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Epilepsy and the Autonomic Nervous System

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Exploring perceived benefits, motives, barriers, and recommendations for prescribing yoga exercises as a nonpharmacological intervention for patients with epilepsy: A qualitative study from Palestine.

Ramzi Shawahna, Imad Abdelhaq,

OBJECTIVES:Yoga is believed to play a role in stabilizing the electroencephalogram and the autonomic nervous system, thus might help control seizures in people with epilepsy (PWE). This qualitative study was conducted to explore experiences of Palestinian PWE with regard to benefits, motives, barriers, and recommendations of prescribing yoga exercises as ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2020, 106:107041]

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The Epileptic Heart: Concept and clinical evidence.

Richard L Verrier, Trudy D Pang, Bruce D Nearing, Steven C Schachter,

Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is generally considered to result from a seizure, typically convulsive and usually but not always occurring during sleep, followed by a sequence of events in the postictal period starting with respiratory distress and progressing to eventual cardiac asystole and death. Yet, recent community-based studies ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2020, 105:106946]

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Application of the APE2-CHN and RITE2-CHN scores for autoimmune epilepsy in Chinese patients: a retrospective study

Chang Zeng, Wei-ping Liu, Mian Wang, Chen Zhang, Charlie Weige Zhao, Bo Xiao,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background : Autoimmune epilepsy is recognized as a distinct entity of epilepsy with underestimated incidence. Our previous study reported that prompt diagnosis and early-initiated immunotherapy led to better outcome. We proposed to assess the feasibility and reasonability of the Antibody Prevalence in Chinese Patients with Epilepsy ... Read more >>

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Endothelial and Autonomic Functions in Patients with Migraine.

Mehmet Tolga Dogru, Ergin Dilekoz, Murat Alpua, Oguz Eroglu, Hüseyin Kandemir, Caglar Alp, Hayrunnisa Bolay,

OBJECTIVE:It has been shown that patients with migraine have endothelial dysfunction. Migraine patients with aura, especially, have more clinical manifestations of autonomic nervous system dysfunction. We aimed to evaluate the endothelial and autonomic functions in migraine patients during both migraine headache attack and headache-free periods. DESIGN:This was a cross-sectional, randomized ... Read more >>

Pain Med (Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.))
[2020, 21(2):e222-e231]

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KIF1A-related disorders in children: A wide spectrum of central and peripheral nervous system involvement.

Tarishi Nemani, Dora Steel, Marios Kaliakatsos, Catherine DeVile, Athina Ververi, Richard Scott, Spas Getov, Sniya Sudhakar, Alison Male, Kshitij Mankad, , Francesco Muntoni, Mary M Reilly, Manju A Kurian, Lucinda Carr, Pinki Munot,

KIF1A-related disorders (KRD) were first described in 2011 and the phenotypic spectrum has subsequently expanded to encompass a range of central and peripheral nervous system involvement. Here we present a case series demonstrating the range of clinical, neurophysiological, and radiological features which may occur in childhood-onset KRD. We report on ... Read more >>

J. Peripher. Nerv. Syst. (Journal of the peripheral nervous system : JPNS)
[2020, :]

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Evidence for Dietary Agmatine Sulfate Effectiveness in Neuropathies Associated with Painful Small Fiber Neuropathy. A Pilot Open-Label Consecutive Case Series Study.

Michael L Rosenberg, Vahid Tohidi, Karna Sherwood, Sujoy Gayen, Rosina Medel, Gad M Gilad,

Peripheral neuropathies associated with painful small fiber neuropathy (SFN) are complex conditions, resistant to treatment with conventional medications. Previous clinical studies strongly support the use of dietary agmatine as a safe and effective treatment for neuropathic pain. Based on this evidence, we conducted an open-label consecutive case series study to ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2020, 12(2):]

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Short-term Heart-rate Variability in Healthy Small and Medium-sized Dogs Over a Five-minute Measuring Period.

Radu Andrei Baisan, Eusebiu Ionuț Condurachi, Vasile Vulpe,

AbstractIntroductionFive-minute heart-rate variability (HRV) measurement is a useful tool for assessing the autonomic nervous system (ANS) balance in humans, but there are no studies on healthy dogs. The aim of the study was, therefore, to provide the reference ranges in small and medium-sized breeds for short-term HRV time and frequency ... Read more >>

J Vet Res (Journal of Veterinary Research)
[2020, 64(1):161-167]

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Roles of G protein-coupled receptors in inflammatory bowel disease.

