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Anthropometric measures and blood pressure of Greenlandic preschool children.

Magnus Kok Grouleff, Maria Wielsøe, Dina Berthelsen, Gert Mulvad, Silvia Isidor, Manhai Long, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen,

The study aims to describe anthropometric data of Greenlandic preschool children, blood pressure (BP) measures and effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy in a follow-up of the ACCEPT birth cohort. The study included 102 children (55 boys and 47 girls) aged 3.5-5.5 years. Anthropometric measures included weight, height, head circumference (HC), ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1954382]

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Statin therapy in chronic viral hepatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of nine studies with 195,602 participants.

Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Sajad Shojaie, Maciej Banach, Farshad Heidari, Arrigo F G Cicero, Masoum Khoshfetrat, Tannaz Jamialahmadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar,

<h4>Background</h4>Conflicting data suggest that statins could cause chronic liver disease in certain group of patients, while improving prognosis in those with chronic viral hepatitis (CVH).<h4>Purpose</h4>To quantify the potential protective role of statins on some main liver-related health outcomes in clinical studies on CVH patients.<b>Data Sources:</b> The search strategy was explored ... Read more >>

Ann Med (Annals of medicine)
[2021, 53(1):1227-1242]

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Using molecular transmission networks to understand the epidemic characteristics of HIV-1 CRF08_BC across China.

Kang Li, Meiliang Liu, Huanhuan Chen, Jianjun Li, Yanling Liang, Yi Feng, Hui Xing, Yiming Shao,

HIV-1 CRF08_BC has become a major epidemic in heterosexuals and intravenous drug users (IDUs) in southern China. In order to evaluate the trends of its epidemic and facilitate targeted HIV prevention, we constructed the genetic transmission networks based on its <i>pol</i> sequences, derived from the National HIV Molecular Epidemiology Survey. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):497-506]

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The genetic feature and virulence determinant of highly virulent community-associated MRSA ST338-SCCmec Vb in China.

Ye Jin, Wangxiao Zhou, Zhidong Yin, Shuntian Zhang, Yunbo Chen, Ping Shen, Jinru Ji, Weiwei Chen, Beiwen Zheng, Yonghong Xiao,

ST59 is the predominant pathotype of community-associated methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (CA-MRSA) in China. As a variant of ST59, there is relatively little known about the detailed information of ST338. To address this issue, here, we described thirteen ST338 CA-MRSA strains isolated from severe bloodstream infection cases, and focused on their ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):1052-1064]

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Introduction and spread of variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 (VSBV-1) between exotic squirrels and spill-over infections to humans in Germany.

Daniel Cadar, Valerie Allendorf, Vanessa Schulze, Rainer G Ulrich, Kore Schlottau, Arnt Ebinger, Bernd Hoffmann, Donata Hoffmann, Dennis Rubbenstroth, Gabriele Ismer, Chris Kibbey, Anna Marthaler, Jürgen Rissland, Frank Leypoldt, Martin Stangel, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Franz J Conraths, Martin Beer, Timo Homeier-Bachmann, Dennis Tappe,

The variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 (VSBV-1) is a recently discovered emerging viral pathogen which causes severe and eventually fatal encephalitis in humans after contact to exotic squirrels in private holdings and zoological gardens. Understanding the VSBV-1 epidemiology is crucial to develop, implement, and maintain surveillance strategies for the detection and ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):602-611]

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A 10-year cohort study of 175 primary gastrointestinal lymphoma cases in Thailand: clinical features and outcomes in the immunochemotherapy era.

Weerapat Owattanapanich, Theera Ruchutrakool, Tawatchai Pongpruttipan, Monthira Maneerattanaporn,

<h4>Background</h4>Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma (PGIL), an uncommon subtype of lymphoma, accounts for 1%-4% of gastrointestinal cancers. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the current 10-year epidemiology and outcomes of PGIL.<h4>Methods</h4>This retrospective study involved a hospital-based chart review to analyze the epidemiology, clinical features, predisposing factors, and clinical outcomes of patients diagnosed ... Read more >>

Hematology (Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands))
[2021, 26(1):249-255]

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A systematic review of the epidemiology of Hepatitis E virus infection in South - Eastern Asia.

