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Compressive Optic Neuropathy

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Discriminating glaucomatous and compressive optic neuropathy on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography with deep learning classifier.

Jinho Lee, Jin-Soo Kim, Haeng Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Kook Kim, Ki Ho Park, Jin Wook Jeoung,

BACKGROUND/AIMS:To assess the performance of a deep learning classifier for differentiation of glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON) from compressive optic neuropathy (CON) based on ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS:Eighty SD-OCT image sets from 80 eyes of 80 patients with ... Read more >>

Br J Ophthalmol (The British journal of ophthalmology)
[2020, :]

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Endoscopic Optic Nerve Decompression for Optic Neuropathy in Sinonasal Fibro-Osseous Tumors.

Gwanghui Ryu, Ahmad Zaker Al-Magribi, Kyung Eun Lee, Jung Joo Lee, Sang Bin Kim, Hyo Yeol Kim, Hun-Jong Dhong, Seung-Kyu Chung, Doo-Sik Kong, Sang Duk Hong,

BACKGROUND:Sinonasal fibro-osseous tumors involving the skull base sometimes result in the encasement of the optic canal and can cause the compressive optic neuropathy. This study aimed to elucidate the optimal timing of endoscopic optic nerve decompression (OND) in cases with optic neuropathy caused by fibro-osseous tumors. METHODS:Medical records were reviewed ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Analysis of Optic Chiasmal Compression Caused by Brain Tumors Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

Ga-In Lee, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh, Doo-Sik Kong,

We have quantitatively evaluated the macular and peripapillary microvascular changes in eyes with chiasmal compression caused by brain tumors compared with healthy control eyes using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and correlated them with other ocular parameters. This cross-sectional study involved the analysis of 36 eyes of 36 patients with ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):2088]

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Severe visual impairment due to an optic neuropathy and central retinal vein occlusion in a sarcoidosis patient.

Miki Hiraoka,

BACKGROUND:The ophthalmic manifestation of neurosarcoidosis is varied. The complication of optic neuropathy and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is rare in sarcoidosis. CASE REPORT:The patient was a 55-year-old female with systemic sarcoidosis suffering from visual loss as hand motion in her left eye. A fundus examination showed severe optic disc ... Read more >>

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect (Journal of ophthalmic inflammation and infection)
[2020, 10(1):6]

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Clinical diagnosis and treatment recommendations for ocular toxicities of targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy.

Xiaowei Liu, Zheng Wang, Chan Zhao, Hanping Wang, Xiaoxiao Guo, Jiaxin Zhou, Lian Duan, Xiaoyan Si, Li Zhang, Yue Li, Mengzhao Wang, Meifen Zhang, Li Zhang,

The increased use of targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors in cancers has brought new hope of survival to patients with advanced tumors. However, increasing numbers of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) of these medications have been reported, affecting almost all human organs including the eye. These adverse effects may affect ... Read more >>

Thorac Cancer (Thoracic cancer)
[2020, 11(3):810-818]

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A Nomenclature to Describe the Sequence of Visual Field Defects in Progressive Thyroid Eye Disease-Compressive Optic Neuropathy (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis).

Suzanne K Freitag, Thidarat Tanking,

PURPOSE:To create a novel nomenclature to characterize the longitudinal sequence of visual field (VF) defects in patients with progression of thyroid eye disease-compressive optic neuropathy (TED-CON). METHODS:A retrospective review of records from 1 institution identified patients with progressive Humphrey VF defects secondary to TED-CON. The VF defects were analyzed by ... Read more >>

Am. J. Ophthalmol. (American journal of ophthalmology)
[2019, :]

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Intraorbital Steroid Injection for Active Thyroid Ophthalmopathy.

Abbas Bagheri, Mohammad Abbaszadeh, Shahin Yazdani,

Purpose:To evaluate the effect of orbital steroid injections in patients with active thyroid ophthalmopathy resistant to or dependent on systemic steroids, or with complications related to systemic steroid use. Methods:This prospective non-comparative case series includes 31 eyes of 17 patients with active thyroid ophthalmopathy and clinical activity score (CAS) of ... Read more >>

J Ophthalmic Vis Res (Journal of ophthalmic & vision research)
[2020, 15(1):69-77]

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Segmented retinal layer analysis of chiasmal compressive optic neuropathy in pituitary adenoma patients.

Ji-Sun Moon, Sun Young Shin,

AIMS:To evaluate changes in the segmented retinal layers of pituitary adenoma (PA) patients and to identify the relationship between these changes and visual function. METHODS:A total of 47 (PA patients) and 22 (healthy subjects) eyes were reviewed from the medical records. The PA patients performed a visual field (VF) test ... Read more >>

Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. (Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie)
[2020, 258(2):419-425]

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Optical Coherence Tomography May Help Distinguish Glaucoma from Suprasellar Tumor-Associated Optic Disc.

