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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

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Advances in chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

Megan McCambridge, Matthew J Stinson,

Over the past decade, concern for negative outcomes associated with concussive brain trauma has grown immensely. These neuropathologic changes, termed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), have been linked to patients who exhibit neuropsychiatric symptoms and have experienced repetitive brain trauma. Recent publicity has brought about renewed interest in this progressive neurodegenerative ... Read more >>

JAAPA (JAAPA : official journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants)
[2020, 33(4):39-42]

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Brain and blood biomarkers of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

Sarah Lemprière,

Nat Rev Neurol (Nature reviews. Neurology)
[2020, 16(4):186]

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Blood biomarkers for assessment of mild traumatic brain injury and chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

Matthew I Hiskens, Anthony G Schneiders, Mariana Angoa-Pérez, Rebecca K Vella, Andrew S Fenning,

Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) are prevalent and can result in significant debilitation. Current diagnostic methods have implicit limitations, with clinical assessment tools reliant on subjective self-reported symptoms or non-specific clinical observations, and commonly available imaging techniques lacking sufficient sensitivity to detect mTBI. A blood biomarker would provide a readily ... Read more >>

Biomarkers (Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals)
[2020, :1-15]

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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE): A Virtual Issue Dedicated to Advances in Understanding, Diagnosing, and Potentially Treating Tauopathies.

Craig W Lindsley,

ACS Chem Neurosci (ACS chemical neuroscience)
[2020, 11(7):994]

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Neuroimaging in the Diagnosis of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: A Systematic Review.

Philip Sparks, Tim Lawrence, Stephan Hinze,

OBJECTIVE:Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative tauopathy associated with repeated subconcussive and concussive head injury. Clinical features include cognitive, behavioral, mood, and motor impairments. Definitive diagnosis is only possible at postmortem. Here, the utility of neuroimaging in the diagnosis of CTE is evaluated by systematically reviewing recent evidence for ... Read more >>

Clin J Sport Med (Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine)
[2020, 30 Suppl 1:S1-S10]

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Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: understanding the facts and debate.

Christian LoBue, Jeff Schaffert, C Munro Cullum,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is hypothesized to be a progressive neurodegenerative disease leading to dementia after repetitive head impacts. This review summarizes the recent evidence on CTE to highlight the facts currently known and the areas that remain poorly understood. RECENT FINDINGS:Increasing evidence suggests that many of the ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Psychiatry (Current opinion in psychiatry)
[2020, 33(2):130-135]

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Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: quantifying risk and clarifying pathogenesis.

D McLauchlan, N P Robertson,

J. Neurol. (Journal of neurology)
[2020, 267(3):870-872]

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Chronic traumatic encephalopathy research viewed in the public domain: What makes headlines?

Daniel I Wolfson, Andrew W Kuhn, Zachary Y Kerr, Benjamin L Brett, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman,

Objective: To determine chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)-related publication characteristics associated with higher Altmetric scores.Methods: A systematic review of the CTE literature was conducted using PubMed. Publications were coded for: journal impact factor (JIF); publication type (primary versus non-primary data collection); discussion of American football; contact sport-CTE association conclusion (yes versus no/neutral); ... Read more >>

Brain Inj (Brain injury)
[2020, 34(4):528-534]

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High-dose ulinastatin to prevent late-onset acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation.

Haijin Lv, Xuxia Wei, Xiaomeng Yi, Jianrong Liu, Pinglan Lu, Mi Zhou, Yuling An, Huimin Yi,

Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of two distinct doses of ulinastatin on late-onset acute renal failure (LARF) following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).Methods: The high-risk recipients that underwent OLT were divided into two groups according to ulinastatin dose: low-dose (LD) ulinastatin group, 0.8 million U/d; high-dose (HD) ulinastatin group, ... Read more >>

Ren Fail (Renal failure)
[2020, 42(1):137-145]

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Pathological Links between Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia: Australian Pre-Clinical Research.

Jessica M Collins, Adele Woodhouse, Nicole Bye, James C Vickers, Anna E King, Jenna M Ziebell,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause persistent cognitive changes and ongoing neurodegeneration in the brain. Accumulating epidemiological and pathological evidence implicates TBI in the development of Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia. Further, the TBI-induced form of dementia, called chronic traumatic encephalopathy, shares many pathological hallmarks present in ... Read more >>

J. Neurotrauma (Journal of neurotrauma)
[2020, 37(5):782-791]

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Brain injury-induced dysfunction of the blood brain barrier as a risk for dementia.

