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Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis

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Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis Due to an Immune-related Adverse Event of Nivolumab: A Case Report.

Tim Willegers, Jorien B E Janssen, Marye J Boers-Sonderen, Stijn Bekkers,

Nivolumab is an anti-programmed death-1 inhibitor used in the treatment of cancer. Nivolumab has recently been approved as an adjuvant treatment for patients with stage IIIB, IIIC, and completely resected stage IV melanoma in the Netherlands. Despite the promising results of nivolumab, there is a wide variation in toxic side ... Read more >>

J. Immunother. (Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md. : 1997))
[2020, 43(3):93-94]

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Bilateral Selective Laryngeal Reinnervation for Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis in Children.

Janet W Lee, Nicolas Bon-Mardion, Marshall E Smith, Jean-Paul Marie,

Importance:Bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) in pediatric patients is a challenging entity with multiple causes. Traditional approaches to managing BVFP include tracheostomy, arytenoidectomy, suture lateralization, cordotomy, and posterior cricoid enlargement. These interventions are used to create a stable airway but risk compromising voice quality. Objectives:To assess the use of bilateral ... Read more >>

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery)
[2020, :]

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An Autopsy Case of Idiopathic Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis with Left Vocal Cord Paralysis and a Rapid Deterioration without an Acute Exacerbation.

Chizuru Futatsuya, Hiroshi Minato, Yurie Okayama, Kazuyoshi Katayanagi, Hiroshi Kurumaya, Mizuki Yuasa, Koichi Nishi,

Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a generally slow-progressing rare disorder of unknown etiology. The direct cause of death in cases of IPPFE is rarely investigated. We experienced an autopsy case of a Japanese man with IPPFE and found aspiration pneumonia to be the major trigger of death. The individual had ... Read more >>

Intern. Med. (Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan))
[2020, :]

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Vocal Cord Paralysis as a Complication of Endotracheal Intubation.

Melis Demirag Evman, Ayse Adin Selcuk,

Endotracheal intubation is a commonly used method for securing airway. It is considered to be safe but it can still lead to some complications of the airway. Recurrent nerve paralysis due to endotracheal intubation is a rare complication. Pathophysiology is explained as neuropraxia of RLN's compression between the tube and ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, 31(2):e119-e120]

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Evaluating Safety of Awake, Bilateral Injection Laryngoplasty for Bilateral Vocal Fold Atrophy.

Zachary Kelly, Anju K Patel, Adam M Klein,

OBJECTIVE:Office-based injection laryngoplasty (IL) has emerged as a useful procedure for otolaryngologists to correct glottic insufficiency while avoiding the costs and risks of general anesthesia. This is the first study focused on addressing the safety of bilateral IL for bilateral vocal fold (VF) atrophy. METHODS:Patient records were reviewed from Emory ... Read more >>

J Voice (Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation)
[2020, :]

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Prevalence and characterisation of vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) in patients with Multiple system atrophy compared with Parkinson's disease.

S Grimaldi, M Renaud, D Robert, A Lagier, H Somma, S Soulayrol, D Korchia, F Fluchère, O Lagha-Boukbiza, M Schaeffer, T Witjas, J-P Azulay, A Eusebio,

INTRODUCTION:Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a neurodegenerative disorder in which vocal fold mobility can be affected, sometimes leading to life-threatening situations. Our aim was to know if laryngeal examination could help differentiate MSA from Parkinson's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Between 2004 to 2014, all consecutive patients diagnosed with probable MSA ... Read more >>

Rev. Neurol. (Paris) (Revue neurologique)
[2020, :]

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Bilateral vocal fold immobility: Clinical findings of ten cases and suggested treatment options.

Koji Matsushima, Hirose Hajime, Nobuhiko Oridate,

OBJECTIVE:To present the clinical findings of 10 cases of bilateral vocal fold immobility (adducted type) and suggest potential treatment options. METHODS:This retrospective study included 10 patients who underwent tracheostomy for restricted airway due to bilateral vocal fold immobility of the adducted type during the period from 2007 to 2017. All ... Read more >>

Auris Nasus Larynx (Auris, nasus, larynx)
[2020, :]

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Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Thyroid Surgery: An Efficient Tool to Avoid Bilateral Vocal Cord Palsy.

Kinyas Kartal, Nurcihan Aygun, Mustafa Fevzi Celayir, Evren Besler, Bulent Citgez, Adnan Isgor, Mehmet Uludag,

OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to analyze the effects of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) on the prevalence of vocal cord palsy (VCP) in thyroid surgery. METHODS:Data from 493 patients (839 nerves at risk [NAR]) who underwent thyroid surgery between July 2014 and May 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were divided into 2 ... Read more >>

Ear Nose Throat J (Ear, nose, & throat journal)
[2020, :145561320906325]

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Miller Fisher syndrome with bilateral vocal cord paralysis: a case report.