Yakubu Egigogo Raji, Ooi Peck Toung, Niazlin Mohd Taib, Zamberi Bin Sekawi,

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is an emerging zoonotic viral disease, with an increasingly international public health challenge. Despite the concerns that the global disease burden may be underestimated. Therefore, evaluation of the disease epidemiology in South - eastern Asia through a systematic review will assist in unraveling the burden ... Read more >>

Virulence (Virulence)
[2021, 12(1):114-129]

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Whole-genome characterization of hemolytic uremic syndrome-causing Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in Sweden.

Ying Hua, Milan Chromek, Anne Frykman, Cecilia Jernberg, Valya Georgieva, Sverker Hansson, Ji Zhang, Ann Katrine Marits, Chengsong Wan, Andreas Matussek, Xiangning Bai,

Shiga toxin-producing <i>Escherichia coli</i>, a foodborne bacterial pathogen, has been linked to a broad spectrum of clinical outcomes ranging from asymptomatic carriage to fatal hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Here, we collected clinical data and STEC strains from HUS patients from 1994 through 2018, whole-genome sequencing was performed to molecularly characterize ... Read more >>

Virulence (Virulence)
[2021, 12(1):1296-1305]

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Hypervirulent and hypermucoviscous extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella variicola in Chile.

F Morales-León, A Opazo-Capurro, C Caro, N Lincopan, A Cardenas-Arias, F Esposito, V Illesca, M L Rioseco, M Domínguez-Yévenes, C A Lima, H Bello-Toledo, Gerardo González-Rocha,

Convergence of virulence and antibiotic-resistance has been reported in <i>Klebsiella pneumoniae</i>, but not in <i>Klebsiella variicola</i>. We, hereby, report the detection and genomic characterization of hypervirulent and hypermucoviscous <i>K. pneumoniae</i> and <i>K.</i> <i>variicola</i> recovered in Chile from health-care associated infections, which displayed resistance to broad-spectrum cephalosporins. One hundred forty-six <i>K. ... Read more >>

Virulence (Virulence)
[2021, 12(1):35-44]

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Human prion disease surveillance in Spain, 1993-2018: an overview.

Jesús De Pedro-Cuesta, Javier Almazán-Isla, Laura Tejedor-Romero, María Ruiz-Tovar, Fuencisla Avellanal, Alberto Rábano, Miguel Calero, Fernando J García López, ,

In Spain, human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) have been undergoing continuous surveillance for over 25 years. In 1995, the system was launched as an EU Concerted Action, with EU surveillance network procedures being incorporated from 2002 onwards. The aim of this report was to describe performance and outcomes of this surveillance ... Read more >>

Prion (Prion)
[2021, 15(1):94-106]

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Genomic epidemiology of Candida auris in a general hospital in Shenyang, China: a three-year surveillance study.

Sufei Tian, Jian Bing, Yunzhuo Chu, Jingjing Chen, Shitong Cheng, Qihui Wang, Jingping Zhang, Xiaochun Ma, Baosen Zhou, Ling Liu, Guanghua Huang, Hong Shang,

<i>Candida auris</i> is an emerging pathogenic fungal species found worldwide. Since April 2016, <i>C. auris</i> colonization/infection cases have been found in a general hospital in Shenyang, China. The genome-based phylogenetic studies of these isolates remain undefined. In the current study, the microbiological characteristics and antifungal susceptibility of these <i>C. auris</i> ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):1088-1096]

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Epidemiological profile and molecular genetic characterization of HIV-1 among female sex workers and elderly male clients in Guangxi, China.

