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Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

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Stem-cell therapy for bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Amélie Collins,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Clinical trials of mesenchymal stem/stromal cell (MSC) therapy for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are underway. A thorough understanding of the preclinical work that underpins these trials is critical for neonatal practitioners to properly evaluate them. RECENT FINDINGS:Significant progress has been made in understanding that MSCs have anti-inflammatory and proangiogenic ... Read more >>

Curr. Opin. Pediatr. (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2020, 32(2):210-215]

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Lifelong pulmonary sequelae of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Laura Sillers, Stamatia Alexiou, Erik A Jensen,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:To summarize the current literature evaluating long-term pulmonary morbidity among surviving very preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). RECENT FINDINGS:BPD predisposes very preterm infants to adverse respiratory signs and symptoms, greater respiratory medication use, and more frequent need for rehospitalization throughout early childhood. Reassuringly, studies also indicate that ... Read more >>

Curr. Opin. Pediatr. (Current opinion in pediatrics)
[2020, 32(2):252-260]

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Lung Transplantation for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Adults: A Clinical and Pathologic Study of 3 Cases.

Natalia Liu, Oscar W Cummings, Amir Lagstein, Chadi A Hage, Kevin M Chan, Chen Zhang,

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is usually seen in premature infants who require mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy for acute respiratory distress. Although most patients wean from oxygen therapy by the ages of 2 to 3, rehospitalization for respiratory problems is common in these patients in adulthood. There have been few studies ... Read more >>

Am. J. Surg. Pathol. (The American journal of surgical pathology)
[2020, 44(4):509-515]

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Multicenter Experience with Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist in Infants with Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

Robin L McKinney, Martin Keszler, William E Truog, Michael Norberg, Richard Sindelar, Linda Wallström, Bruce Schulman, Jason Gien, Steven H Abman, ,

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine patterns of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) use in ventilator-dependent preterm infants with evolving or established severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) among centers of the BPD Collaborative, including indications for its initiation, discontinuation, and outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of infants with developing or ... Read more >>

Am J Perinatol (American journal of perinatology)
[2020, :]

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Lifetime patient outcomes and healthcare utilization for Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and extreme preterm infants: a microsimulation study.

Sasha van Katwyk, Sajit Augustine, Bernard Thébaud, Kednapa Thavorn,

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is among the most severe chronic lung diseases and predominantly affects premature infants. There is a general understanding of BPD's significant impact on the short-term outcomes however there is little evidence on long-term outcomes. Our study estimates the lifetime clinical outcomes, quality of life, and healthcare costs ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):136]

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Rethinking furosemide use for infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Jeffrey L Segar,

Diuretics are commonly administered to infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) to improve respiratory function despite the absence of prospective data demonstrating long term benefits. While many potentially adverse effects of furosemide are known to clinicians, its direct and indirect impact on multiple pathophysiological processes need to be understood. While furosemide ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Pulmonol. (Pediatric pulmonology)
[2020, :]

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Intermittent CPAP limits hyperoxia induced lung damage in a rabbit model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Andre George Gie, Thomas Salaets, Janne Vignero, Yannick Regin, Jeroen Aj Vanoirbeek, Jan Deprest, Jaan Toelen,

A significant proportion of preterm infants develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) leading to poor lifelong respiratory health. Limited treatment options exist with continuous positive airway pressure ventilation (CPAP) being one of the few associated with diminished BPD. However, little is known on the effect of the distending pressure of CPAP on ... Read more >>

Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. (American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology)
[2020, :]

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Unknown aspects of the relationship between ABO blood group system and preterm morbidities.

Ufuk Cakir, Cuneyt Tayman, Mehmet Buyuktiryaki,

OBJECTIVES:Blood groups have been shown to play an important role in a lot of diseases in various studies conducted in adults. The objective was to investigate whether there is a relationship between morbidities and ABO blood groups system in preterm infants. METHODOLOGY:This retrospective cohort study included preterm neonates born at ... Read more >>

Arch Argent Pediatr (Archivos argentinos de pediatria)
[2020, 118(2):e135-e142]

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Advancements in understanding the role of lysophospholipids and their receptors in lung disorders including bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Tara Sudhadevi, Alison W Ha, David L Ebenezer, Panfeng Fu, Vijay Putherickal, Viswanathan Natarajan, Anantha Harijith,

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a devastating chronic neonatal lung disease leading to serious adverse consequences. Nearly 15 million babies are born preterm accounting for >1 in 10 births globally. The aetiology of BPD is multifactorial and the survivors suffer lifelong respiratory morbidity. Lysophospholipids (LPL), which include sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), and lysophosphatidic ... Read more >>

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids (Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids)
[2020, 1865(7):158685]

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Assessment of the G-ROP study criteria for predicting retinopathy of prematurity: results from a tertiary centre in Turkey.

