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Brain Abscess

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A rare case of brain abscess caused by Actinomyces meyeri.

Ranjit Sah, Gaurav Nepal, Sanjit Sah, Sonam Singla, Priti Upadhyay, Ali A Rabaan, Kuldeep Dhama, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Rabindra Ghimire,

BACKGROUND:Brain abscesses are the rare and most severe form of actinomycosis, which usually manifests as abscesses of the occipital or parietal lobe due to direct expansion from an adjacent area, the oral cavity. In the medical literature, there are only a few reported cases of brain abscess caused by Actinomyces ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):378]

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Precision diagnosis and therapy of a case of brain abscesses associated with asymptomatic pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas.

Lu-Yao Gao, Guang-Run Xu, Ting-Jun Dai,

BACKGROUND:Brain abscesses, a severe infectious disease of the CNS, are usually caused by a variety of different pathogens, which include Streptococcus intermedius (S. intermedius). Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs), characterized by abnormal direct communication between pulmonary artery and vein, are a rare underlying cause of brain abscesses. CASE PRESENTATION:The patient was ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):370]

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Long-term Mortality and Risk of Epilepsy in Children and Young Adults With Brain Abscess.

Jacob Bodilsen, Michael Dalager-Pedersen, Henrik Nielsen,

BACKGROUND:The long-term prognosis of brain abscess is unclear. METHODS:Using nationwide, population-based medical registries, we included all individuals <20 years of age hospitalized with first-time diagnosis of brain abscess in Denmark from 1982 to 2016. A comparison cohort individually matched for age, sex and residence was identified, as were siblings of ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2020, :]

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Worm-like appearance of Listeria monocytogenes brain abscess: presentation of three cases.

Ondřej Slezák, Jan Žižka, Tomáš Kvasnička, Radka Dvořáková, Tomáš Česák, Lenka Ryšková, Pavel Ryška, Pavel Eliáš,

Brain abscess caused by Listeria monocytogenes (LM) is a rare, yet serious condition with high mortality if not recognized and treated timely. We present a series of three cases of LM brain abscesses and describe their characteristic radiological appearances which can be considered very typical. LM abscesses frequently present as ... Read more >>

Neuroradiology (Neuroradiology)
[2020, :]

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A clinical case report of brain abscess caused by Nocardia brasiliensis in a non-immunocompromised patient and a relevant literature review.

Jian-Wei Zhu, Hui Zhou, Wei-Qiang Jia, Jian You, Ru-Xiang Xu,

BACKGROUND:Brain abscess due to the Nocardia genus is rare and usually found in immunocompromised patients. The most common subtype implicated is Nocardia farcinica while brain abscess due to Nocardia brasiliensis is comparatively rare. Diagnosis of brain abscess is based mainly on bacteriological culture from pus collected at the site of ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):328]

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Unusual presentation of brain abscess in a 23-month-old infant.

Qingyong Xiang, Chonggui Jiang, Jiangzhi Wen, Bin Deng,

BACKGROUD:Pediatric brain abscesses usually occur as a consequence of predisposing conditions, such as ENT (ear, nose, and throat) infection and physical damage. But there are still a number of cryptogenic infection cases. METHODS:We present an unusual cryptogenic infection case of multiple and multiloculated brain abscess in an infant, which was ... Read more >>

Childs Nerv Syst (Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery)
[2020, :]

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Clinical and radiological characteristics of brain abscess caused by Streptococcus species: a cross-sectional study

Jiachun Su, Bin Hu, Yixin Zhang, Ying Li,

Abstract Background: Streptococcus species are mostly reported the predominant organisms causing brain abscess (BA), however, there is no article focusing on the characteristics of patients with BA caused by Streptococcus species to date. This study aimed to describe the clinical and radiological features of patients with BA caused by Streptococcus ... Read more >>

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From Normal Flora to Brain Abscesses: A Review of Streptococcus intermedius.

Elio Issa, Tamara Salloum, Sima Tokajian,

Streptococcus intermedius is a β-hemolytic Gram-positive member of the Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG). Despite being a part of the normal microbiota, it is one of the most common pathogens associated with brain and liver abscesses and thoracic empyema, increasing as a result the morbidity and mortality rates in affected patients. ... Read more >>

Front Microbiol (Frontiers in microbiology)
[2020, 11:826]

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Disseminated Sporotrichosis With Brain Abscesses in an HIV-Infected Patient.

