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Dizziness Vertigo and Imbalance

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When the Room Is Spinning: Experience of Vestibular Neuritis by a Neurotologist.

Ji-Soo Kim,

Vestibular neuritis (VN) is the most common cause of acute prolonged spontaneous vertigo, and is characterized by acute unilateral vestibular hypofunction, probably due to inflammation of the vestibular nerve. VN is diagnosed at the bedside when there is spontaneous horizontal-torsional nystagmus beating away from the side of the lesion, abnormal ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2020, 11:157]

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Imbalance, motion sensitivity, anxiety and handicap in vestibular migraine and migraine only patients.

Birgul Balcı, Gülden Akdal,

OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study is to compare the balance ability, anxiety level and motion sickness susceptibility in Vestibular Migraine (VM) patients, migraineurs without history of vertigo (Migraine-only, MO) and healthy controls (HC). We tested the hypothesis that VM patients have worse balance performance and higher anxiety level and motion ... Read more >>

Auris Nasus Larynx (Auris, nasus, larynx)
[2020, :]

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Human Temporal Bone Study of Vestibular Histopathology in Cochlear Implant Patients With Cochlear Hydrops.

Brooke M Su-Velez, Ivan A Lopez, Akira Ishiyama, Gail Ishiyama,

HYPOTHESIS:Endolymphatic hydrops (EH) associated with cochlear implantation are associated with vestibular dysfunction. BACKGROUND:Vestibular dysfunction is a known risk after cochlear implantation (CI). CI has been shown to cause cochlear hydrops due to fibrosis surrounding the ductus reuniens. However, the association of cochlear hydrops with vestibular hydrops and the relationship to ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2020, :]

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Visual Vertigo, Motion Sickness, and Disorientation in Vehicles.

A M Bronstein, J F Golding, M A Gresty,

Environmental circumstances that result in ambiguity or conflict with the patterns of sensory stimulation may adversely affect the vestibular system. The effect of this conflict in sensory information may be dizziness, a sense of imbalance, nausea, and motion sickness sometimes even to seemingly minor daily head movement activities. In some, ... Read more >>

Semin Neurol (Seminars in neurology)
[2020, 40(1):116-129]

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Effectiveness of Vestibular Training for Balance and Dizziness Rehabilitation in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Cristina García-Muñoz, María-Dolores Cortés-Vega, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo, Rocío Martín-Valero, María-Isabel García-Bernal, María Jesús Casuso-Holgado,

Postural instability and dizziness are commonly observed in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence for the use of vestibular rehabilitation, in comparison with other exercise interventions or no intervention, to treat balance impairments and dizziness in PwMS. An electronic search ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2020, 9(2):]

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Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Endogenous Antioxidants for Patients with Chronic Subjective Dizziness.

Zhigang Fang, Keer Huang, Chang-Hyun Gil, Jin-Woo Jeong, Ho-Ryong Yoo, Hyeong-Geug Kim,

As a neurotologic disorder of persistent non-vertiginous dizziness, chronic subjective dizziness (CSD) arises unsteadily by psychological and physiological imbalance. The CSD is hypersensitivity reaction due to exposure to complex motions visual stimuli. However, the pathophysiological features and mechanism of the CSD still remains unclearly. The present study was purposed to ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):1478]

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Acute Vestibular Syndrome.

Kevin A Kerber,

The acute vestibular syndrome (AVS) is a label for presentations of new-onset severe dizziness, vertigo, or imbalance, with examination findings of nystagmus or gait unsteadiness. The prototypical AVS presentation is the acute unilateral vestibulopathy due to vestibular neuritis. Stroke is also a serious concern in patients with AVS. Most other ... Read more >>

Semin Neurol (Seminars in neurology)
[2020, 40(1):59-66]

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Mal de Debarquement Syndrome: A Rare Entity.

Shehzeen F Memon, Anosh Aslam Khan, Osama Mohiuddin, Shahzeb Ali Memon,

Mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) is a bizarre sensation of continued movement after the termination of motion. It is accompanied by disequilibrium, usually experienced after voyage or travel, however, it is not associated with vertigo. Although most cases resolve spontaneously, middle-aged women sometimes particularly experience protracted symptoms following an ocean cruise, with ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e6837]

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System for the analysis of human balance based on accelerometers and support vector machines

Vinícius Pinheiro, Jake Carmo, Cristiano Miosso,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Introduction: Disturbances in balance control lead to movement impairment and severe discomfort, dizziness, and vertigo. They can also lead to serious accidents, due to the loss of balance in critical conditions. It is important to monitor the level of balance in order to determine the risk ... Read more >>

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Prevalence of Pediatric Dizziness and Imbalance in the United States.

