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Dysthymic Disorder

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Associations Between Psychiatric Disorders and Enuresis in Taiwanese Children: A National Population-Based Study.

Hsin-Lin Tsai, Jei-Wen Chang, Mu-Hong Chen, Mei-Jy Jeng, Ling-Yu Yang, Keh-Gong Wu,

Background:Psychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may negatively impact drug compliance and the prognosis of enuresis. However, existing studies regarding associations between lifetime psychiatric disorders and childhood enuresis are primarily from Western countries, and studies from Taiwan are lacking. Methods:We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort analysis using the Taiwan Longitudinal ... Read more >>

Clin Epidemiol (Clinical epidemiology)
[2020, 12:163-171]

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Analysis of the management and costs of headache disorders in Spain during the period 2011-2016: a retrospective multicentre observational study.

Josep Darbà, Alicia Marsà,

OBJECTIVES:To investigate the number and characteristics of the Spanish population affected by headache disorders and the direct medical cost that these patients represent for the healthcare system. DESIGN:A retrospective multicentre observational study. SETTING:Records from all patients admitted with headache in primary and secondary care centres in Spain between 2011 and ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(2):e034926]

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Affective temperaments (TEMPS-A) in panic disorder and healthy probands: Genetic modulation by 5-HTT variation.

Miriam A Schiele, Katharina Herzog, Leonie Kollert, Joscha Böhnlein, Jonathan Repple, Karoline Rosenkranz, Elisabeth J Leehr, Christiane Ziegler, Ulrike Lueken, Udo Dannlowski, Paul Pauli, Volker Arolt, Peter Zwanzger, Jürgen Deckert, Andreas Erfurth, Katharina Domschke,

Objectives: Temperamental traits as ascertained by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-Questionnaire (TEMPS-A) have been suggested as promising intermediate phenotypes of mental disorders. In anxiety disorders, however, TEMPS scales and their genetic underpinnings are still understudied.Methods: TEMPS-A scores in 109 patients with panic disorder (PD) ... Read more >>

World J. Biol. Psychiatry (The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry)
[2020, :1-7]

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The existential crisis of bipolar II disorder.

Michael Gitlin, Gin S Malhi,

The issue of categorical vs. dimensional classification of bipolar disorder continues to generate controversy as it has for generations. Despite the evidence that no psychiatric disorder has discrete boundaries separating pathological and nonpathological states, and within a disorder, no clear differences separate subtypes-which would suggest a more dimensional approach-there are ... Read more >>

Int J Bipolar Disord (International journal of bipolar disorders)
[2020, 8(1):5]

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US Integrated Delivery Networks Perspective on Economic Burden of Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Retrospective Matched-Cohort Study.

Dominic Pilon, Holly Szukis, Kruti Joshi, David Singer, John J Sheehan, Jennifer W Wu, Patrick Lefebvre, Paul Greenberg,

OBJECTIVE:Our objective was to assess healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with and without treatment-resistant depression (TRD) and those without MDD in US Integrated Delivery Networks (IDNs). METHODS:This was a retrospective matched-cohort study. The Optum© Integrated Claims Electronic Health Record de-identified database was ... Read more >>

Pharmacoecon Open (PharmacoEconomics - open)
[2020, 4(1):119-131]

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Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS): psychometric properties of the online Spanish version in a clinical sample with emotional disorders.

Amanda Díaz-García, Alberto González-Robles, Sonia Mor, Adriana Mira, Soledad Quero, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa María Baños, Cristina Botella,

BACKGROUND:The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) is the most widely and frequently used scale to assess positive and negative affect. The PANAS has been validated in several languages, and it has shown excellent psychometric properties in the general population and some clinical samples, such as forensic samples, substance users, ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2020, 20(1):56]

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The prevalence of comorbid depression in patients with diabetes: A meta-analysis of observational studies.

Mahdieh Sedighi Pashaki, Jamal Asad Mezel, Zahra Mokhtari, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Parisa Shahbazi Hesabi, Taban Nematifard, Soore Khaki,

Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes, which can exacerbate and accelerate adverse diabetes complaints by reducing self-care behaviors and medication adherence. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression in Iranian patients with diabetes. The search was conducted in ... Read more >>

Diabetes Metab Syndr (Diabetes & metabolic syndrome)
[2019, 13(6):3113-3119]

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Long-term follow-up of residual symptoms in patients treated for stress-related exhaustion.

Kristina Glise, Lilian Wiegner, Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir,

BACKGROUND:Many patients with stress-related exhaustion seem to struggle with long-term recovery. The primary aim of this study was to explore residual symptoms and perceived recovery in patients previously treated for stress-related exhaustion, 7 years after seeking care. METHODS:A total of 217 former patients (74% women) previously treated for exhaustion disorder ... Read more >>

BMC Psychol (BMC psychology)
[2020, 8(1):26]

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Attentional Disengagement Deficits Predict Brooding, but Not Reflection, Over a One-Year Period.