Nathaniel Parker, Nora Strong, Pie Pichetsurnthorn, Daniel Lalich, Thomas Moore,

Sporotrichosis is a mycotic infection caused by the Sporothrix schenckii species complex. It typically presents as a localized, mostly cutaneous or lymphocutaneous infection, but has been increasingly presenting as a disseminated infection in immunocompromised individuals, especially in HIV/AIDS patients. We also included a literature review of sporotrichosis in this patient population. The ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(5):e8016]

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Successful treatment with ultrasound-guided aspiration of otogenic brain abscess with transmastoid approach.

Jia Ke, Shi Tan, Ya-Li Du, Fu-Rong Ma,

Chin. Med. J. (Chinese medical journal)
[2020, 133(10):1242-1244]

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A child with recurrent otitis media due to Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron.

Rimjhim Kanaujia, Swati Gupta, Navneet Singla, Parth Jani, Archana Angrup,

Brain abscess remains a life-threatening condition. Here, we are reporting a case of brain abscess due to Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron in a previously known case of recurrent otitis media. A 15 years old boy with a history of recurrent otitis media presented with the complaints of right otalgia, headache and fever. ... Read more >>

Anaerobe (Anaerobe)
[2020, 63:102203]

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Brain abscess in patients with chronic kidney disease: A case-based approach to management in resource-limited settings.

Nitin Gupta, Rohit Kumar, Sayantan Banerjee, Gagandeep Singh, Sundeep Malla, Yogiraj Ray, Prashant Ramteke, Netto George, Parul Kodan, Anivita Aggarwal, Prabhat Kumar, Pankaj Jorwal, Manish Soneja, Ashutosh Biswas,

The management of patients with brain abscess poses a significant challenge to clinicians in patients with chronic kidney disease. Obtaining a biopsy sample from the affected area is the mainstay in the diagnosis, but it is often unavailable. In most cases, therapy is guided by clinical findings and imaging alone. ... Read more >>

Drug Discov Ther (Drug discoveries & therapeutics)
[2020, 14(2):93-97]

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MON-261 Pituitary Abscess Presenting as Pituitary Macroadenoma Causing Hypopituitarism and Acute Meningitis; A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing.

Fatima Jalil, Sidra Azim, Vitaly Kantorovich,

AbstractBackground: Pituitary abscess (PA) is a rare but life-threatening cause of suprasellar (SS) lesion and pituitary hormonal deficiencies with an incidence of 0.2% - 1.1%. Clinical Case: A 65‐year woman with history of transient ischemic attacks, presented with double vision for 3 months (mon) and sudden onset, severe headache. She ... Read more >>

J Endocr Soc (Journal of the Endocrine Society)
[2020, 4(Suppl 1):]

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Do brain abscesses have a higher incidence of odontogenic origin than previously thought?

Grace Hsu, Jie Zhang, Firat Selvi, Neil Shady, Meredith August,

OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to answer the following clinical question: "In patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital with a diagnosis of brain abscess, how common is odontogenic etiology?" STUDY DESIGN:We designed a retrospective study of patients with brain abscesses diagnosed at the Massachusetts General Hospital between 1980 ... Read more >>

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol (Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology)
[2020, :]

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New perspectives in the endoscopic treatment of brain purulent collections: targets, techniques, results in a case series, and overview of the literature.

Alessandro Fiorindi, Elisabetta Marton, Giorgio Gioffrè, Antonio Biroli, Luca Basaldella, Marco Maria Fontanella, Pierluigi Longatti,

BACKGROUND:Purulent intracranial infections are threatening conditions. Different surgical approaches have been described, respecting the rationale of evacuating the fluid component of the purulent collection. Emerging evidence supports the use of the endoscope for the treatment of cerebral abscesses and subdural empyemas; especially the peculiarities of flexible endoscopes could potentially offer ... Read more >>

Acta Neurochir (Wien) (Acta neurochirurgica)
[2020, :]

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Brain Abscess as Severe Presentation of Specific Granule Deficiency.

Maria Leszcynska, Bhumika Patel, Matthew Morrow, Wil Chamizo, Gerald Tuite, David M Berman, Kevin Potthast, Amy P Hsu, Steven M Holland, Jennifer W Leiding,

Severe invasive infections such as brain abscess in a child should prompt an immune evaluation. Specific granule deficiency (SGD) is a rare morphologic neutrophil granular defect characterized by reduced granules within neutrophils, absence of granule proteins, and bilobed nuclei. Patients are susceptible to invasive bacterial infections and Candida infections. Mutations ... Read more >>

Front Pediatr (Frontiers in Pediatrics)
[2020, 8:117]

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SAT-688 Rare Case of 48 XXYY Syndrome with Suspected Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Hassaan B Aftab, Faryal Sardar Mirza,

Abstract BACKGROUND: 48 XXYY syndrome is a rare aneuploidy characterized by the presence of an extra X and Y chromosome in males. Patients share features of Klinefelter syndrome such as tall stature, hypogonadism, congenital malformations and neurocognitive issues. Hypogonadism may cause abdominal adiposity hence increasing risk of insulin resistance and ... Read more >>

J Endocr Soc (Journal of the Endocrine Society)
[2020, 4(Suppl 1):]

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Surgical and audiological outcomes of a fully implantable middle ear implant: early results from a retrospective multicentre study.