Karan N Ramakrishna, Vikrant Tambe, Adithya Kattamanchi, Amit S Dhamoon,

BACKGROUND:Miller Fisher syndrome is a variant of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy classically characterized by ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, and areflexia. Miller Fisher syndrome can present with uncommon symptoms such as bulbar, facial, and somatic muscle palsies and micturition disturbance. CASE PRESENTATION:We describe the case of a 76-year-old white man with new-onset ataxia, ... Read more >>

J Med Case Rep (Journal of medical case reports)
[2020, 14(1):31]

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The effect of lateral neck dissection on complication rate for total thyroidectomy.

Daniel J Rocke, Hillary Mulder, Derek Cyr, Russel Kahmke, Walter T Lee, Liana Puscas, Kristine Schulz, David L Witsell,

PURPOSE:To determine the complication profile for total thyroidectomy with and without concomitant lateral neck dissection using a large administrative database. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The IBM MarketScan® Commercial Database (2010-2014) analytic cohort was queried for patients ≥18 years or older undergoing total thyroidectomy (or equivalent procedures) from January 1, 2010 to June 30, ... Read more >>

Am J Otolaryngol (American journal of otolaryngology)
[2020, :102421]

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Ultrasound-Guided Suture Lateralization in Pediatric Bilateral Vocal Fold Immobility.

Michael D Puricelli, Joseph Peterson, Sohit P Kanotra,

Laryngoscope (The Laryngoscope)
[2020, :]

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Incidental Diagnosis of Pediatric Arytenoid Cartilage Dislocation During Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study: A Case Report.

Yonghyun Lee, Hankyul Park, Jae Eun Park, Seung Ki Kim, Eun Sook Park, Dong-Wook Rha,

Arytenoid cartilage dislocation is one of the most common mechanical causes of vocal fold immobility. The most common etiologies are intubation and external trauma, but its incidence is lower than 0.1%. Its symptoms include dysphonia, vocal fatigue, loss of vocal control, breathiness, odynophagia, dysphagia, dyspnea, and cough. Although there are ... Read more >>

Ann Rehabil Med (Annals of rehabilitation medicine)
[2020, 44(1):94-98]

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Voice outcome after vocal fold injection augmentation with carboxymethyl cellulose versus calcium hydroxyapatite.

J T Cohen, L Benyamini,

BACKGROUND:Vocal fold injection augmentation is a recognised treatment modality for glottic insufficiency. Causes of glottal closure insufficiency include vocal fold paralysis, paresis, atrophy, sulcus vocalis, scarring and vocal fold deficiency after laryngeal surgery. A variety of materials exist for injection augmentation. This study aimed to compare voice improvement after injection ... Read more >>

J Laryngol Otol (The Journal of laryngology and otology)
[2020, 134(3):263-269]

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Assessment of swallowing function and muscle using ultrasonography in general and family medicine.

Hidetaka Wakabayashi,

J Gen Fam Med (Journal of General and Family Medicine)
[2020, 21(2):1-2]

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[Endoscopic percutaneous suture lateralization for neonatal bilateral vocal cord paralysis].

H G Pan, S Yan, L Li, H Yang, X Y Zhao,

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi (Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery)
[2020, 55(2):165-168]

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Temporary vocal cord paralysis following hemodialysis catheter placement.

Ahmet Murt, Mevlut T Dincer, Cebrail Karaca, Sinan Trabulus, Mehmet R Altiparmak, Nurhan Seyahi,

We report a case of temporary right vocal cord paralysis manifesting as hoarseness after hemodialysis, beginning several hours after placement of a non-cuffed hemodialysis catheter into the right internal jugular vein using prilocaine local anesthesia. Diagnosis of right vocal cord paralysis was confirmed by laryngoscopy. Hoarseness completely resolved that same ... Read more >>

Hemodial Int (Hemodialysis international. International Symposium on Home Hemodialysis)
[2020, :]

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Superior Laryngeal Nerve Palsy in Revision Anterior Cervical Surgery.

Jeffrey A Konopka, Sheyan J Armaghani, Ashley M Dao, John M Rhee,

Most spine surgeons routinely obtain preoperative ENT evaluation of recurrent laryngeal nerve function when contemplating revision anterior approaches to the cervical spine to avoid the potentially catastrophic consequences of bilateral vocal cord palsy. By contrast, there is less awareness of the potential for superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) injury-although a bilateral ... Read more >>

J Am Acad Orthop Surg (The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
[2020, 28(4):e181-e184]

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Late-onset laryngeal paralysis: Owner perception of quality of life and cause of death.