Zhen Zeng, Arjudeb Mukherjee, Adwin Pidiyath Varghese, Xiao-Li Yang, Sha Chen, Hu Zhang,

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex disease with multiple pathogenic factors. Although the pathogenesis of IBD is still unclear, a current hypothesis suggests that genetic susceptibility, environmental factors, a dysfunctional immune system, the microbiome, and the interactions of these factors substantially contribute to the occurrence and development of IBD. ... Read more >>

World J. Gastroenterol. (World Journal of Gastroenterology)
[2020, 26(12):1242-1261]

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Encephalopathy related to status epilepticus during slow sleep (ESES) as atypical evolution of Panayiotopoulos syndrome: an EEG and neuropsychological study.

Hirokazu Oguni, Yoshiko Hirano, Satoru Nagata,

We report two patients with Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) who developed encephalopathy related to status epilepticus during slow sleep (ESES) at the peak of their clinical course. Clinical charts and EEG data were reviewed. The patients exhibited nocturnal autonomic seizures and occipital EEG foci, the latter of which later evolved into ... Read more >>

Epileptic Disord (Epileptic disorders : international epilepsy journal with videotape)
[2020, 22(1):67-72]

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A Case of Complex and Abnormal Behaviors at Night: The Role of the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit in Diagnosis.

Montserrat Diaz-Abad, Ana M Sanchez, Arif Kabir, John Konikkara,

Complex nocturnal behaviors associated with sleep have many potential causes, including parasomnias and epilepsy. Although the type of event and description can frequently lead to a diagnosis, sometimes it is challenging clinically to determine the cause of the behaviors, requiring a more in-depth investigation. We report the case of a ... Read more >>

Case Rep Neurol (Case reports in neurology)
[2020, 12(1):18-23]

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Probable Mechanism of Antiepileptic Effect of the Vagus Nerve Stimulation in the Context of the Recent Results in Sleep Research.

Ivan N Pigarev, Marina L Pigareva, Ekaterina V Levichkina,

Front Neurosci (Frontiers in Neuroscience)
[2020, 14:160]

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A formula based on autonomic test using EZSCAN and anthropometric data for diagnosis of DM in China.

Xiaolan Zhao, Alexander Getmanenko, Yalan Zhang, Qinyun Mo, Chunyan Yao,

Clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) is time-consuming and invasive. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and accuracy of EZSCAN in detecting impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes mellitus (DM) in Chinese population, and explore a diagnosis formula based on an autonomic test using EZSCAN measurement and anthropometric data. ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):4870]

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Identification and Management of Paroxysmal Sympathetic Hyperactivity After Traumatic Brain Injury.

Rui-Zhe Zheng, Zhong-Qi Lei, Run-Ze Yang, Guo-Hui Huang, Guang-Ming Zhang,

Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) has predominantly been described after traumatic brain injury (TBI), which is associated with hyperthermia, hypertension, tachycardia, tachypnea, diaphoresis, dystonia (hypertonia or spasticity), and even motor features such as extensor/flexion posturing. Despite the pathophysiology of PSH not being completely understood, most researchers gradually agree that PSH is ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2020, 11:81]

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Implant-Mediated Therapy of Arterial Hypertension.

Mortimer Gierthmuehlen, Dennis T T Plachta, Josef Zentner,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To give an overview on recent developments in permanent implant-based therapy of resistant hypertension. RECENT FINDINGS:The American Heart Association (AHA) recently updated their guidelines to treat high blood pressure (BP). As elevated BP now is defined as a systolic BP above 120 mmHg, the prevalence of hypertension in the ... Read more >>

Curr. Hypertens. Rep. (Current hypertension reports)
[2020, 22(2):16]

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The Use of Antioxidants in the Treatment of Migraine.

Marta Goschorska, Izabela Gutowska, Irena Baranowska-Bosiacka, Katarzyna Barczak, Dariusz Chlubek,

Despite numerous studies concerning the pathophysiology of migraine, the exact molecular mechanism of disturbances underlying migraine is still unknown. Furthermore, oxidative stress is considered to play a significant role in migraine pathogenesis. The notion of oxidative stress in migraine patients has been discussed for several decades. Over the past few ... Read more >>

Antioxidants (Basel) (Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland))
[2020, 9(2):]

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Limbic encephalitis associated with AMPA receptor and CRMP5 antibodies: A case report and literature review.

Yujuan Jia, Jie Wang, Lanping Xue, Yuli Hou,

AIMS:AMPA receptor (AMPAR) and CRMP5 antibodies are relatively uncommon in limbic encephalitis, and patients with both antibodies are rare. We recently treated such a patient, but the patient died after active treatment. To further understand this disease, we conducted a case report and literature review. DISCUSSIONS:To date, five encephalitis patients, ... Read more >>

Brain Behav (Brain and Behavior)
[2020, 10(3):e01528]

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[Mobile seizure monitoring in epilepsy patients].