Kimberley Lau, Gianluca Scotta, Iulo Barauna, Victor Correia da Silva, Maria Conceição Peixoto, Jaydip Ray,

PURPOSE:This paper reports the surgical and audiological outcomes of a large series of patients who received a fully implantable middle ear implant (MEI): carina (Cochlear, Australia). METHODS:This is a multicentre retrospective study involving three tertiary referral centres. Patient data were collected for the first 42 consecutive patients who were fitted ... Read more >>

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
[2020, :]

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An unusual case report of brain abscess caused by prevotella loescheii identified using the metagenomic next-generation sequencing.

Shuixiang Deng, Hongda Zhu, Yuming Li, Feng Zhao, Umut Ocak, Ye Gong,

Objectives:Brain abscess (BA) is a rare and life-threatening disease which remains to be a challenge for physicians despite recent advances in both the diagnosis and treatment strategies. Appropriate management of brain abscesses requires a combined surgical and medical approach to prevent associated life-threatening complications. In clinical practice, new diagnostic techniques, ... Read more >>

IDCases (IDCases)
[2020, 20:e00758]

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Isavuconazole Therapy of Disseminated and Encephalic Saprochaete Capitata Infection in an Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patient Treated with Midostaurin.

Salvatore Perrone, Chiara Lisi, Elettra Ortu La Barbera, Cristina Luise, Miriam Lichtner, Corrado Girmenia, Giuseppe Cimino,

Background:Saprochaete capitata is a rare and emerging opportunistic fungus, involving immunocompromised hosts, in particular, neutropenic patients after chemotherapy. Case Report: We report a case of disseminated and cerebral infection by Saprochaete capitata, in a 68-year-old woman affected by acute myeloid leukemia that was successfully managed with liposomal amphotericin B and ... Read more >>

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis (Mediterranean journal of hematology and infectious diseases)
[2020, 12(1):e2020026]

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Infectious Diseases of the Nervous System.

Burk Jubelt,

In this chapter infectious diseases of the nervous system are discussed. These include bacterial, viral, fungal, spirochetal, and parasitic infections. Although the central nervous system (CNS) is protected from bacterial invasion by the intact blood-brain barrier, bacterial invasion is enhanced by the special surface properties of bacteria as well as ... Read more >>

(Atlas of Clinical Neurology)
[0, :441-515]

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Image Diagnosis: Eccentric Target Sign of Focal Toxoplasma Encephalitis.

Samman Verma, Vidhi Singla, Aditya Singh, Arghadip Bose, Ashok Kumar Pannu,

(The Permanente Journal)
[2020, 24:]

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Intrathecal Antibacterial and Antifungal Therapies.

Roland Nau, Claudia Blei, Helmut Eiffert,

SUMMARYIntrathecal administration of anti-infectives is indicated in central nervous system infections by multiresistant pathogens when drugs that can reach adequate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations by systemic therapy are not available. Antibiotics that readily pass the blood-brain and blood-CSF barriers and/or that have low toxicity allowing an increase in the daily ... Read more >>

Clin. Microbiol. Rev. (Clinical microbiology reviews)
[2020, 33(3):]

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Acute Symptomatic Seizures in Critically Ill Patients with COVID-19: Is There an Association?

Madihah Hepburn, Naresh Mullaguri, Pravin George, Stephen Hantus, Vineet Punia, Adarsh Bhimraj, Christopher R. Newey,

BackgroundThe coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) emerged as a global pandemic. Historically, the group of human coronaviruses can also affect the central nervous system leading to neurological symptoms; however, the causative mechanisms of the neurological manifestations of COVID-19 disease are not well known. Seizures have not been directly reported as ... Read more >>

Neurocrit Care (Neurocritical Care)
[0, :1-5]

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General Ear, Nose, and Throat Question and Answer Items.

Christine M. Houser,

An overview of the general pediatric ear, nose, and throat topics necessary for ward knowledge, clinical acumen in practice, and board examination preparation is presented in an easy-to-study question & answer format. ... Read more >>

(Pediatric Tricky Topics, Volume 2)
[0, :257-289]

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