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Craniopharyngioma

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Growth Hormone Therapy Does Not Increase the Risk of Craniopharyngioma and Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma Recurrence.

Marco Losa, Laura Castellino, Angela Pagnano, Alessandro Rossini, Pietro Mortini, Roberto Lanzi,

CONTEXT:Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) replacement therapy is often prescribed in patients with nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA) or craniopharyngioma. OBJECTIVE:To study whether rhGH therapy in patients with adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) increases the risk of pituitary tumor recurrence. DESIGN:Retrospective, observational study. SETTING:Tertiary care center. PATIENTS:We studied 283 consecutive patients ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism)
[2020, 105(5):]

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Fractures, Bone Mineral Density, and Final Height in Craniopharyngioma Patients with a Follow-up of 16 Years.

Selveta S van Santen, Daniel S Olsson, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Mark Wijnen, Casper Hammarstrand, Joseph A M J L Janssen, Gudmundur Johansson, Aart J van der Lely, Sebastian J C M M Neggers,

CONTEXT:Pituitary hormonal deficiencies in patients with craniopharyngioma may impair their bone health. OBJECTIVE:To investigate bone health in patients with craniopharyngioma. DESIGN:Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING:Dutch and Swedish referral centers. PATIENTS:Patients with craniopharyngioma (n = 177) with available data on bone health after a median follow-up of 16 years (range, 1-62) were ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism)
[2020, 105(4):]

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Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis following transsphenoidal surgery for craniopharyngioma: A case report.

Tao Chang, Yan-Long Yang, Li Gao, Li-Hong Li,

BACKGROUNDCerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare condition in patients with craniopharyngioma following transsphenoidal surgery.CASE SUMMARYA 56-year-old man who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for craniopharyngioma 26 d ago presented gradual headache and cerebrospinal fluid leakage while vomiting 5 d post-discharge and required readmission to our department of neurosurgery. After admission, ... Read more >>

World J Clin Cases (World Journal of Clinical Cases)
[2020, 8(6):1158-1163]

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Suprasellar central nervous system ganglioneuroblastoma: a case in a 9-year-old child and review of the literature.

Oliver D Mrowczynski, Jessica R Lane, Charles S Specht, Robert J Greiner, Mark R Iantosca, Elias B Rizk,

PURPOSE:Intracranial ganglioneuroblastomas are incredibly rare neuroectodermal tumors with only 8 described cases total, 5 of those having imaging findings METHODS: Here we present a 9-year-old female patient with 4 months progressive headaches, personality changes, and vomiting. We also present a review of the current literature of intracranial ganglioneuroblastomas. RESULTS:Imaging demonstrated a ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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High Prevalence of Developmental Venous Anomaly in Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Gliomas: A Pediatric Control Study.

Alexandre Roux, Nathalie Boddaert, Jacques Grill, David Castel, Marc Zanello, Gilles Zah-Bi, Fabrice Chrétien, Etienne Lefevre, Volodia Dangouloff Ros, Michel Zerah, Stéphanie Puget, Johan Pallud, Pascale Varlet,

BACKGROUND:No link has been demonstrated between diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma and developmental venous anomaly in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence of developmental venous anomaly in a pediatric cohort of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma. METHODS:We performed a retrospective cohort study (1998-2017) of consecutive pediatric patients harboring a diffuse intrinsic pontine ... Read more >>

Neurosurgery (Neurosurgery)
[2020, 86(4):517-523]

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Metabolic Effects of Oxytocin.

Shana E McCormack, James E Blevins, Elizabeth A Lawson,

There is growing evidence that oxytocin (OXT), a hypothalamic hormone well recognized for its effects in inducing parturition and lactation, has important metabolic effects in both sexes. The purpose of this review is to summarize the physiologic effects of OXT on metabolism and to explore its therapeutic potential for metabolic ... Read more >>

Endocr. Rev. (Endocrine reviews)
[2020, 41(2):]

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Hippocampal radiotherapy dose-constraints for predicting long-term neurocognitive outcomes: Mature data from a prospective trial in young patients with brain tumors.

Jayant S Goda, Debnarayan Dutta, Uday Krishna, Savita Goswami, Tejpal Gupta, Vikas Kothavade, Sadhna Kannan, Madan Maitre, Nazia Bano, Rakesh Jalali,

BACKGROUND:Hippocampus is considered to be the seat for neurocognitive functions. Avoidance of hippocampus during radiotherapy to brain may serve to preserve various domains of neurocognition. We aimed to derive radiotherapy dose constraints to hippocampi for preserving neurocognition in young patients with brain tumors by measuring various neurocognitive parameters. METHODS:Forty-eight patients ... Read more >>

Neuro-oncology (Neuro-oncology)
[2020, :]

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Second-hit APC mutation in a familial adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.

Alexander Gorelyshev, Nadia Mazerkina, Olga Medvedeva, Evgeny Vasilyev, Vasily Petrov, Marina Ryzhova, Sergey Gorelyshev, Anatoly Tiulpakov,

Neuro-oncology (Neuro-oncology)
[2020, :]

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Assessment of postoperative complications in craniopharyngioma patients: An approach based on the heterogeneous tumor-hypothalamus relationship.

