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Catatonia

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Affected neural networks as basis of disturbed motor function in schizophrenia.

Andrea Schmitt, Daniela Reich-Erkelenz, Peter Falkai,

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci (European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience)
[2020, 270(3):279-280]

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Ictal Catatonia in Autoimmune Encephalitis.

Huma Baqir, Camila Cosmo, Deborah Benevenuto, Doriana Morar, Syed A Rizvi, Leonardo M Batista,

R I Med J (2013) (Rhode Island medical journal (2013))
[2020, 103(3):55-58]

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Higher Serum C-Reactive Protein Levels in Catatonic Patients: A Comparison to Non-catatonic Patients and Healthy Controls.

Fu-Chun Zhou, Joseph W Y Lee, Qi-Hang Zhang, Zuo-Li Sun, Qijing Bo, Xiao-Xiao He, Tian Han, Min Xiong, Chaohui Li, Chuan-Yue Wang,

Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome defined by a constellation of predominantly motor symptoms. The aim of the present study was to determine whether recently admitted psychiatric patients with catatonia exhibited higher serum C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels compared to non-catatonic psychiatric patients and healthy controls (HCs). Recently admitted psychiatric patients were ... Read more >>

Schizophr Bull (Schizophrenia bulletin)
[2020, :]

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Anterior Limb of Internal Capsule and Bed Nucleus of Stria Terminalis Stimulation for Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Adolescence: A Case of Success.

Pedro Duarte-Batista, Miguel Coelho, Sofia Quintas, Pedro Levy, Ana Castro Caldas, António Gonçalves-Ferreira, Herculano Carvalho, Maria Begoña Cattoni,

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a neurobehavioral disorder comprising motor and vocal tics. In most cases it is associated with other disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In refractory cases deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a valid treatment option. This paper describes the case of a 15-year-old adolescent ... Read more >>

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg (Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery)
[2020, :1-9]

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Catatonia in Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) Receptor Encephalitis Misdiagnosed as Schizophrenia.

André Ponte, Ana Brito, Camila Nóbrega, Sofia Pinheiro, João Gama Marques,

Anti-N-Mmethyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system with prominent neurologic and psychiatric features. Symptoms appear progressively and sometimes with an exclusively psychiatric initial presentation. The patient's evaluation should be meticulous, and we should use all the diagnostic tests required for the exclusion of entities that can mimic this ... Read more >>

Acta Med Port (Acta medica portuguesa)
[2020, 33(3):208-211]

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Delirious mania as a frequent and recognizable neuropsychiatric syndrome in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis.

Miguel Restrepo-Martinez, Jesus Ramirez-Bermudez, Leo Bayliss, Mariana Espinola-Nadurille,

BACKGROUND:Previous case reports showed that delirious mania could be one of the many neuropsychiatric presentations of Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis (ANMDARE). OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the frequency of delirious mania and its associated factors in ANMDARE. METHOD:A prospective study, including all patients with ANMDARE admitted to the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery ... Read more >>

Gen Hosp Psychiatry (General hospital psychiatry)
[2020, 64:50-55]

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Misdiagnosis of Catatonia.

Feras Ali Mustafa, Agastya Nayar,

Psychopharmacol Bull (Psychopharmacology bulletin)
[2020, 50(1):48-50]

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Autoimmune encephalitis as a differential diagnosis of schizophreniform psychosis: clinical symptomatology, pathophysiology, diagnostic approach, and therapeutic considerations.

Dominique Endres, Frank Leypoldt, Karl Bechter, Alkomiet Hasan, Johann Steiner, Katharina Domschke, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Peter Falkai, Volker Arolt, Oliver Stich, Sebastian Rauer, Harald Prüss, Ludger Tebartz van Elst,

Primary schizophreniform psychoses are thought to be caused by complex gene-environment interactions. Secondary forms are based on a clearly identifiable organic cause, in terms of either an etiological or a relevant pathogenetic factor. The secondary or "symptomatic" forms of psychosis have reentered the focus stimulated by the discovery of autoantibody ... Read more >>

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci (European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience)
[2020, :]

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A Case of Biopharmaceutical-Induced Catatonia and the Implication of a Novel Mechanism.

