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Donor CMV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes successfully treated drug-resistant cytomegalovirus encephalitis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Peng Ke, Xiebing Bao, Jihao Zhou, Xiaoli Li, Juan Zhuang, Xuefeng He, Depei Wu, Xinyou Zhang, Xiao Ma,

Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) is a rare but life-threatening complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Cases presentation: Two patients with drug-resistant CMV encephalitis after allo-HSCT were successfully treated with donor CMV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). In the first case, a 27-year-old male who ... Read more >>

Hematology (Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands))
[2020, 25(1):43-47]

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Tick-borne encephalitis virus NS4A ubiquitination antagonizes type I interferon-stimulated STAT1/2 signalling pathway.

Qi Yang, Jia You, Yuan Zhou, Yun Wang, Rongjuan Pei, Xinwen Chen, Min Yang, Jizheng Chen,

Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) accounts for approximately 10,000 annual cases of severe encephalitis in Europe and Asia and causes encephalitis in humans. In this study, we demonstrate TBEV appears to activate the interferon (IFN)-β dependent on RIG-I/MDA5. Both the IFN-β accumulation and the IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) transcription greatly delay. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):714-726]

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An enigmatic case of cortical anopsia: Antemortem diagnosis of a 14-3-3 negative Heidenhain-variant MM1-sCJD.

Julius Obergassel, Lisa Lohmann, Sven G Meuth, Heinz Wiendl, Oliver Grauer, Christopher Nelke,

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is the predominant type of human prion disease. While routine diagnostic in phenotypic cases has advanced considerably, the clinical heterogeneity and rarity of subtypes continue to constitute a major clinical and diagnostic challenge. Here, we report a peculiar case of the Heidenhain-variant of MM1 sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease ... Read more >>

Prion (Prion)
[2020, 14(1):24-28]

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Symposium report: emerging threats for human health - impact of socioeconomic and climate change on zooanthroponosis in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia.

Irene Huber, Katerina Potapova, Elena Ammosova, Wolfgang Beyer, Sergey Blagodatskiy, Roman Desyatkin, Ludwig E Hoelzle, Margarita Ignateva, Ludmila Kokolova, Stefanie Lemke, Mikhail Neustroev, Ayan Nyukkanov, Galina Protodyakonova, Alexander Reshetnikov, Thomas Romig, Vyacheslav Shadrin, Izabella Samoilova, Sergey Semenov, Konstantin Stepanov, Nadezhda Tarabukina, Liliia Vinokurova, Raisa Zakharova, Konstantin Nifontov,

Population growth, socio-cultural and economic changes as well as technological progress have an immediate impact on the environment and human health in particular. Our steadily rising needs of resources increase the pressure on the environment and narrow down untainted habitats for plants and wild animals. Balance and resilience of ecosystems ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1715698]

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25 years of yeast prions.

Frank Shewmaker, Dan Masison,

Prion (Prion)
[2020, 14(1):29-30]

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Coverage rates of the children vaccination programme in Greenland.

Nadja Albertsen, Anna Rask Lynge, Nils Skovgaard, Jesper Søndergaard Olesen, Michael Lynge Pedersen,

In order to estimate the current coverage rate among all children in Greenland, we conducted an observational cross-sectional study identifying all children in Greenland eligible for a vaccination between 1 March 2018 and 16 June 2019. we found an overall national coverage of 85.4%. The national coverage for the vaccinations ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1721983]

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Targeting the P2X7 receptor in microglial cells to prevent brain inflammation.

Lin-Hua Jiang, Sébastien Roger,

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1245-1246]

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The role of cofilin in age-related neuroinflammation.

Amsha S Alsegiani, Zahoor A Shah,

Aging brain becomes susceptible to neurodegenerative diseases due to the shifting of microglia and astrocyte phenotypes to an active "pro-inflammatory" state, causing chronic low-grade neuroinflammation. Despite the fact that the role of neuroinflammation during aging has been extensively studied in recent years, the underlying causes remain unclear. The identification of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1451-1459]

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Epidemiology and Etiology of Severe Childhood Encephalitis in The Netherlands.

Dirkje de Blauw, Andrea H L Bruning, C B E Busch, Lisa M Kolodziej, N J G Jansen, J B M van Woensel, Dasja Pajkrt, ,

BACKGROUND:Limited data are available on childhood encephalitis. Our study aimed to increase insight on clinical presentation, etiology, and clinical outcome of children with severe encephalitis in the Netherlands. METHODS:We identified patients through the Dutch Pediatric Intensive Care Evaluation database and included children diagnosed with encephalitis <18 years of age admitted ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, 39(4):267-272]

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Infection-Associated Opsoclonus: A Retrospective Case Record Analysis and Review of Literature.

