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Full Text Journal Articles about
Diaphragm Disorders

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Comparison of three-dimensional pelvic floor ultrasonography and defecography for assessment of posterior pelvic floor disorders.

Hong Yoon Jeong, Shi-Jun Yang, Dong Ho Cho, Duk Hoon Park, Jong Kyun Lee,

PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and agreement of 3D pelvic floor ultrasonography with defecography in the assessment of posterior pelvic disorders. METHOD:Eligible patients were consecutive women with undergoing 3D pelvic floor ultrasonography between August 2017 and February 2019 at one hospital. All 3D pelvic floor ... Read more >>

Ann Coloproctol (Annals of coloproctology)
[2020, :]

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Monitoring Patient Respiratory Effort During Mechanical Ventilation: Lung and Diaphragm-Protective Ventilation.

Michele Bertoni, Savino Spadaro, Ewan C Goligher,

This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2020. Other selected articles can be found online at https://www.biomedcentral.com/collections/annualupdate2020. Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901. ... Read more >>

Crit Care (Critical care (London, England))
[2020, 24(1):106]

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Italian validation of the German Pelvic Floor Questionnaire for pregnant and postpartum women.

Stefania Palmieri, Alice Cola, Anna Ceccherelli, Stefano Manodoro, Matteo Frigerio, Patrizia Vergani,

OBJECTIVE:The only available validated questionnaire for pelvic floor disorders in pregnant and postpartum women is in German. The aim of this study was to translate and validate the German Pelvic Floor Questionnaire for pregnant and postpartum women into Italian. STUDY DESIGN:The questionnaire was translated into Italian by standardized procedural steps. ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol. (European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology)
[2020, 248:133-136]

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Dissociation between reduced diaphragm inspiratory motion and normal diaphragm thickening in acute chronic pulmonary obstructive disease exacerbation: a case report.

Julien Kracht, Adam Ogna, Abdallah Fayssoil,

INTRODUCTION:Patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) are at risk of acute exacerbation. Diaphragm muscle is classically highly solicited in COPD exacerbation. PATIENT CONCERNS:A COPD patient was admitted because of acute dyspnea with wheezing. DIAGNOSIS:acute COPD exacerbation. INTERVENTIONS:A diaphragm ultrasound and a Doppler echocardiography were performed at bedside. OUTCOMES:We measured ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2020, 99(10):e19390]

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Pelvic floor disorders in women with premature ovarian insufficiency: a cross-sectional study.

Júlia Ferreira Fante, Helymar da Costa Machado, Cassia Raquel Teatin Juliato, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito,

OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-reported main pelvic floor disorders (PFD) (urinary incontinence [UI], pelvic organ prolapse [POP], and fecal incontinence [FI]) and its associated factors in women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) and a control group. METHODS:This was a cross-sectional study wherein two groups were interviewed ... Read more >>

Menopause (Menopause (New York, N.Y.))
[2020, 27(4):450-458]

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Is Physical Activity Good or Bad for the Female Pelvic Floor? A Narrative Review.

Kari Bø, Ingrid Elisabeth Nygaard,

More women participate in sports than ever before and the proportion of women athletes at the Olympic Games is nearly 50%. The pelvic floor in women may be the only area of the body where the positive effect of physical activity has been questioned. The aim of this narrative review ... Read more >>

Sports Med (Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.))
[2020, 50(3):471-484]

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Structural abnormalities in the human diaphragm in drowning and hanging deaths: preliminary results.

Eloy Girela-López, Cristina M Beltran-Aroca, Ignacio Jimena, Pablo Pérez-Jorge, Valentin Ramos-Medina, Ignacio Ruz-Caracuel, James R Gill, Jose Peña-Amaro,

PURPOSE:Previous experiments in rats have indicated that there are histological changes in skeletal muscle in drowning deaths; these changes include muscle fibers that contain ragged red fibers (RRF). The purpose of this study was to examine whether these changes also occur in humans. METHODS:Histologic and histochemical examinations of three muscles ... Read more >>

Forensic Sci Med Pathol (Forensic science, medicine, and pathology)
[2020, :]

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Physiology of the Respiratory Drive in ICU Patients: Implications for Diagnosis and Treatment.

