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Local peritonitis and omental bursitis as sequelae of abomasal ulceration in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis): clinical findings and outcome of treatment.

Shaimaa M Gouda, Ahmed M Abdelaal, Shimaa A Elgaml, Shimaa A Ezzeldein, Eslam F Eisa, Emad A Hashish,

Abomasal ulcers are difficult to diagnose clinically with limited therapeutic approach to combat the disease. Omental bursitis (OB) and local peritonitis (LP) are known sequelae of abomasal ulcer in cows. In this study, differentiation between OB and LP in regard to clinical symptoms, biochemical analyses and the response to treatment ... Read more >>

Vet Q (The veterinary quarterly)
[2020, 40(1):51-57]

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Carbonic anhydrase IX as a novel candidate in liquid biopsy.

Ozen Ozensoy Guler, Claudiu T Supuran, Clemente Capasso,

Among the diagnostic techniques for the identification of tumour biomarkers, the liquid biopsy is considered one that offers future research on precision diagnosis and treatment of tumours in a non-invasive manner. The approach consists of isolating tumor-derived components, such as circulating tumour cells (CTC), tumour cell-free DNA (ctDNA), and extracellular ... Read more >>

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem (Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry)
[2020, 35(1):255-260]

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In vitro inhibition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis β-carbonic anhydrase 3 with Mono- and dithiocarbamates and evaluation of their toxicity using zebrafish developing embryos.

Ashok Aspatwar, Milka Hammaren, Mataleena Parikka, Seppo Parkkila, Fabrizio Carta, Murat Bozdag, Daniela Vullo, Claudiu T Supuran,

We investigated a panel of 14 compounds belonging to the monothiocarbamate (MTC) and dithiocarbamate (DTC) series against the β-carbonic anhydrase 3 (β-CA3) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). We also evaluated all compounds for toxicity using 1-5-day post fertilisation zebrafish embryos. 11 out of the 14 investigated derivatives showed effective nanomolar or ... Read more >>

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem (Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry)
[2020, 35(1):65-71]

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Alterations in nepetalactone metabolism during polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced dehydration stress in two Nepeta species.

Neda Aničić, Dragana Matekalo, Marijana Skorić, Jasmina Nestorović Živković, Luka Petrović, Milan Dragićević, Slavica Dmitrović, Danijela Mišić,

A number of Nepeta species (fam. Lamiaceae) are interesting medicinal crops for arid and semi-arid areas, due to their ability to maintain essential developmental and physiological processes and to rationalize their specialized metabolism under water deficit growth conditions. The present research is, to our knowledge, the first attempt to investigate ... Read more >>

Phytochemistry (Phytochemistry)
[2020, 174:112340]

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Determinants of dehydration status and associated risk factors of cholera outbreak in Oromia, Ethiopia

Endale Ali, Tsigereda Tilahun, Eshetu Mebrate,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Introductions: Cholera is a diarrheal disease caused by infection of the intestine with the gram-negative bacteria Vibrio cholera. According to updated global burden of cholera estimate 2018 in Ethiopia 68,805,272 populations are at risk of cholera with incidence rate of 4 per 1000 population and case ... Read more >>

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Successful Systemic Thrombolysis in a Neonatal Occlusive Abdominal Aortic Thrombus Secondary to Hypernatremic Dehydration: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Mohammed Al Nuaimi, Suzan Williams,

A 6-day-old neonate presented with hypernatremic dehydration and weight loss. Fluids were started for rehydration. He was subsequently found to have signs of reduced lower limb perfusion and investigations revealed an abdominal aortic thrombus and bilateral occlusion of renal arteries. Systemic thrombolysis led to complete resolution of renal artery thrombi ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. (Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology)
[2020, :]

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Dehydration Impairs Physical Growth and Cognitive Development in Young Mice.

Chong-Su Kim, Woo Young Chun, Dong-Mi Shin,

Infancy and childhood are periods of physical and cognitive development that are vulnerable to disruption by dehydration; however, the effects of dehydration on cognitive development during the periods have not yet been fully elucidated. Thus, the present study used a murine model to examine the effects of sustained dehydration on ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2020, 12(3):]

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Effect of Surfactant-Keratin Hydrolysate Interactions on the Hydration Properties of a Stratum Corneum Substitute.

Prasad Nithianandam, Saikat Das, Yoonjee C Park,

A novel stratum corneum substitute (SCS) has been developed, and the fundamental mechanism of the dehydration process has been studied using the SCS. After washing with cleansers which contain surfactants, our skin "feels" dehydrated (or hydrated). Although many studies have focused on the effect of surfactants on the regulation of ... Read more >>

Langmuir (Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids)
[2020, 36(10):2543-2552]

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Diagnostic efficacy of bedside ultrasound to detect dehydration in older patients attending an emergency care unit.

