Full Text Journal Articles about
Community Acquired Pneumonia

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Trends and health burden of hospitalized acute respiratory infections and impact of Haemophilus influenza immunization in a Tunisian university hospital: a twelve-year study.

Manel Ben Fredj, Wafa Dhouib, Meriem Kacem, Cyrine Bennasrallah, Ons Mehrez, Hela Abroug, Imen Zemni, Aicha Gardabou, Koubaa Jamel, Slaheddine Chouchene, Naceur Rouatbi, Asma Belguith Sriha,

BACKGROUND:We aimed to describe the episodes and trends of admissions for community-acquired Respiratory Infections (RI) over a 12-year period and to assess the impact of Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) vaccine on RI admissions in children aged up to 3 years. METHODS:We conducted a twelve-year retrospective observational study on all community-acquired ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1783048]

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Significance of serology testing to assist timely diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infections: implication from a family cluster.

Yan Xu, Meng Xiao, Xinchao Liu, Shengyong Xu, Tiekuan Du, Jun Xu, Qiwen Yang, Yingchun Xu, Yang Han, Taisheng Li, Huadong Zhu, Mengzhao Wang,

Confirmative diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infections has been challenged due to unsatisfactory positive rate of molecular assays. Here we identified a family cluster of SARS-CoV-2 infections, with five of six family members were SARS-CoV-2-specific immunoglobin serology testing positive, while molecular assays only detected two of this five patients even repeated twice. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):924-927]

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Hospital admissions for community-acquired, ventilator-associated and nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients in Spain (2016-2017).

Javier de Miguel-Diez, Romana Albaladejo-Vicente, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Zichen Ji, Marta Lopez-Herranz, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia, Ana López-de-Andrés,

BACKGROUND:To examine the incidence, characteristics and outcomes of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) in patients with or without COPD; compare in-hospital outcomes; and identify factors associated with in-hospital mortality (IHM) for pneumonia. METHODS:We carried out a retrospective observational study using the hospital discharge records ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Intern. Med. (European journal of internal medicine)
[2020, :]

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Incidence, mortality, and lethality of hospitalizations for community-acquired pneumonia with comorbid cardiovascular disease in Spain (1997-2015).

Loreto Arias-Fernández, Ruth Gil-Prieto, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel,

BACKGROUND:The probability of hospitalization in patients suffering from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with an underlying comorbidity, such as a cardiac pathology, is 73-fold higher than that in CAP patients without a comorbidity. Although previous studies have investigated patients with cardiac events and pneumonia, they have not studied the burden of disease ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):477]

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A Case of HIV and SARS-CoV-2 Co-infection in Singapore.

Louisa Jin Sun, Serene Xin Ling Wong, Satya Gollamudi,

J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. (Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999))
[2020, 84(4):e23-e24]

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Other Respiratory Viruses as a Cause of Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

James M Walter,

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. There is growing appreciation of the burden of noninfluenza viral pathogens in CAP. Due to multiple factors including pneumococcal vaccination programs, declining rates of cigarette smoking, an aging population, and increasingly sensitive diagnostic tests, respiratory viruses are now ... Read more >>

Semin Respir Crit Care Med (Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2020, 41(4):579-591]

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Macrolide-Resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infections in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Yu-Chin Chen, Wei-Yun Hsu, Tu-Hsuan Chang,

A high prevalence rate of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MRMP) has been reported in Asia. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effect of macrolide resistance on the manifestations and clinical judgment during M. pneumoniae infections. We found no difference in clinical severity between MRMP and macrolide-sensitive Mycoplasma ... Read more >>

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(7):1382-1391]

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Emerging Resistance of Gram Negative Pathogens in Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Francesco Amati, Marcos I Restrepo,

In recent decades, there has been a growing interest about the role of gram negative bacteria in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacteriaceae, and Acinetobacter baumannii. The prevalence of these pathogens differs largely according to the local ecology and the geographical location. Identifying gram negative bacteria, and in particular ... Read more >>

Semin Respir Crit Care Med (Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2020, 41(4):480-495]

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Melioidosis: A Neglected Cause of Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Harjeet Singh Virk, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, W Joost Wiersinga,

Melioidosis, caused by the facultative intracellular gram-negative pathogen Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an emerging cause of community-acquired pneumonia across the tropics. The majority of patients present with pneumonia with or without sepsis, but localized and asymptomatic infection is also well recognized. Recent modeling and epidemiological studies have demonstrated the widespread presence ... Read more >>

Semin Respir Crit Care Med (Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2020, 41(4):496-508]

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Takayasu's Arteritis Presenting Atypically in a Female Nigerian.

