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Breast Milk Jaundice

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Management strategies of neonatal jaundice during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak.

Xiao-Lu Ma, Zheng Chen, Jia-Jun Zhu, Xiao-Xia Shen, Ming-Yuan Wu, Li-Ping Shi, Li-Zhong Du, Jun-Fen Fu, Qiang Shu,

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV) has become a most challenging health emergency. Owing to rigorous quarantine and control measures taken in China, routine neonatal health surveillance and follow-up have become challenging. Without follow-up surveillance, some rapid and progressive newborn diseases, such as bilirubin encephalopathy, may be ... Read more >>

World J Pediatr (World Journal of Pediatrics)
[0, :1-4]

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Determinants of excessive weight loss in breastfed full-term newborns at a baby-friendly hospital: a retrospective cohort study.

Yasuhiro Miyoshi, Hideyo Suenaga, Mikihiro Aoki, Shigeki Tanaka,

BACKGROUND:Excessive weight loss in newborns is associated with neonatal complications such as jaundice and dehydration, which cause renal failure, thrombosis, hypovolemic shock, and seizures. The identification of the risk factors for excessive weight loss will help to discover preventive measures. The aim of this study was to determine the factors ... Read more >>

Int Breastfeed J (International breastfeeding journal)
[2020, 15(1):19]

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Breastfeeding during breast milk jaundice - a pathophysiological perspective.

K K Prameela,

INTRODUCTION:Exclusive breastfeeding for the initial six months of life is crucial and it is recommended . Breast milk jaundice is an innocuous condition that occurs in some healthy, breastfed infants. However, the potential dangers of jaundice in the neonate such as bilirubin induced neuronal pathology, mandates a better understanding of ... Read more >>

Med. J. Malaysia (The Medical journal of Malaysia)
[2019, 74(6):527-533]

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Nutrition in Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Following Intestinal Resection.

Jocelyn Ou, Cathleen M Courtney, Allie E Steinberger, Maria E Tecos, Brad W Warner,

This review aims to discuss the role of nutrition and feeding practices in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), NEC prevention, and its complications, including surgical treatment. A thorough PubMed search was performed with a focus on meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials when available. There are several variables in nutrition and the feeding ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2020, 12(2):]

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Exclusive breastfeeding in first-time mothers in rural Kenya: a longitudinal observational study of feeding patterns in the first six months of life.

Alison Talbert, Caroline Jones, Christine Mataza, James Alexander Berkley, Martha Mwangome,

BACKGROUND:Exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age is recommended by the World Health Organization as the optimal mode of infant feeding, providing adequate nutrition for the baby and protection against infectious diseases. Breastfeeding can be adversely affected by individual, cultural and socio-economic factors. The study aimed to explore barriers of ... Read more >>

Int Breastfeed J (International breastfeeding journal)
[2020, 15(1):17]

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Public Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Herbal Remedies Used During Pregnancy and Lactation in West Bank Palestine.

Ahmad M Eid, Nidal Jaradat,

The use of herbal products by pregnant and lactating mothers without awareness of their harmful effects may expose both mother and fetus or infant to great dangers, such as abortion, premature delivery, uterine bleeding, and physical and mental retardation of the fetus. Thus, the aim of this study was to ... Read more >>

Front Pharmacol (Frontiers in Pharmacology)
[2020, 11:46]

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Determinants of Breastfeeding Duration in Shiraz, Southwest Iran.

Mahnaz Zarshenas, Yun Zhao, Jane A Scott, Colin W Binns,

A prospective cohort study was conducted in Shiraz in the south west of Iran to investigate breastfeeding from birth to six months of age. Mothers were recruited in a face-to-face interview within 48 h of giving birth in three public and two private hospitals (n = 700). They were then ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(4):]

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Is There Any Effect of Hyperbilirubinemia on Breastfeeding? If Any, at Which Level?

Nilgün Altuntaş,

Objectives: We wanted to investigate whether hyperbilirubinemia (significant or physiological) has an effect on breastfeeding, milk intake, infant's wakefulness, and if any, which level of bilirubin affects breastfeeding. Materials and Methods: Healthy, term, and breastfed babies with significant hyperbilirubinemia who required phototherapy were included in the study (group 1, n = 71). ... Read more >>

Breastfeed Med (Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine)
[2020, 15(1):29-34]

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The experiences of early postpartum Shenzhen mothers and their need for home visit services: a qualitative exploratory study.

Xiao Xiao, Fei-Wan Ngai, She-Ning Zhu, Alice Yuen Loke,

BACKGROUND:The early postpartum period is the most stressful period for a new mother, who is assuming new roles and responsibilities in life, and must deal with the demands from her newborn baby and her own care needs. Little is known about whether the current postnatal care services provided by hospitals ... Read more >>

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth (BMC pregnancy and childbirth)
[2019, 20(1):5]

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Variations in melatonin levels in preterm and term human breast milk during the first month after delivery.

