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Mothers' and fathers' lived experiences of postpartum depression and parental stress after childbirth: a qualitative study.

Maude Johansson, Ylva Benderix, Idor Svensson,

Purpose: The study aims are to explore the lived experiences of mothers and fathers of postpartum depression and parental stress after childbirth.Methods: Qualitative interviews conducted, and analysed from an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) perspective.Results: Both mothers and fathers described experiences of inadequacy, although fathers described external requirements, and mothers described ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1722564]

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Antidepressant effect of Gentiana olivieri Griseb. in male rats exposed to chronic mild stress.

Ahmet Berk, İsmet Yılmaz, Nurettin Abacıoğlu, Mustafa Bahadır Kaymaz, Merve Gökşin Karaaslan, Ebru Kuyumcu Savan,

Background: The flowering parts of Gentiana olivieri, known as 'Afat' in the southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey, are used as a tonic, an appetizer, and for the treatment of several mental disorders, including depression. The purpose of this study is to investigate the antidepressant effect of G. olivieri ethanol extract ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1725991]

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An exploration of medical student attitudes towards disclosure of mental illness.

Ian Fletcher, Michael Castle, Aaron Scarpa, Orrin Myers, Elizabeth Lawrence,

Background: Medical students are reluctant to access mental health services, despite having high rates of anxiety and depression. This reluctance persists through residency and into practice. Physicians and trainees who are unwell deliver lower quality patient care, behave less professionally, communicate less effectively and are at an increased risk for ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1727713]

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Health care utilisation changes among Alaska Native adults after participation in an indigenous community programme to address adverse life experiences: a propensity score-matched analysis.

Lily Ray, Bobbi Outten, Katherine Gottlieb,

The aim of this study was to investigate whether participation in Family Wellness Warriors Initiative (FWWI), an Alaska Native program that addresses adverse life experiences, is associated with changes in health care utilisation. The study method was a propensity score-matched cohort analysis using retrospective electronic health record data from Southcentral ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1705048]

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The structure and function of TRIP8b, an auxiliary subunit of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic-nucleotide gated channels.

Ye Han, Kyle A Lyman, Kendall M Foote, Dane M Chetkovich,

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels are expressed throughout the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). These channels have been implicated in a wide range of diseases, including Major Depressive Disorder and multiple subtypes of epilepsy. The diversity of functions that HCN channels perform is in part attributable to differences in their ... Read more >>

Channels (Austin) (Channels (Austin, Tex.))
[2020, 14(1):110-122]

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A survey of chronic pain in China.

Zheng Yongjun, Zhang Tingjie, Yang Xiaoqiu, Feng Zhiying, Qiu Feng, Xin Guangke, Liu Jinfeng, Nie Fachuan, Jin Xiaohong, Liu Yanqing,

There is an extensive body of research about chronic pain and treatment in developed countries. In contrast there is a lack of research on this topic in developing countries including China. This study was aimed to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in different regions of China. Data on pain ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1730550]

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The mediating role of psychological capital on the relation between distress and empathy of medical residents: a cross-sectional survey.

Jing Jin, Honghe Li, Wenwen Song, Nan Jiang, Weiyue Zhao, Deliang Wen,

Background: Medical residents usually suffer from work overload and experience both personal and professional distress, which affects their level of the empathy to patients. Psychological capital (PsyCap) is a psychological resource that is negatively associated with indicators of distress.Objective: This study explored the potential mediating effect of PsyCap on the ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1710326]

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The effects of vascular access types on the survival and quality of life and depression in the incident hemodialysis patients.

Do Hyoung Kim, Ji In Park, Jung Pyo Lee, Yong-Lim Kim, Shin-Wook Kang, Chul Woo Yang, Nam-Ho Kim, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim,

Background: Although arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), the association between vascular access types and quality of life is not well-known. We investigated the relationships between HD vascular access types and all-cause mortality, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and the degree of depression in a ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):30-39]

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Trends in medical students' stress, physical, and emotional health throughout training.

Isla McKerrow, Patricia A Carney, Holly Caretta-Weyer, Megan Furnari, Amy Miller Juve,

Background: Medical student wellness, including physical health, emotional health, and levels of perceived stress, appears to decline during training, with students reporting high levels of depression, anxiety, and burnout as early as the first year of medical school. The impact of curricular changes on health and stress remains unclear, and ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1709278]

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Correlation of sociodemographic profiles with psychological problems among hospitalized patients receiving unplanned hemodialysis.