Jacob R Brodsky, Sophie Lipson, Neil Bhattacharyya,

OBJECTIVES:Understand the prevalence of vestibular symptoms in US children. STUDY DESIGN:Cross-sectional analysis. SETTING:2016 National Health Interview Survey. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Responses from the 2016 National Health Interview Survey for children ages 3 to 17 years were examined to determine the prevalence of vestibular symptoms and provider-assigned diagnoses. RESULTS:Dizziness or imbalance was ... Read more >>

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery)
[2020, 162(2):241-247]

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Evolution of Cochlear implant mapping and vestibular function in a pediatric case of Labyrinthitis.

Sophie Lipson, Ross O'Shea, Susan Gibbons, Guangwei Zhou, Jacob Brodsky,

BACKGROUND:Vestibular symptoms such as vertigo and imbalance are known to occur in some cochlear implant patients during the immediate postoperative period; however, acute vertigo in implanted children occurring remotely from the postoperative period has not been previously well-described. CASE PRESENTATION:A three-year-old girl with a history of bilateral sequential cochlear implantation ... Read more >>

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale)
[2020, 49(1):7]

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Looking beyond the audiogram in ototoxicity associated with platinum-based chemotherapy.

David M Baguley, Pattarawadee Prayuenyong,

INTRODUCTION:Ototoxicity associated with platinum-based chemotherapy is highly prevalent and can cause detrimental consequences among cancer survivors. DISCUSSION:In this article, we highlight important aspects of the evaluation of ototoxicity with the aim to increase awareness of Oncologists in this regard. Standard pure tone audiometry alone is inadequate for this context. Comprehensive ... Read more >>

Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. (Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology)
[2020, 85(2):245-250]

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Vestibular prognosis in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss with vestibular dysfunction treated with oral or intratympanic glucocorticoids: a protocol for randomized controlled trial

Huawei Li, Weiming Hao, Liping Zhao, Huiqian Yu,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) is a rapid-onset sensorineural hearing impairment with unclear etiology and unsatisfying treatment effects. Vestibular dysfunction has been considered as a poor indicator in the clinical manifestations and prognosis of ISSNHL, which occurred in approximately 28%-57% cases. Glucocorticoids, administered through ... Read more >>

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Evolution of vestibular disorders in older adults: From young-old to middle-old to oldest-old.

Yu-Jr Jeng, Yi-Ho Young,

AIM:This study investigated the evolution of vestibular disorders in dizzy older adults from young-old to middle-old to oldest-old individuals, which has been less examined in detail so far. METHODS:A total of 3714 older patients with vertigo/dizziness in a university hospital were retrospectively reviewed and divided into three groups; namely, the ... Read more >>

Geriatr Gerontol Int (Geriatrics & gerontology international)
[2020, 20(1):42-46]

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Vertebral Artery Compression Syndrome.

Qi Li, Peng Xie, Wen-Song Yang, Bernard Yan, Stephen Davis, Louis R Caplan,

Objective: We aim to propose the term "vertebral artery compression syndrome" to describe a group of patients with a variety of clinical symptoms caused by vertebral artery compression of the medulla or spinal cord. Methods: We conducted the prospective case study in a university teaching hospital. Eleven patients who fulfilled ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2019, 10:1075]

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Measurement of horizontal ocular deviation on magnetic resonance imaging in various disease with acute vertigo.

Yeon-Jun Yang, Ji Eun Choi, Min Tae Kim, Sang Hyub Kim, Min Young Lee, Dong Soo Yoo, Jae Yun Jung,

In our previous study, we found that horizontal ocular deviation (OD) was significantly increased in patients with unilateral vestibular neuritis (VN). This study is aimed to compare the measurements of horizontal OD in various diseases which can present as acute vertigo in the emergency department. We retrospectively reviewed patients who ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2019, 14(10):e0224605]

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Neuropsychiatric Outcomes in UK Military Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Vestibular Dysfunction.

Emma Denby, Dominic Murphy, Walter Busuttil, Mohamed Sakel, David Wilkinson,

OBJECTIVE:To estimate the frequency of vestibular dysfunction following blunt, blast, and combined blunt and blast mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and thereon assess the long-term impact of vestibular dysfunction on neurobehavioral function and disability independently of comorbid psychiatric symptoms. SETTING:Combat Stress residential and Veterans' Outreach drop-in centers for psychological support. ... Read more >>

J Head Trauma Rehabil (The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation)
[2020, 35(1):57-65]

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Errors in the Diagnosis of Stroke-Tales of Common Stroke Mimics and Strokes in Hiding.

