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Spondylometaphyseal Dysplasia, Corner Fracture Type

Jade England, Ashley McFarquhar, Philippe M Campeau,

CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS:Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, corner fracture type (SMDCF) is a skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature and a waddling gait in early childhood. Short stature may be present at birth or develop in early infancy. Individuals may present with short limbs and/or short trunk. Radiographic features include enlargement and corner fracture-like ... Read more >>

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Computerized Tomography-Based Morphometric Analysis of Odontoid in 100 Egyptian Patients.

Nirmal D Patil, Mohammad Essam, Raafat Kamal Ragab, Hesham Elsaghir,

Background:There is still no consensus in the literature regarding the use of 1 screw or 2 screws. A number of studies have proved ethnic variations in the morphometry of the odontoid. There is no literature on the morphometry of odontoid in Egyptian patients. Methods:Computerized tomography (CT) scans of the head ... Read more >>

Int J Spine Surg (International Journal of Spine Surgery)
[2020, 14(1):59-65]

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Age-specific occurrence of pathological fractures in patients with spina bifida.

Niko Aliatakis, Joanna Schneider, Birgit Spors, Naomi Mohr, Susanne Lebek, Ulrich Seidel, Katharina C Trojan, Angela M Kaindl,

Pathological fractures (PFs) are common in patients with spina bifida. However, most previous studies refer to the overall fracture rate and largely neglecting putative age-dependent aspects. The aim of this retrospective study was to characterize patterns of fracture occurrence in childhood. In a retrospective study, we identified PF, all in ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Pediatr. (European journal of pediatrics)
[2020, :]

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Muscle Injury Induces Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction.

Lorna Guéniot, Victoria Lepere, Gabriela Ferreira De Medeiros, Anne Danckaert, Patricia Flamant, Marine Le Dudal, Olivier Langeron, Pierre L Goossens, Fabrice Chrétien, Grégory Jouvion,

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a major complication affecting patients of any age undergoing surgery. This syndrome impacts everyday life up to months after hospital discharge, and its pathophysiology still remains unclear. Translational research focusing on POCD is based on a wide variety of rodent models, such as the murine ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):2768]

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Axillary nerve elongation in humeral fracture plating: A cadaveric study for comparison between straight and helical Philos plates.

Jan Dauwe, Peter Grechenig, Ines Unterfrauner, Angelika Schwarz, Andreas Weiglein, Gloria Hohenberger,

Helical plating is a known concept in humeral fracture treatment. Attention should be paid to the axillary nerve when inserting a plate underneath the deltoid muscle. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to estimate axillary nerve stretching when introducing the plate. METHODS:On 42 fresh frozen human humeri, an 8-, ... Read more >>

J Orthop (Journal of orthopaedics)
[2020, 19:233-236]

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[Posttraumatic vertebral disc alterations after B and C type spinal injuries in childhood-Clinical and radiological 10-year results for two cases].

Daniel Adler, J S Jarvers, S K Tschoeke, Holger Siekmann,

Pediatric traumatic vertebral injuries usually present as stable A (AOspine classification) fractures, whereas B and C injuries are relatively uncommon. In contrast to adults the appropriate treatment strategy in children remains an issue of debate.The data from two pediatric patients admitted with B and C type spinal injuries in 2007 ... Read more >>

Unfallchirurg (Der Unfallchirurg)
[2020, 123(4):302-308]

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Cost-effectiveness of a multidisciplinary co-management program for the older hip fracture patients in Beijing.

K Peng, M Yang, M Tian, M Chen, J Zhang, X Wu, R Ivers, L Si,

The multidisciplinary co-management program for geriatric patients with hip fracture is cost-effective in the Chinese population and it has the potential to be scaled up in China. INTRODUCTION:The study aimed to investigate the cost-effectiveness of a multidisciplinary co-management program for patients with hip fracture in China. METHODS:Hip fracture patients who were ... Read more >>

Osteoporos Int (Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA)
[2020, :]

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Pulmonary Embolism.

The chances of a full recovery from a pulmonary embolism are higher the sooner it is spotted. Symptoms can include. ... Read more >>

Breathe (Sheff) (Breathe (Sheffield, England))
[2019, 15(4):360-365]

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Dual Plating of the Distal Femur: Indications and Surgical Techniques.

Arnab Sain, Vijay Sharma, Kamran Farooque, Muthukumaran V, Kirubakaran Pattabiraman,

Dual-plating of the distal femur is required in some cases to achieve stable fixation. The indications of a medial plate in addition to the lateral plate are medial supracondylar bone loss, low trans-condylar bicondylar fractures, medial Hoffa fracture, peri-prosthetic distal femur fractures, non-union after failed fixation with single lateral plate, ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(12):e6483]

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Hospital staff participation in a national hip fracture audit: facilitators and barriers.