Annemijn H Jonkman, Heder J de Vries, Leo M A Heunks,

This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2020. Other selected articles can be found online at https://www.biomedcentral.com/collections/annualupdate2020. Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901. ... Read more >>

Crit Care (Critical care (London, England))
[2020, 24(1):104]

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Linking Pelvic Floor Muscle Function Terminology to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.

Fernanda Saltiel, Ana Paula Gonçalves Miranda-Gazzola, Rayane Oliveira Vitória, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Elyonara Mello Figueiredo,

OBJECTIVE:A previous systematic review on pelvic floor muscle function (PFMF) identified a miscellaneity of terms. The lack of consensual terminology might have come from the complexity of neuromusculoskeletal function itself. This study sought to link the previously identified PFMF terms to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) ... Read more >>

Phys Ther (Physical therapy)
[2020, :]

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Pelvic floor imaging with MR defecography: correlation with gynecologic pelvic organ prolapse quantification.

Nayanatara Swamy, Gitanjali Bajaj, Sallie S Olliphant, James A Henry, Kedar Jambhekar, Tarun Pandey, Roopa Ram,

PURPOSE:Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is assessed differently by gynecologists and radiologists. It is clinically staged by physical examination using the POP-Q (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification) system and radiologically staged by modalities such as by Magnetic Resonance Defecography (MRD). The purpose of this study was to correlate the two methods of ... Read more >>

Abdom Radiol (NY) (Abdominal radiology (New York))
[2020, :]

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Mechanical ventilation weaning issues can be counted on the fingers of just one hand: part 2.

Luigi Vetrugno, Alessandro Brussa, Giovanni Maria Guadagnin, Daniele Orso, Francesco De Lorenzo, Gianmaria Cammarota, Erminio Santangelo, Tiziana Bove,

Assessing heart and diaphragm function constitutes only one of the steps to consider along the weaning path. In this second part of the review, we will deal with the more systematic evaluation of the pulmonary parenchyma-often implicated in the genesis of respiratory failure. We will also consider the other possible ... Read more >>

Ultrasound J (The ultrasound journal)
[2020, 12(1):15]

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Female Pelvic Floor: Anatomy Overview, Indications, and Imaging Protocols.

Rania Farouk El Sayed,

This article reviews different approaches for describing pelvic floor anatomy; "Classic 3-Compartment Approach", "Active and Passive Conceptual Approach" and "Multilayered System Approach". However, these approaches cannot explain pathogenesis of various dysfunctions. "Functional 3-Part Pelvic Supporting Systems Approach" a new, more function-based classification of the pelvic floor support system is introduced ... Read more >>

Radiol. Clin. North Am. (Radiologic clinics of North America)
[2020, 58(2):291-303]

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Effectiveness of LiuZiJue Qigong versus traditional core stability training for poststroke patients complicated with abnormal trunk postural control: study protocol for a single-center randomized controlled trial.

Chen Wang, Long Yu, Jian Yang, Ren Wei Wang, Ya Nan Zheng, Ying Zhang,

BACKGROUND:Trunk function in stroke patients with hemiplegia is associated with respiration and core stability and is also found to be associated with balance and postural control and activities of daily living. LiuZiJue Qigong (LQG) is a traditional Chinese method of fitness based on breath pronunciation. The purpose of this study ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):254]

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Cor Triatriatum Sinister (Divided Left Atrium): Histopathologic Features and Clinical Management.

