Full Text Journal Articles about
Ethical Issues in Neonatal Care

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Mothers' and fathers' lived experiences of postpartum depression and parental stress after childbirth: a qualitative study.

Maude Johansson, Ylva Benderix, Idor Svensson,

Purpose: The study aims are to explore the lived experiences of mothers and fathers of postpartum depression and parental stress after childbirth.Methods: Qualitative interviews conducted, and analysed from an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) perspective.Results: Both mothers and fathers described experiences of inadequacy, although fathers described external requirements, and mothers described ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1722564]

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The lived experiences of healthcare during pregnancy, birth, and three months after in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Helena Dahlberg, Marie Berg,

Being pregnant, giving birth, and becoming a mother the first months after birth, is for women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) a period of difficult challenges. In order to identify their need of support from healthcare, the aim of this study was to describe healthcare during pregnancy, labour, birth, ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1698496]

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Social isolation and exclusion: the parents' experience of caring for children with rare neurodevelopmental disorders.

Genevieve Currie, Joanna Szabo,

Purpose: The experiences of parents caring for the complex care needs of children with rare neurodevelopmental disorders are not well understood. Parents struggle to meet their children's medical, behavioural, and social needs within and across health, social, and family systems. The purpose of this study was to explore the parents' ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1725362]

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Apigenin-7-O-β-d-(6″-p-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside reduces myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury in an experimental model via regulating the inflammation response.

Wei Quan, Shanbo Ma, Yanrong Zhu, Qing Shao, Jixing Hou, Xiaoqiang Li,

Context: Traditionally, Clematis tangutica Korsh. (Ranunculaceae) is used as a Tibetan herb for treating indigestion and blood stasis in China. Recently, a flavonoid glycoside, apigenin-7-O-β-d-(6″-p-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside (APG), was isolated from the whole plant of C. tangutica.Objective: To investigate the cardioprotective effects of APG against myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI) and the possible ... Read more >>

Pharm Biol (Pharmaceutical biology)
[2020, 58(1):80-88]

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Neonatology in Austria: ethics to improve practice.

Michal Stanak,

In the world of Austrian neonatal intensive care units, the role of ethics is recognized only partially. The normatively tense cases that are at the backdrop of this essay concern the situations around the limit of viability (weeks 22 + 0 days to 25 + 6 days of gestation), which is the point in the development ... Read more >>

Med Health Care Philos (Medicine, health care, and philosophy)
[2020, :]

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Enamel defects and caries prevalence in preterm children aged 5-10 years in Dubai.

Anood Alshehhi, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Anas Salami, Amar Hassan, Mawlood Kowash,

Background: Enamel defects (EDs) are commonly reported dental findings in preterm/low birthweight children. EDs potentially increase caries susceptibility.Aim: To assess the prevalence of EDs and dental caries in a group of preterm children (aged 5-10 years) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).Methodology: A retrospective cohort study of medical records of ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1705633]

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Development and Retrospective Review of a Pediatric Ethics Consultation Service at a Large Academic Center.

Brian D Leland, Lucia D Wocial, Kurt Drury, Courtney M Rowan, Paul R Helft, Alexia M Torke,

The primary objective was to review pediatric ethics consultations (PECs) at a large academic health center over a nine year period, assessing demographics, ethical issues, and consultant intervention. The secondary objective was to describe the evolution of PECs at our institution. This was a retrospective review of Consultation Summary Sheets ... Read more >>

HEC Forum (HEC forum : an interdisciplinary journal on hospitals' ethical and legal issues)
[2020, :]

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Coverage rates of the children vaccination programme in Greenland.

Nadja Albertsen, Anna Rask Lynge, Nils Skovgaard, Jesper Søndergaard Olesen, Michael Lynge Pedersen,

In order to estimate the current coverage rate among all children in Greenland, we conducted an observational cross-sectional study identifying all children in Greenland eligible for a vaccination between 1 March 2018 and 16 June 2019. we found an overall national coverage of 85.4%. The national coverage for the vaccinations ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1721983]

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Pattern of Cerebral Palsy Among Sudanese Children Less Than 15 Years of Age.

Karimeldin Salih,

BACKGROUND:Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive, everlasting neurological disorder of movement, posture, and physical activities, with a prevalence of 2.2-3.3/1,000. CP is a condition that occurs globally, with a similar prevalence in both developed and undeveloped countries. However, the etiology differs according to the socioeconomic status of the countries. The ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(3):e7232]

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Trust and consent: a prospective study on parents' perspective during a neonatal trial.