Lokesh Saini, Sumeet R Dhawan, Priyanka Madaan, Renu Suthar, Arushi Gahlot Saini, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Naveen Sankhyan,

Opsoclonus, an uncommon clinical sign, and is often described in the context of opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia syndrome (OMAS). OMAS may be paraneoplastic or postinfectious. However, opsoclonus with or without OMAS may occur in association with a wide gamut of infections. Infection-associated opsoclonus/OMAS (IAO) needs recognition as a separate entity, since ... Read more >>

J. Child Neurol. (Journal of child neurology)
[2020, :883073820911327]

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Transcriptomic Analysis Suggests the M1 Polarization and Launch of Diverse Programmed Cell Death Pathways in Japanese Encephalitis Virus-Infected Macrophages.

Zhao-Yang Wang, Zi-Da Zhen, Dong-Ying Fan, Pei-Gang Wang, Jing An,

The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a Culex mosquito-borne flavivirus and is the pathogenic agent of Japanese encephalitis, which is the most important type of viral encephalitis in the world. Macrophages are a type of pivotal innate immunocyte that serve as sentinels and respond quickly to pathogen invasions. However, some ... Read more >>

Viruses (Viruses)
[2020, 12(3):]

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Neuropsychological and psychiatric outcomes in encephalitis: A multi-centre case-control study.

Lara Harris, Julia Griem, Alison Gummery, Laura Marsh, Sylviane Defres, Maneesh Bhojak, Kumar Das, Ava Easton, Tom Solomon, Michael Kopelman, ,

OBJECTIVES:Our aim was to compare neuropsychological and psychiatric outcomes across three encephalitis aetiological groups: Herpes simplex virus (HSV), other infections or autoimmune causes (Other), and encephalitis of unknown cause (Unknown). METHODS:Patients recruited from NHS hospitals underwent neuropsychological and psychiatric assessment in the short-term (4 months post-discharge), medium-term (9-12 months after ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0230436]

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Limbic encephalitis with antibodies to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptor after allogeneic transplantation.

Jun Toda, Tetsuo Maeda, Keigo Akuta, Shinsuke Kusakabe, Tomoaki Ueda, Jiro Fujita, Hirohiko Shibayama, Kenji Oritani, Yukitoshi Takahashi, Yuzuru Kanakura,

Various central nervous system (CNS) complications may occur after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), which can result in severe clinical problems. Diagnosis is often difficult, as distinctive clinical symptoms may be absent and different neurological disorders may exhibit similar symptoms. Despite the fact that antibodies responding to brain cell ... Read more >>

Int. J. Hematol. (International journal of hematology)
[2020, :]

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Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Nonstructural Protein 1 IgG Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Differentiating Infection versus Vaccination Antibody Responses.

P Girl, M Bestehorn-Willmann, S Zange, J P Borde, G Dobler, H von Buttlar,

Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is an important central nervous system (CNS) infection in Europe and Asia. It is a flavivirus in the tick-borne group. Effective vaccines against TBE are available in the affected countries. However, diagnosing TBE is challenging due to cross-reactive antibodies between different viruses of the genus Flavivirus, ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Microbiol. (Journal of clinical microbiology)
[2020, 58(4):]

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Study of the association of seventeen single nucleotide polymorphisms and their haplotypes in the TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 genes with the antibody response to inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine.

Yufeng Yao, Xiuwen Xu, Yaheng Li, Xiaona Wang, Huijuan Yang, Jun Chen, Shuyuan Liu, Yan Deng, Zhimei Zhao, Qiongzhou Yin, Mingbo Sun, Li Shi,

To investigate whether the TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 genes contribute to variations in vaccine-induced immune responses after immunization with the inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine (IJEV), a total of 369 individuals who received the IJEV were enrolled. Based on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) neutralization antibodies (NAbs), the individuals were divided ... Read more >>

Hum Vaccin Immunother (Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics)
[2020, :1-7]

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Parechovirus-A3 encephalitis presenting with focal seizure mimicking herpes simplex virus infection.

Sakiko Arai, Takayuki Yamanaka, Masashi Kasai, Tetsuhiro Fukuyama, Yuta Aizawa, Ko Matsui, Masanori Sato, Hiroko Matsui, Akihiko Saitoh,

BACKGROUND:Febrile neonates and young infants presenting with seizure require immediate evaluation and treatment. Herein we experienced two young infants with parechovirus-A3 (PeV-A3) encephalitis, initially presented with focal seizure suspecting herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis. CASES:We have experienced 2 infantile cases, initially presented with focal seizure. At presentation, HSV encephalitis was ... Read more >>

J. Infect. Chemother. (Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy)
[2020, :]

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Delirium in Meningitis and Encephalitis: Emergence and Prediction in a 6-Year Cohort.

Tolga Dittrich, Stephan Marsch, Stephan Rüegg, Gian Marco De Marchis, Sarah Tschudin-Sutter, Raoul Sutter,

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:Data regarding delirium in patients presenting with infections of the central nervous system, such as meningitis and/or encephalitis (ME), are scarce. We aimed to determine the frequency and early predictors of delirium in the acute phase of ME. METHODS:We assessed clinical, radiologic, and laboratory data of patients with ME at ... Read more >>

J Intensive Care Med (Journal of intensive care medicine)
[2020, :885066620913004]

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A need to raise the bar - A systematic review of temporal trends in diagnostics for Japanese encephalitis virus infection, and perspectives for future research.