Stijn C Voeten, Leti van Bodegom-Vos, J H Hegeman, Michel W J M Wouters, Pieta Krijnen, Inger B Schipper,

To ensure meaningful results in a clinical audit, as many hospitals as possible should participate. To optimise participation, the data collection process should either be performed by additional staff or be automated. Active participation may be promoted by offering relevant external parties insight into the actual quality of care. PURPOSE:The ... Read more >>

Arch Osteoporos (Archives of osteoporosis)
[2019, 14(1):110]

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The Association Between Antipsychotic Drug Use and Rehabilitation Outcome in Post-Acute Hip Fractured Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Avital Hershkovitz, Ran Nissan,

Antipsychotic (AP) use may lead to numerous side effects which may affect rehabilitation outcomes. A retrospective cohort study was carried out on 448 hip fractured patients admitted to a post-acute geriatric rehabilitation center. Functional improvement was measured by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), motor FIM (mFIM), and mFIM effectiveness. A ... Read more >>

J Appl Gerontol (Journal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society)
[2020, :733464820904564]

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Osteoporotic Distal Fibula Fractures in the Elderly: How To Fix Them.

Arnab Sain, Sitender Garg, Vijay Sharma, Umesh K Meena, Hemant Bansal,

Osteoporotic fractures of the distal fibula in elderly patients is a challenge to manage. Non-operative management has a poor outcome so operative management is preferred. There are a variety of options for operative management such as locked plate systems, anti-glide plate construct, dual plating constructs, fibula nail, plate with tibial ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(1):e6552]

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Inter- and intraobserver agreement of three classification systems for lateral clavicle fractures - reliability comparison between two specialist groups.

Thomas Rauer, Matthias Boos, Valentin Neuhaus, Prasad Ellanti, Robert Alexander Kaufmann, Hans-Christoph Pape, Florin Allemann,

Background:Although of great value in the management of lateral clavicle fractures, substantial variation in their classification exists. We performed a retrospective study to address the inter- and intraobserver reliability of three different classification systems for lateral clavicle fractures. Methods:Radiographs of 20 lateral clavicle fractures that represented a full spectrum of ... Read more >>

Patient Saf Surg (Patient safety in surgery)
[2020, 14:4]

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Bilaterally Threaded, Minimal Invasive, Elastic Locking Intramedullary Nailing (ELIN) for the Treatment of Clavicle Fractures.

Kifayat Ullah, Saima Khan, Yong-Qing Wang, Zhi-Hui Zhao, Peng Cheng, Basanta Sapkota, Liang Ren, Samiullah Khan, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Yuan Xue,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate and present the effectiveness of this innovatively designed, elastic locking intramedullary nail (ELIN) in fixation of clavicle fractures. METHODS:The study included 38 patients from July 2014 to July 2017. All of them received intramedullary fixation treated with ELIN, 22 were males and 16 females. The mean age of ... Read more >>

Orthop Surg (Orthopaedic surgery)
[2020, 12(1):321-332]

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Posterior Arch Screw for Type II Odontoid Fracture: An Alternative Procedure.

Ragurajaprakash Kirubakaran, Junya Hanakita, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Manabu Minami, Yoshitaka Tsujimoto, Ryo Kanematsu,

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:Atlantoaxial fusion procedures may be difficult in situations such as high-riding vertebral artery, a narrow C2 pedicle, and the presence of ponticulus posticus-arcuate foramen. With respect to vertebral artery (VA) anomalies, persistent first intersegmental artery, extracranial origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery at the C1-C2 level, and fenestration of ... Read more >>

World Neurosurg (World neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Compartment Syndrome in Tibial Plateau Fractures: Do Previously Established Predictors Have External Validity?

Lucas S Marchand, Zachary M Working, Ajinkya A Rane, Iain S Elliott, Ellen Gilbertson, David L Rothberg, Thomas F Higgins, Justin M Haller,

OBJECTIVE:To test previously established radiographic predictors of compartment syndrome in tibial plateau fractures and determine if novel measurements may further improve a surgeons ability to identity patients at high risk for developing this outcome. DESIGN:Retrospective review. SETTING:Academic level I trauma center. PATIENTS:513 patients with tibial plateau fractures treated operatively over ... Read more >>

J Orthop Trauma (Journal of orthopaedic trauma)
[2019, :]

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Exercise to Reduce Mobility Disability and Prevent Falls After Fall-Related Leg or Pelvic Fracture: RESTORE Randomized Controlled Trial.

Catherine Sherrington, Nicola Fairhall, Catherine Kirkham, Lindy Clemson, Anne Tiedemann, Constance Vogler, Jacqueline C T Close, Sandra O'Rourke, Anne M Moseley, Ian D Cameron, Jenson C S Mak, Stephen R Lord,

BACKGROUND:Disability and falls are common following fall-related lower limb and pelvic fractures. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the impact of an exercise self-management intervention on mobility-related disability and falls after lower limb or pelvic fracture. DESIGN:Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS:Three hundred thirty-six community dwellers aged 60+ years within 2 years of lower limb or pelvic ... Read more >>

J Gen Intern Med (Journal of general internal medicine)
[2020, :]

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Treatment Considerations for Patients with Unresectable Metastatic Melanoma Who Develop Pembrolizumab-Induced Guillain-Barré Toxicity: A Case Report.

