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A role for Arabidopsis myosins in sugar-induced hypocotyl elongation.

Damilola Olatunji, Dior R Kelley,

MicroPubl Biol (microPublication biology)
[2020, 2020:]

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Emergence delirium may not just be a recovery room problem.

Pablo M Ingelmo, Marta Somaini, Thomas Engelhardt,

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2021, 31(10):1022-1024]

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Effect of Environmental Factors on the Germination and Emergence of Drunken Horse Grass (Achnatherum inebrians)

Yonghuan Yue, Guili Jin, Weihua Lu, Ke Gong, Wanqiang Han, Wenhao Liu, Xueer Wu,

Drunken horse grass [Achnatherum inebrians (Hance) Keng] is a perennial poisonous weed in western China. A comprehensive understanding of the ecological response of A. inebrians germination to environmental factors would facilitate the formulation of better management strategies for this weed. Experiments were conducted under laboratory conditions to assess the effects ... Read more >>

Weed Sci (Weed Science)
[2021, 69(1):62-68]

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Intraoperative use of low-dose dexmedetomidine for the prevention of emergence agitation following general anaesthesia in elderly patients: a randomized controlled trial.

Meiyan Sun, Tianliang Peng, Yingui Sun, Zhaolu Huang, Jun Jiang, Chunling Wang, Yanjing Li, Yue Zhang, Wenwen Kong, Lulu Fan, Xude Sun, Xiaoyong Zhao,

<h4>Objective</h4>To clarify the effect of an intraoperative low-dose dexmedetomidine infusion on emergence agitation following general anaesthesia in elderly patients.<h4>Methods</h4>Eighty elderly patients (> 64-years-old) following elective general anaesthesia for radical cancer surgeries were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 40 each): the dexmedetomidine group (Group D) and the normal saline group (Group C). ... Read more >>

Aging Clin Exp Res (Aging clinical and experimental research)
[2021, :]

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A psychometric evaluation of the Brazilian versions of the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium Scale and Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale.

Vinícius Quintão, Rafael César, Maria Carmon, Alexandre Ferreira,

Emergence delirium (ED) and pain are early postoperative negative behaviors prevalent after anesthesia in children. The ED prevalence ranges between 20 and 80%, depending on how it is measured<sup>1</sup> . Postoperative pain is still a problem for children due to a lack of proper evaluation using adequate and validated diagnostic ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2021, :]

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Adult behavior towards the child before surgery and pediatric emergence delirium.

Małgorzata Sobol, Marek Krzysztof Sobol, Marta Kowal,

<h4>Background</h4>Emergence delirium is one of the problems that occur when a child wakes from anesthesia. Research results indicate that psychological factors are associated with this phenomenon. The relationship between adult behavior before child surgery and pediatric emergence delirium has not been investigated before.<h4>Aims</h4>The aim of this study was to explore ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2021, :]

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Effect of Recorded Maternal Voice on Emergence Delirium in Children Under General Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Cong Wang, Wei Wang, Shuo Wang, Rendong He, Haiqi Yang, Yong Jia, Li Chen,

<h4>Abstract</h4>To determine the effect of recorded maternal voice on emergence delirium (ED) in children under general anesthesia, a three-group randomized trial was conducted. A total of 102 children were randomly assigned to mother recording group (n = 34), stranger recording group (n = 34), and control group (n = 34). ... Read more >>

J Nerv Ment Dis (The Journal of nervous and mental disease)
[2021, :]

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Effects of dexamethasone on catheter-related bladder discomfort and emergence agitation: A prospective, randomized, and controlled trial.

Sung-Ae Cho, Inho Huh, Seok-Jin Lee, Tae-Yun Sung, Gwan Woo Ku, Choon-Kyu Cho, Young Seok Jee,

<h4>Background</h4>Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is common in patients with a urinary catheter and is a risk factor for emergence agitation (EA). The mainstay of CRBD management is anticholinergics. Dexamethasone inhibits acetylcholine release. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dexamethasone on postoperative CRBD and EA.<h4>Methods</h4>In this prospective study, 90 ... Read more >>

Korean J Anesthesiol (Korean journal of anesthesiology)
[2021, :]

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Dexmedetomidine reduced the severity of emergence delirium and respiratory complications, but increased intraoperative hypotension in children underwent tonsillectomy. A retrospective analysis.

Alessandro Simonini, Etrusca Brogi, Giorgio Conti, Alessandro Vittori, Marco Cascella, Maria G Calevo,

<h4>Background</h4>Intraoperative dexmedetomidine can be useful for its sedative and analgesic sparing effects, and for the prevention of emergence delirium. Conversely, it can cause hypotension and bradycardia. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine in pediatric anesthesia.<h4>Methods</h4>This is a retrospective cohort study in children ... Read more >>

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) (Minerva pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Estimating the risk of pandemic avian influenza.

