Full Text Journal Articles about
Community Acquired Pneumonia

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Imaging of Pulmonary Infections.

Philip Goodman, Helmut Prosch, Christian J. Herold,

Pulmonary infection is one of the most frequent causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Many infections occur in individuals with concomitant intrapulmonary or extrathoracic diseases; however, they commonly develop in otherwise healthy people. In the non-immunocompromised population, pneumonia is the most prevalent community-acquired infection and the second most ... Read more >>

(Diseases of the Chest and Heart 2015–2018)
[0, :63-70]

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In-vitro activity of levofloxacin against bacterial pathogens collected in China:A ten-year(2009-2018) retrospective study

LU GAN, Yun Li, Yuan Lv, Bo Zheng,

Abstract Background: This study was designed to evaluate the in-vitro activity of levofloxacin against bacterial pathogens collected from Chinese hospitalized patients between 2009 and 2018, and analysis the trends of levofloxacin resistance in China. Methods In this analysis, antimicrobial minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) experiments with levofloxacin and controls against a ... Read more >>

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Early procalcitonin determination in the emergency department and clinical outcome of community-acquired pneumonia in old and oldest old patients.

Marcello Covino, Andrea Piccioni, Nicola Bonadia, Graziano Onder, Luca Sabia, Luigi Carbone, Marcello Candelli, Veronica Ojetti, Rita Murri, Francesco Franceschi,

We evaluated patients admitted through our ED for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) to assess the relevance of an early procalcitonin (PCT) determination on patient's outcomes. METHODS:We reviewed all patients admitted for CAP in a 10 years period (2008-2017). Patients were stratified according to age groups: (18-65 years; 65-84 years; and ≥85 ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Intern. Med. (European journal of internal medicine)
[2020, :]

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Respiratory Infections.

Olga Klinkova,

Pneumonia is defined as the presence of a new pulmonary infiltrate on radiologic imaging in the patient with appropriate clinical symptoms such as fever, cough, production of purulent sputum, shortness of breath and/or hypoxia, in the absence of pulmonary edema [1, 2]. ... Read more >>

(Infections in Neutropenic Cancer Patients)
[0, :23-35]

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Severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in a 58-year-old patient with HIV: a clinical case report from the Republic of Cyprus.

Stelios Iordanou, Dimitris Koukios, Chrystalla-Timiliotou Matsentidou, Despina Markoulaki, Vasilios Raftopoulos,

HIV and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) co-infection is a major challenge for the clinicians as it urged the importance of developing an optimal pharmaceutical scheme and patient's management. The reports that have been recently published regarding the course of SARS-CoV-2 in patients with HIV are sparse. In ... Read more >>

J. Med. Virol. (Journal of medical virology)
[2020, :]

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Positive effects of COVID-19 control measures on pneumonia prevention.

Di Wu, Jianyun Lu, Lan Cao, Xiaowei Ma, Qun Liu, Yanhui Liu, Zhoubin Zhang,

Highlights•pneumonia can be stopped while fight against the SARS-COV-2 outbreak;•pneumonia cases (except COVID-19 cases) were dramatically decreased since the control measures were onset;•Other respiratory infection diseases may also to some extent be stopped while fighting against the pandemic of COVID-19. ... Read more >>

(International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
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D-Dimer as a Biomarker of Severity and Adverse Outcomes in Patients With Community Acquired Pneumonia.

Megan Carolina Cerda-Mancillas, David Santiago-Germán, Berenice Andrade-Bravo, Fredy Pedraza-Olivares, Felipe Valenzo-Hernández, Alfredo Leaños-Miranda, Irma Isordia-Salas,

BACKGROUND:Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) stands as a main cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. Because of their limitation scoring systems such as CURB-65 and Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) may underestimate the severity of the disease. Intravascular and intra-alveolar activation of coagulation factors may lead to fibrin deposition in alveoli and lung ... Read more >>

Arch. Med. Res. (Archives of Medical Research)
[2020, :]

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Chest radiograph findings in children aged 2-59 months hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia, prior to the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in India: a prospective multisite observational study.

Shally Awasthi, Tuhina Rastogi, Neha Mishra, Abhishek Chauhan, Namita Mohindra, Ram Chandra Shukla, Monika Agarwal, Chandra Mani Pandey, Neera Kohli, Cap Study Group,

OBJECTIVES:The current study was a hospital-based surveillance of cases hospitalised with WHO-defined community-acquired pneumonia in children aged 2-59 months, to assess the radiological abnormalities in chest X-rays and to identify the demographic and clinical correlates of specific radiological abnormalities, in residents of prespecified districts of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India. ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(5):e034066]

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Patients with Community Acquired Pneumonia Exhibit Depleted Vitamin C Status and Elevated Oxidative Stress

Anitra Carr, Emma Spencer, Liane Dixon, Steve Chambers,

Pneumonia is a severe lower respiratory tract infection that is a common complication and a major cause of mortality of the vitamin C-deficiency disease scurvy. This suggests an important link between vitamin C status and lower respiratory tract infections. Due to the paucity of information on the vitamin C status ... Read more >>

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Antibiotic Stewardship in the Intensive Care Unit. An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report in Collaboration with the AACN, CHEST, CDC, and SCCM.