Hamood N Al Kindi, Mahmoud Shehata, Ayman M Ibrahim, Mohamed Roshdy, Walid Simry, Yasmine Aguib, Magdi H Yacoub,

BACKGROUND:Cor triatriatum sinister (CTS), or divided left atrium, is a rare congenital cardiac disease in which the left atrium is divided into 2 chambers by a fibromuscular diaphragm that will cause blood flow obstruction to the left ventricle. Recent animal studies suggested the role of hyaluronidase-2 (HYAL-2) deficiency as a ... Read more >>

Ann. Thorac. Surg. (The Annals of thoracic surgery)
[2020, :]

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Integrated MR Analytical Approach and Reporting of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction: Current Implications and New Horizons.

Rania Farouk El Sayed,

Reporting MR imaging of pelvic floor dysfunction can be made easy if radiologists understand the aim of each MR sequence and what to report in each set of MR images. For an MR imaging report that is critical in decision making for patient management, it is of paramount importance to ... Read more >>

Radiol. Clin. North Am. (Radiologic clinics of North America)
[2020, 58(2):305-327]

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Maintenance of spontaneous breathing at an intensity of 60%-80% may effectively prevent mechanical ventilation-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction.

Zujin Luo, Silu Han, Wei Sun, Yan Wang, Sijie Liu, Liu Yang, Baosen Pang, Jiawei Jin, Hong Chen, Zhixin Cao, Yingmin Ma,

Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) can cause diaphragmatic motionlessness to induce diaphragmatic dysfunction. Partial maintenance of spontaneous breathing (SB) can reduce ventilation-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction (VIDD). However, to what extent SB is maintained in CMV can attenuate or even prevent VIDD has been rarely reported. The current study aimed to investigate the ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0229944]

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Post-esophagectomy Symptomatic Dunbar Syndrome: A rare diagnosis of abdominal pain after surgery.

Flavio Roberto Takeda, George Felipe Bezerra Darce, Lucas Faraco Sobrado, Luisa Leitão de Faria, Francisco Tustumi, Rubens Antonio Aissar Sallum, Manoel de Souza Rocha, Ulysses Ribeiro, Ivan Cecconello,

INTRODUCTION:Dunbar syndrome is a rare anatomical abnormality characterized by the extrinsic compression of the celiac trunk by the median arcuate ligament (MAL). Though it is rarely misdiagnosed, the clinical diagnosis may be difficult, especially after complex visceral surgery such as esophagectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE:A 62-year-old male patient with a squamous ... Read more >>

Int J Surg Case Rep (International journal of surgery case reports)
[2020, 68:198-202]

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MR defecography in the assessment of anatomic and functional abnormalities in stress urinary incontinence before and after pelvic reconstruction.

Min Li, Biao Wang, Xiao Liu, Peng Qiao, Wenjiao Jiao, Tao Jiang,

PURPOSE:Magnetic resonance defecography (MRD) was used to evaluate anatomic and functional pelvic floor disorders in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) before and after midurethral sling (MUS) intervention. METHOD:We performed MRD in both SUI patients and continent controls. Static MR was used to describe the anatomic abnormalities in levator ani ... Read more >>

Eur J Radiol (European Journal of Radiology)
[2020, 126:108935]

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Relationship between pulmonary function, throw distance, and psychological competitive ability of elite highly trained Japanese boccia players via correlation analysis.

Tomomi Ichiba, Kuniharu Okuda, Tetsuo Miyagawa, Masataka Kataoka, Kousuke Yahagi,

Background:Boccia players have severe quadriplegia; nonetheless, detailed aspects of the physical function of individual players have not been evaluated. Aims:This study aimed to detetmine the relationship between pulmonary function, pitching distance, and psychological competitive ability of Japanese boccia players. Methods:Participants were athletes from the Japan Boccia Association (10 males, 3 ... Read more >>

Heliyon (Heliyon)
[2020, 6(3):e03581]

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Development and initial psychometric testing of a body-image domain within an electronic pelvic floor questionnaire (ePAQ-pelvic floor).

