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Transcriptional response to metal starvation in the emerging pathogen Mycoplasma genitalium is mediated by Fur-dependent and -independent regulatory pathways.

Carlos Martínez-Torró, Sergi Torres-Puig, Marta Monge, Lucía Sánchez-Alba, Miguel González-Martín, Marina Marcos-Silva, Alex Perálvarez-Marín, Francesc Canals, Enrique Querol, Jaume Piñol, Oscar Q Pich,

Transition metals participate in numerous enzymatic reactions and they are essential for survival in all living organisms. For this reason, bacterial pathogens have evolved dedicated machineries to effectively compete with their hosts and scavenge metals at the site of infection. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms controlling metal acquisition ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):5-19]

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Rapid Identification of Campylobacter Strains Cultured Under Aerobic Incubation Using Hyperspectral Microscope Imaging.

Matthew Eady, Bosoon Park, Arthur Hinton,

ABSTRACT:Campylobacter is an organism of concern for food safety and is one of the leading causes of foodborne bacterial gastroenteritis. This pathogen can be found in broiler chickens, and the level of allowable contamination of processed poultry is regulated by federal agency guidelines. Traditional methods for detecting and isolating this ... Read more >>

J. Food Prot. (Journal of food protection)
[2020, 83(3):405-411]

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Multidrug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter lari isolated from asymptomatic school-going children in Kibera slum, Kenya

Nduhiu Gitahi, Peter Gathura, Michael Gicheru, Beautice Wandia, Annika Nordin,

Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in asymptomatic school-going children and establish the antibiotic resistant patterns of the isolates towards the drugs used to treat campylobacteriosis, including macrolides, quinolones and tetracycline. Campylobacter spp. are a leading cause of enteric illness and ... Read more >>

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Co-infection with Campylobacter and rotavirus in less than 5 year old children with acute gastroenteritis in Nepal during 2017-2018.

Vishnu Bhattarai, Saroj Sharma, Komal Raj Rijal, Megha Raj Banjara,

BACKGROUND:Diarrhoea, although easily curable, is a global cause of death for a half million children every year. Rotavirus and Campylobacter are the most common etiological agents of diarrhoea in children less than 5 years of age. However, in Nepal, these causative agents are not routinely examined for the diagnosis and treatment. ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):68]

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Campylobacteriosis associated with the consumption of unpasteurised milk: findings from a sentinel surveillance site.

G Davys, J C Marshall, A Fayaz, R P Weir, J Benschop,

Campylobacteriosis is the most common notifiable disease in New Zealand. While the risk of campylobacteriosis has been found to be strongly associated with the consumption of undercooked poultry, other risk factors include rainwater-sourced drinking water, contact with animals and consumption of raw dairy products. Despite this, there has been little ... Read more >>

Epidemiol. Infect. (Epidemiology and infection)
[2020, 148:e16]

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Application of Campylobacter jejuni Phages: Challenges and Perspectives.

Leonid Ushanov, Besarion Lasareishvili, Irakli Janashia, Andreas E Zautner,

Bacteriophages (phages) are the most abundant and diverse biological entities in the biosphere. Due to the rise of multi-drug resistant bacterial strains during the past decade, phages are currently experiencing a renewed interest. Bacteriophages and their derivatives are being actively researched for their potential in the medical and biotechnology fields. ... Read more >>

Animals (Basel) (Animals : an open access journal from MDPI)
[2020, 10(2):]

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Effect of Lactobacillus spp. on adhesion, invasion, and translocation of Campylobacter jejuni in chicken and pig small-intestinal epithelial cell lines.

Maja Šikić Pogačar, Tomaž Langerholc, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Sonja Smole Možina, Anja Klančnik,

BACKGROUND:Campylobacter spp. are a major cause of bacterial food-borne diarrhoeal disease. This mainly arises through contamination of meat products during processing. For infection, Campylobacter spp. must adhere to epithelial cells of the mucus layer, survive conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, and colonise the intestine of the host. Addition of probiotic ... Read more >>

BMC Vet. Res. (BMC veterinary research)
[2020, 16(1):34]

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Nanoplasmonic sensor for foodborne pathogens detection. Towards development of ISO-SERS-PCA methodology of taxonomic affiliation of Campylobacter spp.

E Witkowska, K NiciŃski, D Korsak, B Dominiak, J Waluk, A KamiŃska,

According to EU summary report on zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2017, Campylobacter was the most commonly reported gastrointestinal bacterial pathogen in humans in the EU. Unfortunately, the standard methods for detection of thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. in foods are time-consuming. Additionally, the qualified staff is obligatory. For this ... Read more >>

J Biophotonics (Journal of biophotonics)
[2020, :]

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MLST-based genetic relatedness of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from chickens and humans in Poland.

Kinga Wieczorek, Tomasz Wołkowicz, Jacek Osek,

Campylobacter jejuni infection is one of the most frequently reported foodborne bacterial diseases worldwide. The main transmission route of these microorganisms to humans is consumption of contaminated food, especially of chicken origin. The aim of this study was to analyze the genetic relatedness of C. jejuni from chicken sources (feces, ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(1):e0226238]

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Role of caecal microbiota in the differential resistance of inbred chicken lines to colonization by Campylobacter jejuni.