Ruth Prieto, José María Pascual, Laura Barrios,

Surg Neurol Int (Surgical Neurology International)
[2020, 11:]

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Subtemporal Transtentorial Approach in Mesencephalic and Perimesencephalic Lesions in Children-A Series of 20 Patients.

Pietro Spennato, Carmela Chiaramonte, Carmela Russo, Nicola Onorini, Giuseppe Mirone, Federica Mazio, Giuliana Di Martino, Raffaele Stefano Parlato, Giuseppe Cinalli,

BACKGROUND:Midbrain and surrounding areas are among the most difficult regions to surgically approach in neurosurgery. The subtemporal approach is a well-known neurosurgical approach that is rarely described in children. OBJECTIVE:To assess the feasibility, advantages, and disadvantages of subtemporal approach in children. METHODS:A total of 20 pediatric patients with intra-axial tumors ... Read more >>

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) (Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.))
[2020, 18(4):349-362]

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Simulation via Instant Messaging-Birmingham Advance (SIMBA) model helped improve clinicians’ confidence to manage cases in diabetes and endocrinology

Punith Kempegowda, Eka Melson, Meri Davitadze, Manal Aftab, Cai Ying Ng, Emma Ooi, Parisha Blaggan, Wentin Chen, Thia Hanania, Lucretia Thomas, Dengyi Zhou, Joht Singh Chandan, Latha Senthil, Wiebke Arlt, Sailesh Sankar, John Ayuk, Muhammad Ali Karamat,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> <bold>Introduction: </bold>Simulation-based learning (SBL) has been increasingly used in both undergraduate and postgraduate medical training curricula. The aim of Simulation via Instant Messaging-Birmingham Advance (SIMBA) is to create a simple virtual learning environment to improve trainees’ self-reported confidence in diabetes and Endocrinology. <bold>Methods: </bold>This study was ... Read more >>

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Galactose-modified duocarmycin prodrugs as senolytics.

Ana Guerrero, Romain Guiho, Nicolás Herranz, Anthony Uren, Dominic J Withers, Juan Pedro Martínez-Barbera, Lutz F Tietze, Jesús Gil,

Senescence is a stable growth arrest that impairs the replication of damaged, old or preneoplastic cells, therefore contributing to tissue homeostasis. Senescent cells accumulate during ageing and are associated with cancer, fibrosis and many age-related pathologies. Recent evidence suggests that the selective elimination of senescent cells can be effective on ... Read more >>

Aging Cell (Aging cell)
[2020, :e13133]

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A Rare Instance of Chordoid Glioma With Large Calcification Mimicking Craniopharyngioma.

Zhenwen Cui, Cuiping Mu, Fengyu Yang, Huanting Li, Wei Liu, Yugong Feng,

Chordoid glioma (CG) is a world health organization classified grade II tumor whose typical localization is in the anterior part of the third ventricle. It's clinical, neuroimaging, and pathologic features may vary and furthermore mimic other types of benign lesions usually associated with a better outcome, thus representing a potential ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, 31(2):e173-e175]

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Surgical indications for pituitary tumors during pregnancy: a literature review.

Thomas Graillon, Thomas Cuny, Frédéric Castinetti, Blandine Courbière, Marie Cousin, Frédérique Albarel, Isabelle Morange, Nicolas Bruder, Thierry Brue, Henry Dufour,

PURPOSE:Surgical indications for pituitary tumors during pregnancy are rare, and are derived from a balance between expected benefits, particularly for maternal benefits, and anesthetic/surgical risks. METHODS:A literature review was performed to define the optimal surgical indications for pituitary adenomas (PA) and other pituitary tumors during pregnancy. RESULTS:Main benefits are expected ... Read more >>

Pituitary (Pituitary)
[2020, 23(2):189-199]

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Clinical outcomes following proton therapy for adult craniopharyngioma: a single-institution cohort study.

Michael S Rutenberg, Ronny L Rotondo, Dinesh Rao, Adam L Holtzman, Daniel J Indelicato, Soon Huh, Christopher G Morris, William M Mendenhall,

BACKGROUND:Craniopharyngioma is a benign tumor that commonly develops within the suprasellar region. The tumor and treatment can have debilitating consequences for pediatric and adult patients, including vision loss and pituitary/hypothalamic dysfunction. Most craniopharyngioma series focus on treatment of the pediatric population. We evaluated the outcomes of all adult craniopharyngioma patients ... Read more >>

J. Neurooncol. (Journal of neuro-oncology)
[2020, 147(2):387-395]

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CTNNB1 mutations are clonal in adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.

J R Apps, C Stache, J M Gonzalez-Meljem, A Gutteridge, J Chalker, T S Jacques, T Forshew, A Hölsken, J P Martinez-Barbera,

Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol. (Neuropathology and applied neurobiology)
[2020, :]

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Biological Behaviour of Craniopharyngiomas.