A Schulze-Bonhage, S Böttcher, M Glasstetter, N Epitashvili, E Bruno, M Richardson, K V Laerhoven, M Dümpelmann,

Wearables are receiving much attention from both epilepsy patients and treating physicians, for monitoring of seizure frequency and warning of seizures. They are also of interest for the detection of seizure-associated risks of patients, for differential diagnosis of rare seizure types and prediction of seizure-prone periods. Accelerometry, electromyography (EMG), heart ... Read more >>

Nervenarzt (Der Nervenarzt)
[2019, 90(12):1221-1231]

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Cardiac dysregulation following intrahippocampal kainate-induced status epilepticus.

Amber T Levine, Heather A Born, Andrew P Landstrom, Samuel Larson, Wai Ling Lee, An T Dao, Xander H Wehrens, Yi-Chen Lai, Anne E Anderson,

Status epilepticus (SE) is a prevalent disorder associated with significant morbidity, including the development of epilepsy and mortality. Cardiac arrhythmias (i.e. inappropriate sinus tachycardia and bradycardia, asystole, and atrioventricular blocks) are observed in patients following SE. We characterized ictal (during a seizure) and interictal (between seizure) cardiac arrhythmogenesis following SE ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):4043]

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Essential Noninvasive Multimodality Neuromonitoring for the Critically Ill Patient.

Frank A Rasulo, Tommaso Togni, Stefano Romagnoli,

This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2020. Other selected articles can be found online at https://www.biomedcentral.com/collections/annualupdate2020. Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901. ... Read more >>

Crit Care (Critical care (London, England))
[2020, 24(1):100]

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Brain-heart interactions considering complex physiological data: processing schemes for time-variant, frequency-dependent, topographical and statistical examination of directed interactions by convergent cross mapping.

Karin Schiecke, Andy Schumann, Franz Benninger, Martha Feucht, Karl-Juergen Baer, Peter Schlattmann,

BACKGROUND:A multitude of complex methods is available to quantify interactions in highly complex physiological systems. Brain-heart interactions play an important role in identifying couplings between the central nervous system and the autonomic nervous system during defined physiological states or specific diseases. The crucial point of those interaction analyses is adequate ... Read more >>

Physiol Meas (Physiological measurement)
[2019, 40(11):114001]

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The Impact of Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation on Pain and Life Quality in Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome.

Nazlı Kutlu, Ali Veysel Özden, Hasan Kerem Alptekin, Jülide Öncü Alptekin,

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of auricular vagus nerve stimulation, applied in conjunction with an exercise treatment program, on pain and life quality in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). To achieve the study objectives, 60 female patients between the ages 18 and 50, with diagnosed ... Read more >>

Biomed Res Int (BioMed Research International)
[2020, 2020:8656218]

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A Personalized Signature and Chronotherapy-Based Platform for Improving the Efficacy of Sepsis Treatment.

Ariel Kenig, Yaron Ilan,

Sepsis remains a major therapeutic challenge and is associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. It is a dynamic condition in which multiple parameters change over time, rendering it difficult to overcome the various injurious responses, which worsen the prognosis in these patients. The prognosis of sepsis is ... Read more >>

Front Physiol (Frontiers in physiology)
[2019, 10:1542]

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Innovations in Electrodermal Activity Data Collection and Signal Processing: A Systematic Review.

Hugo F Posada-Quintero, Ki H Chon,

The electrodermal activity (EDA) signal is an electrical manifestation of the sympathetic innervation of the sweat glands. EDA has a history in psychophysiological (including emotional or cognitive stress) research since 1879, but it was not until recent years that researchers began using EDA for pathophysiological applications like the assessment of ... Read more >>

Sensors (Basel) (Sensors (Basel, Switzerland))
[2020, 20(2):]

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Kv1.1 channel subunits in the control of neurocardiac function.

Edward Glasscock,

Voltage-gated Kv1.1 potassium channel α-subunits are broadly expressed in the nervous system where they act as critical regulators of neuronal excitability. Mutations in the KCNA1 gene, which encodes Kv1.1, are associated with the neurological diseases episodic ataxia and epilepsy. Studies in mouse models have shown that Kv1.1 is important for ... Read more >>

Channels (Austin) (Channels (Austin, Tex.))
[2019, 13(1):299-307]

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Reversible sulcal FLAIR hyperintensity on MRI in a migraine patient with aura.

Eduardo Portela de Oliveira, Vered Tsehmaister-Abitbul, Mario Kontolemos, Rafael Glikstein, Carlos Torres,

Reversible sulcal fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) hyperintensity is a rare imaging finding that could be seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in patients with migraine with aura. Herein, we present a patient who was admitted to the emergency department with severe headaches, numbness on the right side of the body, ... Read more >>

Radiol Case Rep (Radiology case reports)
[2020, 15(3):174-176]

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