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Leisure-time physical activity, anthropometrics, and body composition as predictors of quality of life domains after spinal cord injury: an exploratory cross-sectional study.

Melody N Mickens, Paul Perrin, Jacob A Goldsmith, Refka E Khalil, William E Carter Iii, Ashraf S Gorgey,

The objective of the current work was to examine the relationships between quality of life (QOL) domains in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their levels of weekly leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), anthropometric variables, and body composition variables. This exploratory cross-sectional study consisted of baseline data collected as part ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2022, 17(6):1369-1375]

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Baseball Pitching Arm Three-Dimensional Inertial Parameter Calculations From Body Composition Imaging and a Novel Overweight Measure for Youth Pitching Arm Kinetics.

Dalton J Jennings, Scott K Reaves, Jeffrey Sklar, Colin Brown, John McPhee, Scott J Hazelwood, Stephen M Klisch,

Many baseball pitching studies have used inverse dynamics to assess throwing arm kinetics as high and repetitive kinetics are thought to be linked to pitching injuries. However, prior studies have not used participant-specific body segment inertial parameters (BSIPs), which are thought to improve analysis of high-acceleration motions and overweight participants. ... Read more >>

J Biomech Eng (Journal of biomechanical engineering)
[2022, 144(4):]

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Development of an open-source measurement system to assess the areal bone mineral density of the proximal femur from clinical CT images.

Keisuke Uemura, Yoshito Otake, Masaki Takao, Hiroki Makino, Mazen Soufi, Makoto Iwasa, Nobuhiko Sugano, Yoshinobu Sato,

Commercial software is generally needed to measure the areal bone mineral density (aBMD) of the proximal femur from clinical computed tomography (CT) images. This study developed and verified an open-source reproducible system to quantify CT-aBMD to screen osteoporosis using clinical CT images.<h4>Purpose</h4>For existing CT images acquired for various reasons other ... Read more >>

Arch Osteoporos (Archives of osteoporosis)
[2022, 17(1):17]

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Selection of risk assessment methods for osteoporosis screening in postmenopausal women with low-energy fractures: A comparison of fracture risk assessment tool, digital X-ray radiogrammetry, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

Mischa Woisetschläger, Simona Chisalita, Marta Vergara, Anna Spångeus,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Fracture liaison services are designed to identify patients needing osteoporosis treatment after a fracture. Some fracture liaison service designs involve a prescreening step, for example, fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX<sup>®</sup>). Another possible prescreening tools are bone mass density assessment in the acute setting. The aim of this study was to ... Read more >>

SAGE Open Med (SAGE open medicine)
[2022, 10:20503121211073421]

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Diagnostic value of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound in the evaluation of osteoporosis in middle-aged and elderly patients.

Changzhou Li, Jifeng Sun, Li Yu,

<h4>Abstract</h4>To study the correlation between calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and analyze the diagnostic value of calcaneal QUS in the evaluation of middle-aged and elderly osteoporosis.We assessed bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck and intertrochanteric of left hip and lumbar spine (L1-L4) sites with ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2022, 101(2):e28325]

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Time since prior fracture affects mortality at the time of clinical assessment: a registry-based cohort study.

C Ye, J T Schousboe, S N Morin, L M Lix, W D Leslie,

Fractures are associated with increased long-term mortality in patients surviving to undergo baseline DXA. Notably, excess mortality risk does not decline with increasing time since prior hip or humerus fractures, even after accounting for comorbid medical conditions and other risk factors.<h4>Introduction</h4>Mortality risk increases following most types of fracture. In routine ... Read more >>

Osteoporos Int (Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA)
[2022, :]

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Accuracy of Opportunistic Bone Mineral Density Assessment on Staging Computed Tomography for Gynaecological Cancers.

Catherine Anne O'Gorman, Sarah Milne, Gerard Lambe, Aleksandra Sobota, Peter Beddy, Noreen Gleeson,

<i>Background and Objectives</i>: Women with gynecological cancers constitute a high-risk cohort for loss of bone density. International guidance stipulates women undergoing cancer treatments associated with bone loss should have a quantitative assessment of bone density. Access to Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is limited. This study aimed to assess the accuracy ... Read more >>

Medicina (Kaunas) (Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania))
[2021, 57(12):]

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Preoperative measures of bone mineral density from digital wrist radiographs.

Greg Robertson, Robert Wallace, A Hamish R W Simpson, Sarah P Dawson,

<h4>Aims</h4>Assessment of bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a well-established clinical technique, but it is not available in the acute trauma setting. Thus, it cannot provide a preoperative estimation of BMD to help guide the technique of fracture fixation. Alternative methods that have been suggested for ... Read more >>

Bone Joint Res (Bone & joint research)
[2021, 10(12):830-839]

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Comparison of Two DXA Systems, Hologic Horizon W and GE Lunar Prodigy, for Assessing Body Composition in Healthy Korean Adults.

