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Full Text Journal Articles about
Bronchitis

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Adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis.

Dawn Sibanda, Rosalyn Singleton, John Clark, Christine Desnoyers, Ellen Hodges, Gretchen Day, Gregory Redding,

Recent literature has highlighted the importance of transition from paediatric to adult care for children with chronic conditions. Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is an important cause of respiratory morbidity in low-income countries and in indigenous children from affluent countries; however, there is little information about adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis. We ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1731059]

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The different clinical characteristics of corona virus disease cases between children and their families in China - the character of children with COVID-19.

Liang Su, Xiang Ma, Huafeng Yu, Zhaohua Zhang, Pengfei Bian, Yuling Han, Jing Sun, Yanqin Liu, Chun Yang, Jin Geng, Zhongfa Zhang, Zhongtao Gai,

This study aims to analyze the different clinical characteristics between children and their families infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Clinical data from nine children and their 14 families were collected, including general status, clinical, laboratory test, and imaging characteristics. All the children were detected positive result after ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):707-713]

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Genetic sequence changes related to the attenuation of avian infectious bronchitis virus strain TW2575/98.

Cheng-Ta Tsai, Hung-Yi Wu, Ching-Ho Wang,

The attenuated avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), derived from a wild strain (TW2575/98w) in chicken embryos after 75 passages, is designed as a commercial vaccine strain (TW2575/98vac) to control the disease in Taiwan. The differences in viral infectivity, replication efficiency, and genome sequences between TW2575/98w and TW2575/98vac were determined and ... Read more >>

Virus Genes (Virus genes)
[2020, :]

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Multiple recombination events between field and vaccine strains resulted in the emergence of a novel infectious bronchitis virus with decreased pathogenicity and altered replication capacity.

Mengting Ren, Zongxi Han, Yan Zhao, Junfeng Sun, Shengwang Liu, Deying Ma,

In this study, we isolated and identified 2 infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains from layer chickens soon after vaccination with the Massachusetts–Connecticut bivalent vaccine (Conn) and H120 and 4/91 booster vaccines in China in 2011. The results of cross-virus-neutralization tests and phylogenetic analysis of the S1 subunit of spike gene ... Read more >>

Poult. Sci. (Poultry Science)
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Real-time, MinION-based, amplicon sequencing for lineage typing of infectious bronchitis virus from upper respiratory samples.

Salman L Butt, Eric C Erwood, Jian Zhang, Holly S Sellers, Kelsey Young, Kevin K Lahmers, James B Stanton,

Infectious bronchitis (IB) causes significant economic losses in the global poultry industry. Control of IB is hindered by the genetic diversity of the causative agent, infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), which has led to the emergence of several serotypes that lack complete serologic cross-protection. Although serotyping requires immunologic characterization, genotyping is ... Read more >>

J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. (Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc)
[2020, :1040638720910107]

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Pathogenicity and genome changes in QX-like infectious bronchitis virus during continuous passaging in embryonated chicken eggs.

Shihong Yan, Ye Zhao, Jing Zhao, Jinlong Cheng, Guozhong Zhang,

Infectious bronchitis (IB) remains a major problem in the global poultry industry despite the many available vaccines. Live attenuated vaccines are the most effective means of preventing IB and are traditionally generated by serial passaging of a wild strain in embryonated chicken eggs. In this study, the SZ isolate of ... Read more >>

Virus Res. (Virus research)
[2020, 281:197911]

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Update on protracted bacterial bronchitis in children.

Xiao-Bo Zhang, Xiao Wu, Guang-Min Nong,

BACKGROUND:Chronic cough is a common symptom in children and protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) is one of the causes of chronic cough. However, the understanding of this disease remains limited. The present study aims to update PBB in children. METHODS:The clinical data of children with PBB from 2014 to 2018 were ... Read more >>

Ital J Pediatr (Italian journal of pediatrics)
[2020, 46(1):38]

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Association of Nonobstructive Chronic Bronchitis With Respiratory Health Outcomes in Adults.

Pallavi P Balte, Paulo H M Chaves, David J Couper, Paul Enright, David R Jacobs, Ravi Kalhan, Richard A Kronmal, Laura R Loehr, Stephanie J London, Anne B Newman, George T O'Connor, Joseph E Schwartz, Benjamin M Smith, Lewis J Smith, Wendy B White, Sachin Yende, Elizabeth C Oelsner,

Importance:Chronic bronchitis has been associated with cigarette smoking as well as with e-cigarette use among young adults, but the association of chronic bronchitis in persons without airflow obstruction or clinical asthma, described as nonobstructive chronic bronchitis, with respiratory health outcomes remains uncertain. Objective:To assess whether nonobstructive chronic bronchitis is associated ... Read more >>

JAMA Intern Med (JAMA internal medicine)
[2020, :]

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The characteristics of the frequent exacerbator with chronic bronchitis phenotype and non-exacerbator phenotype in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a meta-analysis and system review