Richard G Wunderink, Arjun Srinivasan, Philip S Barie, Jean Chastre, Charles S Dela Cruz, Ivor S Douglas, Margaret Ecklund, Scott E Evans, Scott R Evans, Anthony T Gerlach, Lauri A Hicks, Michael Howell, Melissa L Hutchinson, Robert C Hyzy, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Erika D Lease, Mark L Metersky, Nancy Munro, Michael S Niederman, Marcos I Restrepo, Curtis N Sessler, Steven Q Simpson, Sandra M Swoboda, Christina Vazquez Guillamet, Grant W Waterer, Curtis H Weiss,

Intensive care units (ICUs) are an appropriate focus of antibiotic stewardship program efforts because a large proportion of any hospital's use of parenteral antibiotics, especially broad-spectrum, occurs in the ICU. Given the importance of antibiotic stewardship for critically ill patients and the importance of critical care practitioners as the front ... Read more >>

Ann Am Thorac Soc (Annals of the American Thoracic Society)
[2020, 17(5):531-540]

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Imaging of Chest Infections in Children.

Garry Choy, Phoebe H. Yager, Natan Noviski, Sjirk J. Westra,

Key Points■ Imaging studies have limited value in the differentiation between viral and bacterial lower respiratory tract infections (moderate evidence).■ CT provides more information than plain radiographs for complicated pulmonary infections with empyema, pleural effusion, or bronchopleural fistula (moderate evidence).■ In immunocompromised patients, CT has been shown to characterize the ... Read more >>

(Evidence-Based Imaging in Pediatrics)
[0, :401-418]

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Multidrug resistant infections in the COVID-19 era, a framework for considering the potential impact.

Daniele Donà, Costanza Di Chiara, Mike Sharland,

J. Hosp. Infect. (The Journal of Hospital Infection)
[2020, :]

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Detection of Several Carbapenems Resistant and Virulence Genes in Classical and Hyper-virulent Strains of Klebsiella Pneumoniae Isolated From Hospitalized Neonates and Adults in Khartoum

Aalaa Mahgoub Albasha, Esraa Hassan Osman, Saga Abd Alhalim, Elianz Alshaib, Leena Al-Hassan, Hisham Altayb,

Abstract Objective Klebsiella pneumoniae ( K. pneumoniae ) involves both community-acquired infections and nosocomial infections. It is responsible for a wide variety of infections including infections of the urinary tract, pneumonia, bacteremia, meningitis, wound infection and purulent abscesses. We constructed this study to detect several carbapenems resistant and virulence genes ... Read more >>

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Accuracy of Signs and Symptoms for the Diagnosis of Community-acquired Pneumonia: A Meta-analysis.

Mark H Ebell, Hulme Chupp, Xinyan Cai, Michelle Bentivegna, Maggie Kearney,

BACKGROUND:Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an important source of morbidity and mortality. However, overtreatment of acute cough illness with antibiotics is an important problem, so improved diagnosis of CAP could help reduce inappropriate antibiotic use. METHODS:This was a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies of patients with clinically suspected pneumonia or acute ... Read more >>

Acad Emerg Med (Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Community-acquired viral respiratory infections amongst hospitalized inpatients during a COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore: co-infection and clinical outcomes.

Liang En Wee, Kwan Ki Karrie Ko, Wan Qi Ho, Grace Teck Cheng Kwek, Thuan Tong Tan, Limin Wijaya,

AIMS:During the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, co-circulation of other common respiratory viruses can potentially result in co-infections; however, reported rates of co-infections for SARS-CoV-2 vary. We sought to evaluate the prevalence and etiology of all community acquired viral respiratory infections requiring hospitalization during an ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, with a focus on ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Virol. (Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology)
[2020, 128:104436]

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Procalcitonin and C-reactive Protein Perform Better Than Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Count Ratio on Evaluation of Hospital Acquired Pneumonia

Nan Zheng, Dongmei Zhu New, YI HAN,

Abstract Background: The relationship between biomarkers and hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) is under studied, especially those severe cases admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Compared with community acquired pneumonia (CAP), HAP might have different traits regarding biomarkers due to the previous history in the hospitals. Methods: 593 adult patients ... Read more >>

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Stroke-Associated Pneumonia: A Retrospective Study of Risk Factors and Outcomes.

