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The role of phosphorylation in the elasticity of the tethers that connect telomeres of separating anaphase chromosomes.

Emma Kite, Arthur Forer,

Elastic tethers, connecting telomeres of all separating anaphase chromosome pairs, lose elasticity when they lengthen during anaphase. Treatment with phosphatase inhibitor CalyculinA causes anaphase chromosomes to move backwards after they reach the poles, suggesting that dephosphorylation causes loss of tether elasticity. We added 50nM CalyculinA to living anaphase crane-fly spermatocytes ... Read more >>

Nucleus (Nucleus (Austin, Tex.))
[2020, 11(1):19-31]

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Shear wave elastography findings in Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy patients: is it more specific and sensitive for interstitial fibrosis or interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy?

Kenan Turgutalp, Yüksel Balcı, Caner Özer, Simge Bardak, İclal Gürses, Yasemin Karabulut, İlter Helvacı, Esra Dölarslan, Serap Demir, Ahmet Kıykım,

Background: Prediction of prognosis in Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy (IgAN) and taking appropriate precautions may reduce annual incidence of chronic kidney disease. This may be possible by close follow-up for the development and progression of interstitial fibrosis (IF) or interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (IFTA) in IgAN patients.Aim: To investigate whether Young's elastic modulus ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):590-599]

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Dynamic viscoelastic properties of wood and acetylated wood in nonequilibrium states swollen by water or organic liquids

Yuka Miyoshi, Ai Sakae, Nao Arimura, Keisuke Kojiro, Yuzo Furuta,

To discuss the factors that greatly affect the stabilization and destabilization of the conformation of lignin caused by changes in temperature and/or swelling, the temperature dependence of the loss tangent (tanδ) of the sample given the different cooling rates and the changes in the storage elastic modulus (E′) and the ... Read more >>

(Journal of wood science.)
[2020, 66(1):6]

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Texturing edible oil with crystals of phenolic compounds: Platelets versus rods

Angelo Pommella, Mélody Mathonnat, Martin In,

Cinnamic acid and acetosyringone recrystallize in vegetable oil as platelets and rods respectively. After dissolution at high temperature (100 °C) and upon cooling down to room temperature, their crystallites aggregate into a tenuous network which spans the entire volume of the system even at low mass fraction such as 1%. The ... Read more >>

(Journal of food engineering.)
[2020, 283:Not Available]

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Combination of Quantitative Parameters of Shear Wave Elastography and Superb Microvascular Imaging to Evaluate Breast Masses.

Eun Ji Lee, Yun Woo Chang,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of combining the quantitative parameters of shear wave elastography (SWE) and superb microvascular imaging (SMI) to breast ultrasound (US) to differentiate between benign and malignant breast masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 200 pathologically confirmed breast lesions in 192 patients were retrospectively ... Read more >>

Korean J Radiol (Korean journal of radiology)
[2020, 21(9):1045-1054]

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Bending properties of dimension lumber produced from Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) in Mongolia

Bayasaa Tumenjargal, Futoshi Ishiguri, Yusuke Takahashi, Ikumi Nezu, Bayartsetseg Baasan, Ganbaatar Chultem, Haruna Aiso-Sanada, Jyunichi Ohshima, Shinso Yokota,

The modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) were evaluated for 190 pieces of dimension lumber (2 by 4 lumber, 38 by 89 mm in cross-section) produced from Larix sibirica trees grown in Mongolia. The 5% tolerance limits of the MOE and MOR were 5.70 GPa and 15.1 ... Read more >>

(Journal of wood science.)
[2020, 66(1):17]

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Comparison of physical and mechanical properties of four rattan species grown in China

Shumin Yang, E’lin Xiang, Lili Shang, Xing’e Liu, Genlin Tian, Jianfeng Ma,

Rattan cane is an important forest product only second to timber and bamboo, with higher economic value and ecological benefits. Physical and mechanical properties are more important quality performance indexes, which are highly correlated with the processing and utilization of rattan cane. The present paper describes a study of main ... Read more >>

(Journal of wood science.)
[2020, 66(1):3]

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Correction to: Utility and accuracy of transient elastography in determining liver fibrosis: a case-control study.

Vikas Jain, Ujjal Poddar, Tajwar Singh Negi, Vivek A Saraswat, Narendra Krishnani, Surender Kumar Yachha, Anshu Srivastava,

The author regrets that one of the author's name was incorrectly presented in the published version of this article. The third author's name original read as "Tajwar Singh Negi" this should have been "Tajwer Singh Negi". ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Pediatr. (European journal of pediatrics)
[2020, 179(9):1495]

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Properties of common tropical hardwoods for fretboard of string instruments

Meihong Liu, Limin Peng, Shaoyi Lyu, Jianxiong Lyu,

Fretboards of string instruments are usually made of rare woods that commonly have a high density, strength, and hardness; further, they are wear resistant, uniform in texture, and feature an elegant color. To reduce the consumption of scarce timber resources, especially of endangered tropical hardwood species, suitable replacement materials should ... Read more >>