H Diederich, H Burkhardt,

BACKGROUND:The diagnosis of dehydration in older patients remains a challenge because clinical and laboratory signs are unspecific. The use of B‑Mode ultrasound of the inferior vena cava is proposed to aid in the diagnosis but data concerning diagnostic efficacy of bedside ultrasound are lacking. METHODS:In this study 78 patients ≥65 years old ... Read more >>

Z Gerontol Geriatr (Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie)
[2020, :]

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Response patterns and mechanisms of plants to water stress

Yuan Sun, Cuiting Wang, Han Y.H. Chen, Honghua Ruan,

Abstract Plants are key to the functionality of many ecosystem processes. The duration and intensity of water stress are anticipated to increase in the future; however, an elucidation of the responses of plants to water stress remains incomplete. For this study, we present a global meta-analysis derived from 1301 paired ... Read more >>

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Plant Raf-like kinases regulate the mRNA population upstream of ABA-unresponsive SnRK2 kinases under drought stress.

Fumiyuki Soma, Fuminori Takahashi, Takamasa Suzuki, Kazuo Shinozaki, Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki,

SNF1-related protein kinases 2 (SnRK2s) are key regulators governing the plant adaptive responses to osmotic stresses, such as drought and high salinity. Subclass III SnRK2s function as central regulators of abscisic acid (ABA) signalling and orchestrate ABA-regulated adaptive responses to osmotic stresses. Seed plants have acquired other types of osmotic ... Read more >>

Nat Commun (Nature communications)
[2020, 11(1):1373]

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The consequences of dehydration-hydration on bone anisotropy and implications on the sublamellar organization of mineralized collagen fibrils.

Feride Sermin Utku,

In this study, the effect of dehydration-hydration based sublamellar dimensional change on bone anisotropy was used as a tool to understand sublamellar organization of mineralized collagen fibrils. Bone consists of hydroxyapatite, Type I Collagen, mucopolysaccharides and bone fluid, which associates with bone constituents and improves the mechanical properties of bone. ... Read more >>

J Biomech (Journal of biomechanics)
[2020, :109737]

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Metabolite/phytohormone-gene regulatory networks in soybean organs under dehydration conditions revealed by integration analysis.

Kyonoshin Maruyama, Kaoru Urano, Miyako Kusano, Tetsuya Sakurai, Hironori Takasaki, Miho Kishimoto, Kyouko Yoshiwara, Makoto Kobayashi, Mikiko Kojima, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Kazuki Saito, Kazuo Shinozaki,

Metabolites, phytohormones, and genes involved in dehydration responses/tolerance have been predicted in several plants. However, metabolite/phytohormone-gene regulatory networks in soybean organs under dehydration conditions remain unclear. Here, we analysed the organ specificity of metabolites, phytohormones, and gene transcripts and revealed the characteristics of their regulatory networks in dehydration-treated soybeans. Our ... Read more >>

Plant J. (The Plant journal : for cell and molecular biology)
[2020, :]

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Endothelium adapts to survive dehydration.

Monica Wang,

Nat Rev Nephrol (Nature reviews. Nephrology)
[2020, 16(4):187]

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A SWIR imaging handpiece for the clinical assessment of lesion activity via dehydration. Preclinical Assessment.

William A Fried, Yihua Zhu, Vincent Yang, Nai-Yuan Chang, Daniel Fried,

New imaging methods are needed to assess the activity of caries lesions on tooth surfaces. Recent studies have shown that changes in the contrast of lesions during dehydration with air at SWIR wavelengths can be used to determine if lesions are active or arrested. In this study changes in the ... Read more >>

Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng (Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering)
[2020, 11217:]

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Effects of Rhizome Integration on the Water Physiology of Phyllostachys edulis Clones Under Heterogeneous Water Stress.

Xiong Jing, Chunju Cai, Shaohui Fan, Guanglu Liu, Changming Wu, Benxue Chen,

Water is crucial to plant growth and development. Under heterogeneous environmental water deficiency, physiological integration of the rhizomatous clonal plant triggers a series of physiological cascades, which induces both signaling and physiological responses. It is known that the rhizome of Phyllostachys edulis, which connects associated clonal ramets, has important significance ... Read more >>

Plants (Basel) (Plants (Basel, Switzerland))
[2020, 9(3):]

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Treenuts and groundnuts in the EAT-Lancet reference diet: Concerns regarding sustainable water use.