Xiu Chen, Chunwei Qin, Rongfeng Chen, Yunxuan Huang, Yuexiang Xu, Qiao Tang, Xianjun Liang, Bing Peng, Yi Shao, Yao Yang, Jie Chen, Xinwei Wang, Liufang Wen, Bingyu Liang, Li Ye, Xionglin Qin, Junjun Jiang, Hao Liang,

The HIV/AIDS prevalence in female sex workers (FSWs) and elderly male clients is increasing in Guangxi, China, but the transmission relationship between them remains unclear. This study aims to illuminate the transmission network between FSWs and elderly male clients using molecular epidemiological analyses. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that CRF01_AE was the ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):384-395]

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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from infected skin lesions present several virulence genes and are associated with the CC30 in Brazilian children with atopic dermatitis.

Fernanda Sampaio Cavalcante, Simone Saintive, Dennis Carvalho Ferreira, Adriana Barbosa Rocha Silva, Lorrayne Cardoso Guimarães, Beatriz Stofel Braga, Eliane de Dios Abad, Marcia Ribeiro, Kátia Regina Netto Dos Santos,

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease and colonization by <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> may affect up to 100% of these patients. Virulent and resistant isolates can worsen AD patient clinical condition and jeopardize the treatment. We aimed to detect virulence genes and to evaluate the biofilm production of <i>S. ... Read more >>

Virulence (Virulence)
[2021, 12(1):260-269]

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MercuNorth - monitoring mercury in pregnant women from the Arctic as a baseline to assess the effectiveness of the Minamata Convention.

Bryan Adlard, Mélanie Lemire, Eva C Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Manhai Long, Kristín Ólafsdóttir, Jon O Odland, Arja Rautio, Päivi Myllynen, Torkjel M Sandanger, Alexey A Dudarev, Ingvar A Bergdahl, Maria Wennberg, James Berner, Pierre Ayotte,

Exposure to mercury (Hg) is a global concern, particularly among Arctic populations that rely on the consumption of marine mammals and fish which are the main route of Hg exposure for Arctic populations.The MercuNorth project was created to establish baseline Hg levels across several Arctic regions during the period preceding ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1881345]

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Association between measurements of arterial stiffness and target organ damage in a general Spanish population.

Rosario Alonso-Domínguez, Natalia Sánchez-Aguadero, María C Patino-Alonso, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Ángela de Cabo-Laso, Marta Gómez-Sánchez, Leticia Gómez-Sánchez, Emiliano Rodríguez-Sánchez, Luis García-Ortiz, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, ,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Little is known about the relationship between arterial stiffness and cardiovascular target organ damage (TOD) in the general population. The aim was to analyse the relationship between different measurements of arterial stiffness and TOD, in a general Spanish population without a history of cardiovascular event.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>Transversal descriptive study. Through ... Read more >>

Ann Med (Annals of medicine)
[2021, 53(1):345-356]

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Science during COVID-19: where do we go from here?

The Lancet,

Lancet (Lancet (London, England))
[2021, 396(10267):1941]

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Renal replacement therapy in acute kidney injury.

Zhenxing Lu, Peijing Yan, Kehu Yang, Liang Yao,

Lancet (Lancet (London, England))
[2021, 396(10267):1974-1975]

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"If the reindeer die, everything dies": The mental health of a Sámi community exposed to a mining project in Swedish Sápmi.

Hanna Blåhed, Miguel San Sebastián,

In 2006, a British mining company started the process of extracting ore from Gállok/Kallak, in Swedish Sápmi. These grounds are used all year round for reindeer herding by the Sámi community Jåhkågasska tjiellde. While environmental impact assessments should be conducted by law in any development project in Sweden, the health ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1935132]

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Complexity of host-vector dynamics in a two-strain dengue model.