(Journal of wood science.)
[2020, 66(1):14]

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Fabrication of densified wood via synergy of chemical pretreatment, hot-pressing and post mechanical fixation

Jiangtao Shi, Junyi Peng, Qiongtao Huang, Liping Cai, Sheldon Q Shi,

Wood densification can improve the strength of low density wood species and extend wood product applications. To enhance the wood compressive quality, chemical pretreatments for pristine wood have widely been used. Densified Abies wood was fabricated by combining NaOH/Na2SO3 solution treatment, hot-pressing and post mechanical fixation. The appearance, color, chemical ... Read more >>

(Journal of wood science.)
[2020, 66(1):5]

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Advances in ultrasound elastography for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Masato Yoneda, Yasushi Honda, Asako Nogami, Kento Imajo, Atsushi Nakajima,

The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has increased rapidly worldwide, making NAFLD/NASH an important global health problem from both a medical and socioeconomic standpoint. NAFLD is also regarded as a liver component of metabolic syndrome and is reported to be associated with the risk ... Read more >>

J Med Ultrason (2001) (Journal of medical ultrasonics (2001))
[2020, :]

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Magnetic resonance elastography to quantify liver disease severity in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.

Erum A Hartung, Juan S Calle-Toro, Carolina Maya Lopera, Jessica Wen, Robert H Carson, Mohini Dutt, Kathryn Howarth, Susan L Furth, Kassa Darge, Suraj D Serai,

OBJECTIVES:To evaluate whether liver and spleen magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) can measure the severity of congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) and portal hypertension (pHTN) in individuals with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), and to examine correlations between liver MRE and ultrasound (US) elastography. METHODS:Cross-sectional study of nine individuals with ARPKD ... Read more >>

Abdom Radiol (NY) (Abdominal radiology (New York))
[2020, :]

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Strain and elasticity imaging in compression optical coherence elastography: the two-decade perspective and recent advances.

Vladimir Y Zaitsev, Alexander L Matveyev, Lev A Matveev, Alexander A Sovetsky, Matt S Hepburn, Alireza Mowla, Brendan F Kennedy,

Quantitative mapping of deformation and elasticity in optical coherence tomography has attracted much attention of researchers during the last two decades. However, despite intense effort it took ~15 years to demonstrate optical coherence elastography (OCE) as a practically useful technique. Similarly to medical ultrasound, where elastography was first realized using the ... Read more >>

J Biophotonics (Journal of biophotonics)
[2020, :e202000257]

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Correlation Analysis of Conventional Ultrasound Characteristics and Strain Elastography with Ki-67 Status in Breast Cancer.

Jianqiang Fang, Weian Zhao, Qing Li, Binyu Zhang, Cui Pu, Hao Wang,

Our objectives were to measure the relationships between conventional ultrasound features, strain elastography in breast cancer and Ki-67 index and to identify parameters that predict Ki-67 index. We included 181 lesions of 178 patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer at Xianyang Central Hospital. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, strain ... Read more >>

Ultrasound Med Biol (Ultrasound in medicine & biology)
[2020, :]

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Characterization of textural failure mechanics of strawberry fruit

Xue An, Zhiguo Li, Manuela Zude-Sasse, Fideline Tchuenbou-Magaia, Yougang Yang,

Fresh strawberry fruit is highly susceptible to damage during mechanical handlings. To prevent fruit macro-damage from external forces and predict damage evolution in internal tissues, the textural failure mechanics of strawberry fruit and its tissues were characterized by loading-unloading tests at different compression speeds. Strawberry fruit showed expected three stages ... Read more >>

(Journal of food engineering.)
[2020, 282:Not Available]

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Spleen stiffness measurement by shear wave elastography using acoustic radiation force impulse in predicting the etiology of splenomegaly.

Kadihan Yalçın, Bilge Çakar Demir,

PURPOSE:To measure spleen stiffness by shear wave elastography (SWE) using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) in patients with splenomegaly and to evaluate utility of elastography technique in identifying etiology of splenomegaly. METHODS:Sixty-one treatment-naïve patients with splenomegaly were enrolled. The control group consisted of 20 healthy subjects without history of any ... Read more >>

Abdom Radiol (NY) (Abdominal radiology (New York))
[2020, :]

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Technical success rate of MR elastography in a population without known liver disease.

Howard E Gill, Christopher J Lisanti, Ryan B Schwope, Jason Kim, Matthew Katz, Stephen Harrison,

PURPOSE:MR elastography (MRE) has a low technical failure rate in patients with chronic liver disease. The failure rate in an unscreened population is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the technical failure rate of MRE in patients with no known liver disease. METHODS:In this prospective trial, 633 ... Read more >>

Abdom Radiol (NY) (Abdominal radiology (New York))
[2020, :]

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Evaluation of the Stiffness of Thyroid Parenchyma With Shear Wave Elastography Using a Free-Region of Interest Technique in Graves Disease.