Davy Vanham, Mesfin M Mekonnen, Arjen Y Hoekstra,

The EAT-Lancet universal healthy reference diet recommends an increase in the consumption of healthy foods, among which treenuts and groundnuts. Both are, however, water-intensive products, with a large water footprint (WF) per unit of mass and protein and already today contribute to blue water stress in different parts of the ... Read more >>

Glob Food Sec (Global food security)
[2020, 24:100357]

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The Effects of Dehydration on Metabolic and Neuromuscular Functionality During Cycling.

Francesco Campa, Alessandro Piras, Milena Raffi, Aurelio Trofè, Monica Perazzolo, Gabriele Mascherini, Stefania Toselli,

This study aimed to determine the effects of dehydration on metabolic and neuromuscular functionality performance during a cycling exercise. Ten male subjects (age 23.4 ± 2.7 years; body weight 74.6 ± 10.4 kg; height 177.3 ± 4.6 cm) cycled at 65% VO2max for 60 min followed by a time-to-trial (TT) ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(4):]

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On the Nature of Epoxy Resin Post-Curing.

James C Moller, Rajiv J Berry, Heather A Foster,

Post-curing is intended to improve strength, elevate glass transition, and reduce residual stress and outgassing in thermosets. Also, experiments indicate post-curing temperatures lead to ether crosslinks and backbone dehydration. These results informed molecular dynamics methods to represent them and compare the resulting thermomechanical effects. Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA)-diamino ... Read more >>

Polymers (Basel) (Polymers)
[2020, 12(2):]

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Freezing stress survival mechanisms in Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait. terminal buds.

Camilo Villouta, Beth Ann Workmaster, Jenny Bolivar-Medina, Smith Sinclair, Amaya Atucha,

Plants' mechanisms to survive freezing stresses are essential adaptations that allow their existence in environments with extreme winter temperatures. Although it is known that Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait. buds can acclimate in fall and survive very cold temperatures during the winter, the mechanism for survival of these buds is not known. ... Read more >>

Tree Physiol. (Tree physiology)
[2020, :]

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Characteristics of back pain in young adults and their relationship with dehydration: a cross sectional study

Faizan- ul-Haq, Uzair Yaqoob, Muniba Mehmood, Adeel Ahmed Siddiqui, Syed Muhammad Usama, Syed Zohaib Maroof Hussain, Muhammad Mannan Ali Khan,

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the major factors impairing the quality of life and is the most frequent cause of disability. Inadequate water intake is believed to be the predisposing factor for LBP particularly in the younger population. It is commonly seen that the incidence of LBP ... Read more >>

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Impact of drought on growth, photosynthesis, osmotic adjustment, and cell wall elasticity in Damask rose.

Hatim Al-Yasi, Houneida Attia, Khalid Alamer, Fahmy Hassan, Esmat Ali, Samir Elshazly, Kadambot H M Siddique, Kamel Hessini,

The response of Damask rose to drought and the underlying mechanisms involved are not known. In this study, vegetative, propagated rose plants were grown under control and water-deficit conditions in a greenhouse at Taïf University, south-west of Saudi Arabia. Control plants were irrigated to field capacity (FC), while water-stressed plants ... Read more >>

Plant Physiol. Biochem. (Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB)
[2020, 150:133-139]

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Turning off the tap: Common domestic water conservation actions insufficient to alleviate drought in the United States of America.

Diana M Ruiz, Heather Tallis, Bernie R Tershy, Donald A Croll,

Climate change is exacerbating drought and water stress in several global regions, including some parts of the United States. During times of drought in the U.S., municipal governments, private water suppliers and non-profits commonly deploy advocacy campaigns and incentive programs targeting reductions in residential water use through actions including: repairing ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0229798]

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Impending Low Intake Dehydration at Admission to A Geriatric Ward- Prevalence and Correlates in a Cross-Sectional Study.

Zyta Beata Wojszel,

Dehydration risk increases with frailty and functional dependency, but a limited number of studies have evaluated this association in hospitalized geriatric patients. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of dehydration in patients admitted to the geriatric ward. Dehydration was diagnosed when calculated osmolarity was above 295 ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2020, 12(2):]

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Histone Deacetylase HDA9 With ABI4 Contributes to Abscisic Acid Homeostasis in Drought Stress Response.

Dongwon Baek, Gilok Shin, Min Chul Kim, Mingzhe Shen, Sang Yeol Lee, Dae-Jin Yun,

Drought stress, a major environmental factor, significantly affects plant growth and reproduction. Plants have evolved complex molecular mechanisms to tolerate drought stress. In this study, we investigated the function of the Arabidopsis thaliana RPD3-type HISTONE DEACETYLASE 9 (HDA9) in response to drought stress. The loss-of-function mutants hda9-1 and hda9-2 were ... Read more >>

Front Plant Sci (Frontiers in Plant Science)
[2020, 11:143]

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