Eric E Abrahamson, Milos D Ikonomovic,

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a complex and dynamic physiological interface between brain parenchyma and cerebral vasculature. It is composed of closely interacting cells and signaling molecules that regulate movement of solutes, ions, nutrients, macromolecules, and immune cells into the brain and removal of products of normal and abnormal brain ... Read more >>

Exp. Neurol. (Experimental neurology)
[2020, 328:113257]

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Acid Sphingomyelinase Inhibition Mitigates Histopathologic and Behavioral Changes in a Murine Model of Traumatic Brain Injury.

Grace Martin Niziolek, Ryan M Boudreau, Jennifer Baker, Lou Ann Friend, Amy T Makley, Michael Edwards, Erich Gulbins, Michael D Goodman,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health issue, causing nearly 2.5 million emergency department visits annually. These injuries can lead to the development of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy, as a result of neuronal phosphorylated tau (p-tau) protein aggregation and neuroinflammation. Acid sphingomyelinase ... Read more >>

J. Neurotrauma (Journal of neurotrauma)
[2020, :]

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A Clinicopathological Report of a 93-Year-Old Former Street Boxer With Coexistence of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, Alzheimer's Disease, Dementia With Lewy Bodies, and Hippocampal Sclerosis With TDP-43 Pathology.

Chunhui Yang, Sukriti Nag, Guoqiang Xing, Neelum T Aggarwal, Julie A Schneider,

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) was recently recognized as a new tauopathy in which multifocal perivascular phosphorylated tau aggregates accumulate in neurons, astrocytes, and neurites at the depths of the cortical sulci. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in early or mid-life is known to be associated with an increased risk of dementia ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2020, 11:42]

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A single ultrasensitive assay for detection and discrimination of tau aggregates of Alzheimer and Pick diseases.

Michael A Metrick, Natália do Carmo Ferreira, Eri Saijo, Allison Kraus, Kathy Newell, Gianluigi Zanusso, Michele Vendruscolo, Bernardino Ghetti, Byron Caughey,

Multiple neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by aggregation of tau molecules. Adult humans express six isoforms of tau that contain either 3 or 4 microtubule binding repeats (3R or 4R tau). Different diseases involve preferential aggregation of 3R (e.g Pick disease), 4R (e.g. progressive supranuclear palsy), or both 3R and 4R ... Read more >>

Acta Neuropathol Commun (Acta neuropathologica communications)
[2020, 8(1):22]

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Associations and Outcomes Between Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy and Vasculitis in Adult Patients.

Dennis Adjepong, Bilal Haider Malik,

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) results from brain injuries and traumas due to accelerated impacts on the head. In severe cases, the diseases cause brain damage, given the head trauma. On the other hand, vasculitis occurs through antibodies that mistake protein vessels as foreign, hence fighting them and resulting in their damage. ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(1):e6795]

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Meeting report: the 24th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science (ECSS) - 3-6 July 2019, Prague, Czech Republic.

Steve McMillan,

Sports Med Open (Sports medicine - open)
[2020, 6(1):15]

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Inflammation-related gene expression profiles of salivary extracellular vesicles in patients with head trauma.

Yan Cheng, Mandy Pereira, Neha P Raukar, John L Reagan, Mathew Quesenberry, Laura Goldberg, Theodor Borgovan, W Curt LaFrance Jr, Mark Dooner, Maria Deregibus, Giovanni Camussi, Bharat Ramratnam, Peter Quesenberry,

At present, there is no reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Studies have shown that extracellular vesicles released by damaged cells into biological fluids can be used as potential biomarkers for diagnosis of TBI and evaluation of TBI severity. We hypothesize that the genetic profile of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(4):676-681]

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Advances in Normobaric Hyperoxia Brain Protection in Experimental Stroke.

Zhiying Chen, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji, Ran Meng,

As we all know that stroke is still a leading cause of death and acquired disability. Etiological treatment and brain protection are equally important. This review aimed to summarize the advance of normobaric-hyperoxia (NBHO) on brain protection in the setting of experimental stroke and brain trauma. We analyzed the data ... Read more >>

Front Neurol (Frontiers in neurology)
[2020, 11:50]

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POINT/COUNTER-POINT-Links between traumatic brain injury and dementia remain poorly defined.

William B Barr,

There has been considerable public interest in the topic of traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a risk factor for development of late-life dementia. A review was performed on empirical studies examining the relationship between these two conditions. Although results from a number of studies clearly demonstrate that TBI is a ... Read more >>

Arch Clin Neuropsychol (Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists)
[2020, 35(2):128-132]

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Regio- and Stereoselective Steroid Hydroxylation at the C7-Position by Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenase Mutants.