Seung Shin Park, Soo Lim, Hoyoun Kim, Kyoung Min Kim,

<h4>Background</h4>Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the most widely used method for evaluating muscle masses. The aim of this study was to investigate the agreement between muscle mass values assessed by two different DXA systems.<h4>Methods</h4>Forty healthy participants (20 men, 20 women; age range, 23 to 71 years) were enrolled. Total and ... Read more >>

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) (Endocrinology and metabolism (Seoul, Korea))
[2021, 36(6):1219-1231]

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DXA-Derived Indices in the Characterisation of Sarcopenia.

Natascha Schweighofer, Caterina Colantonio, Christoph W Haudum, Barbara Hutz, Ewald Kolesnik, Ines Mursic, Stefan Pilz, Albrecht Schmidt, Vanessa Stadlbauer, Andreas Zirlik, Thomas R Pieber, Nicolas Verheyen, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch,

Sarcopenia is linked with increased risk of falls, osteoporosis and mortality. No consensus exists about a gold standard "dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) index for muscle mass determination" in sarcopenia diagnosis. Thus, many indices exist, but data on sarcopenia diagnosis agreement are scarce. Regarding sarcopenia diagnosis reliability, the impact of influencing ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2021, 14(1):]

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BMDs Derived From Total Body DXA are Strongly Correlated With Dedicated Hip and Spine BMD and are Associated With Prior Fractures in NHANES.

Rajesh K Jain, Tamara Vokes,

Dedicated dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) of the hip and spine are strongly associated with fractures, but it is not clear whether total body (TB) DXA measures correlate with dedicated DXA or relate to fractures. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from years ... Read more >>

J Clin Densitom (Journal of clinical densitometry : the official journal of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry)
[2021, :]

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Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of 2D and 3D measurements to determine opportunistic screening of osteoporosis using the proximal femur on abdomen-pelvic CT.

Sun-Young Park, Hong Il Ha, Sang Min Lee, In Jae Lee, Hyun Kyung Lim,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To compare the osteoporosis-predicting ability of computed tomography (CT) indexes in abdomen-pelvic CT using the proximal femur and the reliability of measurements in two- and three-dimensional analyses.<h4>Methods</h4>Four hundred thirty female patients (age range, 50-96 years) who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and abdominal-pelvic CT within 1 month were retrospectively selected. The ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2022, 17(1):e0262025]

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Evaluation of bone health in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis.

Deniz Kor, Fatma Derya Bulut, Sebile Kılavuz, Berna Şeker Yılmaz, Burcu Köşeci, Esra Kara, Ömer Kaya, Sibel Başaran, Gülşah Seydaoğlu, Neslihan Önenli Mungan,

<h4>Introduction</h4>This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between clinical findings, height and weight standard deviation scores, 25-hydroxyvitamin D<sub>3</sub> (25(OH)D<sub>3</sub>) level, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) results in patients diagnosed with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS), where effective current treatments such as enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) can be accessed.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>25(OH)D<sub>3</sub> level was measured ... Read more >>

J Bone Miner Metab (Journal of bone and mineral metabolism)
[2022, :]

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Seasonal Change in Body Composition and Physique of Team Sport Athletes.

Emily J Walker, Robert J Aughey, Patrick McLaughlin, Andrew J McAinch,

<h4>Abstract</h4>Walker, EJ, Aughey, RJ, McLaughlin, P, and McAinch, AJ. Seasonal change in body composition and physique of team sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res 36(2): 565-572, 2022-Body composition of team sport athletes was measured at 3 points across the preseason and competitive season. This repeated-measures study was conducted in 46 ... Read more >>

J Strength Cond Res (Journal of strength and conditioning research)
[2022, 36(2):565-572]

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An update on methods for assessing bone quality and health in Cystic fibrosis.

Kristen M Williams, Amy Darukhanavala, Rebecca Hicks, Andrea Kelly,

With increasing life expectancy in people with Cystic fibrosis (CF), the focus of clinical care has shifted to management and prevention of non-pulmonary comorbidities. CF related bone disease, defined by low bone mineral density (BMD), is prevalent across all age groups and acknowledges the increased fractures rates that negatively impact ... Read more >>

J Clin Transl Endocrinol (Journal of clinical & translational endocrinology)
[2022, 27:100281]

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Bone Mineral Density Compared to Trabecular Bone Score in Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Alicia R. Jones, Koen Simons, Susan Harvey, Vivian Grill,

Individuals with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) have reduced bone mineral density (BMD) according to dual X-ray absorptiometry at cortical sites, with relative sparing of trabecular BMD. However, fracture risk is increased at all sites. Trabecular bone score (TBS) may more accurately describe their bone quality and fracture risk. This study compared ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2022, 11(2):]

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The Impact of Major and Trace Elements in Serum and Bone on Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry-Derived Hip Strength.