Mei Han, Jianjun Wu, Hong-ri Xu, Ying-xue Zhang, Yi-xuan Li, Hui-yong Yu, Liang-duo Jiang, Cheng-xiang Wang,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics between the frequent exacerbator with chronic bronchitis (FE-CB) phenotype and the non-exacerbator (NE) phenotype among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: We searched CNKI, Wan fang, Chongqing VIP, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases ... Read more >>

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A unifying structural and functional model of the coronavirus replication organelle: tracking down RNA synthesis

Eric Snijder, Ronald W.A.L. Limpens, Adriaan de Wilde, Anja de Jong, Jessika Zevenhoven-Dobbe, Helena Maier, Frank F.G.A. Faas, Abraham Koster, Montserrat Bárcena,

Abstract Zoonotic coronavirus (CoV) infections, like those responsible for the current SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, cause grave international public health concern. In infected cells, the CoV RNA-synthesizing machinery associates with modified endoplasmic reticulum membranes that are transformed into the viral replication organelle (RO). While double-membrane vesicles (DMVs) appear to be a pan ... Read more >>

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Genetic sequence changes related to the attenuation of avian infectious bronchitis virus strain TW2575/98.

Cheng-Ta Tsai, Hung-Yi Wu, Ching-Ho Wang,

The attenuated avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), derived from a wild strain (TW2575/98w) in chicken embryos after 75 passages, is designed as a commercial vaccine strain (TW2575/98vac) to control the disease in Taiwan. The differences in viral infectivity, replication efficiency, and genome sequences between TW2575/98w and TW2575/98vac were determined and ... Read more >>

Virus Genes (Virus genes)
[0, :1-11]

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Change in the use of diagnostic tests in the management of lower respiratory tract infections: a register-based study in primary care.

Anna B Moberg, Olof Cronberg, Magnus Falk, Katarina Hedin,

BACKGROUND:Differentiating between pneumonia and acute bronchitis is often difficult in primary care. There is no consensus regarding clinical decision rules for pneumonia, and guidelines differ between countries. Use of diagnostic tests and change of management over time is not known. AIM:To calculate the proportion of diagnostic tests in the management ... Read more >>

BJGP Open (BJGP open)
[2020, :]

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Comparative safety of biologic versus conventional synthetic DMARDs in rheumatoid arthritis with COPD: a real-world population study.

Marie Hudson, Sophie Dell'Aniello, Sophie Shen, Teresa A Simon, Pierre Ernst, Samy Suissa,

OBJECTIVES:Abatacept, a biologic DMARD, was associated with respiratory adverse events in a small subgroup of RA patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a trial. Whether this potential risk is specific to abatacept or extends to all biologics and targeted synthetic DMARDs (tsDMARDs) is unclear. We assessed the risk ... Read more >>

Rheumatology (Oxford) (Rheumatology (Oxford, England))
[2020, 59(4):820-827]

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Association of birthplace and occupational exposures with chronic bronchitis in US Hispanics/Latinos, 2008-2011.

Victor Kim, Wei Wang, David Mannino, Alejandro Diaz,

OBJECTIVES:In the US, chronic bronchitis (CB) is common and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Data on CB in the Hispanic/Latino population-a large, diverse US minority-are scarce. We aimed to test whether the prevalence of CB varies across Hispanic/Latino heritages and to identify CB risk factors, including occupational exposures, ... Read more >>

Occup Environ Med (Occupational and environmental medicine)
[2020, :]

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Sphingosine signaling dysfunction in airway cells as a potential contributor to progression from protracted bacterial bronchitis to bronchiectasis in children.

Sandra Hodge, Matthew Macowan, Hong Liu, Rhys Hamon, Alice C-H Chen, Julie M Marchant, Susan J Pizzutto, John W Upham, Anne B Chang,

AIM:Protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) is considered a potential precursor to bronchiectasis (BE) in some children. We previously showed that alveolar macrophages (AM) from children with PBB or BE have a similar significant defect in phagocytic capacity, with proinflammatory associations. We hypothesized that the mechanisms responsible for this defect involve dysregulation ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Pulmonol. (Pediatric pulmonology)
[2020, :]

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Factors associated with antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis at a university health center.

Valerie J Morley, Emily P C Firgens, Rachel R Vanderbilt, Yanmengqian Zhou, Michelle Zook, Andrew F Read, Erina L MacGeorge,

BACKGROUND:Antibiotics are not indicated for treating acute bronchitis cases, yet up to 70% of adult acute bronchitis medical visits in the USA result in an antibiotic prescription. Reducing unnecessary antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis is a key antibiotic stewardship goal set forth by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):177]

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Age- and gender-specific trends in respiratory outpatient visits and diagnoses at a tertiary pediatric hospital in China: a 10-year retrospective study.