Cosmin Chintoan-Uta, Trong Wisedchanwet, Laura Glendinning, Abi Bremner, Androniki Psifidi, Lonneke Vervelde, Kellie Watson, Mick Watson, Mark P Stevens,

Campylobacter is the leading foodborne bacterial diarrhoeal illness in many countries, with up to 80 % of human cases attributed to the avian reservoir. The only control strategies currently available are stringent on-farm biosecurity and carcass treatments. Heritable differences in the resistance of chicken lines to Campylobacter colonisation have been ... Read more >>

Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (Applied and environmental microbiology)
[2020, :]

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Emergence of fluoroquinolone resistant Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli among Australian chickens in the absence of fluoroquinolone use.

Sam Abraham, Shafi Sahibzada, Kylie Hewson, Tanya Laird, Rebecca Abraham, Anthony Pavic, Alec Truswell, Terence Lee, Mark O'Dea, David Jordan,

In a structured survey of all major chicken-meat producers in Australia we investigated the AMR and genomic characteristics of C. jejuni (n=108) and C. coli (n=96) from caecal samples of chickens at slaughter (n=200). The majority of C. jejuni (63%) and C. coli (86.5%) were susceptible to all antimicrobials. Fluoroquinolone ... Read more >>

Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (Applied and environmental microbiology)
[2020, :]

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Campylobacter Abundance in Breastfed Infants and Identification of a New Species in the Global Enterics Multicenter Study.

Xiaoming Bian, Jolene M Garber, Kerry K Cooper, Steven Huynh, Jennifer Jones, Michael K Mills, Daniel Rafala, Dilruba Nasrin, Karen L Kotloff, Craig T Parker, Sharon M Tennant, William G Miller, Christine M Szymanski,

Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of bacterial diarrhea worldwide and is associated with high rates of mortality and growth stunting in children inhabiting low- to middle-resource countries. To better understand the impact of breastfeeding on Campylobacter infection in infants in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, we examined fecal microbial ... Read more >>

mSphere (mSphere)
[2020, 5(1):]

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Prevalence, Population Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Campylobacter coli Isolated in Italian Swine at Slaughterhouse.

Guido Di Donato, Francesca Marotta, Roberta Nuvoloni, Katiuscia Zilli, Diana Neri, Daria Di Sabatino, Paolo Calistri, Elisabetta Di Giannatale,

Campylobacter spp. are among the microorganisms most commonly associated with foodborne disease. Swine are known to be the main reservoir of Campylobacter coli and a possible source infection of humans as a result of carcass contamination at slaughter. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of C. ... Read more >>

Microorganisms (Microorganisms)
[2020, 8(2):]

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Complete Genome Sequence and Annotation of Campylobacter jejuni YH003, Isolated from Retail Chicken.

Yiping He, Sue Reed, Terence P Strobaugh,

The complete genome sequence of Campylobacter jejuni YH003, isolated from retail chicken, was determined using PacBio and Illumina technologies. The assembled genome is 1,743,985 bp (G+C content of 30.3%). Genome annotation revealed several genes encoding virulence and antibiotic resistance factors, including a type VI secretion system, cytolethal distending toxins, and a ... Read more >>

Microbiol Resour Announc (Microbiology resource announcements)
[2020, 9(4):]

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Occurrence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Salmonella spp. in Raw and Ready-To-Eat Foods and Campylobacter spp. in Retail Raw Chicken Meat in Transylvania, Romania.

Emil Tîrziu, Gabriel Bărbălan, Adriana Morar, Viorel Herman, Romeo T Cristina, Kálmán Imre,

The survey was undertaken to investigate the presence and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Salmonella spp. in raw and ready-to-eat (RTE) foods, and Campylobacter spp. in the retail raw chicken meat collected in two counties of Transylvania, Romania. A total of 13.1% (51/388) of the examined food samples were found to ... Read more >>

Foodborne Pathog. Dis. (Foodborne pathogens and disease)
[2020, :]

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Campylobacter outbreak associated with raw drinking milk, North West England, 2016.

J Kenyon, T Inns, H Aird, C Swift, J Astbury, E Forester, V Decraene,

In December 2016, Public Health England investigated an outbreak of campylobacteriosis in North West England, with 69 cases in total. Epidemiological, microbiological and environmental investigations associated the illness with the consumption of unpasteurised cows' milk from Farm X, where milk was predominantly sold from a vending machine. Campylobacter was detected ... Read more >>

Epidemiol. Infect. (Epidemiology and infection)
[2020, 148:e13]

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Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Thermophilic Campylobacter Species in Humans and Animals in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review.

Noel Gahamanyi, Leonard E G Mboera, Mecky I Matee, Dieudonné Mutangana, Erick V G Komba,

Thermophilic Campylobacter species are clinically important aetiologies of gastroenteritis in humans throughout the world. The colonization of different animal reservoirs by Campylobacter poses an important risk for humans through shedding of the pathogen in livestock waste and contamination of water sources, environment, and food. A review of published articles was ... Read more >>

Int J Microbiol (International journal of microbiology)
[2020, 2020:2092478]

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HtrA-dependent adherence and invasion of Campylobacter jejuni in human vs avian cells.