Sonia Dahan, Camille Jung, Gilles Dassieu, Xavier Durrmeyer, Laurence Caeymaex,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to describe how parents and physicians experienced the informed consent interview and to investigate the aspects of the relationship that influenced parents' decision during the consent process for a randomised clinical trial in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The secondary objective was to describe the ... Read more >>

J Med Ethics (Journal of medical ethics)
[2020, :]

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Correction to: Decision-making at the limit of viability: differing perceptions and opinions between neonatal physicians and nurses.

Hans Ulrich Bucher, Sabine D Klein, Manya J Hendriks, Ruth Baumann-Hölzle, Thomas M Berger, Jürg C Streuli, Jean-Claude Fauchère, ,

After publication of our article [1] it was brought to our attention that we did not have permission to reproduce the questionnaire in Additional File 1. ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):47]

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Impact of continuous Kangaroo Mother Care initiated immediately after birth (iKMC) on survival of newborns with birth weight between 1.0 to < 1.8 kg: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

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BACKGROUND:Globally, about 15% of newborns are born with a low birth weight (LBW) as a result of preterm birth or intrauterine growth restriction or both. Up to 70% of neonatal deaths occur in this group within the first 3 days after birth. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) applied after stabilization of ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):280]

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Frequency of Early-onset Neonatal Sepsis Following Prolonged Rupture of Membranes.

Heeranand Rathore, Arshalooz J Rahman, Muhammad Salman, Muhammad Nasir, Seharish Sherali,

Introduction In developing countries, sepsis and associated mortality rates in neonatal patients is a serious concern. To improve the outcomes and mortality posed by sepsis, physicians need to know the local epidemiology of the microbial pathogens and their resistance patterns to antimicrobial agents. Therefore, our aim was to determine the ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e6864]

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Whole-genome sequencing to explore nosocomial transmission and virulence in neonatal methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia.

Bibi C G C Slingerland, Margreet C Vos, Willeke Bras, René F Kornelisse, Dieter De Coninck, Alex van Belkum, Irwin K M Reiss, Wil H F Goessens, Corné H W Klaassen, Nelianne J Verkaik,

BACKGROUND:Neonatal Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacteremia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we examined whether methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) transmission and genetic makeup contribute to the occurrence of neonatal S. aureus bacteremia. METHODS:A retrospective, single-centre study was performed. All patients were included who suffered from ... Read more >>

Antimicrob Resist Infect Control (Antimicrobial resistance and infection control)
[2020, 9(1):39]

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Using the Kirkpatrick Model to evaluate the Maternity and Neonatal Emergencies (MANE) programme: Background and study protocol.

Meabh Cullinane, Helen L McLachlan, Michelle S Newton, Stefanie A Zugna, Della A Forster,

INTRODUCTION:Over 310 000 women gave birth in Australia in 2016, with approximately 80 000 births in the state of Victoria. While most of these births occur in metropolitan Melbourne and other large regional centres, a significant proportion of Victorian women birth in local rural health services. The Victorian state government recently mandated ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(1):e032873]

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Physicians and nurses’ perspectives of encountering neonates with poor prognosis

Shiva Rafati, Zahra Rafiee, Maryam Rabiee, Nahid Rejeh, Hajieh Borna, Mojtaba Vaismoradi,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Introduction: Decision making regarding the treatment of neonates with poor prognoses is difficult for healthcare staff working in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This study aimed to investigate the attitude of physicians and nurses towards the value of life and ethical decision making when encountering ... Read more >>

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Private sector delivery of quality care for maternal, newborn and child health in low-income and middle-income countries: a mixed-methods systematic review protocol.

Samantha R Lattof, Blerta Maliqi,

INTRODUCTION:To accelerate progress to reach the sustainable development goals for ending preventable maternal, newborn and child deaths, it is critical that both the public and private health service delivery systems invest in increasing coverage of interventions to sustainably deliver quality care for mothers, newborns and children at scale. Although various ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(2):e033141]

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Comparison of frequency-domain and continuous-wave near-infrared spectroscopy devices during the immediate transition.