Peng Shi, Xiaobo Zhang, Lijuan Liu, Liangfeng Tang, Jing Li, Libo Wang, Albert M Li, Yang Cao, Hong Xu, Guoying Huang,

BACKGROUND:Respiratory infections are one of three leading causes of childhood mortality, and worldwide increase and recent plateau in childhood asthma has been reported. However, data on trends of respiratory diseases over long period of time is limited. This study aimed to determine the trends of respiratory disease outpatient visits (ROVs) ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):115]

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Pathological and virological analysis of concurrent disease of chicken anemia virus infection and infectious bronchitis in Japanese native chicks.

Kumiko Hosokawa, Kunitoshi Imai, Dong VAN Hieu, Haruko Ogawa, Madoka Suzutou, Sandi Htein Linn, Aoi Kurokawa, Yu Yamamoto,

A concurrent infection of chicken anemia virus (CAV) and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was detected in Japanese native chicks in 2017, in which a high mortality rate (97.6%) was recorded in a small flock of 130 chicks exhibiting poor growth. Histological examination revealed that the affected chicks exhibited two different ... Read more >>

J. Vet. Med. Sci. (The Journal of veterinary medical science)
[2020, :]

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Chronic Cough Due to Stable Chronic Bronchitis: CHEST Expert Panel Report.

Mark A Malesker, Priscilla Callahan-Lyon, J Mark Madison, Belinda Ireland, Richard S Irwin, ,

BACKGROUND:Chronic cough due to chronic bronchitis (CB) causes significant impairment in quality of life and effective treatment strategies are needed. We conducted a systematic review on the management of chronic cough due to CB to update the recommendations and suggestions of the CHEST 2006 guideline on this topic. METHODS:This systematic ... Read more >>

Chest (Chest)
[2020, :]

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Change of pathotype and phylogenetic analysis of infectious bronchitis virus detected in Kagoshima prefecture, Japan.

Jiro Iwamoto, Daisuke Okada, Syouei Kitahara, Kenichi Chitose,

Infectious bronchitis (IB) is a highly contagious disease in chickens, induced by IB virus (IBV) infection. The pathotype and S1 genotype of IBV field strain that was detected from 2008 to 2018 were investigated in Kagoshima prefecture, Japan. The frequency of cases that the renal lesion characteristic of IBV infection ... Read more >>

J. Vet. Med. Sci. (The Journal of veterinary medical science)
[2020, :]

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Acute Cough Due to Acute Bronchitis in Immunocompetent Adult Outpatients: CHEST Expert Panel Report.

Maeve P Smith, Mark Lown, Sonal Singh, Belinda Ireland, Adam T Hill, Jeffrey A Linder, Richard S Irwin, ,

BACKGROUND:Evidence for the diagnosis and management of cough due to acute bronchitis in immunocompetent adult outpatients was reviewed as an update to the 2006 "Chronic Cough Due to Acute Bronchitis: ACCP Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines." METHODS:Acute bronchitis was defined as an acute lower respiratory tract infection manifested predominantly by cough ... Read more >>

Chest (Chest)
[2020, :]

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Effect of TLR agonist on infections bronchitis virus replication and cytokine expression in embryonated chicken eggs.

Bal Krishan Sharma, Naresh Kumar Kakker, Sakshi Bhadouriya, Rajesh Chhabra,

Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is an acute, highly infectious and contagious viral disease of chickens caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) belonging to the genus Coronavirus and family Coronaviridae. It can affect all age groups of birds. The toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a major class of innate immune pattern ... Read more >>

Mol. Immunol. (Molecular immunology)
[2020, 120:52-60]

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Expression and immunoreactivity of a recombinant multi-epitope antigen designed based on four major structural proteins of avian infectious bronchitis virus.

Qing Liu, Jin Li, Run-Li Li, Ye-Ting Ma, Peng-Lai Zhou, Wen-Wei Gao, Hai-Li Ma,

The development of rapid, simple, and sensitive diagnostic methods for identification of avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is crucial for the effective control of avian infectious bronchitis. In the present study, a tandemly arranged multiepitope peptide (named SEMN) was designed with four antigenic regions derived from four major structural proteins ... Read more >>

3 Biotech (3 Biotech)
[2020, 10(3):86]

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Characterization of infectious bronchitis virus D181, a new serotype (GII-2).

R J Molenaar, R Dijkman, J J de Wit,

This paper describes the characterization of a new infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strain D181, that rapidly evolved from a low-level incidental finding in 2017 to become the second most isolated IBV strain in Dutch layers and breeders in 2018, as well as being found in samples from Germany and Belgium. ... Read more >>

Avian Pathol. (Avian pathology : journal of the W.V.P.A)
[2020, :1-8]

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Dental problems and chronic diseases in mentally ill homeless adults: a cross-sectional study.

Cilia Mejia-Lancheros, James Lachaud, Rosane Nisenbaum, Andrea Wang, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Stephen W Hwang, Patricia O'Campo,

BACKGROUND:Dental problems (DPs) and physical chronic diseases (CDs) are highly prevalent and incident in people with low socioeconomic status such as homeless individuals. Yet, evidence on the association between DPs and physical CDs in this population is limited. In the present study, we assessed the association between DPs and type ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):419]

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