Kaia Scurr, Thomas G Gray, Georgina L Jones, Stephen C Radley,

INTRODUCTION:Urogynaecological conditions have been shown to negatively impact on body image in a number of previous studies. ePAQ-Pelvic Floor (ePAQ-PF) is a patient-reported outcome measure used in clinical practice to assess urogynaecological conditions and their impact on quality of life. This study aimed to develop and undertake initial psychometric testing ... Read more >>

Int Urogynecol J (International urogynecology journal)
[2020, :]

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Development of a wireless accelerometer-based Intravaginal device to detect pelvic floor motion for evaluation of pelvic floor dysfunction.

Jose Bohorquez, Jessica McKinney, Laura Keyser, Robin Sutherland, Samantha J Pulliam,

Urinary incontinence (UI) is experienced by an estimated 51% of women in the U.S. and often results from impaired function or weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) is a frontline nonsurgical treatment, yet a number of symptomatic individuals cannot accurately perform a pelvic floor muscle ... Read more >>

Biomed Microdevices (Biomedical microdevices)
[2020, 22(2):26]

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Assisted mechanical ventilation promotes recovery of diaphragmatic thickness in critically ill patients: a prospective observational study.

Alice Grassi, Daniela Ferlicca, Ermes Lupieri, Serena Calcinati, Silvia Francesconi, Vittoria Sala, Valentina Ormas, Elena Chiodaroli, Chiara Abbruzzese, Francesco Curto, Andrea Sanna, Massimo Zambon, Roberto Fumagalli, Giuseppe Foti, Giacomo Bellani,

BACKGROUND:Diaphragm atrophy and dysfunction are consequences of mechanical ventilation and are determinants of clinical outcomes. We hypothesize that partial preservation of diaphragm function, such as during assisted modes of ventilation, will restore diaphragm thickness. We also aim to correlate the changes in diaphragm thickness and function to outcomes and clinical ... Read more >>

Crit Care (Critical Care)
[2020, 24(1):85]

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A New Rehabilitative Mechanism in Primary Motor Cortex After Peripheral Trauma.

Florian Ph S Fischmeister, Ahmad Amini, Eva Matt, Raphael Reinecke, Robert Schmidhammer, Roland Beisteiner,

Homuncular organization, i.e., the neuronal representation of the human body within the primary motor cortex, is one of the most fundamental principles of the human brain. Despite this, in rare peripheral nerve surgery patients, the transformation of a monofunctional (diaphragm activation) into a bifunctional motor area (diaphragm and arm activation ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2020, 11:125]

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CHC for pelvic pain in women with endometriosis: ineffectiveness or discontinuation due to side-effects.

Paul J Yong, Najla Alsowayan, Heather Noga, Christina Williams, Catherine Allaire, Sarka Lisonkova, Mohamed A Bedaiwy,

STUDY QUESTION:What are the use patterns and factors associated with combined hormonal contraception (CHC) ineffectiveness or discontinuation due to side-effects in patients with endometriosis and pelvic pain? SUMMARY ANSWER:Worse chronic pelvic pain (CPP) severity and pelvic floor myalgia were associated with continuous CHC ineffectiveness, while poorer quality-of-life was associated with ... Read more >>

Hum Reprod Open (Human reproduction open)
[2020, 2020(2):hoz040]

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Quality of Life in POP: Validity, Reliability and Responsiveness of the Prolapse Quality of Life Questionnaire (P-QoL) in Spanish Women.

Beatriz Sánchez-Sánchez, Maria José Yuste-Sánchez, Beatriz Arranz-Martín, Beatriz Navarro-Brazález, Helena Romay-Barrero, María Torres-Lacomba,

The Prolapse Quality of Life Questionnaire (P-QoL) is a specific questionnaire created to assess the impact of pelvic organ prolapse on women's quality of life. The aim of the present study was to cross-culturally adapt and assess the psychometric properties of the P-QoL for Spanish women. The cross-cultural adaptation was ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(5):]

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