Yishi Qin, Weiyang Shi, Jialu Zhuang, Yu Liu, Lili Tang, Jun Bu, Jianhua Sun, Fei Bei,

The objectives of the present study were to examine the dynamic changes in breast milk melatonin throughout the course of lactation and to explore factors associated with changes in melatonin concentrations and rhythms in both preterm and term breast milk. Breast milk was collected sequentially at 03:00, 09:00, 15:00, and ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2019, 9(1):17984]

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Survey of a nutrition management method for very low birthweight infants: Status before wide use of breast milk banks in Japan.

Kosuke Oikawa, Motoichiro Sakurai, Tetsuro Murakawa, Reita Kidokoro, Yuya Nakano, Hideyuki Asai, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Takahiko Yoshimoto, Akira Minoura, Akatsuki Kokaze, Katsumi Mizuno,

BACKGROUND:The importance of breast-feeding for very low birthweight (VLBW) infants has been pointed out. Some overseas studies suggested that the standardization of enteral nutrition (EN) leads to improved prognosis in VLBW infants. In Japan, however, physicians in charge of infants are responsible for making nutrition management decisions on an individual ... Read more >>

Pediatr Int (Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society)
[2020, 62(2):180-188]

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Anti-Tumor Activities of Bioactive Phytochemicals in Sophora flavescens for Breast Cancer.

Xianjiao Cao, Qingqing He,

Patients with breast cancer and breast cancer survivors are frequent users of botanicals and their bioactive phytochemicals. In China, active ingredients in Sophora flavescens like matrine (MT), oxymatrine (OMT), other Sophora flavescens alkaloids and Compound Kushen Injection (CKI) are extensively used for multiple malignant tumors. In vivo and in vitro ... Read more >>

Cancer Manag Res (Cancer management and research)
[2020, 12:1457-1467]

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Unexpected drug residuals in human milk in Ankara, capital of Turkey.

Ayşe Meltem Ergen, Sıddıka Songül Yalçın,

BACKGROUND:Breast milk is a natural and unique nutrient for optimum growth and development of the newborn. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of unpredictable drug residues in mothers' milk and the relationship between drug residues and maternal-infant characteristics. METHODS:In a descriptive study, breastfed infants under 3 ... Read more >>

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth (BMC pregnancy and childbirth)
[2019, 19(1):348]

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The Profile, Health Seeking Behavior, Referral Patterns, and Outcome of Outborn Neonates Admitted to a District and Regional Hospital in the Upper West Region of Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Edem M A Tette, Benjamin Demah Nuertey, Emmanuel A Azusong, Naa Barnabas Gandau,

Neonatal mortality is the major contributor to under-five mortality rates in many low and middle income countries. We examined the health practices, care-seeking behavior, and referral of sick outborn neonates to a district and regional hospital in the Upper West Region of Ghana. The study was a cross-sectional study conducted ... Read more >>

Children (Basel) (Children)
[2020, 7(2):]

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The Effect of Maternal Postpartum Practices on Infant Gut Microbiota: A Chinese Cohort Study.

Ying Wang, Yanqun Liu, Jinbing Bai, Xiaoli Chen,

(1) Background: The human gut microbiota at early life is shaped by numerous factors, especially factors from mothers, which have huge influence on infants' gut microbiotas. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal adherence to Chinese traditional postpartum practices of "doing the month" on the ... Read more >>

Microorganisms (Microorganisms)
[2019, 7(11):]

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Assessing quality of newborn care at district facilities in Malawi.

Kondwani Kawaza, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Tamanda Hiwa, Jenala Njirammadzi, Mwai Banda, Marianne Vidler, Laura Newberry, Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando, Queen Dube, Elizabeth Molyneux, David M Goldfarb,

BACKGROUND:Malawi is celebrated as one of the few countries in sub-Saharan Africa to meet the Millennium Development Goal of reducing under-5 mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. However, within this age range neonatal mortality rates are the slowest to decline, even though rates of facility births are increasing. Examining ... Read more >>

BMC Health Serv Res (BMC health services research)
[2020, 20(1):227]

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Comparing the effect of kangaroo mother care and field massage on serum bilirubin level of term neonates with hyperbilirubinemia under phototherapy in the neonatal ward.

Razie Lori Kenari, Parvin Aziznejadroshan, Mohsen Haghshenas Mojaveri, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki,

Background:Several factors contribute to the effectiveness of phototherapy. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of kangaroo mother care (KMC) and field massage on bilirubin level of term neonates with hyperbilirubinemia under phototherapy in the neonatal ward. Methods:This double-blind clinical trial was performed on 90 term neonates ... Read more >>

Caspian J Intern Med (Caspian journal of internal medicine)
[2020, 11(1):34-40]

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Protocol for a randomised trial of early kangaroo mother care compared to standard care on survival of pre-stabilised preterm neonates in The Gambia (eKMC).