Urvish K Patel, Nishanth Kodumuri, Mihir Dave, Anusha Lekshminarayanan, Nashmia Khan, Tapan Kavi, Ravish Kothari, Abhishek Lunagariya, Vishal Jani,

INTRODUCTION:Pneumonia is the most common complication after stroke, but our knowledge on risk factors and predictors of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) is limited. We sought to evaluate the predictors and outcomes of SAP among acute ischemic stroke (AIS) hospitalizations. METHODS:This is a cross-sectional study of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from ... Read more >>

Neurologist (The neurologist)
[2020, 25(3):39-48]

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Systematic literature review of the burden and outcomes of infections due to multidrug-resistant organisms in Europe: the ABOUT-MDRO project protocol.

Blanca Anaya-Baz, Natalia Maldonado, Zaira R Palacios-Baena, Virginia Palomo, Maria Diletta Pezzani, Sheila Chiesi, Elisa Razzaboni, Monica Compri, Evelina Tacconelli, Jesús Rodriguez-Baño,

INTRODUCTION:Despite the increasing importance of infections due to multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), there is a lack of comprehensive information about the burden of disease and outcomes of key infections caused by these pathogens. The aim of the ABOUT-MDRO (A systematic review on the burden and outcomes of infections due to multidrug ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(5):e030608]

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Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Khalid Khatib, Subhal Dixit, Rajesh Chawla, Subhash Todi,

A 58-years-old male, smoker (8 pack-years) and having Diabetes mellitus and Hypertension for 8 years, presented to the ED with fever and acute dyspnoea for the last 48 h. On examination, respiratory rate was 34 breaths/min, blood pressure-150/96 mm Hg, heart rate-112/min, regular, and Oxygen saturation of 86% on 4L of ... Read more >>

(ICU Protocols)
[0, :111-118]

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Epidemiology of hospitalised paediatric community-acquired pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia following the introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the national immunisation programme in Japan.

N Takeuchi, S Naito, M Ohkusu, K Abe, K Shizuno, Y Takahashi, Y Omata, T Nakazawa, K Takeshita, H Hishiki, T Hoshino, Y Sato, N Ishiwada,

Studies on community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and pneumococcal pneumonia (PP) related to the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) introduction in Asia are scarce. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological and microbiological determinants of hospitalised CAP and PP after PCV13 was introduced in Japan. This observational hospital-based surveillance study included children ... Read more >>

Epidemiol. Infect. (Epidemiology and infection)
[2020, 148:e91]

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Discovery of a Novel Hypervirulent Acinetobacter baumannii Strain in a Case of Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Hua Zhou, Paige M K Larkin, Jinwei Huang, Yake Yao, Bingquan Zhu, Qing Yang, Xiaoting Hua, Jianying Zhou, Shangxin Yang, Yunsong Yu,

Purpose:Acinetobacter baumannii is associated with both hospital-acquired infections and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Here, we describe a novel strain of A. baumannii in a case of CAP in a previously healthy rural villager from Central Eastern China. Materials and Methods:A. baumannii isolated from the patient (LS01) was compared to well-characterized pathogenic strain (AB5075), ... Read more >>

Infect Drug Resist (Infection and drug resistance)
[2020, 13:1147-1153]

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Potential value of serum Aspergillus IgG antibody detection in the diagnosis of invasive and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis in non-agranulocytic patients.

Qihong Yu, Jingdong He, Bin Xing, Xin Li, Hongyu Qian, Hong Zhang, Meilin Xu, Haiying Peng,

BACKGROUND:At present, serum Aspergillus IgG and IgM antibody detection is mainly used in the diagnosis of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA), but its value in the diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in non-agranulocytic patients is still unclear. IgM can be used as a marker of acute infection to help diagnose ... Read more >>

BMC Pulm Med (BMC pulmonary medicine)
[2020, 20(1):89]

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An improved multivariate model that distinguishes COVID-19 from seasonal flu and other respiratory diseases 

Xing Guo, Yanrong Li, Xu Chang, Junfeng Li, Kefeng Li,

Abstract Background: In many countries, the COVID-19 pandemic is occurring in the middle of flu season. Since the responses to COVID-19 are dramatically different, it is critical to accurately discriminate COVID-19 from seasonal flu and pneumonia caused by other common respiratory pathogens. Methods: Fifty patients (eight patients with COVID-19, eight ... Read more >>

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Prognostic value of albumin-red cell distribution width score in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia.

Li Chen, Xiao Ye Lu, Chang Qing Zhu,

BACKGROUND:It has been recently reported that albumin (ALB) and red cell distribution width (RDW) are correlated with the prognosis of community-acquired pneumonia, while their role in severe communityacquired pneumonia (sCAP) is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the ALBRDW score and 90-day mortality of sCAP patients. METHODS:A ... Read more >>

Ann Palliat Med (Annals of palliative medicine)
[2020, :]

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Life in Epidemics: Infections Change, Front-Line Docs Remain the Same.

Howard Minkoff,

Obstet Gynecol (Obstetrics and gynecology)
[2020, :]

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