Tomasz Miazgowski, Aleksandra Rył, Aleksandra Szylińska, Iwona Rotter,

The purpose of this study was to establish associations between both serum levels and bone content of a wide range of elements (Na, K, P, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Pb), with hip strength (HS) indices derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The study population consisted of ... Read more >>

Calcif Tissue Int (Calcified tissue international)
[2022, :]

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BatchBMD as an Efficient and Accurate Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Report Generator.

Chun-Hsiang Chan, Wen-Chi Huang, Yi-Chien Lu, Hsing-Fen Hsiao, Wing P Chan,

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is the gold standard for evaluating Bone Mineral Density (BMD); however, a typical BMD report is generated in a time-inefficient manner and is prone to error. We developed a rule-based automated reporting system, BatchBMD, that accelerates DXA reporting while improving its accuracy over current systems. BatchBMD generates ... Read more >>

Diagnostics (Basel) (Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland))
[2021, 11(12):]

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Computed Tomography of the Chest as a Screening Tool for Low Bone Mineral Density.

Alan T Vanier, Donald Colantonio, Sameer K Saxena, Daniel Rodkey, Scott Wagner,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Computed tomography (CT) Hounsfield units (HU) recently emerged as a promising screening tool for low bone mineral density (BMD). We hypothesized that CT HU measurements of the thoracic spine would significantly and positively correlate with dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) BMD scans of the femoral neck.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>The study included patients ... Read more >>

Mil Med (Military medicine)
[2021, :]

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Factors affecting spine–femur discordance in the percentage of young adult mean on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the elderly population: a retrospective study

Shoshi Akiyama, Takaaki Tanaka, Jun Udaka, Naoya Inagaki, Yoshio Kumagae, Masaaki Chazono, Tatsuki Matsuoka, Mitsuru Saito,

<h4>Background</h4> Several retrospective studies have reported spine–femur discordance in bone mineral density (BMD) values. However, the average age of individuals in these studies was the mid-50s, which is younger than the typical age of individuals requiring treatment for primary osteoporosis. Therefore, we aimed to investigate factors associated with discordance in ... Read more >>

BMC Musculoskelet Disord (BMC musculoskeletal disorders)
[2022, 23(1):]

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Evaluation of Adherence to Guideline-Based Bone Mineral Density Screening in Veterans with HIV.

Christie G Turin, Naveed Khanjee, Katharine Breaux, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Maria C Rodriguez-Barradas, Eva H Clark,

People with HIV (PWH) have a higher prevalence of bone mineral density (BMD) loss compared to people without HIV. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) recommends BMD screening through dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in PWH starting at age 50. We aimed to evaluate adherence to this recommendation in ... Read more >>

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses (AIDS research and human retroviruses)
[2022, :]

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Osteoporosis: current screening methods, novel techniques, and preoperative assessment of bone mineral density.

Khalid Al-Hourani, Shao-Ting Jerry Tsang, A Hamish R W Simpson,

Bone Joint Res (Bone & joint research)
[2021, 10(12):840-843]

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A novel semi-automated classifier of hip osteoarthritis on DXA images shows expected relationships with clinical outcomes in UK Biobank.

Benjamin G Faber, Raja Ebsim, Fiona R Saunders, Monika Frysz, Claudia Lindner, Jennifer S Gregory, Richard M Aspden, Nicholas C Harvey, George Davey Smith, Timothy Cootes, Jonathan H Tobias,

OBJECTIVE:Conventional scoring methods for radiographic hip osteoarthritis (rHOA) are subjective and show inconsistent relationships with clinical outcomes. To provide a more objective rHOA scoring method, we aimed to develop a semi-automated classifier based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) images, and confirm its relationships with clinical outcomes. METHODS:Hip DXAs in UK ... Read more >>

Rheumatology (Oxford) (Rheumatology (Oxford, England))
[2021, :]

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The Linkage Between Bone Densitometry and Cardiovascular Disease.

Mahmoud A Refaee, Hamada R H Al-Absi, Mohammad Tariqul Islam, Mowafa Househ, Zubair Shah, M Sohel Rahman, Tanvir Alam,

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has been traditionally used to assess body composition covering bone, fat and muscle content. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has deleterious effects on bone health and fat composition. Therefore, early detection of bone health, fat and muscle composition would help to anticipate a proper diagnosis and treatment plan ... Read more >>

Stud Health Technol Inform (Studies in health technology and informatics)
[2022, 289:244-247]

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Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) in Patients with Early Ankylosing Spondylitis-Limited Utility.

Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Jakub Wroński, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Głuszko,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) not only results in pathological ossification of the spine, but can also be associated with osteoporosis. Due to the presence of syndesmophytes and possible involvement of the hip joints, classical dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is of limited use in patients with advanced stages of AS. Trabecular bone ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2021, 10(22):]

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