Ozge Yabas Kiziloglu, Yesim Coskun, Ipek Akman,

PURPOSE:The postnatal growth and retinopathy of prematurity (G-ROP) study has proposed a new model for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) prediction based on gestational age, birth weight and postnatal weight gain. The purpose of the current study is to assess the efficacy of the G-ROP model for predicting ROP among a Turkish ... Read more >>

Int Ophthalmol (International ophthalmology)
[2020, :]

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Regional ventilation inhomogeneity in survivors of extremely preterm birth.

Michele Arigliani, Elena Valentini, Chiara Stocco, Carlo De Pieri, Luigi Castriotta, Vincenzo Barbato, Elisa Cuberli, Maria Orsaria, Luigi Cattarossi, Paola Cogo,

INTRODUCTION:Survivors of extreme prematurity may have disrupted lung development. We hypothesized that the multiple breath washout (MBW) index Scond, which is intended to reflect ventilation inhomogeneity from the conducting airways, could be a sensitive marker of respiratory impairment in this group. METHODS:Spirometry, TLco, and MBW were cross-sectionally evaluated at 8 ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Pulmonol. (Pediatric pulmonology)
[2020, :]

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Drugs to Prevent Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Effect of Baseline Risk on the Number Needed to Treat.

Erik A Jensen, Robin S Roberts, Barbara Schmidt,

Infants born very preterm have a variable baseline risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Using the example of evidence-based drug therapies to prevent BPD, we designed a visual aid that displays the "number needed to treat" with CIs for caffeine, vitamin A, and hydrocortisone over a range of baseline risks. ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2020, :]

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Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells stably transduced with an inhibitor of CC chemokine ligand 2 ameliorate bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pulmonary hypertension.

Toshihiko Suzuki, Yoshiaki Sato, Hidenori Yamamoto, Taichi Kato, Yuma Kitase, Kazuto Ueda, Haruka Mimatsu, Yuichiro Sugiyama, Atsuto Onoda, Shigeki Saito, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Takayuki Nakayama, Masahiro Hayakawa,

Perinatal bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is defined as lung injury in preterm infants caused by various factors, resulting in serious respiratory dysfunction and high mortality. The administration of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) to treat/prevent BPD has proven to have certain therapeutic effects. However, MSCs can only weakly regulate macrophage function, which ... Read more >>

Cytotherapy (Cytotherapy)
[2020, :]

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Risk factors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants under 32 weeks of gestation: A retrospective case-control study

Li Yue, Shu Cui,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants is one of the most serious complications in neonatology, as it significantly affects the quality of life of preterm children. We retrospectively analyze the incidence and risk factors of BPD in premature infants under 32 weeks of gestation age. ... Read more >>

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Drug Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension in Children.

Catherine M Avitabile, Erika E Vorhies, David Dunbar Ivy,

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease in infants and children that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The disease is characterized by progressive pulmonary vascular functional and structural changes resulting in increased pulmonary vascular resistance and eventual right heart failure and death. In many pediatric patients, PAH ... Read more >>

Paediatr Drugs (Paediatric drugs)
[2020, 22(2):123-147]

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Epidemiology and microbiology of late-onset sepsis among preterm infants in China, 2015-2018: A cohort study.

Siyuan Jiang, Chuanzhong Yang, Changyi Yang, Weili Yan, Vibhuti Shah, Prakesh S Shah, Shoo K Lee, Yi Yang, Yun Cao, ,

OBJECTIVE:To describe the incidence, case-fatality rate and pathogen distribution of late-onset sepsis (LOS) among preterm infants in China and to investigate risk factors and short-term outcomes associated with LOS caused by Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. METHODS:This cohort study included all infants born at <34 weeks' gestation and admitted ... Read more >>

Int. J. Infect. Dis. (International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases)
[2020, :]

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Home Oxygen Use and 1-Year Readmission among Infants Born Preterm with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Discharged from Children's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Units.