Sivraj Muralikrishnan, Lara K Ronan, Shodeinde Coker, Paula K Rauschkolb, Keisuke Shirai,

Immunotherapy has improved outcomes in many malignancies, most notably in melanoma, lung cancer, and bladder cancer. Understanding the side effects associated with these medications is an important part of managing our patients. Although fatigue, rash, and diarrhea are commonly reported side effects, it is important to be cognizant of rarer ... Read more >>

Case Rep Oncol (Case reports in oncology)
[2020, 13(1):43-48]

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Reliability and reproducibility of the new AO/OTA 2018 classification system for proximal humeral fractures: a comparison of three different classification systems.

Giuseppe Marongiu, Lorenzo Leinardi, Stefano Congia, Luca Frigau, Francesco Mola, Antonio Capone,

BACKGROUND:The classification systems for proximal humeral fractures routinely used in clinical practice include the Neer and Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) 2007 systems. Currently used systems have low inter- and intraobserver reliability. In 2018, AO/OTA introduced a new classification system with the aim of simplifying the coding process, in ... Read more >>

J Orthop Traumatol (Journal of orthopaedics and traumatology : official journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology)
[2020, 21(1):4]

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Does quality of care in hip fracture vary by day of admission?

Luke Farrow, Andrew Hall, Lorna Aucott, Graeme Holt, Phyo K Myint,

This study investigates if the day of the week a person is admitted with a hip fracture influences the quality of care they receive. We found those admitted Thursday and Friday were likely to obtain poorer postoperative care, indicating a need to optimize services ensuring equality for all. PURPOSE:We sought ... Read more >>

Arch Osteoporos (Archives of osteoporosis)
[2020, 15(1):52]

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Aortic Transection after Blunt Abdominal Trauma in a Child.

Shivik Patel, Claudie McArthur Sheahan, Danielle D Fontenot, Malachi Gerard Sheahan,

Abdominal aortic injury secondary to blunt abdominal aortic trauma (BAAI) is rare in children but frequently occurs in association with other injuries, including bowel injury and vertebral fracture. We present a case of a 14-year-old boy who sustained a partial transection of the infrarenal aorta with a lumbar chance fracture ... Read more >>

Ann Vasc Surg (Annals of vascular surgery)
[2020, :]

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Perceptual learning in the identification of lung cancer in chest radiographs.

Li Z Sha, Yi Ni Toh, Roger W Remington, Yuhong V Jiang,

Extensive research has shown that practice yields highly specific perceptual learning of simple visual properties such as orientation and contrast. Does this same learning characterize more complex perceptual skills? Here we investigated perceptual learning of complex medical images. Novices underwent training over four sessions to discriminate which of two chest ... Read more >>

Cogn Res Princ Implic (Cognitive research: principles and implications)
[2020, 5(1):4]

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Bone Stress Injuries in Runners: a Review for Raising Interest in Stress Fractures in Korea.

Sun Hong Song, Jung Hoi Koo,

A bone stress injury (BSI) means that the bones cannot tolerate repeated mechanical loads, resulting in structural fatigue and local bone pain. A delay in BSI diagnosis can lead to more serious injuries, such as stress fractures that require longer treatment periods. Therefore, early detection of BSI is an essential ... Read more >>

J. Korean Med. Sci. (Journal of Korean medical science)
[2020, 35(8):e38]

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Occult Pneumothorax in Patients Presenting with Blunt Chest Trauma: An Observational Analysis.

Ismail Mahmood, Basil Younis, Khalid Ahmed, Fuad Mustafa, Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Alabdallat, Ashok Parchani, Ruben Peralta, Syed Nabir, Nadeem Ahmed, Hassan Al-Thani,

Background: We aimed to assess the management and outcome of occult pneumothorax and to determine the factors associated with failure of observational management in patients with blunt chest trauma (BCT). Methods: Patients with BCT were retrospectively identified from the trauma database over 4 years. Data were analyzed and compared on ... Read more >>

Qatar Med J (Qatar medical journal)
[2020, 2020(1):10]

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Bilateral fractures of acetabulum in a young girl with osteogenesis imperfecta and epilepsy.

Antonio Medici, Mariano Giuseppe Di Salvatore, Raffaele Pezzella, Andrea Fidanza, Alfonso Maria De Simone, Vittorio Calvisi,

We report a case of bilateral displaced acetabular fractures including both columns fractures with protrusio acetabuli in a female patient, aged 15 years, with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) (Sillence Type I), epilepsy, blue sclera and bilateral ipoacusia. Since OI is a rare genetic disorder characterized by an increased propensity to osteopenia, intraoperative ... Read more >>

Trauma Case Rep (Trauma case reports)
[2020, 25:100265]

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