Aitao Li, Carlos G Acevedo-Rocha, Lorenzo D'Amore, Jinfeng Chen, Yaqin Peng, Marc Garcia-Borràs, Chenghua Gao, Jinmei Zhu, Harry Rickerby, Sílvia Osuna, Jiahai Zhou, Manfred T Reetz,

Steroidal C7β alcohols and their respective esters have shown significant promise as neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory agents to treat chronic neuronal damage like stroke, brain trauma and cerebral ischemia. Since position C7 is spatially far away from any functional groups that could direct C-H activation, these transformations are not readily possible ... Read more >>

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English))
[2020, :]

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Neurofilament light and tau in serum after head-impact exposure in soccer.

Stian Bahr Sandmo, Peter Filipcik, Martin Cente, Jozef Hanes, Thor Einar Andersen, Truls Martin Straume-Naesheim, Roald Bahr,

Introduction: Blood-based biomarkers can provide valuable information on the effects of repetitive head impacts in sports. This study investigated if repetitive headers or accidental head impacts in soccer could cause structural brain injury, detected as an increase in serum neurofilament light (NfL) or tau.Methods: NfL and tau were measured in ... Read more >>

Brain Inj (Brain injury)
[2020, 34(5):602-609]

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Novel tau filament fold in corticobasal degeneration.

Wenjuan Zhang, Airi Tarutani, Kathy L Newell, Alexey G Murzin, Tomoyasu Matsubara, Benjamin Falcon, Ruben Vidal, Holly J Garringer, Yang Shi, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Shigeo Murayama, Bernardino Ghetti, Masato Hasegawa, Michel Goedert, Sjors H W Scheres,

Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a neurodegenerative tauopathy-a class of disorders in which the tau protein forms insoluble inclusions in the brain-that is characterized by motor and cognitive disturbances1-3. The H1 haplotype of MAPT (the tau gene) is present in cases of CBD at a higher frequency than in controls4,5, and ... Read more >>

Nature (Nature)
[2020, :]

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Brain and blood biomarkers of tauopathy and neuronal injury in humans and rats with neurobehavioral syndromes following blast exposure.

Dara L Dickstein, Rita De Gasperi, Miguel A Gama Sosa, Georgina Perez-Garcia, Jennifer A Short, Heidi Sosa, Gissel M Perez, Anna E Tschiffely, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Mariel Y Pullman, Karin Knesaurek, Andrew Knutsen, Dzung L Pham, Lale Soleimani, Barry D Jordan, Wayne A Gordon, Bradley N Delman, Gleb Shumyatsky, Pashtun-Poh Shahim, Steven T DeKosky, James R Stone, Elaine Peskind, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Steven A Chance, Mario Torso, Lale Kostakoglu, Mary Sano, Patrick R Hof, Stephen T Ahlers, Sam Gandy, Gregory A Elder,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a risk factor for the later development of neurodegenerative diseases that may have various underlying pathologies. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in particular is associated with repetitive mild TBI (mTBI) and is characterized pathologically by aggregation of hyperphosphorylated tau into neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). CTE may be ... Read more >>

Mol. Psychiatry (Molecular psychiatry)
[2020, :]

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Risk factors for corticosteroid insufficiency during the sub-acute phase of acute traumatic brain injury.

Xin Chen, Yan Chai, Shao-Bo Wang, Jia-Chong Wang, Shu-Yuan Yue, Rong-Cai Jiang, Jian-Ning Zhang,

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunction may lead to the occurrence of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency. Critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency can easily occur after traumatic brain injury, but few studies have examined this occurrence. A multicenter, prospective, cohort study was performed to evaluate the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the incidence of ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(7):1259-1265]

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Tau Positron Emission Tomographic Findings in a Former US Football Player With Pathologically Confirmed Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy.

William G Mantyh, Salvatore Spina, Alex Lee, Leonardo Iaccarino, David Soleimani-Meigooni, Elena Tsoy, Taylor J Mellinger, Harli Grant, Lawren Vandevrede, Renaud La Joie, Orit Lesman-Segev, Stephanie Gaus, Katherine L Possin, Lea T Grinberg, Bruce L Miller, William W Seeley, Gil D Rabinovici,

Importance:Biomarkers for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) are currently lacking. The radiotracer fluorine F 18-labeled (18F)-flortaucipir (FTP) detects tau pathology in Alzheimer disease, and positron emission tomography (PET) with FTP shows elevated binding in individuals at risk for CTE. No study, however, has assessed the correlation between in vivo FTP PET ... Read more >>

JAMA Neurol (JAMA neurology)
[2020, :]

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