Amita Tripathi, Harish Chandra Dhakal, Khagendra Adhikari, Ramesh Chandra Timsina, Lindi M Wahl,

Outbreaks of highly pathogenic strains of avian influenza (HPAI) cause high mortality in avian populations worldwide. When spread from avian reservoirs to humans, HPAI infections cause mortality in about 50% of human infections. Cases of human-to-human transmission of HPAI are relatively rare, and have, to date, only been reported in ... Read more >>

J Biol Dyn (Journal of biological dynamics)
[2021, 15(1):327-341]

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Association of pharmacological prophylaxis with the risk of pediatric emergence delirium after sevoflurane anesthesia: An updated network meta-analysis.

Hung-Yu Wang, Tien-Yu Chen, Dian-Jeng Li, Pao-Yen Lin, Kuan-Pin Su, Min-Hsien Chiang, Andre F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs, Yu-Kang Tu, Yi-Cheng Wu, Michael Roerecke, Lee Smith, Ping-Tao Tseng, Kuo-Chuan Hung,

<h4>Study objective</h4>This updated network meta-analysis aims at exploring whether the concurrent use of midazolam or antiemetics may enhance the efficacy of other pharmacological regimens for delirium prophylaxis in pediatric population after general anesthesia (GA).<h4>Design</h4>Network meta-analysis (PROSPERO registration: CRD42020179483).<h4>Setting</h4>Postoperative recovery area.<h4>Patients</h4>Pediatric patients undergoing GA with sevoflurane.<h4>Interventions</h4>Pharmacological interventions applied during GA with ... Read more >>

J Clin Anesth (Journal of clinical anesthesia)
[2021, 75:110488]

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Monochromic light reduces emergence delirium in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy; a double-blind randomized observational study.

Adam C Adler, Brian H Nathanson, Arvind Chandrakantan,

<h4>Background</h4>Emergence delirium (ED) is common in pediatric anesthesia. This dissociative state in which the patient is confused from their surroundings and flailing can be self-injurious and traumatic for parents. Treatment is by administration of sedatives which can prolong recovery. The aim of this study was to determine if exposure to ... Read more >>

BMC Anesthesiol (BMC anesthesiology)
[2021, 21(1):217]

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Effectiveness of propofol on incidence and severity of emergence agitation on pediatric patients undergo ENT and ophthalmic surgery: Prospective cohort study design.

Samrawit Haile, Timsel Girma, Leulayehu Akalu,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Emergence agitation is a common problem that can occur after administration of general anesthesia and during recovery time especially in pediatric patients, which can result in life-threatening events if not managed adequately and timely. Usage of modern inhalational anesthetic agents like sevoflurane, isoflurane, and also halothane is a common cause ... Read more >>

Ann Med Surg (Lond) (Annals of medicine and surgery (2012))
[2021, 69:102765]

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Emergence and spread of novel H5N8, H5N5 and H5N1 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza in 2020.

Nicola S Lewis, Ashley C Banyard, Elliot Whittard, Talgat Karibayev, Thamer Al Kafagi, Ilya Chvala, Alex Byrne, Saduakassova Meruyert Akberovna, Jacqueline King, Timm Harder, Christian Grund, Steve Essen, Scott M Reid, Adam Brouwer, Nikolay G Zinyakov, Azimkhan Tegzhanov, Victor Irza, Anne Pohlmann, Martin Beer, Ron A M Fouchier, Sultanov Akhmetzhan Akievich, Ian H Brown,

Analyses of HPAI H5 viruses from poultry outbreaks across a wide Eurasian region since July 2020 including the Russian Federation, Republics of Iraq and Kazakhstan, and recent detections in migratory waterfowl in the Netherlands, revealed undetected maintenance of H5N8, likely in galliform poultry since 2017/18 and both H5N5 and H5N1. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2021, 10(1):148-151]

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Sensitivity to Salinity at the Emergence and Seedling Stages of Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli), Weedy Rice (Oryza sativa), and Rice with Different Tolerances to ALS-Inhibiting Herbicides

Silvia Fogliatto, Lorenzo Patrucco, Marco Milan, Francesco Vidotto,

Salinization is affecting many rice (Oryza sativa L.) areas worldwide and weed infestation, together with the occurrence of herbicide-resistant populations, is further limiting rice yield. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of water salinity on the emergence and seedling growth of five Italian barnyardgrass [Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.] ... Read more >>

Weed Sci (Weed Science)
[2021, 69(1):39-51]

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Emergence agitation after intraoperative neurolytic celiac plexus block with alcohol: a case report.

Huixuan Zhou, Yinbing Pan, Cunming Liu, Xiaodi Sun,

<h4>Background</h4>Emergence agitation after general anesthesia may cause several undesirable events in the clinic during patient anesthesia recovery, and acute alcohol intoxication, while rare in surgery, is one of the risk factors.<h4>Case presentation</h4>A 66-year-old male patient was found to have pancreatic tail neoplasm upon computed tomography (CT) examination. The surgeon planned ... Read more >>

BMC Anesthesiol (BMC anesthesiology)
[2021, 21(1):204]

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The frequency of emergence delirium in children undergoing outpatient anaesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging.