Susannah J Sample, Allison Stilin, Emily E Binversie, Lauren A Baker, Robert J Hardie,

BACKGROUND:Late-onset laryngeal paralysis (LoLP) is an idiopathic disease of older dogs, and is common in the Labrador Retriever. Owner perspective of how LoLP affects their pet's quality of life (QOL), the degree to which LoLP is perceived to be a life-limiting disease, and how a glottic opening procedure affects these ... Read more >>

Vet Med Sci (Veterinary medicine and science)
[2020, :]

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Bilateral vocal cord paralysis during emergence from general anesthesia in a patient with Parkinson's disease.

Ji-Il Kim, Deok-Hee Lee, Hyuckgoo Kim,

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects the extrapyramidal system, and respiratory dysfunction has also been noted in patients with PD. However, acute upper airway obstruction due to bilateral vocal cord paralysis is a very rare finding in PD. Here, we describe a rare life-threatening respiratory failure caused ... Read more >>

Saudi J Anaesth (Saudi journal of anaesthesia)
[2020, 14(1):112-114]

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Vocal cord paralysis after cardiovascular surgery in children: incidence, risk factors and diagnostic options.

Enrique García-Torres, Juan L Antón-Pacheco, Mª Carmen Luna-Paredes, Rocío Morante-Valverde, Elena Ezquerra-Pozo, Alicia Ferrer-Martínez, Miguel A Villafruela, Ignacio Jiménez-Huerta, María López-Díaz, Isabel Carrillo-Arroyo, Lorenzo Boni,

OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of vocal cord paralysis (VCP) in children after cardiovascular surgery. The secondary aims were to identify the factors potentially associated with VCP and to assess the diagnostic utility of laryngeal ultrasound (US). METHODS:This study is a retrospective review of patients ... Read more >>

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg (European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery)
[2020, 57(2):359-365]

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Intraoperative nerve monitoring in thyroid surgery-shifting current paradigms.

Rick Schneider, Andreas Machens, Kerstin Lorenz, Henning Dralle,

Over the past two decades, intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) has matured into a powerful risk minimization tool. Meta-analyses of studies, most of which were limited by poor study designs and the sole use of intermittent nerve stimulation, failed to demonstrate superiority of IONM over anatomic recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) dissection ... Read more >>

Gland Surg (Gland surgery)
[2020, 9(Suppl 2):S120-S128]

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Immediate Ansa Cervicalis-to-Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Anastomosis for the Management of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Infiltration by a Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma.

Wei Wang, Fei Liu, Caiyun Zhang, Meng Li, Shicai Chen, Yingna Gao, Mengjie Chen, Hongliang Zheng,

OBJECTIVES:The optimal surgical approach to treat recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) infiltration by differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) remains a subject of debate. This study explored the feasibility and efficiency of immediate ansa cervicalis nerve (ACN)-to-RLN anastomosis for the management of RLN infiltration by DTC. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Fifty-three patients who underwent immediate ... Read more >>

ORL J. Otorhinolaryngol. Relat. Spec. (ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties)
[2020, 82(2):93-105]

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Application of Continuous Intraoperative Neuromonitoring During VATS Lobectomy for Left Lung Cancer to Prevent Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury.

Young Jun Chai, Jung-Man Lee, Yong Won Seong, Hyeon Jong Moon,

We applied continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM) during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for left lung cancer and evaluated its safety and usefulness. An electrode was attached to a double-lumen tube, and placed at vocal cord level to detect the EMG signal evoked by vocal cord movement. Before 4 L lymph node ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):4636]

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Sclerotherapy for Venous Malformations of the Pharynx or the Tongue Base Without Tracheostomy: Treatment Protocol With Intubation and Outcomes.

Yuki Iwashina, Mine Ozaki, Manzhi Wong, Aki Ihara, Masahide Fujiki, Akihiko Takushima, Kiyonori Harii,

Venous malformations (VMs) occurring in the tongue base or pharynx are rare, but can cause airway obstruction. Considering the potential issues or morbidity related to surgical resection in the tongue or pharynx region, sclerotherapy is often preferred. We perform sclerotherapy for such lesions without conducting tracheotomy, but keep patients intubated ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, :]

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Rehabilitation Protocol for Unilateral Laryngeal and Lingual Paralysis (Tapia Syndrome): Comment About "A Challenging Case of Tapia Syndrome After Total Thyroidectomy" By Ildem Deveci, Mehmet Surmeli, and Reyhan Surmeli.

Pietro De Luca, Matteo Cavaliere, Alfonso Scarpa, Luisa Savignano, Ettore Cassandro, Claudia Cassandro, Maurizio Iemma,

Tapia syndrome is a rare complication after surgery, with ipsilateral paralysis of vocal cord and tongue due to extracranial involvement of recurrent laryngeal and hypoglossal nerves. Tapia's case report is extremely interesting for both the rarity of the reported cases and for the importance of an early rehabilitation. In a ... Read more >>

Ear Nose Throat J (Ear, nose, & throat journal)
[2020, :145561320907433]

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