D Simson, M Boehm, S Backert,

The aim of this study was to investigate whether HtrA is responsible for differences in adherence and invasion of Campylobacter jejuni towards human and chicken cell lines. Gentamicin protection assays were performed with either human Caco-2 or chicken 2G4 cells using C. jejuni strain NCTC11168 to compare the adhesion and ... Read more >>

Lett. Appl. Microbiol. (Letters in applied microbiology)
[2020, :]

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Presence of pathogenic bacteria in faeces from dogs fed raw meat-based diets or dry kibble.

Ellinor Runesvärd, Camilla Wikström, Lise-Lotte Fernström, Ingrid Hansson,

BACKGROUND:Feeding dogs with raw meat-based diets (RMBD) has increased in popularity in recent years. Proponents claim that RMBD is more natural for dogs, because it is what their ancestors (wolves) eat. Opponents claim that RMBD is a health hazard to both humans and animals, with a risk of spreading zoonotic ... Read more >>

Vet. Rec. (The Veterinary record)
[2020, :]

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Occurrence and Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter upsaliensis in Beef Cattle on Cow-Calf Operations in South Africa.

Musafiri Karama, Katembue Kambuyi, Beniamino T Cenci-Goga, Mogaugedi Malahlela, Annelize Jonker, Cheng He, Jackson Ombui, Takula Tshuma, Eric Etter, Alan Kalake,

This study investigated occurrence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Campylobacter spp. isolates in beef cattle on five cow-calf operations in South Africa. A total of 537 fecal samples from adult beef cattle (n = 435) and rectal swabs from calves (n = 102) were screened for Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter upsaliensis by ... Read more >>

Foodborne Pathog. Dis. (Foodborne pathogens and disease)
[2020, :]

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Campylobacter: A review of new promising remedies with medicinal plants and natural antioxidants.

Iraj Salimikia, Mahmoud Bahmani, Saber Abbaszadeh, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Mohammad Reza Nazer,

Campylobacter (curved bacteria) is considered one of the most important and common zoonotic bacteria and the three leading bacterial causes of gastroenteritis and diarrhea. Antibacterial resistance is growing and expanding. The aim of this review article is to report anti-Campylobacter medicinal plants. For this purpose, the search terms consisting of ... Read more >>

Mini Rev Med Chem (Mini reviews in medicinal chemistry)
[2020, :]

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Antimicrobial resistance patterns and molecular resistance markers of Campylobacter jejuni isolates from human diarrheal cases.

Mohamed Elhadidy, Mohamed Medhat Ali, Ayman El-Shibiny, William G Miller, Walid F Elkhatib, Nadine Botteldoorn, Katelijne Dierick,

The aim of this study is to characterize the antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter jejuni recovered from diarrheal patients in Belgium, focusing on the genetic diversity of resistant strains and underlying molecular mechanisms of resistance among Campylobacter jejuni resistant strains isolated from diarrheal patients in Belgium. Susceptibility profile of 199 clinical ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(1):e0227833]

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Characterisation of Campylobacter spp. Isolated from Poultry in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Stephanie Pillay, Daniel G Amoako, Akebe L K Abia, Anou M Somboro, Christiana O Shobo, Keith Perrett, Linda A Bester, Sabiha Y Essack,

This study investigated the antibiotic resistance, virulence profiles, and clonality of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolated from an intensive poultry farming system in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Following ethical approval, samples were collected over six weeks using the farm-to-fork approach. Campylobacter spp. were identified using culture, confirmed and differentiated to ... Read more >>

Antibiotics (Basel) (Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland))
[2020, 9(2):]

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MAEL Cancer-Testis Antigen as a Diagnostic Marker in Primary Stages of Gastric Cancer with Helicobacter pylori Infection.

Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan, Negin Taghehchian, Azadeh Aarabi, Meysam Moghbeli,

PURPOSE:Gastric cancer (GC) is the third leading cause of cancer related deaths in the world. Cancer testis antigens (CTAs) are involved in tumor progression of various cancers. These markers have not any expression or minimally expression in normal tissues, highlighting them as efficient methods for molecular targeted therapy. In the ... Read more >>

J Gastrointest Cancer (Journal of gastrointestinal cancer)
[2020, 51(1):17-22]

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Campylobacter prevalence and risk factors associated with exceeding allowable limits in poultry slaughterhouses in Spain.

Sandra Sevilla-Navarro, Clara Marin, Verónica Cortés, Cristina García, Pablo Catalá-Gregori,

BACKGROUND:Campylobacter is the main pathogen involved in zoonotic gastrointestinal diseases. In 2018, European Regulation 2017/1495 on Campylobacter in broiler carcases came into force. In this context, the aim of the study was to assess the potential risk factors associated with exceeding the 1000 cfu/g (colony-forming units per gram) limit set ... Read more >>

Vet. Rec. (The Veterinary record)
[2020, :]

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