Michael Mimouni, Hadas Stiebel-Kalish, Irena Serov, Gabriel Chodick, Mohammad Zbedat, Dan D Gaton,

Purpose:This study aimed to differentiate patients with bilateral disc cupping associated with suprasellar tumor from patients with open-angle glaucoma by analyzing differences in optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the optic nerve. Methods:In this retrospective cross-sectional study, we collected data from the eyes of 25 patients with suprasellar craniopharyngioma or pituitary ... Read more >>

J Ophthalmol (Journal of ophthalmology)
[2019, 2019:3564809]

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Parasellar meningioma presenting by stroke and bilateral occlusion of the internal carotid arteries: A case report.

Sherifa A Hamed,

Cerebrovascular stroke caused by skull base meningioma has been rarely reported. A 30-year-old male presented (April 2015) with acute right-sided hemiplegia. His brain neuroimaging (computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) showed left ischemic infarction in the territory of middle cerebral artery. Magnetic resonance imaging also showed a right parasellar solid ... Read more >>

SAGE Open Med Case Rep (SAGE Open Medical Case Reports)
[2020, 8:2050313X20902337]

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An infant intracranial tumor with nystagmus.

Li-Li Ge, Cai-Ping Shi,

Chin. Med. J. (Chinese medical journal)
[2020, 133(1):99-100]

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Clinical diagnosis and treatment recommendations for immune checkpoint inhibitor-related adverse reactions in the nervous system.

Jiayu Shi, Jingwen Niu, Dongchao Shen, Mingsheng Liu, Ying Tan, Yi Li, Yangyu Huang, Liying Cui, Yuzhou Guan, Li Zhang,

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) can cause adverse reactions in the nervous system. The incidence rate is 0.1%-12% and 80% of nervous system adverse reactions occur within the first four months of application. ICIs can cause diseases of various parts of the nervous system including central nervous system diseases such as ... Read more >>

Thorac Cancer (Thoracic cancer)
[2020, 11(2):481-487]

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Galantamine protects against synaptic, axonal, and vision deficits in experimental neurotrauma.

Sarah Naguib, Alexandra Bernardo-Colón, Caroline Cencer, Neha Gandra, Tonia S Rex,

Our goal was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of galantamine in a mouse model of blast-induced indirect traumatic optic neuropathy (bITON). Galantamine is an FDA-approved acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used to treat mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease. We exposed one eye of an anesthetized mouse to repeat bursts of over-pressurized air to induce traumatic ... Read more >>

Neurobiol. Dis. (Neurobiology of disease)
[2020, 134:104695]

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Hyperostosing sphenoid wing meningiomas: surgical outcomes and strategy for bone resection and multidisciplinary orbital reconstruction.

Cecilia L Dalle Ore, Stephen T Magill, Roberto Rodriguez Rubio, Maryam N Shahin, Manish K Aghi, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Javier E Villanueva-Meyer, Robert C Kersten, Oluwatobi O Idowu, M Reza Vagefi, Michael W McDermott,

OBJECTIVE:Hyperostosing sphenoid wing meningiomas cause bony hyperostosis that may extend into the orbit, resulting in proptosis, restriction of extraocular movements, and/or compressive optic neuropathy. The extent of bony removal necessary and the optimal reconstruction strategy to prevent enophthalmos is debated. Herein, the authors present their surgical outcomes and reconstruction results. ... Read more >>

J. Neurosurg. (Journal of neurosurgery)
[2020, :1-10]

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Preoperative clinical factors and visual outcomes following orbital decompression with dysthyroid optic neuropathy.

Mizuki Tagami, Shigeru Honda, Atsushi Azumi,

BACKGROUND:To investigate preoperative clinical factors and visual outcomes of Japanese patients with dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) after urgent orbital decompression. METHODS:This retrospective, observational case series study investigated 44 patients who exhibited several preoperative clinical factors that might be associated with the need for urgent orbital decompression due to DON. Additionally, ... Read more >>

BMC Ophthalmol (BMC ophthalmology)
[2020, 20(1):30]

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[Optic neuropathy from connected intra- and extraorbital lesions in IgG4-related disease].

Tsuneaki Yoshinaga, Toru Kurokawa, Takeshi Uehara, Junpei Nitta, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Yoshiki Sekijima,

We present the case of a 74-year-old woman complaining of blurred vision in the left eye who was found to have a unilateral, continuous lesion of the optic nerve and nerve sheath accompanied by an intracranial mass next to the cavernous sinus and meninges. Surgical decompression of the left optic ... Read more >>

Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Rinsho shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology)
[2019, 59(11):746-751]

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Goiter in a Patient with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Treated with Epoprostenol.