Tehmina Bharucha, Freya M Shearer, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Mayfong Mayxay, Xavier de Lamballerie, Paul N Newton, Nicole Zitzmann, Ernest Gould, Audrey Dubot-Pérès,

OBJECTIVE:Japanese encephalitis virus infection (JEV) remains a leading cause of neurological infection in Asia, largely involving individuals living in remote areas with limited access to treatment centres and diagnostic facilities. Laboratory confirmation is fundamental for the justification and implementation of vaccination programmes. We sought to review the literature on historical ... Read more >>

Int. J. Infect. Dis. (International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases)
[2020, :]

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CD19+ B-cells in autoantibody-negative limbic encephalitis.

Niels Hansen, Demet Önder, Kerstin Schwing, Guido Widman, Pitshaporn Leelaarporn, Indra Prusseit, Rainer Surges, Albert J Becker, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter, Christian E Elger,

PURPOSE:Flow cytometry helps to elucidate the cellular immune repertoire's mechanisms in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to limbic encephalitis (LE) subcategories and carries potential significance for subtype-specific treatment. METHODS:We enrolled 62 patients with TLE due to LE associated with no autoantibodies (n = 40), neural autoantibodies (n = 22), as well as ... Read more >>

Epilepsy Behav (Epilepsy & behavior : E&B)
[2020, 106:107016]

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Drebrin autoantibodies in patients with seizures and suspected encephalitis.

Julika Pitsch, Delara Kamalizade, Anna Braun, Julia C Kuehn, Polina E Gulakova, Theodor Rüber, Gert Lubec, Dirk Dietrich, Randi von Wrede, Christoph Helmstaedter, Rainer Surges, Christian E Elger, Elke Hattingen, Hartmut Vatter, Susanne Schoch, Albert J Becker,

OBJECTIVE:Assess occurrence of the dendritic spine scaffolding protein Drebrin as pathophysiologically relevant autoantibody target in patients with recurrent seizures and suspected encephalitis as leading symptoms. METHODS:Sera of four patients with adult onset epilepsy and suspected encephalitis of unresolved etiology and equivalent results in autoantibody screening were subjected to epitope identification. ... Read more >>

Ann. Neurol. (Annals of neurology)
[2020, :]

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Screening for anti-NMDAR encephalitis in psychiatry.

Nicola Warren, Joshua Flavell, Cullen O'Gorman, Andrew Swayne, Stefan Blum, Steve Kisely, Dan Siskind,

Anti-NMDAR encephalitis most commonly presents to psychiatric services, so early identification of this disorder is essential. We aim to validate the two screening criteria (Scott et al. and Herken and Pruss) which have been proposed to identify first episode psychosis patients who should have anti-NMDAR antibody testing. The performance of ... Read more >>

J Psychiatr Res (Journal of psychiatric research)
[2020, 125:28-32]

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Encephalitis related to immunotherapy for lung cancer: Analysis of a multicenter cohort.

Mateo Sanchis-Borja, Charles Ricordel, Anne Marie Chiappa, José Hureaux, Luc Odier, Gaelle Jeannin, Renaud Descourt, Radj Gervais, Isabelle Monnet, Jean-Bernard Auliac, Christos Chouaïd,

INTRODUCTION:Using immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) to manage cancer is associated with various immune-related adverse events. Central and/or peripheral neurological disorders are rare and potentially serious. We analyzed the characteristics of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who developed immune-related encephalitis under anti-programmed-death protein-1 or its ligand (PD-1/PD-L1). METHODS:Clinical, biological and radiological characteristics ... Read more >>

Lung Cancer (Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands))
[2020, 143:36-39]

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Viral encephalitis followed by anti-NMDAR encephalitis with concomitant MOG antibody-positive central nervous system demyelination in a child.

Jiannan Ma, Li Jiang,

Neurol. Sci. (Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology)
[2020, :]

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Delirious mania as a frequent and recognizable neuropsychiatric syndrome in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis.

Miguel Restrepo-Martinez, Jesus Ramirez-Bermudez, Leo Bayliss, Mariana Espinola-Nadurille,

BACKGROUND:Previous case reports showed that delirious mania could be one of the many neuropsychiatric presentations of Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis (ANMDARE). OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the frequency of delirious mania and its associated factors in ANMDARE. METHOD:A prospective study, including all patients with ANMDARE admitted to the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery ... Read more >>

Gen Hosp Psychiatry (General hospital psychiatry)
[2020, 64:50-55]

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Just for Chinese people's stood up-Prof. Fangzhou Gu, father of "sugar pills".

Jun Wu, Dexiang Dong, Ying Li,

Protein Cell (Protein & cell)
[2020, 11(4):231-234]

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