Eric S Allard, Ilya Yaroslavsky,

A growing literature suggests that rumination is linked to attentional disengagement deficits in depression. This is particularly the case with brooding, a maladaptive form of rumination. However, research on the potential constructive association between attentional disengagement and self-reflection, a putative adaptive form of rumination, is sparse. Thus, the goal of ... Read more >>

Front Psychol (Frontiers in psychology)
[2019, 10:2282]

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Long-Term Effects of Multimodal Treatment on Psychopathology and Health-Related Quality of Life of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Szabina Velõ, Ágnes Keresztény, Gyöngyvér Ferenczi-Dallos, Judit Balázs,

Aim:The current study aimed to examine the association between long-term (36 months) multimodal (pharmacological and psychological) treatment and psychopathology and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from the perspectives of both the children and parents. Methods:The sample consisted of 23 children with ADHD (21 ... Read more >>

Front Psychol (Frontiers in Psychology)
[2019, 10:2037]

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All-cause mortality in patients with treatment-resistant depression: a cohort study in the US population.

Gang Li, Daniel Fife, Grace Wang, John J Sheehan, Robert Bodén, Lena Brandt, Philip Brenner, Johan Reutfors, Allitia DiBernardo,

Background:Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) may represent a substantial proportion of major depressive disorder (MDD); however, the risk of mortality in TRD is still incompletely assessed. Methods:Data were obtained from Optum Clinformatics™ Extended, a US claims database. Date of the first antidepressant (AD) dispensing was designated as the index date for study ... Read more >>

Ann Gen Psychiatry (Annals of general psychiatry)
[2019, 18:23]

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The Association of Childhood Experience of Peer Bullying with DSM-IV Psychiatric Disorders and Suicidality in Adults: Results from a Nationwide Survey in Korea.

Jungmin Woo, Sung Man Chang, Jin Pyo Hong, Dong Woo Lee, Bong Jin Hahm, Seong Jin Cho, Jong Ik Park, Hong Jin Jeon, Su Jeong Seong, Jee Eun Park, Byung Soo Kim,

BACKGROUND:Few studies have examined the association between childhood bullying and adulthood mental disorders based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria. We investigated the association of childhood peer bullying with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) psychiatric disorders and suicidality in adults. ... Read more >>

J. Korean Med. Sci. (Journal of Korean medical science)
[2019, 34(46):e295]

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Duloxetine in Psychiatric Disorders: Expansions Beyond Major Depression and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Rocco A Zoccali, Gianluca Pandolfo, Paolo Mangano, Simona Lorusso, Clemente Cedro, Fortunato Battaglia, Edoardo Spina, Antonio Bruno,

Background: Duloxetine hydrochloride (DUL) is an antidepressant included in the pharmacological class of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and chronic musculoskeletal pain. The aim of this review was to elucidate current evidences on the use of ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in psychiatry)
[2019, 10:772]

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Bidirectional relation between depression and sudden sensorineural hearing loss: Two longitudinal follow-up studies using a national sample cohort.

So Young Kim, Chanyang Min, Chang Ho Lee, Bumjung Park, Hyo Geun Choi,

A few studies have explored the association between depression and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). This study was aimed to investigate the reciprocal relations between SSNHL and depression using a nationwide cohort of the Korean population. Subjects aged > 20 years from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort were enrolled ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):1482]

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Current pharmacotherapeutic approaches for dysthymic disorder and persistent depressive disorder.

Mauro Giovanni Carta, Pasquale Paribello, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Antonio Preti,

Introduction: Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) is a nosological entity introduced with DSM-5, encompassing numerous different conditions including Dysthymia, recurrent Major Depressive Disorder, Double Depression and Chronic Major Depression. PDD is a particularly significant cause of disease burden in the general population. Areas covered: In the present paper, the authors explore ... Read more >>

Expert Opin Pharmacother (Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy)
[2019, 20(14):1743-1754]

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[Epidemiological survey of mental disorders in the rural left behind elderly aged 60 years and older in Gansu].

Z J Ding, G P Wang, Y L Zhang, R Xie, G X Pei, H Y Du, J Wang, G Li, G Z Hong, J Wen, Z L Wei, J Yang, L Luo, H Li, T Y Huang, X Q Wang, Y D Tao, Y H Gou, G Wang,

Objective: To investigate the prevalence, demographic characteristics and social life function of mental disorders in the rural left behind elderly aged 60 years and older in Gansu. Methods: Between November 2017 and June 2018, a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to randomly select the rural left behind elderly ... Read more >>

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Zhonghua yi xue za zhi)
[2019, 99(31):2429-2434]

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Burden of treatment-resistant depression in Medicare: A retrospective claims database analysis.