Joanne Lagatta, Karna Murthy, Isabella Zaniletti, Stephanie Bourque, William Engle, Rebecca Rose, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, David Brousseau,

OBJECTIVE:To determine associations between home oxygen use and 1-year readmissions for preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) discharged from regional neonatal intensive care units. STUDY DESIGN:We performed a secondary analysis of the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Database, with readmission data via the Pediatric Hospital Information System and demographics using ZIP-code-linked census ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2020, :]

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Extracorporeal Life Support in Pediatric Patients with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia and Associated Pulmonary Hypertension.

Alejandra Pena Hernandez, Nicholas R Carr, Donald McCurnin, Veronica Armijo-Garcia,

This retrospective study reviews outcomes of 281 pediatric patients with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) managed with extracorporeal life support (ECLS). Data from 1982 to 2018 from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) registry were queried for children aged 60 days to 18 years with a prior diagnosis of BPD, and all ... Read more >>

ASAIO J. (ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992))
[2020, :]

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Lifetime Patient Outcomes and Healthcare Utilization for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) and Extreme Preterm Infants: A Microsimulation Study

Kednapa Thavorn, Sasha Katwyk, Sajit Augustine, Bernard Thébaud,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Objectives Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is among the most severe chronic lung diseases and predominantly affects premature infants. There is a general understanding of BPD’s significant impact on the short-term outcomes however there is little evidence on long-term outcomes. Our study estimates the lifetime clinical outcomes, quality ... Read more >>

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Next-generation sequencing to investigate circular RNA profiles in the peripheral blood of preterm neonates with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Xiaonan Mao, Yan Guo, Jie Qiu, Li Zhao, Junjie Xu, Jiao Yin, Keyu Lu, Mingshun Zhang, Rui Cheng,

BACKGROUND:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are emerging noncoding RNAs that are involved in many biological processes and diseases. The expression profile of circRNAs in preterm neonates with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains unresolved. METHODS:In BPD infants, peripheral venous blood was drawn and circRNAs were extracted and sequenced by next-generation sequencing. The levels of ... Read more >>

J. Clin. Lab. Anal. (Journal of clinical laboratory analysis)
[2020, :e23260]

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Correction: Oxygen desaturations in the early neonatal period predict development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Karen D Fairchild, V Peter Nagraj, Brynne A Sullivan, J Randall Moorman, Douglas E Lake,

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Res. (Pediatric research)
[2020, :]

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Adrenomedullin Is Necessary to Resolve Hyperoxia-Induced Experimental Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia and Pulmonary Hypertension in Mice.

Renuka T Menon, Amrit Kumar Shrestha, Corey L Reynolds, Roberto Barrios, Kathleen M Caron, Binoy Shivanna,

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)-associated pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an infantile lung disease characterized by aberrant angiogenesis and impaired resolution of lung injury. Adrenomedullin (AM) signals through calcitonin receptor-like receptor and receptor activity-modifying protein 2 and modulates lung injury initiation. However, its role in lung injury resolution and the mechanisms by which ... Read more >>

Am. J. Pathol. (The American journal of pathology)
[2020, 190(3):711-722]

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Disease Phenotyping of Infants with Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

Erica Mandell, Erik B Hysinger, Sharon A McGrath-Morrow,

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2020, :]

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Social disparities negatively impact neonatal follow-up clinic attendance of premature infants discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit.

Corinne Swearingen, Pippa Simpson, Erwin Cabacungan, Susan Cohen,

OBJECTIVE:Neonatal neurodevelopmental follow-up clinic provides continued surveillance and assessment of high-risk premature infants. We hypothesized that attrition is associated with race and social factors. STUDY DESIGN:We performed a retrospective cohort study of neonates born at 26-32 weeks gestation who were admitted to a level IV neonatal intensive care unit. Maternal ... Read more >>

J Perinatol (Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association)
[2020, :]

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MSC Based Therapies-New Perspectives for the Injured Lung.

Judith Behnke, Sarah Kremer, Tayyab Shahzad, Cho-Ming Chao, Eva Böttcher-Friebertshäuser, Rory E Morty, Saverio Bellusci, Harald Ehrhardt,

Chronic lung diseases pose a tremendous global burden. At least one in four people suffer from severe pulmonary sequelae over the course of a lifetime. Despite substantial improvements in therapeutic interventions, persistent alleviation of clinical symptoms cannot be offered to most patients affected to date. Despite broad discrepancies in origins ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2020, 9(3):]

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