G J Odunlami, O O Okunola, H Olaosebikan, A S Aderibigbe, A I Ajibade,

Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is an idiopathic form of large vessel granulomatous vasculitis that mainly affects the aorta and its major branches, most frequently in young women under 50 years. While traditionally, it is a disease found commonly in Asia continent, it has also been reported from different parts of the ... Read more >>

West Afr J Med (West African journal of medicine)
[2020, 37(3):284-289]

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Comparison of Venous Thromboembolism Risks Between COVID-19 Pneumonia and Community-Acquired Pneumonia Patients.

Fei Mei, Jiawei Fan, Jinhua Yuan, Zhenzhen Liang, Kewei Wang, Jianfeng Sun, Wenfei Guan, Mingkui Huang, Yu Li, Wayne W Zhang,

OBJECTIVE:The objectives were to investigate and compare the risks and incidences of venous thromboembolism (VTE) between the 2 groups of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Approach and Results: Medical records of 616 pneumonia patients who were admitted to the Yichang Central People's Hospital in ... Read more >>

Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology)
[2020, :ATVBAHA120314779]

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Endemic Fungi Presenting as Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Review.

Marwan M Azar, Joshua Malo, Chadi A Hage,

In endemic areas, dimorphic fungal infections due to Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Coccidioides posadasii/immitis account for up to 30% of cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Because respiratory manifestations are often indistinguishable from common bacterial causes of pneumonia, the diagnosis of pulmonary histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, and coccidioidomycosis is often delayed and associated ... Read more >>

Semin Respir Crit Care Med (Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2020, 41(4):522-537]

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ETIOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL PROFILE OF VIRUS-ASSOCIATED COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA IN ADULTS.

B. Ponnuthurai, A.K. A, A. Padmamabhan, R. Arjun,

Chest (Chest)
[2020, 157(6):A55-A55]

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Autophagy suppression plays a role in parenteral nutrition-associated lung injury.

Jianbo Yang, Haifeng Sun, Feng Tian, Songlin Wan, Gulsudum Mamtawla, Peng Wang, Xuejin Gao, Li Zhang, Jieshou Li, Yi Shen, Xinying Wang,

BACKGROUND & AIMS:The long-term usage of parenteral nutrition (PN) is associated with the increased incidence of pneumonia. Few studies have focused on the pathogenesis of PN-associated lung injury (PNLI). Previous studies have found that autophagy suppression may be an important mechanism for PN-associated complications. The present study aimed to investigate ... Read more >>

Clin Nutr (Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland))
[2020, :]

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Limited Effect of Rehabilitation for Preventing a Decline in Functional Status after Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Elderly Patients

Hao Chen, Yu Hara, Nobuyuki Horita, Yusuke Saigusa, Yoshihiro Hirai, Takeshi Kaneko,

Abstract Background: Functional status is often decreased after hospitalization in elderly community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) survivors. This study investigated factors contributing to decreased functional status.Methods: This retrospective, observational study was conducted in two medical facilities from January 2016 to December 2018. Hospitalized CAP patients >64 years of age were divided into ... Read more >>

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Disease burden and prognostic factors for clinical failure in elderly community acquired pneumonia patients

Xiudi Han, Xuedong Liu, Liang Chen, Yimin Wang, Hui Li, Fei Zhou, Xiqian Xing, Chunxiao Zhang, Lijun Suo, Jinxiang Wang, Guohua Yu, Guangqiang Wang, Xuexin Yao, Hongxia Yu, Lei Wang, Meng Liu, Chunxue Xue, Bo Liu, Xiaoli Zhu, Yanli Li, Ying Xiao, Lijuan Li, Xiaojing Cui, Bin Cao,

Abstract Background : The study was to evaluate initial antimicrobial regimen and clinical outcomes and to explore risk factors for clinical failure (CF) in elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Methods : 3,011 hospitalized elderly patients were enrolled from 13 national teaching hospitals between January 1, 2014 and December 31, ... Read more >>

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Alterations in Fecal Fungal Microbiome of Patients With COVID-19 During Time of Hospitalization until Discharge.

Tao Zuo, Hui Zhan, Fen Zhang, Qin Liu, Eugene Y K Tso, Grace C Y Lui, Nan Chen, Amy Li, Wenqi Lu, Francis K L Chan, Paul K S Chan, Siew C Ng,

BACKGROUD & AIMS:SARS-CoV-2 infects intestinal cells, and might affect the intestinal microbiota. We investigated changes in the fecal fungal microbiomes (mycobiome) of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection during hospitalization and upon recovery. METHODS:We performed deep shotgun metagenomic sequencing analysis of fecal samples from 30 patients with COVID-19 in Hong Kong, from ... Read more >>

Gastroenterology (Gastroenterology)
[2020, :]

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A 72-Year-Old Woman With Respiratory Failure and Bilateral Ground-Glass Opacities.