Derya Karasu, Umran Karaca, Seyda Efsun Ozgunay, Canan Yilmaz, Ferit Yetik, Guven Ozkaya,

<h4>Aim</h4>The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on the occurrence of emergence delirium of propofol and ketofol with intranasal dexmedetomidine and midazolam applied as premedication to paediatric patients during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).<h4>Methods</h4>The study included children aged 2-10 years who received sedation for MRI, separated into four ... Read more >>

Int J Clin Pract (International journal of clinical practice)
[2021, :e14763]

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From one to many: The within-host rise of viral variants.

Pierre Bessière, Romain Volmer,

PLoS Pathog (PLoS pathogens)
[2021, 17(9):e1009811]

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Efficacy and Safety of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine During Recovery From Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Chengfeng Xu, Yanyuan Zhang, Taomei Zhang, Duozhi Wu, Kexian Zhang,

<h4>Background</h4>Intranasal drip of dexmedetomidine in children with sevoflurane anesthesia can reduce anesthesia and restlessness. However, there is still some controversy. We conducted a meta-analysis to explore the effect of intranasal infusion of dexmedetomidine on the quality of recovery during the recovery period, to provide certain guidance for clinical application.<h4>Methods</h4>Web of ... Read more >>

Clin Neuropharmacol (Clinical neuropharmacology)
[2021, 44(5):157-168]

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Behavioral changes after hospital discharge in preschool children experiencing emergence delirium after general anesthesia: A prospective observational study.

Jonghae Kim, Sung Hye Byun, Jun Won Kim, Ji-Yoon Kim, Yun Jin Kim, Nayeon Choi, Bong Soo Lee, Seungcheol Yu, Eugene Kim,

<h4>Background</h4>Emergence delirium is well known as early postoperative behavioral change after general anesthesia. However, it is unclear whether children with emergence delirium have negative behavioral changes after hospital discharge.<h4>Aim</h4>This observational study investigated the association between emergence delirium and posthospital behavioral changes.<h4>Methods</h4>One-hundred preschoolers aged 2-7 years undergoing elective surgery were enrolled in ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2021, 31(10):1056-1064]

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Efficaciousness of dexmedetomidine in children undergoing cleft lip and palate repair: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Dengfeng Liu, Li Pan, Yin Gao, Jiefan Liu, Feng Li, Xiangwei Li, Jiale Quan, Congcong Huang, Chunwei Lian,

<h4>Objective</h4>To systematically assess the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine as an anaesthesia adjuvant for cleft lip and palate (CLP) repair in children.<h4>Design</h4>Systematic review and meta-analysis.<h4>Data sources</h4>PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) and Wanfang (up to October 2020). Studies in languages other ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2021, 11(8):e046798]

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Seedbank persistence and emergence pattern of Argemone mexicana, Rapistrum rugosum and Sonchus oleraceus in the eastern grain region of Australia.

Sudheesh Manalil, Bhagirath Singh Chauhan,

A thorough understanding of the emergence pattern and persistence of weed seeds is a prerequisite in framing appropriate weed management options for noxious weeds. In a study conducted at the University of Queensland, Australia, the emergence and seed persistence behavior of three major weeds Sonchus oleraceous, Rapistrum rugosum, and Argemone ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):18095]

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The budding yeast protein Chl1p is required for delaying progression through G1/S phase after DNA damage.

Muhseena N Katheeja, Shankar Prasad Das, Suparna Laha,

<h4>Background</h4>The budding yeast protein Chl1p is a nuclear protein required for sister-chromatid cohesion, transcriptional silencing, rDNA recombination, ageing and plays an instrumental role in chromatin remodeling. This helicase is known to preserve genome integrity and spindle length in S-phase. Here we show additional roles of Chl1p at G1/S phase of ... Read more >>

Cell Div (Cell division)
[2021, 16(1):4]

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Incidence and Risk Factors of Emergence Delirium After Anesthesia in Elderly Patients at a Postanesthesia Care Unit in Ethiopia: Prospective Observational Study [Removal].

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.2147/PROM.S297871.]. ... Read more >>

Patient Relat Outcome Meas (Patient related outcome measures)
[2021, 12:277]

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No Coming Back to Sick Society: The Emergence of New Drug User Segment in the Järvenpää Social Hospital in Finland, 1965-1975.

Katariina Parhi,

This article explores the emergence of "new" drug users by taking a closer look at the medical records of individuals who received inpatient treatment in the Järvenpää Social Hospital in Finland due to their drug consumption during the years 1965-1975. The hospital focused on social and psychiatric care. The Social ... Read more >>

J Hist Med Allied Sci (Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences)
[2021, :]

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