Tanja van Essen, Tom G Goos, Liza van Ballegooijen, Gerhard Pichler, Berndt Urlesberger, Irwin K M Reiss, Rogier C J de Jonge,

BACKGROUND:Non-invasive monitoring of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (rcSO2) during transition is of growing interest. Different near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) techniques have been developed to measure rcSO2. We compared rcSO2 values during the immediate transition in preterm neonates measured with frequency-domain NIRS (FD-NIRS) with those measured with continuous-wave NIRS (CW-NIRS) devices in ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):94]

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Outcome reporting in neonates experiencing withdrawal following opioid exposure in pregnancy: a systematic review.

Flora Shan, Sonya MacVicar, Karel Allegaert, Martin Offringa, Lauren M Jansson, Sarah Simpson, Wendy Moulsdale, Lauren E Kelly,

BACKGROUND:Neonatal withdrawal secondary to in utero opioid exposure is a growing global concern stressing the psychosocial well-being of affected families and scarce hospital resources. In the ongoing search for the most effective treatment, randomized controlled trials are indispensable. Consistent outcome selection and measurement across randomized controlled trials enables synthesis of ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):262]

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What is the best age to circumcise? A medical and ethical analysis.

Alex Myers, Brian D Earp,

Circumcision is often claimed to be simpler, safer and more cost-effective when performed in the neonatal period as opposed to later in life, with a greater benefit-to-risk ratio. In the first part of this paper, we critically examine the evidence base for these claims, and find that it is not ... Read more >>

Bioethics (Bioethics)
[2020, :]

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Quality of neonatal resuscitation in Ethiopia: implications for the survival of neonates.

Haftom Gebrehiwot Weldearegay, Mulugeta Woldu Abrha, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Brhane Ayele Gebrekidan, Araya Abrha Medhanyie,

BACKGROUND:Birth asphyxia accounts for one-quarter newborn deaths. Providing quality care service of neonatal resuscitation reduces neonatal mortality. However, challenges to providing quality neonatal resuscitation are not well investigated in Ethiopia. Hence, this study is conducted to assess the quality provision of neonatal resuscitation in Ethiopia. METHOD:We used data from the ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):129]

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Primary Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Screening for Congenital Hypothyroidism in King Abdullah Hospital, Bisha, Saudi Arabia.

Mohammed Abbas, Eltayeb Tayrab, Abedelmonium Elmakki, Jowayria Tayrab, Abdullah Al-Shahrani, Elhadi Miskeen, Karimeldin Salih,

Background Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration in cord blood measured at birth has been proposed as an indicator of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Elevated TSH levels at birth were associated with cognitive and psychomotor disorders among young children. Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the epidemiology of CH ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(3):e7166]

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Healthcare worker knowledge and skills following coaching in WHO early essential newborn care program in the Solomon Islands: a prospective multi-site cohort study.

Shidan Tosif, Anna Jatobatu, Anita Maepioh, Amy Gray, Howard Sobel, Priya Mannava, Trevor Duke,

BACKGROUND:Newborn mortality in Oceania declined slower than other regions in the past 25 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the Early Essential Newborn Care program (EENC) in 2015 in Solomon Islands, a Small Island Developing State, to address high newborn mortality. We explored knowledge and skills retention among healthcare workers ... Read more >>

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth (BMC pregnancy and childbirth)
[2020, 20(1):84]

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Newborn Care Practices and Associated Factors Among Lactating Mothers at Home in the Rural Districts of Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia.

Abebe Alemu, Akine Eshete,

Introduction:Globally, approximately three million neonates die in the first month of life. Neonatal mortality is a public problem in low and middle-income counties. Home-based good newborn care practice by lactating mothers is vital to improve newborns' health. In Ethiopia, home-based cultural newborn care practice among lactating mothers is very common, ... Read more >>

Pediatric Health Med Ther (Pediatric health, medicine and therapeutics)
[2020, 11:47-54]

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Parent moral distress in serious pediatric illness: A dimensional analysis.

Kim Mooney-Doyle, Connie M Ulrich,

BACKGROUND:Moral distress is an important and well-studied phenomenon among nurses and other healthcare providers, yet the conceptualization of parental moral distress remains unclear. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this dimensional analysis was to describe the nature of family moral distress in serious pediatric illness. DESIGN AND METHODS:A dimensional analysis of articles retrieved ... Read more >>

Nurs Ethics (Nursing ethics)
[2020, :969733019878838]

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