Helen Brotherton, Abdou Gai, Cally J Tann, Ahmadou Lamin Samateh, Anna C Seale, Syed M A Zaman, Simon Cousens, Anna Roca, Joy E Lawn,

BACKGROUND:Complications of preterm birth cause more than 1 million deaths each year, mostly within the first day after birth (47%) and before full post-natal stabilisation. Kangaroo mother care (KMC), provided as continuous skin-to-skin contact for 18 h per day to fully stabilised neonates ≤ 2000 g, reduces mortality by 36-51% at discharge ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):247]

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Pregnancy and Cancer: the INCIP Project.

Charlotte Maggen, Vera E R A Wolters, Elyce Cardonick, Monica Fumagalli, Michael J Halaska, Christianne A R Lok, Jorine de Haan, Katrien Van Tornout, Kristel Van Calsteren, Frédéric Amant, ,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Cancer diagnosis in young pregnant women challenges oncological decision-making. The International Network on Cancer, Infertility and Pregnancy (INCIP) aims to build on clinical recommendations based on worldwide collaborative research. RECENT FINDINGS:A pregnancy may complicate diagnostic and therapeutic oncological options, as the unborn child must be protected from potentially ... Read more >>

Curr Oncol Rep (Current oncology reports)
[2020, 22(2):17]

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Perceptions and practices related to birthweight in rural Bangladesh: Implications for neonatal health programs in low- and middle-income settings.

Monjura Khatun Nisha, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Aminur Rahman, Ashraful Alam,

BACKGROUND:Globally, low birthweight (LBW) infants (<2.5 kilograms) contribute up to 80% of neonatal mortality. In Bangladesh, approximately 62% of all births occur at home and therefore, weighing newborns immediately after birth is not feasible. Thus, estimates of birthweight in Bangladesh are mostly obtained based on maternal perception of the newborn's ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2019, 14(12):e0221691]

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Extensive Epidermal Skin Loss Secondary to HSV Type One: Neonatal Management Challenges.

Rebecca J Calthorpe, Emma Spencer, Jane C Ravenscroft, Ting S Tang, Anna E Martinez, Anjum Deorukhkar,

We describe a rare case of a preterm neonate presenting at birth with extensive epidermal skin loss of over 90% due to disseminated herpes simplex virus type one infection. Differential diagnosis included aplasia cutis and epidermolysis bullosa. Serum PCR and mouth swabs confirmed HSV type one, and the patient required ... Read more >>

Case Rep Pediatr (Case reports in pediatrics)
[2019, 2019:2459219]

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Efficacy of zinc sulfate on indirect hyperbilirubinemia in premature infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit: a double-blind, randomized clinical trial.

Gholamreza Faal, Hoda Khatib Masjedi, Gholamreza Sharifzadeh, Zahra Kiani,

BACKGROUND:Hyperbilirubinemia is a common neonatal problem. Studies conducted on the effectiveness of zinc salts on serum indirect bilirubin levels in newborns have yielded different results, all calling for further research. This study aimed to determine the effect of oral zinc sulfate on indirect hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants admitted to the ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2020, 20(1):130]

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Heme Oxygenase Dependent Bilirubin Generation in Vascular Cells: A Role in Preventing Endothelial Dysfunction in Local Tissue Microenvironment?

Mariapaola Nitti, Anna Lisa Furfaro, Giovanni E Mann,

Among antioxidants in the human body, bilirubin has been recognized over the past 20 years to afford protection against different chronic conditions, including inflammation and cardiovascular disease. Moderate increases in plasma concentration and cellular bilirubin generation from metabolism of heme via heme oxygenase (HMOX) in virtually all tissues can modulate ... Read more >>

Front Physiol (Frontiers in physiology)
[2020, 11:23]

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Clinical analysis of a case of neonatal exfoliative esophagitis in an 18-day-old neonate.

Zu-Qin Yang, Jing-Yun Mai, Min-Li Zhu, Xiu-Man Xiao, Xiao-Xiao He, Shang-Qin Chen, Zhen-Lang Lin,

BACKGROUND:This study aims to provide guidance for clinical work through analysis of the clinical characteristics, endoscopic and pathological manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of an 18-day-old neonate with exfoliative esophagitis. CASE PRESENTATION:The patient presented with vomiting but the parents did not pay too much attention. The pathological report revealed numerous fibrinous ... Read more >>

BMC Pediatr (BMC pediatrics)
[2019, 19(1):464]

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Hyperthyroidism.

Amanda R Doubleday, Rebecca S Sippel,

Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces and secretes inappropriately high amounts of thyroid hormone which can lead to thyrotoxicosis. The prevalence of hyperthyroidism in the United States is approximately 1.2%. There are many different causes of hyperthyroidism, and the most common causes include Graves' disease (GD), toxic ... Read more >>

Gland Surg (Gland surgery)
[2020, 9(1):124-135]

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