Peter Rashkov, Bob W Kooi,

We introduce a compartmental host-vector model for dengue with two viral strains, temporary cross-immunity for the hosts, and possible secondary infections. We study the conditions on existence of endemic equilibria where one strain displaces the other or the two virus strains co-exist. Since the host and vector epidemiology follow different ... Read more >>

J Biol Dyn (Journal of biological dynamics)
[2021, 15(1):35-72]

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Prime-boost vaccination of mice and rhesus macaques with two novel adenovirus vectored COVID-19 vaccine candidates.

Shengxue Luo, Panli Zhang, Bochao Liu, Chan Yang, Chaolan Liang, Qi Wang, Ling Zhang, Xi Tang, Jinfeng Li, Shuiping Hou, Jinfeng Zeng, Yongshui Fu, Jean-Pierre Allain, Tingting Li, Yuming Zhang, Chengyao Li,

<b>ABSTRACT</b>COVID-19 vaccines are being developed urgently worldwide. Here, we constructed two adenovirus vectored COVID-19 vaccine candidates of Sad23L-nCoV-S and Ad49L-nCoV-S carrying the full-length gene of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. The immunogenicity of two vaccines was individually evaluated in mice. Specific immune responses were observed by priming in a dose-dependent manner, and ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):1002-1015]

Cited: 1 time

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Lessons from an unparalleled disruption to cancer prevention and control.

Eduardo L Franco, Gayle A Shinder, Karena D Volesky, Samantha B Shapiro, Aaron MacCosham,

Prev Med (Preventive medicine)
[2021, 151:106686]

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Epidemiology and Burden of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: An International Perspective.

Ami D Sperber,

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) prevalence rates are based on diagnostic criteria, the basis for case definitions. Diagnostic criteria have a substantial impact on prevalence rates, which are significant for understanding burden of disease, comparing global subpopulations, generating pathophysiologic research, allocating of health care and research resources, and incentivizing and prioritizing ... Read more >>

Gastroenterol Clin North Am (Gastroenterology clinics of North America)
[2021, 50(3):489-503]

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Compensatory effects of M. tuberculosis rpoB mutations outside the rifampicin resistance-determining region.

Pengjiao Ma, Tao Luo, Liang Ge, Zonghai Chen, Xinyan Wang, Rongchuan Zhao, Wei Liao, Lang Bao,

<i>Mycobacterium tuberculosis</i> has been observed to develop resistance to the frontline anti-tuberculosis drug rifampicin, primarily through mutations in the rifampicin resistance-determining region (RRDR) of <i>rpoB</i>. While these mutations have been determined to confer a fitness cost, compensatory mutations in <i>rpoA</i> and <i>rpoC</i> that may enhance the fitness of resistant strains ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):743-752]

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Estimating the risk of pandemic avian influenza.

Amita Tripathi, Harish Chandra Dhakal, Khagendra Adhikari, Ramesh Chandra Timsina, Lindi M Wahl,

Outbreaks of highly pathogenic strains of avian influenza (HPAI) cause high mortality in avian populations worldwide. When spread from avian reservoirs to humans, HPAI infections cause mortality in about 50% of human infections. Cases of human-to-human transmission of HPAI are relatively rare, and have, to date, only been reported in ... Read more >>

J Biol Dyn (Journal of biological dynamics)
[2021, 15(1):327-341]

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A qPCR-based method for the detection and quantification of the peach powdery mildew (Podosphaera pannosa) in epidemiological studies

Neus Marimon, Iban Eduardo, Maela León, Mónica Berbegal, Josep Armengol, Jordi Luque,

A qPCR-based method was developed to detect and quantify Podosphaera pannosa, the main causal agent of peach powdery mildew. A primer pair was designed to target part of the ITS region of the fungal ribosomal DNA, which proved to be highly specific and sensitive. A minimum of 2.81 pg µL⁻ ¹ of ... Read more >>

Eur J Plant Pathol (European journal of plant pathology.)
[2021, 158(4):1005-1016]

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