Yu-Yin Kao, Wen-Chin Lee, Ruey-Hsia Wang, Jin-Bor Chen,

Purpose: In this prospective study, we aimed to examine the sociodemographic factors and clinical factors associated with psychological disorders in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving unplanned hemodialysis (HD).Methods: We prospectively enrolled 187 CKD stage 5 patients receiving unplanned HD at a tertiary hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):255-262]

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Maternal hypothermia from environmental exposure in the third trimester.

Margot Rosenthal, Vanessa Poliquin, Adelicia Yu,

A primigravida at 32 weeks gestation developed hypothermia after prolonged exposure to the elements at -30.0°C. Her core temperature dropped to 29.8°C with associated foetal bradycardia. Passive rewarming was undertaken with forced warm air blankets and warmed IV fluids. The foetal heart rate normalised once normothermia was achieved. Serial foetal ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1710894]

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Early motherhood: voices from female adolescents in the Hohoe Municipality, Ghana-a qualitative study utilizing Schlossberg's Transition Theory.

Sitsofe Gbogbo,

Purpose: Using Schlossberg's Transition Theory, this study explored the lived experiences of pregnant adolescents and adolescent mothers coping strategies during their transition to motherhood.Methods: Based on a phenomenological perspective, this qualitative study used in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) to answer the research aim. The process of data ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1716620]

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Ending student mistreatment: early successes and continuing challenges.

Katherine T Lind, Christina M Osborne, Brittany Badesch, Alyssa Blood, Steven R Lowenstein,

Problem: Student mistreatment represents an ongoing challenge for US medical schools. Students experiencing mistreatment may become marginalized and cynical, and they have higher rates of burnout, depression and substance use disorders. Although numerous attempts to eliminate mistreatment have been proposed, best practices remain elusive. We formed a unique student-faculty collaboration ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1690846]

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Ketofol performance to reduce postoperative emergence agitation in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy.

Idress Ali, Murad Alahdal, Haifa Xia, Arafa S El Moughrabi, Huang Shiqian, Shanglong Yao,

Background: Emergence agitation is a reformed state of mindfulness, which starts with a sudden form of anesthesia and progresses through the early repossession age. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate 1:3 ketofol performance on children 3-15 years old undergoing adenotonsillectomy.Methods: A total of 60 children aged 3-15 ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1688450]

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Acquired long QT syndrome in chronic kidney disease patients.

Peng Liu, Lu Wang, Dan Han, Chaofeng Sun, Xiaolin Xue, Guoliang Li,

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. QT interval prolongation is a congenital or acquired condition that is associated with an increased risk of torsade de pointes (TdP), sudden cardiac death (SCD), and all-cause mortality in the general population. The ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal Failure)
[2020, 42(1):54-65]

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Adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis.

Dawn Sibanda, Rosalyn Singleton, John Clark, Christine Desnoyers, Ellen Hodges, Gretchen Day, Gregory Redding,

Recent literature has highlighted the importance of transition from paediatric to adult care for children with chronic conditions. Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is an important cause of respiratory morbidity in low-income countries and in indigenous children from affluent countries; however, there is little information about adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis. We ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1731059]

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Protective effects of grape seed procyanidin on isoflurane-induced cognitive impairment in mice.

Xiangdan Gong, Lizhi Xu, Xin Fang, Xin Zhao, Ying Du, Hao Wu, Yue Qian, Zhengliang Ma, Tianjiao Xia, Xiaoping Gu,

Context: Oxidative imbalance-induced cognitive impairment is among the most urgent clinical concerns. Isoflurane has been demonstrated to impair cognitive function via an increase in oxidative stress. GSP has strong antioxidant capacities, suggesting potential cognitive benefits.Objective: This study investigates whether GSP pre-treatment can alleviate isoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction in mice.Materials and methods: ... Read more >>

Pharm Biol (Pharmaceutical Biology)
[2020, 58(1):200-207]

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Local peritonitis and omental bursitis as sequelae of abomasal ulceration in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis): clinical findings and outcome of treatment.