Yuri Baba, Takashi Ishiguro, Mina Gochi, Yoshihiko Shimizu, Noboru Takayanagi,

A 72-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea on exertion. Sputum cytologic evaluation revealed intranuclear inclusion bodies in the cells; we therefore considered viral pneumonia and performed a bronchoscopy. The bronchial washing fluid was positive for immunoperoxidase staining of herpes simplex virus type 1 ... Read more >>

Chest (Chest)
[2020, 158(1):e41-e45]

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Differential diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 from community acquired - pneumonia by CT scan and follow-up

Kai-Cai Liu, Ping Xu, Wei-Fu Lv, Lei Chen, Xiao-hui Qiu, Jin-Long Yao, Jin-Feng Gu, Bo Hu, Wei Wei,

Abstract Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently the most serious infectious disease in the world . Accurate diagnosis of this disease in the clinic is very important. This study aims to improve the differential ability of of computed tomography (CT) for COVID-19 and other community-acquired pneumonias (CAPs) and to ... Read more >>

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Prognostic factors in elderly patients admitted to the intensive care unit with community-acquired pneumonia.

Hakan Çelikhisar, Gülay Daşdemir Ilkhan, Çiğdem Arabaci,

Objective: We aimed to determine the clinical, radiological and laboratory findings that may indicate poor prognosis in severe community acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring intensified care to reduce the risk of death.Methods: The medical histories, demographic characteristics and laboratory values of over 65 years old patients admitted to the intensive care unit ... Read more >>

Aging Male (The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male)
[2020, :1-7]

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Prevalence and clinical significance of common respiratory pathogens in the upper respiratory tract of children with community-acquired pneumonia in Zunyi, China.

Xinmiao Li, Weiwei Zhang, Shifei Yao, He Zha, Bo Huang, Daishun Liu, Wu Kaifeng,

PURPOSE:To estimate the prevalence of common respiratory pathogens among children with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Zunyi City, Guizhou, China, and to assess whether the presence of common respiratory pathogens in patients is associated with disease severity. PATIENTS AND METHODS:This retrospective study assessed the prevalence of common respiratory viruses and ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Pulmonol. (Pediatric pulmonology)
[2020, :]

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Clinical features and etiology of patients with community-acquired pneumonia in southern China

Caiyan Gan, Sudong Liu, Xuemin Guo, Ruiqiang Weng, Xiaodong Gu, Zhixiong Zhong,

Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and etiology in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in southern China. Methods: A total of 342 patients who presented community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) from January 2019 to December 2019 were enrolled in this study. The respiratory pathogens in ... Read more >>

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Incidence, mortality, and lethality of hospitalizations for community-acquired pneumonia with comorbid cardiovascular disease in Spain (1997–2015).

Loreto Arias-Fernández, Ruth Gil-Prieto, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel,

BackgroundThe probability of hospitalization in patients suffering from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with an underlying comorbidity, such as a cardiac pathology, is 73-fold higher than that in CAP patients without a comorbidity. Although previous studies have investigated patients with cardiac events and pneumonia, they have not studied the burden of disease ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC Infectious Diseases)
[2020, 20:]

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Timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected patients with moderate to severe Pneumocystis pneumonia: study protocol for a multi-centre prospective randomised controlled trial.

Yuanyuan Qin, Yanqiu Lu, Yihong Zhou, Vijay Harypursat, Feng Sun, Sen Yang, Shengquan Tang, Yao Li, Xiaoqing He, Yanming Zeng, Yaokai Chen,

BACKGROUND:Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a common acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related opportunistic infection. Recent reports estimate that more than 400,000 patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) develop PCP each year globally. However, the timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation for HIV-infected patients with PCP is still controversial, and the benefits ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):551]

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Etiology of Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Hospital Admission in Adults with and Without Cancers: A Single-Center Retrospective Study in China.

Xinxin Wang, Haihua Zhang, Tao Zhang, Lei Pan, Ke Dong, Ming Yang, Ruina Ma, Yujuan Li,

Background:The etiology and distribution of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) vary periodically and geographically. The clinical evaluation of CAP among patients with cancers remains unknown. Patients and Methods:This retrospective hospital-based study on adult CAP was conducted in Tang Du Hospital, China, from September 2018 to August 2019. The demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations ... Read more >>

Infect Drug Resist (Infection and drug resistance)
[2020, 13:1607-1617]

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