Sucharita Ray, Kamalesh Chakravarty, Heena Kathuria, Vivek Lal,

Introduction:Stroke mimics are some of the common causes of misdiagnosis of stroke, with an attendant surfeit of finances and resources. Aim:We attempt to discuss some of the common neurological conditions mimicking stroke in the emergency. Methods:We reviewed the articles in English discussing stroke mimics in the last 5 years of ... Read more >>

Ann Indian Acad Neurol (Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology)
[2019, 22(4):477-481]

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Hypomagnesaemia induced recurrent cerebellar ataxia: an interesting case with successful management.

Singh Saraj Kumar, Goel Khushbu, Mukherji Joy Dev,

Purpose:Severe Hypomagnesaemia is a rare biochemical findings utilized for identifying the etiology of cerebellar ataxia. It requires a high degree of suspicion to diagnose. MRI findings are often nonspecific. Methods:The author presents a case of 38 yrs. old male patient presented with vomiting, gait imabalance and nystagmus. Biochemical investigations lead to ... Read more >>

Cerebellum Ataxias (Cerebellum & ataxias)
[2020, 7:1]

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Altered intra- and inter-network functional connectivity in patients with persistent postural-perceptual dizziness.

Kangzhi Li, Lihong Si, Bin Cui, Xia Ling, Bo Shen, Xu Yang,

BACKGROUND:Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a functional vestibular disorder characterized by persistent dizziness, unsteadiness, and non-spinning vertigo. It is the most common cause of chronic vestibular syndrome, but its pathogenesis is currently unclear. Recent studies have indicated that sensory integration may be altered in PPPD patients. OBJECTIVE:Using independent component analysis ... Read more >>

Neuroimage Clin (NeuroImage. Clinical)
[2020, 26:102216]

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Motion sickness: an overview.

Alexander Kc Leung, Kam Lun Hon,

Background:Motion sickness is a common phenomenon that affects almost everybody at some point in their lifetime. Clinicians should be familiar with the proper management of this condition. Objective:To provide an update on the current understanding of the pathophysiology and management of motion sickness. Methods:A PubMed search was performed with Clinical ... Read more >>

Drugs Context (Drugs in context)
[2019, 8:]

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Cervico-ocular reflex upregulation in dizzy patients with asymmetric neck pathology.

Ewa Zamysłowska-Szmytke, Tomasz Adamczewski, Jacek Ziąber, Joanna Majak, Jolanta Kujawa, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska,

OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to investigate whether the restriction in neck rotation and increased neck muscle tension could be causally related to vertigo and dizziness. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Seventy-one patients reporting vertigo and/or imbalance were divided into 2 groups: 45 subjects with unilateral restriction (R+) and 26 without restriction ... Read more >>

Int J Occup Med Environ Health (International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health)
[2019, 32(5):723-733]

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The Post-Pipeline Headache: New Headaches Following Flow Diversion for Intracranial Aneurysm.

Demitre Gweh, Sheena Khan, Lisa Pelletier, Nauman Tariq, Rafael H Llinas, Justin Caplan, Elisabeth B Marsh,

Objective:Flow diversion using devices such as the "pipeline" stent is now a common treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Though much is known about the efficacy of the device, less is reported regarding potential side effects. In this study, we report the frequency and characteristics of the "post-pipeline headache." Methods:We prospectively ... Read more >>

J Vasc Interv Neurol (Journal of vascular and interventional neurology)
[2020, 11(1):34-39]

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Rehabilitation of dynamic visual acuity in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction: earlier is better.

Lacour Michel, Tardivet Laurent, Thiry Alain,

PURPOSE:Patients with acute peripheral unilateral hypofunction (UVH) complain of vertigo and dizziness and show posture imbalance and gaze instability. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VR) enhances the functional recovery and it has been shown that gaze stabilization exercises improved the dynamic visual acuity (DVA). Whether the effects of VR depend or not ... Read more >>

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
[2020, 277(1):103-113]

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Innovative Use of Google Cardboard in Clinical Examination of Patients of Vertigo.

Aditya M Yeolekar, Kiran J Shinde, Haris Qadri,

Background:Vertigo is 1 of the most prominent and frequent neurological symptom. It is estimated that about 30% of all people need medical care once in their life due to this index symptom. The neurological expertise required is usually scarce in underprivileged areas. One has to look for spontaneous nystagmus, and ... Read more >>

Clin Med Insights Ear Nose Throat (Clinical medicine insights. Ear, nose and throat)
[2019, 12:1179550619882012]

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