Shaadi Abughazaleh, Zeenat Safdar,

A 35-year-old female with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who presented with complaints of progressively worsening dysphagia, facial swelling, and shortness of breath, was found to have a large goiter. In patients treated with epoprostenol for long periods of time, thyroid disease is common. Most cases of thyroid disease describe thyrotoxicosis ... Read more >>

Case Rep Pulmonol (Case reports in pulmonology)
[2020, 2020:1617253]

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Retinal microvasculature in pituitary adenoma patients: is optical coherence tomography angiography useful?

Laura Dallorto, Carlo Lavia, Arnaud-Louis Jeannerot, Natalia Shor, Christel Jublanc, Anne-Laure Boch, Bahram Bodaghi, Ramin Tadayoni, Valérie Touitou, Sophie Bonnin,

PURPOSE:To examine retinal vascular changes in the peripapillary and macular areas in patients with pituitary adenoma (PA) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS:Cross-sectional, retrospective study of 17 consecutive PA patients and 16 healthy subjects. All patients underwent a neuro-ophthalmological examination to assess the presence of optic neuropathy (ON). Static ... Read more >>

Acta Ophthalmol (Acta ophthalmologica)
[2019, :]

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Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Presenting with Unilateral Vision Loss.

Christopher Le, Adam Jacob, Devarajan Iyengar, John Dedousis, Antonios Tsompanidis,

Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) is a manifestation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in which malignant B-cell lymphocytes accumulate in the lymph nodes or bone marrow. In this report, we describe the medical course of a patient diagnosed with stage IV small cell lymphocytic lymphoma, who presented to the emergency room ... Read more >>

Case Rep Oncol Med (Case reports in oncological medicine)
[2020, 2020:3752409]

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Variable structure and function relationship of compressive optic neuropathy at the time of diagnosis.

Poramaet Laowanapiban, Niphon Chirapapaisan, Sumitra Kemahayung, Mathuwan Srikong,

Purpose:To illustrate the structure-function relationship of compressive optic neuropathy (CON) at the time of diagnosis. Patients and methods:Thirty-two eyes of newly diagnosed suprasellar CON and 60 healthy eyes were included in the study. The peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness were ... Read more >>

Clin Ophthalmol (Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.))
[2019, 13:1599-1608]

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Reduced macular inner retinal thickness and microvascular density in the early stage of patients with dysthyroid optic neuropathy.

Yufei Wu, Yunhai Tu, Chaoming Wu, Lulu Bao, Jianhua Wang, Fan Lu, Meixiao Shen, Qi Chen,

Background:The goal was to investigate changes of the inner intra-retinal layer thicknesses and retinal capillary density (RCD) around the macula in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) patients with or without dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). Methods:Forty-four TAO patients including 23 non-DON and 21 DON patients, and 38 healthy participants were enrolled. Spectral domain ... Read more >>

Eye Vis (Lond) (Eye and vision (London, England))
[2020, 7:16]

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Compressive optic neuropathy with vision loss due to IgG4-related orbital disease.

Jin Kyun Oh, Davinder K Chandhoke, Roman Shinder,

Orbit (Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands))
[2019, :1]

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Diagnostic challenges in a case of an isolated third nerve palsy.

Priya Sivakumar, Savithri Palanive, Debasis Gochait, Olivia Hess,

Purpose:Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations may be the first and sole presenting feature of a nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Peri-neural spread is an emerging phenomenon that explains the distant spread of tumour cells well beyond the local extent of invasion. This under recognized route of tumour spread often results in delayed diagnosis and reduced life ... Read more >>

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep (American journal of ophthalmology case reports)
[2020, 18:100585]

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Ultrasound elastography in the evaluation of peripheral neuropathies: a systematic review of the literature.

Jakub Zakrzewski, Katarzyna Zakrzewska, Katarzyna Pluta, Oleg Nowak, Anna Miłoszewska-Paluch,

Peripheral neuropathy is associated with an increase in intraneural pressure, and hence ultrasound elastography seems to be an ideal method to detect early stages of this condition based on changes in the affected nerve stiffness. The aim of this systematic review was to analyse the applicability of strain elastography (SE) ... Read more >>

Pol J Radiol (Polish journal of radiology)
[2019, 84:e581-e591]

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Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy: Evaluating Microstructural Changes of Extraocular Muscles and Optic Nerves Using Readout-Segmented Echo-Planar Imaging-Based Diffusion Tensor Imaging.

Huan Huan Chen, Hao Hu, Wen Chen, Dai Cui, Xiao Quan Xu, Fei Yun Wu, Tao Yang,

OBJECTIVE:We aimed to investigate the ability of readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI)-based diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in assessing the microstructural change of extraocular muscles (EOMs) and optic nerves in patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) as well as in evaluating disease activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We enrolled 35 TAO patients and 22 healthy ... Read more >>

Korean J Radiol (Korean journal of radiology)
[2020, 21(3):332-340]

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