Shaimaa M Gouda, Ahmed M Abdelaal, Shimaa A Elgaml, Shimaa A Ezzeldein, Eslam F Eisa, Emad A Hashish,

Abomasal ulcers are difficult to diagnose clinically with limited therapeutic approach to combat the disease. Omental bursitis (OB) and local peritonitis (LP) are known sequelae of abomasal ulcer in cows. In this study, differentiation between OB and LP in regard to clinical symptoms, biochemical analyses and the response to treatment ... Read more >>

Vet Q (The veterinary quarterly)
[2020, 40(1):51-57]

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Peste des petits ruminants in large ruminants, camels and unusual hosts.

Aziz-Ul- Rahman, Kuldeep Dhama, Qasim Ali, Irshad Hussain, Muhammad Oneeb, Umar Chaudhary, Jonas Johansson Wensman, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir,

Since its first report in 1942, peste-des-petits-ruminants virus (PPRV) has caused several epidemics in a wide range of susceptible hosts around the world. In the last 30 years, the evidence of natural and experimental infections and virus isolation were reported from novel but unusual hosts such as camel, cattle, buffalo, dogs, ... Read more >>

Vet Q (The veterinary quarterly)
[2020, 40(1):35-42]

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Interleukin-18 levels in the hippocampus and behavior of adult rat offspring exposed to prenatal restraint stress during early and late pregnancy.

Mo-Xian Chen, Qiang Liu, Shu Cheng, Lei Lei, Ai-Jin Lin, Ran Wei, Tomy C K Hui, Qi Li, Li-Juan Ao, Pak C Sham,

Exposure to maternal stress during prenatal life is associated with an increased risk of neuropsychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety, in offspring. It has also been increasingly observed that prenatal stress alters the phenotype of offspring via immunological mechanisms and that immunological dysfunction, such as elevated interleukin-18 levels, has ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(9):1748-1756]

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An enigmatic case of cortical anopsia: Antemortem diagnosis of a 14-3-3 negative Heidenhain-variant MM1-sCJD.

Julius Obergassel, Lisa Lohmann, Sven G Meuth, Heinz Wiendl, Oliver Grauer, Christopher Nelke,

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is the predominant type of human prion disease. While routine diagnostic in phenotypic cases has advanced considerably, the clinical heterogeneity and rarity of subtypes continue to constitute a major clinical and diagnostic challenge. Here, we report a peculiar case of the Heidenhain-variant of MM1 sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease ... Read more >>

Prion (Prion)
[2020, 14(1):24-28]

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Healthy ageing in the far North: perspectives and prescriptions.

Jennifer R Peterson, Didar A Baumgartner, Sabrina L Austin,

Objectives: This study captured factors integral to healthy ageing in central Alaska. To date, conceptual models fail to meaningfully address how healthy ageing is impacted by location and context, particularly in remote or sparsely populated areas. The way "healthy", or "successful", ageing is defined in an extreme environment, and how ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1735036]

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Matrix Gla protein regulates adipogenesis and is serum marker of visceral adiposity.

Chaomin Li, Jing Li, Fang He, Kun Li, Xu Li, Yan Zhang,

Objective Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a potent calcification inhibitor. Mgp-/- mice display increased proportion of brown adipose tissue. However, whether MGP is involved in fat metabolism remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the involvement. Methods Expression of adipocyte differentiation markers was examined by RT-qPCR. Adipocyte formation was assessed ... Read more >>

Adipocyte (Adipocyte)
[2020, 9(1):68-76]

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A new treatment for eating disorders combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (the PED-t): experiences from patients who dropped out.

Maria Bakland, Jan H Rosenvinge, Rolf Wynn, Venke Sørlie, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Tove Aminda Hanssen, Franziska Jensen, Kjersti Innjord, Gunn Pettersen,

Purpose: Eating disorders (ED) are complex and severe illnesses where evidence-based treatment is needed to recover. However, about half of the patients with ED do not respond to treatments currently available, which call for efforts to expand the portfolio of treatments. The aim of this study was to explore experiences ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1731994]

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New insights into Wnt signaling alterations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a potential therapeutic target?

Carlos Gonzalez-Fernandez, Pau González, Francisco Javier Rodríguez,

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by upper and lower motor neuron degeneration, which leads to progressive paralysis of skeletal muscles and, ultimately, respiratory failure between 2-5 years after symptom onset. Unfortunately, currently accepted treatments for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are extremely scarce and only provide modest benefit. ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(9):1580-1589]

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