Juan Pedro Martinez-Barbera, Cynthia Lilian Andoniadou,

Jacob Erdheim (1874-1937) first described craniopharyngioma (CP) as "hypophyseal duct tumours" and postulated the existence of two tumour types based on their histological features: (1) an aggressive type showing similarities to adamantinomas (tumours of the jaw) and (2) a more benign form characterised by the presence of papillary structures. More ... Read more >>

Neuroendocrinology (Neuroendocrinology)
[2020, :]

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[Analysis of misdiagnosis causes of suprasellar arachnoid cysts].

Z Qu, X Y Zong, J H Li, T Qian, H T Ni,

Objective: To investigate the causes of misdiagnosis of suprasellar arachnoid cysts, analyze its characteristics and put forward the diagnostic basis and differential points. Methods: The clinical data fo 97 cases of suprasellar arachnoid cysts diagnosed and treated in the neurosurgery department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital and Hebei General Hospital from ... Read more >>

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Zhonghua yi xue za zhi)
[2020, 100(8):610-613]

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Pituitary surgery's epidemiology using a national inpatient database in Japan.

Yujiro Hattori, Shigeyuki Tahara, Shotaro Aso, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga, Akio Morita,

BACKGROUND:Between 2010 and 2014, microscopic transsphenoidal surgery (mTSS) was performed more frequently than endoscopic TSS (eTSS) in the USA. However, few epidemiological studies on pituitary surgery are currently available. METHODS:We performed a retrospective study on patients who had undergone pituitary surgery between July 2010 and March 2016. To this end, ... Read more >>

Acta Neurochir (Wien) (Acta neurochirurgica)
[2020, :]

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Catastrophic vision loss from radiation-induced optic neuropathy.

Sultan Aldrees, Jonathan A Micieli,

A 68-year-old woman presented with profound vision loss of 2-month duration in the right eye and 1-week duration in her left eye. This occurred in the context of craniopharyngioma that was twice resected and irradiated (54 Gy in 30 fractions) 9 months before her presentation. Ophthalmological examination revealed hand motion vision ... Read more >>

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2020, 13(2):]

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Chemical meningitis in children as a risk factor following craniopharyngioma resection - a case report.

Magdalena Chrościńska-Krawczyk, Ewa Zienkiewicz, Arkadiusz Podkowiński, Maria Klatka,

BACKGROUND:Craniopharyngiomas are defined by the WHO as "benign" tumours, but their location and surgical treatment may be associated with major complications, one being chemical meningitis. Although rare, especially in children, it should be taken into account when worrying symptoms appear after surgery. CASE PRESENTATION:The aim of this study is to ... Read more >>

BMC Neurol (BMC neurology)
[2020, 20(1):56]

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Radiomic Analysis of Craniopharyngioma and Meningioma in the Sellar/Parasellar Area with MR Images Features and Texture Features: A Feasible Study.

Zerong Tian, Chaoyue Chen, Yang Zhang, Yimeng Fan, Ridong Feng, Jianguo Xu,

Purpose:To investigate the ability of qualitative Magnetic Resonance (MR) images features and quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) texture features in the contrastive analysis between craniopharyngioma and meningioma. Method:A total number of 127 patients were included in this study (craniopharyngioma = 63; meningioma = 64). All the features analyzed in this study were acquired from ... Read more >>

Contrast Media Mol Imaging (Contrast media & molecular imaging)
[2020, 2020:4837156]

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Prevalence and characteristics of sellar masses in the city of Al Ain, United Arab Emirates: 2010 to 2016.

Khaled M. Aldahmani, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Mohamad Milad Ismail, Jim Philip, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Mohammad Alfelasi, Waseem Aziz, Syed Ali Imran, Juma Alkaabi,

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: The prevalence of sellar masses (SMs) is reported in Europe and North America but only limited data are available from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.OBJECTIVES: Assess the prevalence and characteristics of SMs in Al Ain city, United Arab Emirates.DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive multicenter study.SETTING: Three endocrine centers ... Read more >>

Ann Saudi Med (Annals of Saudi medicine)
[2020, 40(2):105-112]

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Pregnancies after childhood craniopharyngioma - Results of KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2000/2007 and review of the literature.

Panjarat Sowithayasakul, Svenja Boekhoff, Brigitte Bison, Hermann L Müller,

BACKGROUND:Data on female fertility, pregnancy, and outcome of offspring after childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (CP) are rare. STUDY DESIGN:Observational study on pregnancy rate and offspring outcome in female CP patients recruited in KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2000/2007 since 2000. RESULTS:451 CP patients (223 female) have been recruited. 269 CP patients (133 female) were postpubertal at ... Read more >>

Neuroendocrinology (Neuroendocrinology)
[2020, :]

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Heterogeneity of Growth Hormone Receptor Expression in Craniopharyngioma-Implications for Surgical Strategy.

Yoshikazu Ogawa, Masataka Kudo, Mika Watanabe, Teiji Tominaga,

BACKGROUND:Recent molecular investigations for craniopharyngiomas have investigated possible predictive biologic markers. Growth hormone receptor (GHR) is thought to be involved in tumor aggressiveness, and high expression of GHR is associated with shorter duration of postoperative stable disease. CASE DESCRIPTION:A 27-year-old man with a large suprasellar tumor underwent an inexplicable clinical ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, 138:89-92]

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