Abidin Kılınçer, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Süleyman Baldane, Cem Onur Kıraç, Hakan Cebeci, Mustafa Koplay,

OBJECTIVES:The first aim was to evaluate the stiffness of thyroid parenchyma with shear wave elastography (SWE) in patients with Graves disease (GD) and compare the elastographic values with those of asymptomatic volunteers. The second aim was to evaluate whether there was a correlation between SWE values and grayscale ultrasound (US) ... Read more >>

J Ultrasound Med (Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Experimental design of Al2O3/MWCNT/HDPE hybrid nanocomposites for hip joint replacement.

Sameh Dabees, Bahaa M Kamel, Vineet Tirth, Abou Bakr Elshalakny,

Fracture in the hip joint is a major and quite common health issue, particularly for the elderly. The loads exploited by the lower limbs are very acute and severe; in the femur, they can be several folds higher than the whole weight of the body. Nanotechnology and nanocomposites offer great ... Read more >>

Bioengineered (Bioengineered)
[2020, 11(1):679-692]

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Effect of state transition, drying kinetics and moisture content on Young's modulus variation during thermal drying of hygroscopic food materials

Ankita Sinha, Atul Bhargav,

Young's modulus is one measure of texture, an important quality parameter in processed food materials. During thermal drying, the Young's modulus undergoes significant variation due to moisture loss and rubbery-glassy state transitions, and physics-based models help in understanding trade-offs involved in dryer designs. However, studies that establish the relationship among ... Read more >>

(Journal of food engineering.)
[2020, 279:Not Available]

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The role of real-time shear wave elastography in the diagnosis of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome and evaluation of the curative effect.

Xue Yang, Fang-Lin Hou, Cheng Zhao, Cai-Yun Jiang, Xiu-Mei Li, Ning Yu,

PURPOSE:To evaluate the use of real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) in the assessment of renal elasticity and the efficacy of steroid treatment in adult idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). METHODS:This study included 120 patients with INS. Patients were divided into steroid-sensitive and steroid-resistant groups. Renal biopsy was performed. Thirty healthy subjects ... Read more >>

Abdom Radiol (NY) (Abdominal radiology (New York))
[2020, 45(8):2508-2517]

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Quantitative analysis of vibration waves based on Fourier transform in magnetic resonance elastography.

Ikuho Kosaka, Yuki Kanazawa, Kotaro Baba, Hiroaki Hayashi, Masafumi Harada,

We developed a novel magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) analysis method based on Fourier transform to assess the responsive characteristics for different tissue stiffness and degree of transmission of the vibration wave emanating from a passive driver during MRE. A phantom tissue study was conducted with an MRE sequence and vibration ... Read more >>

Radiol Phys Technol (Radiological physics and technology)
[2020, :]

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Elastography improves accuracy of early hepato-biliary complications diagnosis after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

Pierre-Edouard Debureaux, Pierre Bourrier, Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou, Anne-Marie Zagdanski, Morgane De Boutiny, Simona Pagliuca, Aurélien Sutra Del Galy, Marie Robin, Régis Peffault de Latour, Aurélie Plessier, Flore Sicre de Fontbrune, Aliénor Xhaard, Pedro Henrique de Lima Prata, Dominique Valla, Gérard Socié, David Michonneau,

Significant morbidity and mortality have been associated with liver complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Causes and consequences of these hepato-biliary complications are various and might be life-threatening. A high misdiagnosis rate has been reported because of a weak correlation between clinical, laboratory and imaging data. Liver elastography, ... Read more >>

Haematologica (Haematologica)
[2020, :]

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Noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B carriers with sound touch elastography: study of surgical pathology specimens.

Lulu Yang, Jiawu Li, Lin Ma, Hongjin Xiang, Du He, Changli Lu, Lin Tang, Yan Luo, Shigao Chen,

PURPOSE:To evaluate the diagnostic performance of sound touch elastography (STE) for staging liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients using pathological stage of surgical specimens as the reference standard. METHOD:239 CHB patients were included. Liver stiffness measurements (LSMs) on STE and Supersonic shear imaging (SSI), gamma glutamyl transferase-to-platelet ratio ... Read more >>

Expert Rev Med Devices (Expert review of medical devices)
[2020, :1-9]

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Single-shot two-dimensional spectroscopic magnetomotive optical coherence elastography with graphics processing unit acceleration.

Pin-Chieh Huang, Rishyashring R Iyer, Yuan-Zhi Liu, Stephen A Boppart,

Biomechanical contrast within tissues can be assessed based on the resonant frequency probed by spectroscopic magnetomotive optical coherence elastography (MM-OCE). However, to date, in vivo MM-OCE imaging has not been achieved, mainly due to the constraints on imaging speed. Previously, spatially-resolved spectroscopic contrast was achieved in a "multiple-excitation, multiple-acquisition" manner, ... Read more >>

Opt Lett (Optics letters)
[2020, 45(15):4124-4127]

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