Tyler Durns, Bianca Rich, Carlie Benson, Brian Mickey, Kamile Weischedel,

Catatonia can be described structurally as a motor dysregulation syndrome with a concomitant behavioral component. However, despite its initial recognition nearly 150 years ago, the exact pathophysiological causes underlying this syndrome are still somewhat unknown and are potentially variable. This report reviews a case of a patient with multiple catatonic ... Read more >>

J ECT (The journal of ECT)
[2020, :]

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Anxiety in Children with Selective Mutism: A Meta-analysis.

Jim Driessen, Jan Dirk Blom, Peter Muris, Roger K Blashfield, Marc L Molendijk,

This study evaluates the current conceptualization of selective mutism (SM) as an anxiety disorder in the DSM-5 using a meta-analytic approach. In the absence of any systematic assessment of anxiety in the field of SM, we pooled prevalence data of comorbid anxiety disorders in a random-effects meta-analysis. On the basis ... Read more >>

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (Child psychiatry and human development)
[2020, 51(2):330-341]

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Catatonia revived: a unique syndrome updated.

Charles Mormando, Andrew Francis,

Catatonia was buried within the confines of schizophrenia for over a century- deterring study, appropriate diagnosis and treatment for many years. With revised changes in the classification of this distinct neuropsychiatric syndrome, it is becoming more recognized clinically and in ongoing research. Catatonia occurs among various psychiatric, metabolic or neurologic ... Read more >>

Int Rev Psychiatry (International review of psychiatry (Abingdon, England))
[2020, :1-9]

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[Electroconvulsive therapy in combination with psychotropic and non-psychotropic pharmacological treatments: Review of the literature and practical recommendations].

C Quiles, A Dewitte, P Thomas, F Nunes, H Verdoux, A Amad,

CONTEXT:Electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for treatment resistant mood disorders and catatonia. ECT also appears to be an effective treatment in combination with clozapine in the context of treatment resistant schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Although increasingly codified (guidelines on indications, contraindications, methods of implementation), the practice of ECT ... Read more >>

Encephale (L'Encephale)
[2020, :]

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Efficacy and Safety of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Adolescents: A Retrospective Chart Review Study From Turkey.

Ali Karayağmurlu, Murat Coşkun, Gülçin Elboğa, Neera Ghaziuddin, Elif Karayağmurlu, Cem Gökçen, Abdurrahman Altindağ,

OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to report the efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in manic, depressed, psychotic, and catatonic adolescent patients. METHODS:Medical records of 78 adolescents who had received ECT in Department of Psychiatry, Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, during 2011 to 2017 were reviewed. Sixty-two subjects in ... Read more >>

J ECT (The journal of ECT)
[2020, 36(1):54-59]

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Probable Autoimmune Catatonia With Antibodies Against Cilia on Hippocampal Granule Cells and Highly Suspicious Cerebral FDG-Positron Emission Tomography Findings.

Dominique Endres, Harald Prüss, Sebastian Rauer, Patrick Süß, Nils Venhoff, Bernd Feige, Tina Schweizer, Kathrin Nickel, Simon Maier, Karl Egger, Katharina Domschke, Philipp T Meyer, Ludger Tebartz van Elst,

Biol. Psychiatry (Biological psychiatry)
[2020, :]

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Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis presenting as catatonia associated with pheochromocytoma.

Don Gueu Park, Tae-Joon Kim, Jung Han Yoon,

Parkinsonism Relat. Disord. (Parkinsonism & related disorders)
[2020, 72:62-64]

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Catatonia: An under-recognised treatable neuropsychiatric syndrome in developmental disorders.

Michael Absoud, Osman Malik,

Eur. J. Paediatr. Neurol. (European journal of paediatric neurology : EJPN : official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society)
[2020, :]

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Psychiatric illness and regression in individuals with Phelan-McDermid syndrome.

Teresa M Kohlenberg, M Pilar Trelles, Brittany McLarney, Catalina Betancur, Audrey Thurm, Alexander Kolevzon,

BACKGROUND:Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a genetic condition characterized by intellectual disability, speech and language deficits, hypotonia, autism spectrum disorder, and epilepsy. PMS is caused by 22q13.33 deletions or mutations affecting SHANK3, which codes for a critical scaffolding protein in excitatory synapses. SHANK3 variants are also known to be associated with ... Read more >>

J Neurodev Disord (Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders)
[2020, 12(1):7]

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Revisiting periodic catatonia in a case of SSPE and response to intrathecal interferon: A case report.