Dominic Pilon, Kruti Joshi, John J Sheehan, Miriam L Zichlin, Peter Zuckerman, Patrick Lefebvre, Paul E Greenberg,

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have assessed the incremental economic burden of treatment-resistant depression (TRD) versus non-treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (i.e., non-TRD MDD) in commercially-insured and Medicaid-insured patients, but none have focused on Medicare-insured patients. OBJECTIVE:To assess healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs of patients with TRD versus non-TRD MDD or without major ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2019, 14(10):e0223255]

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Defining cognitive profiles of depressive patients using the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Affective Disorders.

Ruei-An Chen, Chun-Yi Lee, Yu Lee, Chi-Fa Hung, Yu-Chi Huang, Pao-Yen Lin, Sheng-Yu Lee, Liang-Jen Wang,

Background:Cognitive impairments in patients with depressive disorders have a negative impact on their daily skill functioning and quality of life. In this study, we evaluated the cognitive profiles and associated factors of patients with depressive disorders with the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Affective Disorders (BAC-A). Methods:This cross-sectional study consisted ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2019, 7:e7432]

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Attachment in Patients with Bipolar and Unipolar Depression: A Comparison with Clinical and Non-clinical Controls.

Angelo Picardi, Mauro Pallagrosi, Laura Fonzi, Giovanni Martinotti, Emanuele Caroppo, Giulio Nicolò Meldolesi, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Marco De Risi, Massimo Biondi,

Background:A link between depression and insecure attachment has long been postulated. Although many studies examined the relationship between depressive symptoms and attachment, relatively few studies were performed on patients diagnosed with depression. Also, research on patients with bipolar disorder is scarce. Objective:We aimed at testing the association between attachment insecurity ... Read more >>

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health (Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health : CP & EMH)
[2019, 15:143-152]

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Bidirectional Association between First-Episode Panic Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder in a Nationwide General Population Survey in Korea.

Jungmin Woo, Jin Pyo Hong, Seong Jin Cho, Jun Young Lee, Hong Jin Joen, Byung Soo Kim, Sung Man Chang,

BACKGROUND:Panic disorder (PD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) can occur concurrently, despite different clinical manifestations. Because MDD and PD patients tend to have more complicated conditions, understanding the co-occurrence and pattern of these conditions is important. Here, we investigated the influence of PD and MDD on each other, with respect ... Read more >>

J. Korean Med. Sci. (Journal of Korean medical science)
[2019, 34(26):e181]

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Persistent depressive disorder across the adult lifespan: results from clinical and population-based surveys in Germany.

Julia Nübel, Anne Guhn, Susanne Müllender, Hong Duyen Le, Caroline Cohrdes, Stephan Köhler,

BACKGROUND:Although the individual and economic disease burden of depression is particularly high for long-term symptoms, little is known of the lifetime course of chronic depression. Most evidence derives from clinical samples, and the diagnostic distinction between persistent depressive disorder (PDD) and non-chronic major depression (NCMDD) is still debated. Thus, we ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2020, 20(1):58]

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Commentary: Parental Depressive Symptoms as a Predictor of Outcome in the Treatment of Child Internalizing and Externalizing Problems.

Talha Tahir, Alameen Damer, Michael Wong,

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in psychiatry)
[2019, 10:533]

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Plasma levels of IL-6 in patients with untreated major depressive disorder: comparison with catecholamine metabolites.

Reiji Yoshimura, Taro Kishi, Nakao Iwata,

Objective:IL-6 and catecholamines play roles in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Aim:The present study investigated associations between plasma IL-6 and plasma catecholamine metabolites in patients with MDD. Participants and methods:A total of 148 patients (male/female 65/83, age 49.5±12.1 years) who met the criteria for MDD based on the ... Read more >>

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat (Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment)
[2019, 15:2655-2661]

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Profiles of Childhood Trauma in Women With Substance Use Disorders and Comorbid Posttraumatic Stress Disorders.

Annett Lotzin, Johanna Grundmann, Philipp Hiller, Silke Pawils, Ingo Schäfer,

Background: It is increasingly becoming accepted that substance use disorders, including substance abuse and substance dependence, are closely related to childhood trauma and posttraumatic stress disorders. Among women with substance use disorders, the majority report sexual, physical or emotional abuse, or neglect. However, it is poorly understood which types of ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in psychiatry)
[2019, 10:674]

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Validation of a Spanish version of the Brief Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (BEAQ) in clinical population.

Raquel Vázquez-Morejón, José M León Rubio, Agustín Martín Rodríguez, Antonio J Vázquez Morejón,

BACKGROUND:The Brief Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (BEAQ) has been suggested as the most appropriate instrument for measuring experiential avoidance. However, no Spanish validation has been published. The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the BEAQ in a clinical sample treated at a community mental health unit. ... Read more >>

Psicothema (Psicothema)
[2019, 31(3):335-340]

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