in Alzheimer's disease.

Ida Manna, Selene De Benedittis, Enrico Iaccino, Andrea Quattrone, Aldo Quattrone,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2021, 16(11):2217-2218]

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Mesenchymal stem cell treatment for peripheral nerve injury: a narrative review.

Rui-Cheng Zhang, Wen-Qi Du, Jing-Yuan Zhang, Shao-Xia Yu, Fang-Zhi Lu, Hong-Mei Ding, Yan-Bo Cheng, Chao Ren, De-Qin Geng,

Peripheral nerve injuries occur as the result of sudden trauma and lead to reduced quality of life. The peripheral nervous system has an inherent capability to regenerate axons. However, peripheral nerve regeneration following injury is generally slow and incomplete that results in poor functional outcomes such as muscle atrophy. Although ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2021, 16(11):2170-2176]

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Zinc finger protein ZFP36L1 inhibits flavivirus infection by both 5'-3' XRN1 and 3'-5' RNA-exosome RNA decay pathways.

Han Chiu, Hsin-Ping Chiu, Han-Pang Yu, Li-Hsiung Lin, Zih-Ping Chen, Yi-Ling Lin, Ren-Jye Lin,

Zinc-finger protein 36, CCCH type-like 1 (ZFP36L1), containing tandem CCCH-type zinc-finger motifs with an RNA-binding property, plays an important role in cellular RNA metabolism mainly via RNA decay pathways. Recently, we demonstrated that human ZFP36L1 has potent antiviral activity against influenza A virus infection. However, its role in the host ... Read more >>

J Virol (Journal of virology)
[2021, :JVI0166521]

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Expression of miRNAs derived from plasma exosomes in patients with intestinal Behçet's syndrome.

Cheng-Cheng Hou, Hua-Fang Bao, Yan Shen, Jing-Fen Ye, Hai-Fen Ma, Jian-Long Guan,

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) derived from plasma exosomes are potential diagnostic biomarkers. However, little is known about the expression of miRNAs derived from plasma exosomes in patients with intestinal Behçet's syndrome (BS). This study aimed to explore the difference of miRNAs derived from plasma exosomes between intestinal BS patients and healthy people, ... Read more >>

Clin Exp Rheumatol (Clinical and experimental rheumatology)
[2021, :]

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Exosomes Derived from RM-1 Cells Promote the Recruitment of MDSCs into Tumor Microenvironment by Upregulating CXCR4 via TLR2/NF-κB Pathway.

Nan Li, Yingying Wang, Haoyu Xu, Hexi Wang, Yingying Gao, Yao Zhang,

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play a critical role in tumor immune escape because of its remarkable immunosuppressive effect. However, the mechanism of MDSCs migrated into tumor microenvironment remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated the recruitment of MDSCs can be promoted by exosomes derived from prostate cancer cells, which could ... Read more >>

J Oncol (Journal of oncology)
[2021, 2021:5584406]

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Exosomes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Liu Yiwen, Wen Jianping, Huang Weiguo,

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant epithelial tumor with a unique geographical distribution, primarily prevalent in East Africa and Asia. Although there is an increased understanding of the pathogenesis and risk factors of NPC, prevention and treatment efforts remain limited. Various studies have indicated that exosomes are actively involved in ... Read more >>

Clin Chim Acta (Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry)
[2021, :]

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Exosomes-mediated phenotypic switch of macrophages in the immune microenvironment after spinal cord injury.

Peng Peng, Hao Yu, Cong Xing, Bo Tao, Chao Li, Jingyuan Huang, Guangzhi Ning, Bin Zhang, Shiqing Feng,

Although accumulating evidence indicated that modulating macrophage polarization could ameliorate the immune microenvironment and facilitate the repair of spinal cord injury (SCI), the underlying mechanism of macrophage phenotypic switch is still poorly understood. Exosomes (Exos), a potential tool of cell-to-cell communication, may play important roles in cell reprogramming. Herein, we ... Read more >>

Biomed Pharmacother (Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie)
[2021, 144:112311]

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Recent Insight on the Non-coding RNAs in Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Exosomes: Regulatory and Therapeutic Role in Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering.

Tarun Pant, Matea Juric, Zeljko J Bosnjak, Anuradha Dhanasekaran,

Advances in the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering over the past few decades have paved the path for cell-free therapy. Numerous stem cell types, including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), have been reported to impart therapeutic effects via paracrine secretion of exosomes. The underlying factors and the associated mechanisms ... Read more >>

Front Cardiovasc Med (Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine)
[2021, 8:737512]

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Mechanism of cargo sorting into small extracellular vesicles.

Yiwen Chen, Yuxue Zhao, Yiqian Yin, Xiaonan Jia, Lingxiang Mao,

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are special membranous structures released by almost every cell type that carry and protect some biomolecules from being degraded. They transport important signaling molecules involved in cell communication, migration, and numerous physiological processes. EVs can be categorized into two main types according to their size: i) small ... Read more >>

Bioengineered (Bioengineered)
[2021, 12(1):8186-8201]

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Oligodendrocyte pathology in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

Nune Darbinian, Michael E Selzer,

The pathology of fetal alcohol syndrome and the less severe fetal alcohol spectrum disorders includes brain dysmyelination. Recent studies have shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying these white matter abnormalities. Rodent models of fetal alcohol syndrome and human studies have shown suppressed oligodendrocyte differentiation and apoptosis of oligodendrocyte precursor ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(3):497-502]

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