Roshan Sutar, Nirendra Kumar Rai,

Asian J Psychiatr (Asian journal of psychiatry)
[2020, 51:101996]

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Prevalence of Asymptomatic Venous Thromboembolism in Depressive Inpatients.

Masahiro Takeshima, Hiroyasu Ishikawa, Yoshiaki Umeta, Mizuki Kudoh, Akise Umakoshi, Kazuhisa Yoshizawa, Yu Ito, Tomoko Hosoya, Ko Tsutsui, Hidenobu Ohta, Kazuo Mishima,

Purpose:While depression has been recognized as a risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), the prevalence of VTE in depressed inpatients has never been investigated. The aim of this study was thus to examine VTE prevalence and factors associated with VTE in depressed inpatients. Patients and Methods:We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional ... Read more >>

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat (Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment)
[2020, 16:579-587]

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Going Back to Kahlbaum's Psychomotor (and GABAergic) Origins: Is Catatonia More Than Just a Motor and Dopaminergic Syndrome?

Dusan Hirjak, Katharina M Kubera, R Christian Wolf, Georg Northoff,

In 1874, Karl Kahlbaum described catatonia as an independent syndrome characterized by motor, affective, and behavioral anomalies. In the following years, various catatonia concepts were established with all sharing the prime focus on motor and behavioral symptoms while largely neglecting affective changes. In 21st century, catatonia is a well-characterized clinical ... Read more >>

Schizophr Bull (Schizophrenia bulletin)
[2020, 46(2):272-285]

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Adult Mild Encephalitis With Reversible Splenial Lesion Associated With Delirious Mania: A Case Report.

Marcella Bellani, Giovanni Zanette, Niccolò Zovetti, Marco Barillari, Lidia Del Piccolo, Paolo Brambilla,

Mild encephalitis with reversible splenial lesion is a rare clinic-radiological entity presenting with neurological and neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with cerebral lesion/s. Delirious mania is a severe psychiatric syndrome characterized by acute onset of delirium, excitement, and psychosis with a high mortality rate. In this paper, we present a case report ... Read more >>

Front Psychiatry (Frontiers in Psychiatry)
[2020, 11:79]

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Complete cognitive recovery in a severe case of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis treated with electroconvulsive therapy.

Cæcilie Leding, Lisbet Marstrand, Anders Jorgensen,

Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis usually presents with prominent neuropsychiatric symptoms and many patients experience cognitive sequelae. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been suggested as a part of the treatment, particularly for catatonia, but concerns that ECT may worsen the cognitive function and long-term outcome may limit its use. We present a ... Read more >>

BMJ Case Rep (BMJ case reports)
[2020, 13(2):]

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Catatonia-Like Syndrome Treated With Low-Dose Ketamine.

Kenneth V Iserson, Dellon Durga,

BACKGROUND:Ketamine's application in psychiatry have expanded, but it appears never to have been previously used to diagnose and treat patients with catatonia-like syndrome that occasionally present to emergency departments. CASE REPORT:A 23-year-old male was observed to suddenly stop talking. His ED GCS was 8 and had normal vital signs. While ... Read more >>

J Emerg Med (The Journal of emergency medicine)
[2020, :]

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Catatonia in N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis: Phenomenological characteristics from a systematic review of case reports.

Jordi Serra-Mestres, Beatriz Villagrasa-Blasco, Vikram Thacker, Walter Jaimes-Albornoz, Puja Sharma, Marco Isetta,

OBJECTIVE:To ascertain the phenomenological characterisation of catatonia in N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis (NMDAr-AbE). METHODS:A systematic review of case reports was undertaken in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Case reports of NMDAr-AbE containing sufficient information on the cases' clinical presentation and meeting the study's inclusion criteria were selected. Cases were searched for ... Read more >>

Gen Hosp Psychiatry (General hospital psychiatry)
[2020, 64:9-16]

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Case of catatonia misdiagnosed with coma.

Rui Fu, Chen Yanfang, Cao Shaohua,

Catatonia is a state of high-degree psychomotor inhibition in which patients often maintain a constant fixed posture, and generally have unconscious obstacles and various reflex preservation. Patients suffering from severe catatonia will become stiff. Catatonia generally manifests unconsciousness while various reflexes are preserved. Patients show reticence, no food or drink ... Read more >>

Gen Psychiatr (General psychiatry)
[2020, 33(1):e100059]

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